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The 6 Dialects of South Korea and Ways to Distinguish

Depending on where you’re from in South Korea, people speak with a different accent. This is called 방언 (bangeon) or 사투리 (saturi) in Korean. Also, the Korean language that you learn is standard Korean language, which is the Gyeonggi dialect. We won’t go into too much detail about how Gyeonggi dialect and the standard Korean language differ, since this is a very complicated topic. Instead, we’re going to introduce something more interesting; we’re going to introduce six different dialects in South Korea and how you can distinguish between them.

The important message to you is that we don’t expect you to memorize the different dialect usage. Just note that there are different dialects in South Korea and that they sound different. Once you know these dialects, your trip will be more interesting since you’ll be able to recognize the different sounds and accents.

Table of Contents

  1. 경기 방언 (Gyeonggi dialect)
  2. 강원 방언 (Gangwon dialect)
  3. 충청 방언 (Chungcheong dialect)
  4. 경상 방언 (Gyeongsang dialect)
  5. 전라도 방언 (Jeollado dialect)
  6. 제주 방언 (Jeju dialect)

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1. 경기 방언 (Gyeonggi dialect)

Seoul

경기 방언 (gyeonggi bangeon), or the Gyeonggi dialect, is used in a number of areas in South Korea and is concentrated in Seoul and Incheon. This dialect is the standard language that you’ll learn when you study Korean, and it’s used in most of the TV shows, radio stations, news channels, and so on. Everyone in Korea will understand this dialect, even if the person whom you’re speaking to uses a different dialect.

Let’s listen to 경기방언: Just to give you an idea of what the gyeonggi dialect (a.k.a. Seoul dialect) sounds like, you can watch this video.

1- Characteristics of Gyeonggi dialect:

1 - They change ㅗ sounds to ㅜ
Example:

  • 먹고 싶다 (meokgo sipda) or “I want to eat” -> 먹구 싶다 (meokgu sipda) or “I want to eat”
  • ~하기도 하다 (~hagido hada) or “sometimes I~” -> 하기두 하다 (~hagidu hada) or “sometimes I~”

2 - You add an extra consonant such as ㄹ to a word
Example:

  • 이거로 (igeoro) or “this one” -> 이걸로 or 이걸루 (igeollo or igeollu) meaning “this one”

2. 강원 방언 (Gangwon dialect)

Korean Flag

강원 방언 (Gangwon dialect) is spoken in 강원 (Gangwon) which is located in Northeast South Korea. This place is famous for having many mountains and forests. Also, the Pyeongchang Olympic was hosted in this province in 2018.

Let’s listen to 강원 방언 (Gangwon dialect): Pay attention to the grandmother in this video, as she speaks with a very strong 강원 (gangwon) dialect.

1- Characteristics of 강원 방언 (Gangwon dialect):

1 - They pronounce ㅆ as ㅅ
Example:

  • 쌀 (ssal) meaning “rice” -> 살 (sal)
  • 싸움 (ssaum) meaning “fight” -> 사움 (saum)
  • 쓰레기 (sseuregi) -> 스레기 (seuregi)

2- They changeㅏ to ㅓ at the end of a sentence
Example:

  • 합시다 (hapsida) meaning “let’s do this” -> 합시더 (hapsideo)
  • 남자 (namja) meaning “man” -> 머스마 (meoseuma)

3 - They use various words at the end of a question, such as -나, -노, -고, -가, and so on
Example:

  • 비 와? (bi wa?) meaning “is it raining?” -> 비오나? (biona?)
  • 누구 책이야? (nugu chaegiya?) meaning “whose book is it?” -> 누 책인고? (nu chaegingo?)
  • 어디가? (eodiga?) meaning “where are you going?” -> 어데 가노? (eode gano?)

2- Example of 강원 방언 (Gangwon dialect):

강원방언 (Gangwon dialect) is underlined in these example sentences.

  • 여러분께 알려드립니다.
    yeoreobunkke allyeodeurimnida.
    “I would like to make an announcement to you.”
    여러분들인데 알코 디레요. (yeoreobundeurinde alko direyo.)
  • 큰일났어요.
    keunillasseoyo.
    “We have a problem.”
    클나싸요. (keullassayo.)
  • 어디 계십니까?
    eodi gyesimnikka?
    “Where are you?” (honorific expression)
    어데 간? (eode gan?)
  • 그것은 무엇입니가?
    geugeoseun mueosimniga?
    “What is this?”
    그건 머인? (geugeon meoin?)
  • 지금까지 잤어?
    jigeumkkaji jasseo?
    “You slept until now?”
    여적 잔? (yeojeok jan?)
  • 저기 있는 저 아이는 누구입니까?
    jeogi inneun jeo aineun nuguimnikka?
    “Who is the child over there?”
    쟈는 누꼬? (jyaneun nukko?)
  • 어머, 어떡하면 좋아!
    eomeo, eottekhamyeon joa!
    “Oh my goodness, what should I do!”
    우아노! (uano!)

3. 충청 방언 (Chungcheong dialect)

Korean Alphabet

The 충청 방언 (Chungcheong dialect) is commonly used in many regions of South Korea, mainly concentrated in 충청북도 and 충청남도, which are both located right below 서울 경기도.

Let’s listen to 충청 방언 (Chungcheong dialects): Are you interested in what 충청 방언 sounds like? Listen to the dialogue of these two MCs in this video. The lady in the red dress speaks the standard Korean language and the man on the left speaks with a very strong 충청 방언 (Chungcheong dialect).

1- Characteristics of 충청 방언 (Chungcheong dialects)

1 - If the last word of the sentence ends with ㅐ or ㅔ, it changes to ㅑ
Example:

  • 피곤해 (pigonhae) meaning “I feel tired” -> 피곤햐 (pigonhya)
  • 뱀 (baem) meaning “snake” -> 뱜 (byam)
  • 뱀에게 물렸대 (baemege mullyeotdae) meaning “someone was beaten by a snake” -> 뱜한태 물렸댜 (byamhantae mullyeotdya)

2 - If the last word of a sentence ends with 야, it changes to 여
Example:

  • 아니야 (aniya) meaning “be not” -> 아니여 (aniyeo)
  • 뭐야? (mwoya?) meaning “what is it?” -> 뭐여 (mwoyeo)

2- Example of 충청 방언 (Chungcheong dialects)

Let’s look at some more examples. (We underlined the Chungcheong dialect examples for you.)

학교에서 (hakgyoeseo) “at school”
A: 왜그래 뭐 화나는 일 있어?
A: waegeurae mwo hwananeun il isseo?
A: “What’s the matter?”
A: 왜 그랴? 뭐 씅깔나는일 있어? (wae geurya? mwo sseungkkallaneunil isseo?)

B: 아침에 버스 놓쳐서 택시타고 왔어
B: achime beoseu nochyeoseo taeksitago wasseo.
B: “Yeah, I missed the bus so I took a taxi this morning.”
B: 어, 아침에 버스 뼈서 택시타고 왔어. (eo, achime beoseu ppyeoseo taeksitago wasseo.)

A: 근데 태산이는?
A: geunde taesanineun?
A: “But where is Taesan?”
A: 근데 태산이는? (geunde taesanineun?)

B: 응, 머리에 돌 맞아서 입원했대.
B: eung, meorie dol majaseo ibwonhaetdae.
B: “Yeah, he was hospitalized because he was hit by a stone on his head.”
B: 응, 대굼빡에 독짝 맞아서 입원했댜. (eung, daegumppage dokjjak majaseo ibwonhaetdya.)

A: 그래?
A: geurae?
A: “Really?”
A: 기여? (giyeo?)

4. 경상 방언 (Gyeongsang dialect)

Busan

The 경상 방언 (Gyeongsang dialect) is commonly used in the Gyeongsang region of South Korea. Cities that use this dialect are Busan, Daegu, and Ulsan.

Let’s listen to 경상 방언 (Gyeongsang dialect): Watch this video of two people with different dialects. The guy on the left speaks 경기 방언 (gyeonggi bangeon) or the “Gyeonggi dialect” and the lady on the right speaks with the 전라 방언 (Jeolla dialect). Can you hear the difference?

1- Characteristics of 경상 방언 (Gyeongsang dialect)

1 - There are a number of words that they change:

  • 으 becomes 어
  • 의 becomes 에
  • 그 becomes 거
  • ㅚ becomes ㅐ
  • ㅟ becomesㅣor ㅡ

Example:

  • 저쪽 위에 있다. (jeojjok wie itda.) meaning “It’s over there.” -> 저짜 우에 있데이. (jeojja ue itdei.)
  • 왜 안 되냐? (wae an doenya?) meaning “Why can’t I?” -> 와 안대노? (wa andaeno?)
  • 뒤에 있다. (dwie itda.) meaning “It is behind you.” -> 디에 있다. (die itda.)

2 - They shorten sentences
Example:

  • 뭐라고 했니? (mworago haenni?) meaning “What did you say?” -> 뭐라카노? (mworakano?)
  • 왜 그러십니까? (wae geureosimnikka?) meaning “Why?” -> 와 그라노? (wa geurano?)
  • 가 버려라 (ga beoryeora) meaning “go away” -> 가뿌라 (gappura)

3 - Sentences that end with ~다 become ~데이
Example:

  • 같이 합시다. (gachi hapsida.) meaning “Let’s go together.” -> 같이 합시데이. (gachi hapsidei.)
  • 내가 왔다. (naega watda.) meaning “I am here” -> 내가 왔데이. (naega watdei.)

4 - Interrogative sentences that end with ~니 become ~나, ~노, ~고, or ~가
Example:

비 오니? (bi oni?) meaning “Is it raining?” -> 비 오나? (bi ona?)
누구 책이니? (nugu chaegini?) meaning “Whose book is it?” -> 누 책이고? (nu chaegigo?)
어디 가니? (eodi gani?) meaning “Where are you going?” -> 어데 가노? (eode gano?)

2- Example of 경상 방언 (Gyeongsang dialect)

Let’s look at some more examples. (We underlined the Gyeongsang dialect examples for you.)

  • 아이구 셔
    aigu syeo
    “How sour it is”
    아구 샤구랍어래이~ (agu syagurabeoraei~)
  • 제대로 해라.
    jedaero haera.
    “Do it properly.”
    단디 해라이. (dandi haerai.)
  • 괜히 이렇게 해놨네
    gwaenhi ireoke haenwanne
    “I should not have done like this”
    맥지 이캐놨네 (maekji ikaenwanne)

5. 전라도 방언 (Jeollado dialect)

Hangul

Let’s listen to 전라도 방언 (Jeollado bangeon): This is a commercial video aired in South Korea. Listen to the lady in this video; she speaks with a Jeollado dialect.

1- Characteristics of 전라 방언 (jeolla bangeon)

1 - They add ~잉, ~부러, ~ 쟤, and so on, at the end of a sentence
Example:

  • 그렇습니다.
    geureoseumnida.
    “Yes it is.”
    그라죠잉~ (geurajyoing~)
  • 추천을 하세요
    chucheoneul haseyo
    “Recommend”
    추천 하쇼잉! (chucheon hasyoing!)

2 - They have many exclamatory expressions

  • 어머 -> 오메. 왐마
  • 저기요 -> 아야
  • 어떻하지 -> 어찌아스까나
  • 그래서 -> 근디

3 - They use 거시기 (“thing”) a lot
Example:

  • 아 왜 그 왜 있잖아. 그 아이의 이름이 기억나지가 않아…..
    “You know that person. I can’t remember the name of that person.”

    내가 어제 거시기랑 거시가 하다가 가 거시기한데 거시기했는데
    naega eoje geosigirang geosiga hadaga ga geosigihande geosigihaenneunde
    아따 거 머시기 있냐, 그놈아 이름이 기억이 안나부러….
    atta geo meosigi innya, geunoma ireumi gieogi annabureo….

2- Example of 전라 방언 (jeolla bangeon)

Here, as always, the jeolla bangeon is underlined in the examples below.

  • 너 그거 좀 버리지 않을래?
    neo geugeo jom beoriji aneullae?
    “Can you throw this away?”
    너 그것좀 찌끄라뿌러야? (neo geugeotjom jjikkeurappureoya?)
  • 지금 당장
    jigeum dangjang
    “Immediately”
    시방 (sibang)
  • 빨리
    ppalli
    “Quickly”
    아따 싸게싸게 댕겨오쇼 (atta ssagessage daenggyeoosyo)
  • 조금 (jogeum)
    “A little of”
    쪼깨 (jjokkae)

6. 제주 방언 (Jeju dialect)

Jeju

제주 방언 (jeju bangeon) meaning “Jeju dialect” is only spoken on the Jeju Island. Jeju Island is located in the southwest coast of South Korea and takes about 45 minutes to travel to from Seoul by an airplane. The Jeju dialect is one of the most difficult dialects to understand in South Korea, because they have their own language. Therefore, Koreans from different regions have difficulties trying to understand Jeju dialect.

Let’s listen to 제주 방언 (Jeju bangeon): Have a listen to this conversation between these two males in this video. It’s about a miscommunication between Jeju local and non-Jeju local at a military base, and you’ll be able to distinguish who’s from Jeju instantly, by listening to the conversation.

1- Characteristics of 제주 방언 (Jeju bangeon):

If you want to know how the Jeju dialect is different from the standard language, here’s an explanation of characteristics of the Jeju dialect.

1 - Jeju dialect is perhaps the most difficult dialect in South Korea, since it has its own language
Example:

  • 어서 오십시오 (eoseo osipsio) meaning “Welcome to” -> 혼저 옵서 (honjeo opseo).
  • 와서 보고 가세요 (waseo bogo gaseyo) meaning “Please come and have a look” -> 왕 봥 갑서 (wang bwang gapseo)

* You will see a message saying 혼저 옵서 (honjeo opseo) on the wall when you land in the Jeju airport, so pay close attention to it next time you’re traveling to Jeju Island.

2 - They tend to combine words at the end of a sentence
In Jeju, they combine the last two words, so instead of ~었니, it becomes ~먹언.
Example:

  • 밥 먹었니? Meaning “Did you have some food?” -> 밥 먹언?
  • 이거 했어? -> 이거 핸?
  • 알았어 -> 알안

2- Example of 제주 방언 (Jeju dialects)

Here are some examples of the Jeju dialect, compared to the standard. The Jeju examples are underlined.

  • 여기서 서울에 전화할 수 있지요?
    yeogiseo seoure jeonhwahal su itjiyo?
    “Can I call Seoul from here?”
    여기서 서울더레 해집주양? (yeogiseo seouldeore haejipjuyang?)
  • 어디서 오셨습니까?
    eodiseo osyeotseumnikka?
    “Where are you from?”
    어디서 옵데가? (eodiseo opdega?)
  • 조금만 계십시오.
    jogeumman gyesipsio.
    “Please wait a moment.”
    호꼼만 이십서게. (hokkomman isipseoge.)
  • 차를 타고 가세요.
    chareul tago gaseyo.
    “Go there by car.”
    차탕갑서 (chatanggapseo)
  • 오천 원입니다.
    ocheon wonimnida.
    “It is 5,000 won.”
    오천 원마씀. (ocheon wonmasseum.)
  • 어제 영화 뭐 봤어?
    “What movie did you watch?”
    제 영화 뭐 봔?

7. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You with Korean

Lastly, let’s compare dialects!

Dialect “Welcome” “Grandmother”
경기도
(gyeonggido)
어서오세요.
(eoseooseyo.)
할머니
(halmeoni)
강원도
(gangwondo)
어여 오드래요.
(eoyeoodeuraeyo.)
할머이
(halmeoi)
충청도
(chungcheongdo)
빨리 와유.
(ppalli wayu.)
할매
(halmae)
경상도
(gyeongsangdo)
퍼뜩 오이소.
(peotteuk oiso.)
할무이
(halmui)
전라도
(jeollado)
언능 오랑께요.
(eonneung orangkkeyo.)
할매
(halmae)
제주도
(jejudo)
혼저 옵서예.
(honjeo opseoye.)
할망
(halmang)
Dialect “Mother” “I am sorry”
경기도
(gyeonggido)
어머니
(eomeoni)
죄송합니다.
(joesonghamnida.)
강원도
(gangwondo)
어머이
(eomeoi)
미안 하우다.
(mian hauda.)
충청도
(chungcheongdo)
엄니
(eomni)
죄송해유.
(joesonghaeyu.)
경상도
(gyeongsangdo)
어무이
(eomui)
죄송합니데이.
(joesonghamnidei.)
전라도
(jeollado)
어머이
(eomeoi)
죄송혀라.
(joesonghyeora.)
제주도
(jejudo)
어멍
(eomeong)
죄송허우다.
(joesongheouda.)


In summary, we had a look at six different dialects in South Korea. The fact is, South Korea has more than six dialects. What we introduced today in this article are the most famous dialects in Korea. Since you learned how to distinguish each dialect, you’ll be able to spot the different dialects next time you watch a Korean drama or movie!

In addition, KoreanClass101 has many study materials that you can download for free. Also, have you come across any Korean words that you don’t know? Look them up in the KoreanClass101 dictionary with free audio for you to practice pronunciation! We’re here to help you improve your Korean, so feel free to use our website anytime.

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Korean Cosmetics Guide: Best Shopping Tips & Beauty Secrets

When you go shopping in Myeongdong, Dongdaemoon, or other areas, you will be overwhelmed by the many Korean cosmetic brands that offer unique products that you don’t often see in other countries. One of the benefits of purchasing Korean cosmetics in South Korea is that people are able to find many alternatives to high-demand cosmetics, products that function similarly but also cost a lot less, therefore you can easily stock up your makeup box!

This blog will include Korean makeup trends and famous Korean beauty YouTubers that will teach you some tips about Korean makeup styles, tips on how to know when the shops have sales, and useful Korean vocabulary and phrases that you can instantly use when you go shopping in Korea.

Cosmetics

1. Korean Cosmetic Brands and Trends in South Korea

Korean cosmetics were not popular a decade ago, however when BB cream was introduced worldwide, people started to be interested in Korean beauty products and they became popular. In 2018, the French cosmetic brand L`Oreal acquired one of the most popular Korean cosmetic brands called, 3CE (Stylenanda).

Korean cosmetics are loved by many because they offer unique colors that you cannot find anywhere else in the world. These pigments, preferred in Korea, are suitable for everyday looks. Also, if you have tried some Korean cosmetics before, you have noticed that Korean beauty products such as lipsticks and eyeshadows are a lot more subtle and less pigmented than cosmetics from Western countries.

Makeup

1- Korean Makeup Trends

There are many YouTube videos that compare makeup styles between Korea and America, or Korea and other countries. If you have watched them before, you probably know that Koreans prefer to have clean and flawless skin and go for natural looks.

  • Skin: In order to achieve a natural look, they apply foundation one or two tones lighter than their natural skin color.
  • Eyebrows: They prefer to have straight and thick eyebrows, in order to achieve a youthful look.
  • Eyeshadow: Very subtle and light pigmented eyeshadows are usually used.
  • Lips: Many Korean women wear vibrant red glossy lipstick and you will be amazed at how many different shades of red lipsticks there are in Korea! You can visit popular cosmetic stores such as Etude House, Missha, Skinfood and so on to have a look at different shades of red lipsticks!

That being said, not all Koreans wear the same makeup style; celebrities with tanned skin and vivid makeup appear more often than before (eg. Jessie, Nada, Hwasa, Hyorin and so on).

2- Popular Korean Beauty YouTubers

If you want to learn more about Korean makeup, there are many famous YouTubers who offer free makeup tutorials so you will be able to learn about Korean beauty brands, cosmetic products and many beauty techniques that Koreans use daily. Famous Korean Youtubers include:

3- Popular Korean Cosmetic Brands

Here are a number of Korean cosmetic brands:

4- Useful Korean Vocabulary for Cosmetics

  • BB 크림 (BB keurim) = “BB cream”
  • 파운데이션 (paundeisyeon) = “foundation”
  • 눈 화장 (nun hwajang) = “eyeshadow”
  • 워터 프루프 (Woteo peurupeu) = “waterproof”
  • 블러셔 (Beulleosyeo) = “blush”
  • 아이라이너 (airaineo) = “eyeliner”
  • 아이브로우 펜슬 (aibeurou penseul) = “eyebrow pencil”
  • 립스틱 (ripseutik) = “lipstick”
  • 아이섀도 (aisyaedo) = “eyeshadow”
  • 컨투어 (keontueo) = “contour”

Planning to go shopping in Myeongdong?
Click here to learn useful Korean phrases

Skin Products

2. How Koreans Use Their Skin Products

In Korea, applying skin lotion after washing isn’t enough. In fact, if you tell Koreans that you only apply lotion, they will be shocked. Usually a skin care routine starts from applying toners, eye cream, essences, serums or ampoules, then day or night cream. And it’s important to do facial masks at least 2-3 times a week in order to keep your skin flawless.

When you go shopping in Korea, you can easily get the products as a set and the staff will be more than happy to explain to you what they are for and the steps you need to follow.

1- The Secrets of Korean Skin Care

Here are some secrets of how Koreans keep their skin always beautiful:

  1. Try to use an ice-cube to massage your face when you watch TV, this is one of the popular beauty tricks that Koreans do.
  2. Rubbing ice cubes on your face helps you to achieve that beautiful radiant glow. If you have time in the morning, try to use an ice cube to reduce swelling.
  3. A cream 황토마스크 (hwangtomaseukeu) “red clay mask” is a very popular facial mask in Korea. Unfortunately, this is difficult to find in stores, so you might need some help from local friends to find decent 황토마스크.

2- Popular Ingredients for Skin Care Products

Other popular ingredients for skin care products in Korea are:

  • 피그 콜라겐 (pigeu kollagen) = “pig collagen”
  • 치즈 크림 (chijeukeurim) = “cheese cream”
  • 연어 크림 (yeoneokeurim) = “salmon cream”
  • 달팽이 크림 (dalpaengikeurim) = “snail cream”
  • 홍삼 화장품 (hongsam hwajangpum) = “red ginseng cosmetic”
  • 젤리 크림 (jelli keurim) = “jelly cream”

There are products that even use gold. Each product with unique active ingredients in Korean beauty products has a different smell and texture, so have fun trying them and don’t be scared to give it a try!

3- Useful Korean Vocabulary for Skin Care Products

  • 마스크팩 (maseukeupaek) = “facial mask”
  • 스킨 (seukin) = “skin product”
  • 로션 (rosyeon) = “lotion”
  • 아이크림 (aikeurim) = eye cream
  • 립밤 (ripbam) = “lip balm”
  • 나이트 크림 (naiteu keurim) = “night cream”
  • 데이크림 (deikeurim) = “day cream”
  • 선크림 (seonkeurim) = “sunscreen”

Want to master Korean pronunciation? Learn the sounds that don’t exist in English!
Click here to access the ‘Ultimate Korean Pronunciation Guide”!

Korean Beauty Products

3. How to Purchase Korean Beauty Products for Cheap

As mentioned above, if you cannot afford to buy high-end cosmetics, why not replace them with Korean cosmetic products? There are so many decent Korean beauty products that provide the similar effects and cost less than half the price of expensive beauty products. There are many ways that you can purchase Korean cosmetics at a cheap price and here are some tips to remember:

1- Check Brand Websites for Upcoming Events

Do you want to buy a cosmetic? Before purchasing it right away, try to visit the website of the brand to see if you can get more discounts or receive freebies. The website often provides upcoming sale events such as 1+1 event, 50% discount coupon, freebies and so on. Also, often Korean cosmetic brands release limited edition items that you can only purchase online. So check out their websites occasionally!

2- Request Free Samples

When you buy a number of beauty products in Korea, you will also receive many free samples to try at home. If you are at a Korean cosmetic store and want to try some products before purchasing them, simply request free samples from the staff. If you do not request them specifically, they will give you samples randomly. So if there are any particular products that you want, request them! Most of the time you will be able to get many different samples for different products. The good news is, they will give you more than enough for you to use them for a few weeks! You will be surprised how many free things you receive after purchasing cosmetics or skin products in Korea. Most likely you will receive a cosmetic pouch or shopping bag depending on the promotion that the company is doing.

3- Register for a Membership Card (Only Korean Residents Can Do This)

This may not apply to tourists, but if you are currently living in Korea, try to sign up for a membership at your favorite Korean cosmetic stores. You can sign up as you purchase the products at the counter and most of the time, you will receive instant 5 to 10% discounts. You’ll also get points which can be used just like money.

Depending on the store, the registration process differs, as some stores may require you to give personal information such as your address and birthday, but most of the time the process is very easy, as you just need to give them your mobile number.

4- Useful Korean Vocabularies and Phrases

  • 세일 기간 (seil gigan) = “sale period”
  • 할인 상품 (Harin sangpum) = “discount products”
  • 교환/반품불가(Gyohwan/banpumbulga) = “exchange/refund not allowed”
  • 샘플 많이 주세요. (Saempeul mani juseyo) = “Please give me many samples.”
  • 세일 중인 상품은 어디에 있나요? (Seil jungin sangpumeun eodie innayo?) = “Where are the products that are on sale?”
  • ~ 있어요? ( ~ isseoyo?) = “Do you have ~?”
  • ~ 주세요. (~ juseyo) = “Please give me ~.”
  • ~을(를) 찾고 있어요. (~eul(reul) chatgo isseoyo) = “I am looking for ~.”
  • 이것은 어떻게 사용하나요? (Igeoseun eotteoke sayonghanayo?) = “How do I use this?”
  • 어디에 바르는 화장품인가요? ( Eodie bareuneun hwajangpumingayo?) = “Where do I apply this cosmetic?”
  • 텍스프리 가맹점 (Tekseupeuri gamaengjeom) = “tax free affiliated store”
  • 택스 리펀드 (taekseu ripeondeu) = “tax refund”

Do you want to learn more Korean vocabulary for shopping?
Click here to check out our free vocabulary lists!

Make Up Products

4. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You Learn more Korean

To sum up, we had a look at popular makeup trends, interesting facts about skin care products in Korea, and we also introduced tips on how to purchase your favorite Korean beauty products for a cheap price. Now, you are ready to go shopping in Korea!

But if you want to buy things in Korea, it’s important to learn some basic Korean phrases. Check out Common Ways to Say Hello and Top 10 Travel Spots in South Korea from KoreanClass101, for free!

If you want to learn even more Korean, sign up for KoreanClass101 today to access free study materials! If you are serious about learning Korean, you can sign up for Premium PLUS which allows you to study personalised lessons anytime, anywhere at your convenience. Why not give it a try today?

Good luck with studying Korean and I hope you have a great day!

Things to Do in South Korea in October

October is the autumn season in South Korea. The leaves on the mountains start to change, becoming red and yellow in hue, and viewing autumn leaves is one of the most popular activities in South Korea. There are also many October festivals and events held during this time that you won’t want to miss out on.

In this blog post, KoreanClass101 will explain to you about what to expect when you travel to South Korea, such as the weather, important public holidays, what to wear in October, and even where to see fall colors in South Korea. In addition, we’re going to introduce a number of October activities and events held in South Korea so that you can add these to your travel itinerary to maximize your trip.

Visiting South Korea in autumn will be fun and easy once you take this info to heart and put it to practice!

October

1. Everything You Need to Know about October in Korea

Weather is just one of those things that travelers check before visiting a country, and for good reason. This way, they know exactly what to expect when they arrive and what clothing to bring with them. In Korea, there are four seasons each year and each season has its own distinctive weather conditions. Below is the weather information, important public holidays, and autumn clothing ideas for South Korea in October.

Weather in South Korea

1- October Weather in South Korea

Here’s some information about fall weather in South Korea in the main cities: Seoul, Daegu, Cheongju, Busan, and Jeju.

City Highest Temp. Lowest Temp. Average Temp. Rainfall
Seoul
[서울]
19.5°C
67.1°F
8.2°C
46.8°F
13.8°C
56.8°F
52mm
2in
Daegu
[대구]
21.3°C
70.3°F
9°C
48.2°F
15.1°C
59.2°F
45mm
1.8in
Cheongju
[청주]
20.4°C
66.7°F
6.8°C
44.2°F
13.6°C
56.5°F
45mm
1.8in
Busan
[부산]
21.2°C
70.2°F
12°C
53.6°F
16.6°C
61.9°F
68mm
2.7in
Jeju
[제주]
21.2°C
70.2°F
13.8°C
56.8°F
17.5°C
72.7°F
64mm
2.5in


※ Reference: climate-data.org

Autumn usually starts in October in South Korea. The weather is warm during the day and becomes cold in the evening. Therefore, it’s important to understand that day-to-night temperature fluctuates significantly; for that reason, many Koreans catch a cold during this time. Make sure to wear many layers to avoid this fate yourself!

Autumn, especially in October, is the best season to travel to South Korea because of the autumn leaves and the autumn flowers covering entire mountains, making South Korea one of the most popular travel destinations in Asia—and one of the most beautiful.

Korean Holiday

2- October Public Holidays in South Korea

Here are two main public holidays in October:

October 3: 개천절 (gaecheonjeol) — “National Foundation Day”

October 9: 한글날 (hangeullal) — “Hangul Proclamation Day”

Because there are two public holidays in October in South Korea, there will be festivals and events held on these two days. On Hangul Day—which is the day that the Korean alphabet was created under 세종대왕 (“Sejong the Great”) during the Chosun Dynasty (1393 to 1910)—there will be a celebration ceremony around the statue of King Sejong, which is located near Gyeongbokgung (경복궁). You won’t want to miss out on this!

Autumn Fashion

3- Autumn Fashion in South Korea

Since the day-to-night temperature fluctuates a lot in October, you need to pay more attention to your clothing. Layering your clothes is the key, and people carry a coat or a warm cardigan in their bag at all times. Wearing a pair of long boots or sandals isn’t recommended because of the temperature difference during the day and the night, so it’s recommended to wear an appropriate pair of shoes—one that can be worn comfortably regardless of the weather conditions you find yourself in.
Also, it occasionally rains, which results in sudden temperature drops; be sure to have an umbrella with you while traveling. If you don’t have one, just about all convenience stores sell transparent umbrellas, prices ranging from 1,000 to 3,000 KRW.

2. Activities to do in Korea

Autumn Festival

1- Autumn Festivals

As mentioned previously, autumn is the best season in South Korea. During this time, many festivals are held at night, and you’ll be able to enjoy spending your time celebrating in the evening without feeling too hot or cold. Here are some of the best places to visit in South Korea during autumn:

  • 서울밤도깨비야시장 (“Seoul Bamdokkaebi Night Market”)

This night market is definitely a must-visit market in South Korea because of the unique experience it offers. Bamdokkaebi Night Market is open from March 30 to October 28, 2018. The night market opens at night and disappears by morning, allowing many tourists to enjoy the true local lifestyle in a friendly atmosphere.

They sell traditional items, handmade products, and traditional Korean food, as well as organize many night events. Also, Bamdokkaebi Night Market is held at a number of locations in Seoul such as Yeouido (여의도), Banpo (반포), Cheonggyecheon (청계천), and so on. So check out their website, which is available in English, Chinese, and Japanese, to decide which market to explore.

  • 부산불꽃축제 (“Busan Fireworks Festival”)

Busan Fireworks Festival is one of the biggest events held in Busan, and attracts many tourists from Korea and other countries. It’s a one-day event, on the 27th of October in 2018. The fireworks are done by the famous beach called Gwangalli Beach (광안리해수욕장; map) in addition to many street performances and food stalls. To give you a clearer idea of what to expect, here’s an article from 2015 with beautiful pictures of the fireworks.

For more information about this festival, visit this website, which is also available in different languages including Japanese, French, Chinese, English, Spanish, German, and Thai.

  • 하동북천 코스모스 메밀꽃 축제 (“Hadong Bukcheon Cosmos and Buckwheat Festival”)

While in Korea, you’ll be able to see a number of fields of cosmos flowers, colorfully decorating the area. Here in Bukcheon, there’s a famous Cosmos and Buckwheat festival held every year, attracting many people all around the world. This year, the festival is going to be held from the 21st of September to the 7th of October. You can check out this website for more information about this festival, and even check out some pictures from this festival so you’ll know what to expect.

  • 민둥산억새꽃축제 (“Mindung Mountain Eulalia Festival”)

When you see a field of Chinese silver grass, Koreans know that it means the autumn is officially started in Korea. Can you imagine a place where an entire mountain is covered with Chinese silver grass? At Mindungsan Mountain (민둥산), you’ll be able to experience this. This festival starts on September 21 and ends on November 4. There are many activities that you can enjoy, such as climbing, photo competitions, and much more.

  • Want to Know More Festivals and Events in October?

Check out “visitkorea” for more attractions. Simply click on a month and a date, and they’ll show you the list of 2018 festivals and events.

Mountain Climbing

2- Hiking and Mountain Climbing

You’ll be mesmerized by the fall colors emblazoning Korea in rich red, yellow, and orange hues. You can’t miss out on hiking in South Korea for some unforgettable scenery!
The 10 Best Mountains for Autumn Foliage in Korea

1 - 설악산 (“Seoraksan National Park”) — location

  • Autumn foliage period: Beginning of October to mid-November
  • Autumn foliage images from Seoraksan National Park
  • 2 - 내장산 (“Naejangsan National Park”) — location

    3 - 대둔산 (Daedunsan) — location

    4 - 백양사 (Baegyangsa) — location

    • Autumn foliage period: Mid-October to mid-November
    • The temple is located in the middle of 내장산 (“Naejang Mountain” — location)
    • Autumn foliage images from Baegyangsa

    5 - 용문사 (“Yongmunsa Temple”) — location

    • Autumn foliage period: Mid-October to mid-November
    • The temple is located in the middle of 용문산 (“Yongmunsan Mountain” — location)
    • Autumn foliage images from Yongmunsa Temple

    6 - 오대산 (“Odaesan National Park”) — location

    7 - 설악산 (“Seoraksan National Park”) — location

    • Autumn foliage period: Mid-October to early November
    • Autumn foliage images from Seoraksan National Park

    8 - 한라산 (Hallasan) — location

    • Autumn foliage period: Late October to mid-November
    • Autumn foliage images from Hallasan

    9 북한산 (Bukhansan) — location

    10 팔공산 (Palgongsan) — location

    3- Beaches

    Visiting beaches in South Korea may not be the most popular activity to do around this time of year, but you’ll still be able to enjoy spending time there since the summer holiday season is over and locals are now visiting mountains to enjoy the fall leaves. You can enjoy sunbathing during the day, as well as food by any of the outdoor restaurants around these beaches in South Korea. Check out “Famous Beaches in Korea” if you want to have a list of places to visit.

    Hanbok

    3. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You with Korean

    In summary, we’ve looked at autumn temperatures and what to wear in South Korea. We also introduced a number of festivals and events that you can enjoy participating in, along with the famous mountain destinations for autumn foliage in South Korea. Beaches aren’t popular destinations in October, but you can definitely enjoy the quietness of the ocean in October, since October is the time when locals visit the colorful mountains instead.

    Here are some vocabularies related to autumn and traveling. We also have many other lessons related to traveling to Korea, so you might want to check them out on our website as well.

    Autumn Korean Vocabulary

    • 코스모스 (koseumoseu) — “cosmos”
    • 다람쥐 (daramjwi) — “squirrel”
    • 도토리 (dotori) — “acorn”
    • 억새 (eoksae) — “Chinese silver grass”
    • 솔방울 (solbangul) — “conifer cone”
    • 밤 (bam) — “chestnut”
    • 감 (gam) — “persimmon”
    • 은행나무 (eunhaengnamu) — “Maidenhair tree”
    • 단풍잎 (danpungip) — “maple leaf”
    • 가을 (gaeul) — “autumn”
    • 고추잠자리 (gochujamjari) — “dragonfly”
    • 허수아비 (heosuabi) — “scarecrow”
    • 하늘 (haneul) — “sky”

    Here’s another list of Must-know Autumn Vocabularies for you to improve your Korean vocabulary skills. Also, here are lists of phrases to memorize before traveling to South Korea. If they’re difficult to memorize, try to write some of the key phrases down in your notebook and show them to locals when you’re in South Korea.

    We hope you enjoy your trip to South Korea in October and that you’ll share your experience in the comment section.

    7 Most Effective Language Apps to Fast-Track Your Learning

    Downloading App

    Learning a new language after childhood is one of the most difficult things we attempt to do. It gets even more difficult learning a foreign language, one that is very unfamiliar in your immediate world. However, for one reason or another, or just for fun, we still find ourselves trying to learn a new language at some point in life. To make the learning fun, simplified and interesting, we often look for various aids. Some of the most useful resources are applications which we use on our mobile devices or personal computers.

    App developers have put too much in app stores, so sometimes it is quite difficult to single out the best apps for our learning needs – those with reliable lessons and affordable tuition rates if any are inclusive. Here are the best apps for an interesting language learning experience.

    1. Innovative Language 101

    This app from Innovative Language Learning and it offers audio and video lessons and study tools for 34 languages including Korean, Spanish, French, Japanese, Chinese, Arabic, etc. This app is available on Android, from the App Store and on Kindle Fire. It is suitable for both newcomers to Korean and more seasoned speakers, and it is designed to get you speaking and using Korean from the very first lesson. This app gives you access to a multitude of audio and video lessons by trained teachers, as well as a variety of other resources. Best of all, the app is free!

    Many who have tried the app have appreciated the way in which it is based on real language (i.e. the language that real natives speak) rather than rather stilted and unnatural textbook-speak.

    Downloading App

    2. Duolingo

    This is one of the most incredible resources in language learning. It is a popular point of comparison while exploring other apps. Any time you mention another app, someone will ask you, Is it as good as Duolingo?’ The app boasts over a hundred million downloads in app stores. It is free and blends gaming features with your learning experience.

    This app is not popular just for the sake of it. Its courses are developed by native speakers in every language it teaches, hence making it a reliable tutor. Another reason to fall in love with this app is that it does not assume you’re a native English speaker if you’re not. If your first language is not English, you can still comfortably make use of this incredible resource for second language learning. You will also enjoy the app on your device since it maximizes your touchscreen features such as drag and drop. In the app, you will find 81 courses which are well-structured, interesting, friendly to the mind and easy to learn. The lessons offer a good balance between vocabulary and grammar in the languages.

    Memrise

    3. Memrise

    This app can be described in two words, meme game.’ Possibly, that’s where it got its name from. This app focuses on vocabulary learning, and it found a way to make the lessons more fun than formal. It has an extensive collection of popular instructive sources and widely used vocabulary.

    To make learning enjoyable, the app makes witty use of the learned words. The courses are spiced with memes whose primary function is to enhance memory of the learned vocabulary. The fun bit is, these memes are created by users and you too can add yours to the bank! The more active you are, the more you rise in the users’ ladder.

    This app is one of the few in the market which is user-centered. You can get in to learn as much as you want, and you can also participate in enlightening others. However, be careful with it – some fellow users may mislead you. Nonetheless, if you’re looking for interactive language learning, just join the Memrise community.

    Word Power

    4. WordPower Korean

    This app is dedicated to learners of the Korean language. If you’re looking to learn the basics in Korean, then all you need is this app and a little curiosity. It teaches the most basic words and phrases – those that are used on a daily basis in Korea. It has about 2000 phrases and words which are used in various aspects of daily life such as weather, shopping, travel and many other places.

    The app is ideal for a person looking to learn basic Korean language - one who may be visiting or moving to the place, or just curious to learn some Korean. But if you want to learn other Korean aspects such as grammar and proficiency, you will need more resources.

    Learning

    5. Busuu

    This is undisputedly one of the most serious teachers of language you’ll come across out there. It features 12 languages in full courses. For full access to all resources, you should prepare to part with $17 per month. The app is keen on teaching language right from the basics – starting with individual words and short dialogues, it advances all the way to complex bits of a language.

    The lessons are topically organized and are accompanied by audio versions which will teach you the native pronunciation of words and phrases. In addition, this is one app that is considerate of the reason for learning – for people planning to visit places where the target language is spoken, the app has a designated mini “travel course” which teaches the basics of a language. This incredible course also provides a platform where you can engage native speakers for an enhanced learning experience. In the desktop version, you can even live-chat with them. Bottomline, if you are looking for a dedicated language teacher, Busuu is waiting for you.

    Electronic Class

    6. Livemocha

    Well, this is what I’d refer to as an electronic class.’ Livemocha has all the features of a typical learning scenario – it just happens in-app. It features premium membership at a fee. To begin with, the app covers over 35 languages. It has separate learning places for reading, listening, speaking and writing skills. The lessons are structured so that they expose you to new material before assessing your understanding by asking you to apply the learned content. Lesson credits are awarded to learners who are willing to become virtual tutors to fellow learners by reviewing their work. It also allows you to interact with other learners and native speakers.

    For a personalized learning experience, you may join a virtual lesson or book a private tutor for online sessions. This app is an incredible place to interact with native speakers for a great learning experience. If you are generous enough, it’s a place for you to deliver to others as much as you receive. In any case, that’s the best way to learn.

    7. Daily Dose of Language

    This is also from KoreanClass101, and it’s available on Android, from the App Store and on Kindle Fire. This app provides fun and easy lessons for free every day for various languages. As all language learners know, the best strategy for learning anything, and particularly a language, is to do a little every day. That is why ‘Daily Dose’ is so useful. It gives you a mini lesson a day from which you can learn new phrases and words, and it will not overwhelm you, so you will retain much of your daily dose.

    This is another free app, and it will allow you to feel like you are making progress everyday in your language skills. However, if you want, you can have access to the full library of 365 lessons, so you can peruse them at your leisure.

    Conclusion

    Apps are ideal for learning in the modern world. They enable you to learn without having to peruse loads of books or taking down notes. Since they are accessible at any time, you should make it a personal responsibility to learn a new language anywhere, any time. If you are passionate enough, technology will always be a great resource for you. Learn a new language and stand out from the crowd. Don’t be among the multitudes who only know two or three local languages.


    Annabelle is part of the Content and Community team at SmileTutor, sharing valuable content to their own community and beyond.

    Korean Etiquette: 7 Do’s and Don’ts in Korea

    Korea has its own customs, traditions, and rules for manners, just like your own country does. Some of these customs are completely fine in your country, but are considered offensive in Korea. These fascinating differences are necessary to learn before your visit to Korea.

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    Table of Contents

    1. Korean Dining Etiquettes
    2. Basic Korean Drinking Etiquette
    3. Asking Someone’s Age in Korea
    4. Place Setting Rules for Dining in Korea
    5. Don’t Write Names in Red in Korea
    6. Never Sit in Priority Seats in Korea
    7. Take Your Shoes Off at Home in Korea
    8. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You Learn More Korean

    Today, KoreanClass101 is going to explain to you seven important Korean etiquettes in detail so that you can avoid making these mistakes while in Korea! Also, keep in mind that Koreans are not afraid of calling you out on behavior they find offensive, which is where our vocabulary learning will come in handy.

    Table Manner

    Do’s and Don’ts in Korea #1 : Korean Dining Etiquettes

    1- Do: Wait Until Elders Start Eating Their Food

    In Korea, you cannot start eating until the elders grab the chopsticks and start eating their own meal. The order of eating has to be according to age. For example, if you are sitting with your grandfather, parents, parents’ friends, and your younger sister at a dining table, the order should be :

    Korean Vocabulary List

    1. 할아버지 (harabeoji) - “grandfather”
    2. 부모님 (bumonim) - “your parents”
    3. 부모님의 친구 (bumonimui chingu) - “parents’ friends”
    4. 나 자신 (Na chashin) - “myself”
    5. 여동생 (yeodongsaeng) - “younger sister”

    2- Do: Chew with Your Mouth Closed and Try to Hide the Bones

    Try not to make noise when you chew your food in South Korea. It is considered rude if you do make any noise when chewing, so try to chew with your mouth closed.

    Also keep in mind that Koreans eat grilled fish, marinated chicken, and so on. It is advised that if you have bones, you hide them by wrapping them in some tissue or placing them under the rice bowl.

    Korean Vocabulary List

    1. 생선 가시 (saengseon gasi) - “fish bone”
    2. 생선 가시를 발라내다 (saengseon gasireul ballanaeda) - “debone a fish”
    3. 우리 밥 먹을 때 조용히 먹자. (uri bam meogeul ttae joyonghi meokja.) - “Let’s just eat quietly.”

    3- Do Not: Leave the Table Until You Are Done with the Meal

    If you need to go to the 화장실 (hwajangsil) “bathroom”, try to go before sitting at the dining table; it is considered rude to leave the table while eating. However, if you really need to leave the table for some urgent reason, the best way is to politely explain the situation to the eldest person.

    Also note that it’s considered rude to place your elbow on the table as well, especially if you are dining with the elders or someone who is older than you.

    4- Are You the Youngest Person in a Group? Rules to Remember

    Here are a couple of important rules in the Korean table manner that you need to remember if you are the youngest person in a group:

    When you go to a restaurant or prepare the dinner at home with your Korean homestay family, you are expected to prepare 수저 (sujeo) “spoon and a pair of chopsticks”, as well as other amenities such as water.

    Also, you may need to grill the meats for elders or those of higher status when you go to a restaurant with other colleagues. However, this is not mandatory as the task of grilling the meats for everyone depends on who sits closest to the barbecue grill.

    Have you started studying Korean lately and want to improve your listening skills?
    Listening Comprehension for Absolute Beginners

    Soju

    Do’s and Don’ts in Korea #2: Basic Drinking Etiquette

    1- Do: Make Sure Everyone’s Glass is Full

    If you are the youngest, check to see if others’ glasses are empty, as it is rude to allow anyone to have an empty glass. Fill up the person’s glass first who is older or of higher status than you, by politely saying 한 잔 더 받으세요 (han jan deo badeuseyo) “Let me refill your glass.”

    There are a couple of South Korean basic drinking etiquettes that will prove helpful when you go drinking with colleagues, friends, or elders in the future. Firstly, you need to hold the bottle and shot glasses with two hands when someone pours 막걸리 (makgeolli) “rice wine” or 소주 (soju) “Korean distilled liquor” for you. Also, it is polite to turn away from elders while you drink.

    2- Do Not: Pour Your Own Drink

    In Korea, it is considered rude to pour your own shot. Therefore, wait until someone offers to pour for you; this will usually be done by the youngest person. Sometimes, however, older or higher-status people may offer to pour for you. This usually means that the person wants to establish a great relationship with you, especially if the person is your boss or someone whom you cannot usually interact with in daily life. So, if he or she offers to pour you an alcoholic drink, accept it. If you refuse firmly, it may greatly harm the atmosphere. If you do not want to drink alcohol, just leave the glass as it is and order a different drink, or politely say 죄송하지만, 저는 술을 한 방울도 못 마십니다 (Joesonghajiman, jeoneun sureul han banguldo mon masimnida), “I am sorry, but I don’t drink even a drop.”

    Do you want to learn Korean alphabet? Click here to learn Hangul: Hana Hana Hangul

    Asking Someone's Age

    Do’s and Don’ts in Korea #3: Asking Someone’s Age

    1- It is Very Normal to Ask Someone’s Age

    It’s absolutely normal to ask someone’s age in South Korea, so don’t get offended if you’re asked. Seeing as it is rude to ask someone’s age in most Western countries, this is a great example of etiquette differences between countries.

    Koreans ask your age in order to determine what kind of language they need to use when talking with you. For example, if you meet someone in class for the first time, you would ask 몇 년생이세요? (myeot nyeonsaengiseyo) “What year were you born?” or 나이가 어떻게 되세요? (nai-ga eotteoke doeseyo) “How old are you?”. Then, if he or she is older than you, you need to start using formal language and show respect to him or her.

    On the other hand, if a person is younger than you, you can speak casually with them, whereas he or she must speak to you in formal language.

    Did you know that international and Korean age are different?

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    Korean Food Setting

    Do’s and Don’ts in Korea #4: Place Setting Rules for Dining

    Did you know that there is a number of place setting rules for dining in Korea? For example, a spoon and a set of chopsticks should be placed next to the rice bowl, on the right-hand side. Also, a spoon stays to the left while chopsticks stay to the right.

    Stew (such as Kimchi stew) is usually placed in the middle so that everyone can share the soup together, surrounded by many different kinds of side dishes such as: 김치 (Kimchi - a Korean dish of spicy pickled cabbage) and 야채 (yachae - vegetables).

    Typically, 고기반찬 (gogibanchan) “meat side dishes” stay on the right-hand side and 야채반찬 (yachaebanchan) “vegetable side dishes” stay on the left-hand side of the dining table.

    In summary:

    • Right-hand side: Warm and hot dishes, watery food, meat dishes, and so on
    • Left-hand side: Cold dishes and dry foods, vegetable dishes, and so on

    Red Pen

    Do’s and Don’ts in Korea #5: Don’t Write Names in Red!

    Did you know that it is considered extremely offensive to write someone’s name in red ink? Writing a person’s name in red ink means that he or she is deceased, and if he or she is still alive, it means that the person who wrote your name wishes that you were dead. 빨간 잉크 (ppalgan ingkeu) “red ink” was used in the past to write a deceased person’s name. So it should go without saying that you shouldn’t write your friend’s name down in red ink!

    Learn these top 10 phrases in Korean and amaze your Korean friends

    Priority Seat

    Do’s and Don’ts in Korea #6: Never Sit in Priority Seats

    When riding on buses or subways, you should avoid sitting in the priority seats; they are for the handicapped, the elderly, and pregnant women. You can easily identify them because there is a label that says 노약자석 (noyakjaseok) “For the handicapped, the elderly, and pregnant women” above the seating area, depicting the profiles of the three groups. It is important not to take these seats even if they are empty.

    This is what you are going to see at priority seats: 장애인, 노약자, 임산부, 영유아 동반자 좌석입니다 (jangaein, noyakja, imsanbu, yeongyua dongbanja jwaseogipnida) “Seats for the handicapped, weak, pregnant women or accompanied with baby.” Also, you will frequently hear announcements such as 노약자석에 앉지 마세요 (noyakjaseoge anjji maseyo) “Please don’t sit on priority seats” to let everyone know that these seats need to remain available at all times.

    Take Your Shoes Off

    Do’s and Don’ts in Korea #7: Take Your Shoes Off at Home

    In Korea, you will always find a 신발장 (sinbaljang) “shoes shelf,” or an area where Koreans keep their shoes. For example, if you are at a 레스토랑 (reseutorang) “restaurant” where you sit on the floor at a low table, you will need to take off your shoes beforehand. Also, when you enter someone’s house, you must take off your shoes and leave them at the entrance.

    Hangul

    How KoreanClass101 Can Help You Learn More Korean

    In summary, we introduced seven important Korean etiquettes and relevant Korean vocabularies for you to remember! KoreanClass101 has many study materials that you can download for free. Also, have you come across any Korean words that you don’t know? Look them up on KoreanClass101 dictionary with free audio for you to practice pronunciation! We are here to help you improve your Korean, so feel free to use our website anytime. You can learn more Korean etiquettes, along with polite ways to speak Korean, on KoreanClass101. Check out our Culture Classes and Business Korean Series!

    Thank you and have a great day!

    Life in Seoul: What is the Cost of Living in South Korea?

    Due to Korean Dramas and Kpop influences, the number of foreigners traveling to Korea or living in Korea has doubled in the last decade. This means that more and more foreigners come to Korea to learn its culture, language, customs and so on. Traveling to Korea certainly helps you understand Korea and also helps you expand your perspective.

    However, it’s important to understand the difference between traveling and moving abroad. Travelers’ main concerns may be where to stay throughout the trip, or where to shop or to eat in Seoul. But for foreigners who want to live in Korea, one of the main concerns may be the cost of living in Korea. I am sure that you are reading this blog because you have been considering moving to Korea and you want to gather as much information as you can.

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    Table of Contents

    1. Cost of Renting an Apartment or a House in Korea
    2. Cost of Food in Korea
    3. Cost of Entertainment in Korea
    4. Cost of Transportation in Korea
    5. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You Learn more Korean

    Don’t worry, KoreanClass101 will look into the living costs, such as renting an apartment, purchasing food, enjoying entertainment etc, in Korea, focusing on Seoul. Also, KoreanClass101 will share some tips on how you can save some money while living in Korea, like locals do, so that you can apply these tips once you start living in Seoul, Korea. We will share some useful Korean phrases and words for you to learn from this article so please keep reading!

    Apartment

    1. Cost of Renting an Apartment or a House in Korea

    If you are going to be an ESL (English as a Second Language) teacher in Korea, you do not need to worry about accommodations, as the company will cover all the expenses including the utility fees. However if you need to find your own place to stay, there are some important things that you need to understand about renting an apartment in Korea.

    Firstly, depending on where you want to live, your rent will be different. For example, if you want to live in Gangnam, Hongdae or any other main district in Seoul, the rent is going to be extremely expensive in comparison to other areas far from the main districts.

    Secondly, Koreans usually search for an apartment to rent through a real estate agent. Koreans believe that it is the safest way to find an apartment and usually the real estate agent will take care of all the work including negotiating with the landlord and reading through the contract for you. If you want to lower the apartment rent, you may want to increase the default deposit. Usually, if you increase the deposit by 10,000,000 KRW, you may be able to lower the rent by 50,000 KRW. Also, sometimes you will notice that the water utility fee is included in the rent. This is certainly negotiable as well. The real estate agent will negotiate this with the landlord on your behalf, and there is no guarantee as it’s really up to the landlord to decide. Also, if you find a house then you will need to pay approximately 10% of your rent to the real estate agent. Koreans also use a number of apps or websites to save on the agency fee, which are 다방 (dabangapp), 직방 (Zigbang), 피터팬의 좋은방 구하기 (peterpanz) and so on.

    List of Korean words for renting an apartment in South Korea:

    1. 월세 (wolse) - “monthly rent”
    2. 관리비 (gwanribi) - “maintenance fee”
    3. 수도요금 (sudoyogeum) - “water bill”
    4. 전기요금 (jeongiyogeum) - “electricity bill”
    5. 계약서 (gyeyakseo) - “contract”

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    Food in Korea

    2. Cost of Food in Korea

    It is relatively cheap to eat out or do grocery shopping in South Korea. For example, a carton of milk costs around 2,500 KRW and the price of snacks and sweets usually start from 1,000 KRW. Also, the majority of supermarkets offer special discounts such as 1+1 events or coupon events. So look out for these signs when you go to a supermarket. In addition, a good thing about doing grocery shopping at supermarkets such as major wholesale stores like emart, Home plus and some local supermarkets, is that some supermarkets offer free delivery if you purchase over a certain amount.

    Regarding eating out in South Korea, dishes usually cost from 7,000 KRW if you go to an inexpensive restaurant. Just to give you some hints about the cost of food in Korea, a McDonalds meal usually costs from 6,000 KRW and beers cost from 3,000 KRW. Waiters and waitresses often can speak English if you go to the city area, but if you are living outside the main districts, you will need to order food in Korean. If you learn a few phrases and order food at a restaurant, using honorific Korean, Koreans will appreciate you for trying to speak Korean.

    List of Korean words for food:

    1. 닭 가슴살 (dalg gaseumsal) - “chicken breast”
    2. 사과 (sagwa) - “apple”
    3. 바나나 (banana) - “banana”
    4. 감자 (gamja) - “potato”
    5. 소주 (sojoo) - a Korean alcoholic drink typically made from rice or sweet potatoes.

    Click here to learn more Korean essential vocabulary for fruits and vegetables!

    Entertainment

    3. Cost of Entertainment in Korea

    The cost of entertainment in South Korea really depends on what you want to do as a hobby or for pleasure. For now, let’s focus on movies. If you purchase movie tickets at the counter, the tickets cost usually around 12,000 KRW, without any snacks or drinks. The price of the ticket becomes more expensive based on the type of movie. For a 3D or IMAX film, expect to pay a lot more.

    But don’t worry, there are many ways to enjoy the entertainment without spending a fortune. Here are some tips on what locals do to receive some discounts on their movie tickets.

    1) Try to purchase a movie ticket online as tickets are usually around 7,500 KRW online. Also, try to sign up to receive more discounts, ranging from 10% to 30%.
    2) If you are an active SNS user, many South Korean companies offer free movie tickets or drinks if you share their contents on your SNS pages.
    3) Look out for special discounts offered by different cinemas, such as 조조할인 (jojohal-in), 심야할인(sim-ya-hal-in), 무비데이 (mubidei) and so on.

    List of Korean words for entertainment:

    1. 영화 (yeonghwa) - “movie”
    2. 티켓 (tikes) - “ticket(s)”
    3. 조조할인 (jojohal-in) - discount tickets offered to customers who come to the cinema early in the morning
    4. 무비데이 (mubidei) - Every Wednesday is called “movie day,” and you will receive some discount on the movie tickets.
    5. 심야할인 (sim-ya-hal-in) - discount tickets offered to customers who come to the cinema late at night

    Do you want to challenge yourself by memorizing 100 essential Korean words?
    Click here to access Korean Core 100 Word List for free!

    Transportation

    4. Cost of Transportation

    Transportation in South Korea is extremely convenient and cheap. You will need to purchase a T-Money card, which is a prepaid rechargeable touch-and-go transportation card. You can purchase this card at the ticket machine inside the subway. If you can apply for a credit card in Korea, you can also apply for a card that offers discounts for people who use transportation often. You can consult your bank if you are interested. When you scan your transportation card at a subway station, usually it costs 1,250 KRW for an adult and 720 KRW for a child (with the transportation card). For buses in South Korea, the price differs, from 1,200 KRW to 2,500 KRW, depending on the company and time of the day. Regarding the cost of taxis in Seoul, 일반 (Ilban - “regular taxis”) start from 3,000 KRW and 모범 (mobeom - “deluxe taxis,” black with a yellow top )cost from 5,000 KRW. If you catch a taxi late at night, there will be a late night surcharge.

    List of Korean words for transportation:

    1. 대중교통 (daejung-gyotong) - “public transport”
    2. 버스 (beoseu) - “bus(es)”
    3. 지하철 (jihacheol) - “subway(s)”
    4. 택시 (taegsi) - “taxi(s)”

    What should we watch in Korea? Learn how to express your intentions!

    5. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You Learn more Korean

    In summary, we looked at different areas’ of cost of living in South Korea, focusing only on Seoul. The price range may vary depending on which area you go to, therefore it’s important to compare the prices and do a little bit of research in order to save some money while you are in Korea.

    Regardless of how cheap or expensive it is to live in South Korea, it’s important to study the language before. If you understand Korean language, it will be a lot easier for you to navigate around in South Korea.

    If you have more questions about Korea (apart from cost of living in Korea) why not visit our KoreanClass101 forum? You can get a lot of advice from Koreans or foreigners living in Korea. Also KoreanClass101 has many Korean resources where you can access many study materials for free, so sign up for KoreanClass101 today to receive a free trial!

    Good luck :)

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    Blood Type Personality in Korea: What It Says about You

    If you have ever visited Korea or stayed in Korea for quite some time, you have probably noticed that a lot of Korean people ask “what is your blood type?”. This question is one of the most common questions that Korean people ask, apart from “How old are you?”. In Korea, it is perfectly fine to ask about a person’s blood type, especially if you want to get to know someone very well instantly, in particular, on a blind date. The reason is that Korean people believe that each blood type has its own distinct personality and it is the quickest way to determine a person’s temperament and even compatibility with others. You may feel confused as to why people ask about blood types in Korea, but don’t worry. If you are asked this by a Korean, that means that the person wants to get to know you better.

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    So who developed this concept? The blood type personality theory was developed by a Japanese person named Masahiko Nomi who graduated from the University of Tokyo. He began his first career as a journalist and his first book “Understanding Affinity by Blood Type” became a bestseller in the 1970s. The idea then spread outward and it is popular in some Asian countries, such as South Korea and Taiwan. You are probably wondering, ‘so what’s this all about?’, so let’s have a look at the description of each blood type to see if it matches with your personality. Then let’s look at the compatibility of blood types, followed by the blood types of famous Korean celebrities.

    Blood Type A

    1. Blood Type A

    According to the Korean blood type personality chart, it is said that people with blood type A are known to be diplomatic and friendly, however due to their sensitive natures, they prefer staying alone to being in a group; therefore they may feel uncomfortable in crowded areas or parties. Also, they are fragile-hearted and easily get hurt, therefore it takes time for them to open up to people. Others may take this negatively and view them as snobs, since people with blood type A are good at hiding their feelings and do not express themselves a lot compared to other blood types such as blood type B or O. If you want to be friends with a person with Blood Type A, the best way is to be patient and get to know them slowly. Once you get to know them you will find that they are very friendly and down to earth! Also, they are punctual and always expect the best results in everything they do, therefore others seem them as perfectionists. When people describe blood type A, you will often hear:

    A형은 성실하고 예민한 것 같아요.
    e-i-hyeong-eun seong-sil-ha-go ye-min-han geot ga-ta-yo
    “People with type A blood are earnest and sensitive.”

    Blood Type A Personality in Korean

    • 성실하다 (seong-sil-ha-da) = “to be earnest”
    • 신중하다 (sin-jung-ha-da) = “to be cautious”
    • 고집이 세다 (go-ji-bi se-da) = “to be stubborn”
    • 예민하다 (ye-min-ha-da) = “to be sensitive”

    Blood Type Compatibility for A

    • The best blood type compatibility is O, followed by A.
    • The worst blood type compatibility is B.

    Famous Celebrities with Blood Type A

    • 장나라 (Jang Na-ra)
    • 이효리 (Lee Hyori)
    • 최지우 (Choi Ji-woo)
    • 닉쿤 (Nichkhun)
    • 배용준 (Bae Yong-joon)

    Are you an absolute beginner in Korean? Click here to master basic Koreans.

    Blood Type B

    2. Blood Type B

    According to the Korean blood type personality chart, it is said that B types are the most outgoing compared to other blood types. Also they are independent and are passionate about the things that they are interested in. Type Bs always seek stimulation and they are not afraid of speaking their minds. Therefore, they can be seen as self-centered because they express their opinion, regardless of what the other person might feel.

    In Korea, men with blood type B have a negative reputation for being playboys and for not suitable for a stable relationship. The interesting fact is that there was even a song called “Blood Type B Man” by Kim Hyun Jung, and this song became extremely popular when it was released.But don’t worry, although blood type B has a negative reputation for being the blood type of playboys, there are many positive traits too. They are curious, honest and enjoy attention, therefore people with blood type B can make friends easily, like a social butterfly! When people describe blood type B, you will often hear:

    B형은 창의적이고 낙관적인 것 같아요.
    B-hyeong-eun-chang-ui-jeo-gi-go-nak-gwan-jeo-in geot ga-ta-yo
    “People with blood type B are creative and optimistic.”

    Blood Type B Personality in Korean

    • 창의적이다 (chang-ui-jeo-gi-da) = “to be creative”
    • 낙관적이다 (nak-gwan-jeo-gi-da) = “to be optimistic”
    • 이기적이다 (i-gi-jeo-gi-da) = “to be selfish”
    • 무책임하다 (mu-chae-gim-ha-da) = “to be irresponsible”

    Blood Type Compatibility for B

    • The best blood type compatibility is AB, followed by O.
    • The worst blood type compatibility is A.

    Famous Celebrities with Blood Type B

    • 이동욱 (Lee Dong Wook)
    • 이승기 (Lee Seung Gi)
    • 탑 (T.O.P)
    • 제시카 (Jessica Jung)

    Blood Type O

    3. Blood Type O

    They are known to be energetic, practical and friendly. Also blood type O is labeled as a natural leader. They are experts at expressing their opinions in a constructive way, making sure that everyone listens to them, while still being friendly to everyone. They know how to control their emotions very well, giving others a great impression of being stable and under control. Research in Korea indicates that blood type O is the most prefered blood type by CEOs and coworkers because of the traits mentioned above. However, although they might have a reputation of being strong outside, they are very sensitive inside. People with blood type O have some difficulties expressing their feelings due to a fear of rejection and also they tend to burn themselves out trying to get things done perfectly. The best way to describe type Os in Korean is:

    O형은 외향적이고 타고난 리더예요.
    O-hyeong-eun-chang-ui-jeo-gi-go-ta-go-nan ri-deo-ye-yo
    “People with type O are outgoing and natural leaders.”

    Blood Type O Personality in Korean

    • 외향적이다 (chang-ui-jeo-gi-da) = “to be outgoing”
    • 타고난 리더이다 (ta-go-nan ri-deo-i-da) = “to be a natural leader”
    • 거만하다 (geo-man-ha-da) = “to be arrogant”
    • 질투심이 많다 (jul-tu-si-mi man-ta) = “to be jealous”

    Blood Type Compatibility for O

    • The best blood type compatibility is A, followed by B.
    • The worst blood type compatibility is AB.

    Famous celebrities with Blood Type O

    • 원빈 (Won Bin)
    • 박효신 (Park Hyo Shin)
    • 장동건 (Jang Dong-gun)
    • 이민정 (Lee Min-jung)
    • 김유정 (Kim Yoo-jung)

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    Blood Type AB

    4. Blood Type AB

    They are the most interesting type compared to the others because this blood type is labeled as either genius or psycho. They are unpredictable because they often jump around from one activity to the next and their temperament is mixture of blood type A and B, therefore their personalities change quickly depending on their mood and the situation, and sometimes they don’t have control over it. Also type ABs are rational thinkers, therefore they cannot stand it when they find some situations to be irrational. As a result, they may have some difficulties interacting with people, giving others the wrong impression of being moody or two-faced. One of the ways to describe blood type ABs is:

    AB형은 합리적이고 재능이 있어요.
    AB-hyeong-eun-ham-ni-jeo-gi-go jae-neung-i it-eo-yo
    “People with type AB are rational and talented.”

    Blood Type AB Personality in Korean

    • 합리적이다 (ham-ni-jeo-gi-da) = “to be rational”
    • 재능이 있다 (jae-neung-i i-tta) = “to be talented”
    • 비판적이다 (bi-pan-jeo-gi-da) = “to be critical”
    • 별나다 (byeol-na-da) = “to be eccentric”

    Blood Type Compatibility for AB

    • The best blood type compatibility is AB, followed by B.
    • The worst blood type compatibility is O.

    Famous Celebrities with Blood Type AB

    • 박진영 (Park Jin-young)
    • 한가인 (Han Ga-in)
    • 택연 (Ok Taecyeon)
    • 김수현 (Kim Soo-hyun)
    • 박봄 (Park Bom)

    Now, let’s have a look at few useful Korean sentences which you can use right away.

    Talking about Blood Type

    5. Talking about Your Blood Type in Korean

    “What’s your blood type?”

    • Informal: 혈액형이 뭐야? (hyeo-raek-hyeong-i mwo-ya?)
    • Polite: 혈액형이 뭐예요? (hyeo-raek-hyeong-i mwo-ye-ya?)
    • Formal: 혈액형이 어떻게 되세요? (hyeo-raek-hyeong-i eo-tteo-ke doe-se-yo?)

    “My blood type is…”:

    • ___형이야. (___hyeong-i-ya)
    • ___형이에요. (___hyeong-i-e-yo)
    • ___형입니다. (___hyeong-im-ni-da)

    Example:

    A: 방탄소년단 RM의 혈액형은 뭐예요?
    Bang-tan-so-nyeon-dan RM-ui hyeo-raek-hyeong-i mwo-ye-yo?
    A: “What’s the blood type of RM from BTS?”

    B: RM의 혈액형은 O형이에요.
    RM-ui hyeo-raek-hyeong-eun O-hyeong-i-e-yo
    B: “RM’s blood type is O.”

    Seoul

    6. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You Learn more Korean

    You’ve learned some secret Korean blood type personalities with useful Korean phrases to describe your blood type personality.

    To sum up, we had a look at each blood type and its personality and temperament, and blood type compatibility for each type. Do you think that they are true? Also, do you know how to describe your personality in Korean? KoreanClass101 has prepared a list of useful Korean adjectives to describe your personality for you to study. It is available online, so feel free to download it for free. Also, are you a big fan of Kpop and do you want to know what your favourite celebrities’ blood types are? Download your ultimate K-pop guide to learn Korean and get interesting facts about your favourite celebrities. It is absolutely free!

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    So next time you run into a Korean person and want to understand their personality quickly, why not ask a simple question, like:

    혈액형이 뭐예요?
    hyeo-raek-hyeong-i mwo-ye-yo?
    “What is your blood type?”

    KoreanClass101 has many vocabulary lists available on our website for you to download for free. Why don’t you prepare a self-introduction, including your blood type and your personality in Korean? Click “10 Lines You Need for Introducing Yourself” to learn practical phrases in Korean.

    Thank you and we hope that you enjoy learning Korean!

    5 Ways to Immerse Yourself in Korean Without Living in the Country

    There’s a saying that trust is hard to earn yet easy to lose. The same can be said for foreign language skills. Being proficient in Korean takes hours of practice and study, but if you stop using the language it will fade from your memory. To put it simply: if you don’t use it, you lose it.

    That’s why it’s so important to incorporate the Korean language into your daily life as much as possible (assuming of course that you’re serious about learning the language).

    In this post we look at five ways you can use Korean on a daily basis and immerse yourself in the language, even if you don’t live anywhere near Seoul.

    Digital Life

    1) Live your digital life in Korean

    As technology increases people are living more of their lives in the connected (aka digital) world. Use this lifestyle of constant connection to your advantage. Most devices be they laptops, phones, tablets, or other connected gadgets; have an option to put their operating system in another language.

    Why not put the devices you use in Korean? Scrolling through your smartphone in Korean certainly won’t make you fluent, but it will force you to interact with the language everyday, albeit in a small way. When it comes to foreign language acquisition every little bit helps.

    Another effective option for making your digital life a Korean one, is to use Google in Korean. Did you know that Google has different versions of its search engine for different countries? You can use the Korean version of Google to search for cat videos, news, and the answers to the random questions you think of throughout the day.

    Relax

    2) Relax in Korean

    Speaking of cat videos, at the end of the day pretty much everybody likes to kick back and entertain themselves in some way. Why not take this part of your day to use even more Korean? South Korea is famous for its huge output of tv shows, pop music, and epic movies. You can use subtitles or follow along to lyric sheets if your level in the language is on the lower side.

    It also helps to if you approach this language learning time as fun and not work. I used to watch films in my target language and thought of it as a regular exercise that I forced myself to do, even if I was tired or didn’t feel like it. Needless to say I watched foreign films for awhile and then quickly stopped.

    After that I picked films I thought I would like and watched them every now and then, not really worrying about if I did it on a regular basis or how much I learned. The odd thing was that using this casual mindset I actually watched more foreign films! Needless to say relaxing in Korean should be just that….relaxing.

    Journal

    3) Journal or keep a diary in Korean

    Not everyone writes out their thoughts or the events of their day in a journal anymore. Even so, if you’re up for it, this is a great language learning habit whether you’re learning Korean or another foreign language. In my case this was best done on a laptop using a foreign language keyboard, that way I didn’t have to worry about my handwriting.

    I found that I as I tried to sit and express my thoughts in a foreign language I inevitably found gaps in my vocabulary. This is a good thing! Filling in these gaps is what will build your skills and increase your ability in the language.

    If you’re not sure how to correct your own journal entries, you might want to try a site like Lang-8, which allows you to upload written entries to be corrected by native speakers (all for free!).

    Exchange Language with Korean

    4) Exchange languages with Korean speakers

    Language exchanges are an idea perhaps as old as language learning itself. During a language exchange two people who speak different native languages help each other practice a foreign a language. Thus is you’re a native English speaker and are learning Korean, you would find a native Korean speaker who is learning English.

    The idea is that each person takes turns speaking their target language while the native speaker helps and corrects them. This is one of the most ideal ways to practice your spoken Korean (it’s also good for making friends too).

    So where exactly can you meet Korean speakers if you don’t live in Korea? Your first option is to check around locally. Are there any language clubs or exchanges around your city? Check sites like Meetup. You can also check around local universities as well. If there’s a language club that meets nearby there’s liable to be some native Korean speakers.

    If you aren’t able to find an exchange where you live, try looking on the web. There are a good number of foreign language exchanges, most of which are completely free to use!

    Work with Someone Learning the Language

    5) Work with someone else learning the language

    Another great way to sharpen your skills in Korean is to work with another person who is also learning the language. If your level is higher than theirs, you will learn a lot by simply trying to teach them or help them understand difficult concepts. If your level is lower, you’ll be able to draw from the other’s advice and experience. Worst case scenario you have a new Korean practice partner!

    You can find other students of Korean at local universities or language clubs. Another good place to connect with other learners is through language learning forums like the forum on KoreanClass101.

    Final thoughts

    It’s easy to forget sometimes that using a foreign language is actually what makes language learning so fulfilling. Sometimes after hitting a plateau or struggling with the language, you can forget why you started learning it in the first place.

    Whether you’re learning Korean in a class or you’re teaching yourself the language, daily immersion will help you enjoy the language for its own sake; in addition to keeping your ability in Korean sharp!

    How to Celebrate April Fools’ Day in Korean

    How to Celebrate April Fools' Day in Korean!

    Most everyone is familiar with this day, as it is celebrated nearly everywhere the world. Yet, when exactly is April Fools’ Day? And where did April Fools come from? April Fools’ Day is observed on April 1st every year. This day of jokes and pranks is believed to have stemmed from the 16th-century calendar change in France, when New Year’s Day was moved from April 1 to January 1. This action was taken due to the adoption of the Gregorian calendar.

    However, a few people were resistant to the calendar change, so they continued to observe New Year’s Day on April 1st, rather than the new date. They were referred to as the “April Fools”, and others started playing mocking tricks on them. This custom endured, and is practiced to this day around the world!

    Table of Contents

    1. Top One Million Words You Need to Know for April Fools’ Day
    2. Korean Phrases You Can Use on April Fools’ Day
    3. Some of the Coolest April Fools’ Pranks To Play on Anybody
    4. How Can KoreanClass101 Make Your April Fools’ Day Special?
    5. Top 1000 Most Useful Phrases in Korean - Testing New Technology

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    1. Top One Million Words You Need to Know for April Fools’ Day

    Do you want to know how to say April Fools’ Day in Korean? Well, there are millions of ways and words, but here are the top one million Korean words you really need to know! Simply click this link. Here are some of them you will find useful:

    1. funny - 웃기는 - uggineun
    2. joke - 농담하다 - nongdamhada
    3. lie - 거짓말 - gyeojinmal
    4. surprise - 놀라다 - nollada
    5. sneaky - 몰래 - mollae
    6. prankster - 장난꾸러기 - jangnankkureogi
    7. prank - 장난 - jangnan
    8. play a joke - 장난을 치다 - jangnaneul chida
    9. humor - 유머 - yumeo
    10. fool - 바보 - babo
    11. deceptive - 속이는 - sogineun
    12. April 1st - 4월 1일 - sawol iril

    2. Korean Phrases You Can Use on April Fools’ Day

    Korean Phrases for April Fools' Day

    Don’t limit yourself to practical jokes - use these April Fools’ phrases in Korean to prank your favorite Korean friend or colleague!

    1. I learned Korean in 1 month.
      • 나는 1 달 만에 한국어를 배웠어.
      • Naneun han dal mane hangugeoreul baewoseo.
    2. All classes for today got canceled.
      • 오늘 모든 수업이 취소됐어.
      • Oneul modeun sueobi chwisodwaeseo.
    3. I’m sorry, but I’ve just broken your favorite pair of glasses.
      • 미안한데 나 방금 네가 가장 좋아하는 안경을 부러뜨렸어.
      • Mianhande na banggeum nega gajang joahaneun angyeongeul bureotteuryeoseo.
    4. Someone has just hit your car.
      • 어떤 사람이 방금 네 차를 쳤어.
      • Eotteon sarami banggeum ne chareul chyeoseo.
    5. I’m getting married.
      • 나 결혼해.
      • Na gyeolhonhae.
    6. You won a free ticket.
      • 공짜 티켓에 당첨되셨습니다.
      • Gongjja tikese dangcheomdoesyeotseumnida.
    7. I saw your car being towed.
      • 네 차가 견인되는 걸 봤어.
      • Ne chaga gyeonindoeneun geol bwaseo.
    8. They’re giving away free gift cards in front of the building.
      • 사람들이 건물 앞에서 무료 상품권을 나눠주고 있어.
      • Saramdeuri geonmul apeseo muryo sangpumgwoneul nanwojugo iseo.
    9. A handsome guy is waiting for you outside.
      • 잘 생긴 남자가 밖에서 널 기다리고 있어.
      • Jal saenggin namjaga bakkeseo neol gidarigo iseo.
    10. A beautiful lady asked me to give this phone number to you.
      • 예쁜 여자가 너한테 이 전화 번호를 전해달래.
      • Yeppeun yeojaga neohante i jeonhwa beonhoreul jeonhaedallae.
    11. Can you come downstairs? I have something special for you.
      • 아래층으로 내려 올래? 널 위해 특별히 준비한 게 있어.
      • Araecheungeuro naeryeo ollae? Neol wihae teukbyeolhi junbihan ge iseo.
    12. Thank you for your love letter this morning. I never could have guessed your feelings.
      • 오늘 아침 러브레터 고마워. 나는 절대 네 마음을 알아차리지 못했을 거야.
      • Oneul achim reobeureteo gomawo. Naneun jeoldae ne maeumeul arachariji motaeseul geoya.

    Choose your victims carefully, though; the idea is to get them to laugh with you, not to hurt their feelings or humiliate them in front of others. Be extra careful if you choose to play a prank on your boss - you don’t want to antagonize them with an inappropriate joke.

    3. Some of the Coolest April Fools’ Pranks To Play on Anybody

    Choose Bad or Good

    Right, now that you know the top million April Fools’ words in Korean, let’s look at some super pranks and tricks to play on friends, colleagues and family. Some April Fools ideas never grow old, while new ones are born every year.

    Never joke in such a way that it hurts anyone, or humiliates them badly in front of others - the idea is for everybody to laugh and enjoy the fun! Respect is still key, no matter what day of the year it is.

    Cockroach prank

    1- Infestation

    This trick is so simple, yet so creepy, it’s almost unbelievable. Take black paper, cut out the silhouette of a giant cockroach, a spider or another insect, and stick it inside the lampshade of a table lamp. When the lamp is switched on, it will look like a monstrous insect is sitting inside the lampshade. Or, get a whole lot of realistic-looking plastic insects, and spread them over a colleague’s desk and chair, or, at home, over the kids’ beds etc. Creep-factor: stellar.

    2- Which One Doesn’t Fit?

    Put the photo of a celebrity or a notorious politician in a frame, and take it to work on April Fools’ Day. Hang the photo on the staff picture wall, and wait. You’ll be surprised how long it can take for people to notice that one picture doesn’t fit.

    3- Something Weird in the Restroom

    At work, replace the air freshener in the restroom with something noxious like insect killer, oven cleaner or your own odious mixture in a spray bottle. Be sure to cover the bottle’s body so no one suspects a swap.

    Or paint a bar of soap with clear nail polish, and leave it at the hand wash basin. It will not lather.

    Or, if your workplace’s restroom has partitioned toilets with short doors, arrange jeans or trousers and shoes on all but one of the toilet covers, so it looks like every stall is occupied. Now wait for complaints, and see how long it takes for someone to figure out the April Fools’ Day prank. You’ll probably wish you had a camera inside the restroom. But, unless you don’t mind getting fired, don’t put your own recording device in there!

    Funny Face

    4- Call Me Funny

    Prepare and print out a few posters with the following instructions: Lion Roar Challenge! Call this number - 123-456-7890 - and leave your best lion’s roar as voicemail! Best roarer will be announced April 10 in the cafeteria. Prize: $100. (Lion’s roar is just an example; you can use any animal call, or even a movie character’s unique sound, such as Chewbacca from Star Wars. The weirder, the funnier. Obviously!) Put the posters up in the office where most of the staff is likely to see them. Now wait for the owner of the number to visit you with murderous intent. Have a conciliatory gift ready that’s not a prank.

    5- Minty Cookies

    This is another simple but hugely effective prank - simply separate iced cookies, scrape off the icing, and replace it with toothpaste. Serve during lunch or tea break at work, or put in your family’s lunch boxes. Be sure to take photos of your victim’s faces when they first bite into your April Fools’ cookies.

    6- Wild Shopping

    At your local grocer, place a realistic-looking plastic snake or spider among the fresh vegetables. Now wait around the corner for the first yell.

    7- The Oldest Trick in the Book

    Don’t forget probably the oldest, yet very effective April Fools’ joke in the book - smearing hand cream or Vaseline on a door handle that most staff, family or friends are likely to use. Yuck to the max!

    8- Sneeze On Me

    Another golden oldie is also gross, yet harmless and utterly satisfying as a prank. Fill a small spray bottle that you can easily conceal with water. Walk past a friend, colleague or one of your kids, and fake a sneeze while simultaneously spraying them with a bit of water. Expect to be called a totally disgusting person. Add a drop of lovely smelling essential oil to the water for extra confusion.

    9- Word Play Repairs

    Put a fresh leek in the hand wash basin at home or work, and then tell your housemates or colleagues this: “There’s a huge leak in the restroom/bathroom basin, it’s really serious. Please can someone go have a look?!” Expect exasperation and smiles all around. Note that this prank is only likely to work where people understand English well.

    10- Scary Face

    Print out a very scary face on an A4 sheet of paper, and place it in a colleague’s, or one of your kid’s drawers, so it’s the first thing they see when they open the drawer. You may not be very popular for a while.

    11- Wake Up To Madness

    Put foamy shaving cream, or real whipped cream on your hand, and wake your kid up by tickling their nose with it. As long as they get the joke, this could be a wonderful and fun way to start April Fools’ Day.

    Computer Prank

    12- Computer Prank

    This one’s fabulous, if you have a bit of time to fiddle with a colleague, friend or your kid’s computer. It is most effective on a computer where most of the icons they use are on the desktop background itself (as opposed to on the bottom task bar).

    Take and save a screenshot of their desktop with the icons. Set this screenshot as their background image. Now delete all the working icons. When they return to their computer, wait for the curses when no amount of clicking on the icons works.

    13- Monster Under the Cup

    This one will also work well anywhere people meet. Take a paper cup, and write the following on it in black pen: “Danger! Don’t lift, big spider underneath.” Place it upside-down on prominent flat surface, such as a kitchen counter, a colleague’s desk or a restaurant table. Expect some truly interesting responses.

    Door Prank

    14- Prank Door

    Write in large letters on a large and noticeable piece of paper: PUSH. Tape this notice on a door that should be pulled to open, and watch the hilarious struggle of those clever souls who actually read signs.

    4. How Can KoreanClass101 Make Your April Fools’ Day Special?

    If you happen to visit Korea, or if you work for any Korean company, knowing the above Korean prankster phrases can really lighten up your day. Showing you have a sense of humor can go a long way to cement good relationships in any situation. These phrases are at your disposal for free, as well as are these 100 core Korean words, which you will learn how to pronounce perfectly.

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    Also, don’t stop at learning April Fools’ phrases in Korean - bone up your Korean language skills with these FREE key phrases. Yes, KoreanClass101 doesn’t joke when it comes to effective, fun and easy learning.

    Now, as a bonus, test our super-learning technology, and learn the Top 1000 most useful phrases in Korean below! But that’s not all. Read on to learn how you can be eligible for large enrollment discounts at KoreanClass101.

    5. Top 1000 Most Useful Phrases in Korean - testing new technology

    Help us by being a language guinea pig! Listen to this video above with embedded cutting-edge, frequency-based learning technology that enables you to learn large amounts of data in record time.

    • Note: This technology is in beta-phase of development, and we invite your input for fine-tuning.
    • To participate: Watch the video for instructions, and leave a comment to rate it. Your comment will make you eligible for large enrollment-fee discounts. To watch the video, please click the play button.

    Thank you for helping KoreanClass101! We’re serious about making learning Korean fun.

    Seollal, the Korean New Year’s Day!

    Hi everyone! In this blog post, we will focus on the importance of 설날(seollal) and the festivities that native Koreans enjoy during this important holiday.

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    Table of Contents

    1. 설날(Seollal) and Its Importance in Korea
    2. Paying Tribute to Ancestors During 설날(seollal)
    3. 세배(sebae), the New Year Bowing
    4. 떡국(tteokguk) and other Korean Traditional Dishes
    5. Traditional Games

    1. 설날(Seollal) and Its Importance in Korea

    설날(seollal)= The ”Lunar New Year Holiday” is one of the most important holidays for native Koreans as this is a time when nearly everyone heads back to their 고향(gohyang)=”hometown” to visit their 부모님(bumonim)=”parents” and 친척(chincheok)=”relatives” to celebrate the New Year, enjoy food, and to hold memorial ceremonies for their ancestors.

    This means that tourists planning to visit Korea at the beginning of a new year need to check every year to see which day 설날(seollal) falls upon, as it is different from the New Year that western countries celebrate. In actuality, native Koreans take time off twice to celebrate the New Year Holidays!

    The first celebration takes place on January 1st every year as it does in western countries–native Koreans call this holiday 신정(sinjeong), or the “Solar New Year Holiday”. 설날(seollal), or 구정(gujeong)= the ”Lunar New Year Holiday”, is a bit trickier–as the actual date of celebration changes every year. This means you will sometimes people take time off in January, and sometimes in February. Why is this?

    This is because 구정(gujeong), which native Koreans also call 설날(seollal)= “Lunar New Year’s Day”, goes by the 음력 달력(eumnyeok dallyeok), or “Lunar Calendar”.

    So if you want to check which day 설날(seollal), or 구정(gujeong) lands on, you could ask:

    올해 구정은 언제입니까?
    Olhae gujeongeun eonjeimnikka?
    “When is the Lunar New Year’s Day this year?”

    Or

    올해 설날은 언제예요?
    Olhae seollareun eonjeyeyo?
    “When is the Lunar New Year’s Day this year?”

    In 2018, 설날(seollal) falls on February 16th.

    While 설날(seollal) is actually just a day, most native Koreans brave hours on the road to visit their 부모님(bumonim)=”parents” and their 고향(gohyang)=”hometown”, so the government designates approximately 3 days as public holidays. If the last day of the holidays is a 금요일(geumyoil)=”Friday” or the beginning of the holidays is a 월요일(woryoil)=”Monday”, you can consider the connecting 주말(jumal)=”weekend” as a part of the holidays and plan your trip accordingly.

    Most people will plan their visits strategically as the 귀경길(gwigyeongkkil) =”the road/trip home” may take hours and you may find yourself stuck in traffic. So some people book 기차표(gichapyo)=”train tickets” and 비행기표(bihaenggipyo)=”airplane tickets” months in advance to avoid the traffic congestion.

    Of course, in recent times, some people use this holiday period to go overseas, but most native Koreans will endure the long hours on the road for time with their family.

    Paying Tribute to Ancestors

    2. Paying Tribute to Ancestors During 설날(seollal)

    One of the reasons why native Koreans head back to their hometowns to meet with their parents and relatives is to get together to pay tribute to their ancestors through a ceremony called 차례(charye), or 제사(jesa), which means ”a memorial ceremony for ancestors”.

    For this ceremony, family members will prepare various dishes to be placed on a low table, including fish, meat, rice, fruit and other dishes and alcohol that the deceased ancestors liked. Once the table has been set, family members will light 향(hyang)=”incense”, then 절하다(jeolhada)=”bow” to the ancestors to show respect. They will also stick chopsticks straight up into the 밥그릇(bapgeureut)=”bowl of rice” and ask the spirits of the ancestors to visit and enjoy the food prepared by the living members of the household.

    This is why after the holidays are over, you may overhear native Koreans having a conversation such as:

    A: 설날에 뭐했어요?
    Seollare mwohaesseoyo?
    “What did you do during ‘seollal’?”

    B: 가족도 만나고 제사도 드렸어요.
    Gajokdo mannago jesado deuryeosseoyo.
    “I met my family and we had a memorial ceremony for our ancestors.”

    Korean New Year

    3. 세배(sebae), the New Year Bowing

    세배(sebae)=”bowing” is a very important part of the Lunar New Year holiday. 세배(sebae) is kneeling on the ground and bow one’s head to the floor. Usually, younger people will bow to members of the family that are older and wish them a happy new year by saying:

    새해 복 많이 받으세요.
    Saehae bok mani badeuseyo.
    “Wishing that you receive a lot of luck in the new year.”

    In return, the family members on the receiving side prepare 세벳돈(sebetdon)=”money in return for receiving a bow”. As this act is done for someone older/senior, people will describe it using the verb 드리다(deurida)=”honorific form of the verb ‘give’”.

    Example:

    할머니께 세배 드렸어요.
    halmeonikke sebae deuryeosseoyo.
    “I bowed to my grandmother.”

    would mean ‘I did the sebae bow’. When bowing, you can say 새해 복 많이 받으세요 (sehae bok mani badeuseyo), which means ‘Have lots of luck in the new year’.

    Korean Dish

    4. 떡국(tteokguk) and other Korean Traditional Dishes

    One traditional dish that every native Korean will eat during the 설날(seollal) holidays is 떡국(tteokguk)=”rice cake soup”. The base of the soup differs depending on the province, but most families will prepare a bone marrow soup and add sliced rice cakes, egg, and chopped spring onions. The reason why native Koreans eat this dish is because people believe that in order to become a year older, you need to eat a bowl of this rice cake soup. Some people jokingly state after they’ve cleared two bowls of 떡국(tteokguk) that they have aged not one, but two years as they finished two bowls instead of one!

    Another dish you will see is 전(jeon)=”fried pancakes”. This is not actually a pancake, but various ingredients such as meat or fish, or sometimes vegetables, which are rolled in flour and dipped in raw beaten egg before being fried. It takes time to prepare, but is very delicious and commonly found in every household during the 설날(seollal) holidays.

    Traditional Games

    5. Traditional Games

    Once family members gather, there is only so much to talk about. So everyone gathers around to play various traditional games. The most commonly played game is 윷놀이(yunnori), a traditional Korean board game. It is a very simple game–there are four wooden sticks, which are rounded on one side and flat on the other. You split into two teams, with each member represented by a ‘piece’ you move around the board. Each member throws the sticks and moves their pieces around the board according to how the sticks have landed. All the members of the team need to finish the game before the opposing team in order to win.