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Archive for the 'Korean Holiday' Category

어린이날: Celebrating Children’s Day in South Korea

On Children’s Day, South Korea is alight with fun activities, lots of foot traffic, and smiling children. In this article, you’ll learn all about this festive Korean holiday and pick up some new vocabulary along the way.

Let’s get started.

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1. What is Children’s Day in Korea?

Let’s begin with a little bit of Children’s Day history.

In the past, people had little concern over children’s rights or their place in society, which led to many Koreans foregoing a happy childhood. The novelist Bang Jeong-hwan saw this, and sought to create positive change in children’s lives. Thus, he worked to put together several organizations to help improve children’s lives and promote their rights. These organizations include The Rainbow Society and Cheondogyo Children’s Association.

Eventually, in 1923, Korea made Children’s Day an official holiday. During the Japanese occupation of Korea, celebrations for this holiday ceased for a while, but since its return, Children’s Day has been one of the most widely and fervently celebrated holidays in the country.

Today in South Korea, Children’s Day acts like a second birthday—one that all Korean children can celebrate at once!

2. When is Children’s Day Every Year?

A Group of Children Jumping Up in the Air

Each year, Koreans celebrate Children’s Day on May 5.

3. Children’s Day Celebrations and Traditions

On Children’s Day, parents seek to give their child or children a full day of fun. Many children enjoy going to the 동물원 (dongmurwon), or “zoo,” and an 놀이공원 (norigongwon), or “amusement park.” Oftentimes, parents will often take their child out for a meal at a nice restaurant, or for a simpler picnic lunch.

In addition, parents usually get their children a 어린이날 선물 (eorininal seonmul), or “gift for the Children’s Day.” Traditionally, gifts usually included simple toys, special treats such as cookies or crackers, and the like. But today, more and more children ask for things like iPads or iPhones.

Of course, there’s bound to be at least a little bit of time spent relaxing at home (or so the parents probably hope!). On television, there are often 어린이날 특선 만화 (eorininal teukseon manhwa), or “special animations for the Children’s Day,” that kids will enjoy watching during their off-time.

What about Koreans who are single or don’t have children? Couples will often go out on a date together or stay home and relax; single people may go out and participate in activities, or also relax at home.

4. Bang Jeong-hwan

Children’s Day is only one of many contributions to children that Bang Jeong-hwan made.

His entire career was dedicated to children, with many of his writings dealing with topics related to childhood and the triumph of good over evil. He wrote children’s literature, and even started a children’s literary magazine that ran for over a decade. His goals included improving children’s lives and educating the Korean population of how important it is to cherish children, especially in hard times.

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for Children’s Day

A Picnic Blanket and Basket Set Out on the Grass on a Nice Day

Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this article? Here’s a list of the most important words and phrases for Children’s Day in South Korea!

  • 동물원 (dongmurwon) — “zoo” [n.]
  • 소풍 (sopung) — “picnic” [n.]
  • 초등학교 (chodeunghakkyo) — “elementary school” [n.]
  • 어린이날 (Eorininal) — “Children’s Day” [n.]
  • 행사 (haengsa) — “event” [n.]
  • 어린이날 선물 (eorininal seonmul) — “gift for the Children’s Day” [n.]
  • 방정환 (Bang Jeong-hwan) — “Bang Jeong-hwan”
  • 놀이공원 (norigongwon) — “amusement park” [n.]
  • 장난감 (jangnangam) — “toy” [n.]
  • 어린이날 특선 만화 (eorininal teukseon manhwa) — “special animations for the Children’s Day” [n.]
  • 행복 (haengbok) — “happiness” [n.]
  • 아이 (ai) — “child” [n.]

To hear the pronunciation of each word and phrase, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Korean Children’s Day vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about Children’s Day in South Korea with us, and that you took away some valuable information.

Is there a Children’s Day in your country? If so, how do people celebrate it? We look forward to hearing from you in the comments!

To learn even more about Korean culture and the language, check out the following pages on KoreanClass101.com:

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Good luck learning, and Happy Children’s Day! 🙂

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Bucheonim oshin nal: The Buddha’s Birthday in Korea

In South Korea, Buddha’s Birthday is a major celebration dedicated to honoring the birth of Buddha, clearing one’s mind, and performing good deeds. In this article, you’ll learn all about Buddha’s Birthday celebration in South Korea, a little bit of the country’s religious background, and pick up some useful vocabulary.

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1. What is the Buddha’s Birthday?

South Korea doesn’t have a national religion. South Korea contains a mix of different religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, and Catholicism. Buddhism does remain a very common religion here, and the Buddha’s Birthday is the most important Buddhist holiday.

The Korean Buddha’s Birthday holiday is celebrated in honor of the day when Sakyamuni, or Buddha, came to this world. The beginning of Buddhism, or 불교 (bulgyo), can be traced back to 37 B.C., when the ancient Korean kingdom of Goguryeo made it the national religion. Buddhism was the most prominent religion in Korea up until Christianity’s more recent introduction to the country.

Did you know there’s another name for Buddha’s Birthday in Korean? It’s Seokga Tansinil. Seokga is “Buddha,” and Tansinil is Chinese for “the day of birth.” Just remember that these are the same terms.

2. When is Buddha’s Birthday?

A Buddha Statue

This holiday takes place on the eighth day of the fourth month of the lunar calendar, meaning that the date of Buddha’s Birthday celebration varies from year to year on the Gregorian calendar. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

  • 2020: May 7
  • 2021: May 26
  • 2022: May 15
  • 2023: June 2
  • 2024: May 22
  • 2025: May 12
  • 2026: May 31
  • 2027: May 20
  • 2028: May 9
  • 2029: May 27

3. How is Buddha’s Birthday Celebrated in Korea?

The Buddha’s Birthday celebration in South Korea consists of various events and traditions, the most common of which is the 연등행사 (yeondeung haengsa), or Lotus Lantern Festival. The “lotus” lanterns are so-called because they’re shaped like lotus flowers. During this festival, people usually write a wish or two on a piece of paper, put this paper into the lantern, and then light the lantern and hang it up inside the temple.

On Buddha’s Birthday, South Koreans enjoy visiting a Buddhist temple, or 절 (jeol), most of which are located somewhere in the mountains. In addition to the Lotus Lantern Festival, people also enjoy a delicious vegetarian meal called Sachal Bibimbap. This is similar to the normal bibimbap—made with rice, red pepper paste, veggies, and meat—except it lacks the meat. This type of bibimbap is made with fresh-grown vegetables. Abstaining from meat on Buddha’s Birthday represents the clearing of one’s mind.

4. Back to the River

On the Buddha’s Birthday, Koreans often bring turtles or fish to the river. Do you know why this is?

This tradition is called 방생 (bangsaeng), meaning “release of captive animals.” This usually refers to the act of releasing pet fish or turtles back into nature, and two of the most popular places to do this are the Han River and Cheonggyecheon Stream.

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for Buddha’s Birthday

Lotus Lantern Festival

Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this article? Here’s a list of the most important words and phrases for Buddha’s Birthday!

  • 불교 (bulgyo) — “Buddhism”
  • 인도 (indo) — “India”
  • 태어나다 (taeeonada) — “be born”
  • 부처님 오신 날 (Bucheonim oshin nal) — “Buddha’s Birthday”
  • 석가모니 (seokgamoni) — “Buddha”
  • 불상 (bulsang) — “statue of the Buddha”
  • 방생 (bangsaeng) — “release of captive animals”
  • 연등행사 (yeondeung haengsa) — “Lotus Lantern Festival”
  • 해인사 (haeinsa) — “Haeinsa temple”
  • 절 (jeol) — “Buddhist temple”
  • 스님 (seunim) — “Buddhist Priest”

To hear the pronunciation of each word and phrase, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Korean Buddha’s Birthday vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about Buddha’s Birthday with us, and that you learned something new about Korean culture and society.

Do you celebrate Buddha’s Birthday in your country? If so, how do your traditions differ from those in Korea? We look forward to hearing from you.

To continue delving into Korean culture and the language, KoreanClass101.com has more articles you may enjoy:

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Happy learning. 🙂

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삼일절: Korea’s Independence Movement Day

On Independence Movement Day, Koreans commemorate those who sacrificed themselves for Korea’s freedom from Japan. They also celebrate that freedom and independence through a range of patriotic traditions.

In this article, you’ll learn about the March 1 Movement, Korean celebrations for it today, and one of the most notable figures associated with Korea’s Independence Movement Day.

Are you ready? Let’s get started.

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1. What is Independence Movement Day in South Korea?

If you grew up in the United States, you probably remember hearing about the Battle of Alamo in school. Well, did you know that in South Korea, Independence Movement Day commemorates a similar episode in Korean history?

On March 1, 1919, underground fighters in Korea claimed independence from the Japanese, who, at the time, had Korea under its colonial rule. In opposition to this claim, Japanese police and military forces killed about 7,000 protestors who were unarmed. Following this event, the Japanese would continue its rule over Korea for another twenty-six years (1910-1945).

After 민족 대표 33인 (minjeok daepyo samsipsamin), or “the 33 nationalists,” were arrested, ordinary civilians from around Korea became inspired to support the cause. A month following the initial protest, Shanghai set up a provincial government that would serve as a way for Koreans to have their wishes and desires carried out, and ultimately to aid in the fight for freedom.

삼일절 (Samiljjeol), or Independence Movement Day, is a special holiday in Korea to commemorate this event. Further, Koreans celebrate the spirit of 독립 (dongnip), or “independence,” and courage that the protesters exhibited and infused their fellow citizens with. It was this inspiration that allowed the Japanese colonial rule to come to an end in 1945.

Did you know the formal name of Korea is Daehanminguk in Korean? This phrase means that the independence of the country of Daehanminguk will last forever. Only after gaining independence in 1945 were Koreans finally able to shout their country’s name for what it really means.

2. When is Independence Movement Day?

Independence Movement Day is on March 1

As you probably guessed, on March 1, Koreans celebrate Independence Movement Day.

3. Independence Movement Day – South Korean Celebrations

It’s evident that March 1 is still a very important day for Koreans, one on which we can think deeply about the painful history of the country. For Independence Movement Day in South Korea, celebrations are very patriotic and probably similar to your country’s Independence Day or national day.

If you’re in Korea on March 1, not only will you see the 태극기 (taegukgi), or “Flag of South Korea,” flying outside the prison, but a lot of houses will also raise the flag. There are even people who put the flag up on their cars or wear clothes with the flag.

At ten o’clock in the morning on March 1, you’ll hear sirens go off at many places. People stop whatever they’re doing, and pay silent tribute to the nationalists who lost their lives for Korea’s independence.

4. Seodaemun Prison

Many people went to jail for their support of the Independence Movement. One of the biggest jails was the Seodaemun Prison, which was established during Japanese rule. A part of this prison is still preserved today, and Koreans come here to honor those who lost their lives while imprisoned.

Perhaps the most famous of these people was a woman named Yu Gwan-sun, or 유관순 (yu gwansoon) in Korean. She was jailed at seventeen years old for her involvement in the Independence Movement, and today, her cell is called Ryu-Gwan-Sun Cave.

This is a popular Korea Independence Movement Day location for people to visit.

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for Independence Movement Day

Flag of South Korea

Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this article? Here’s a list of the most important words and phrases for Independence Movement Day!

  • 삼일절 (Samiljjeol) — “Independence Movement Day”
  • 민족 자결주의 (minjeok jagyeoljuui) — “self-determination”
  • 국가 (gukga) — “nation”
  • 독립 기념관 (dongnip ginyeomgwan) — “Independence Hall of Korea”
  • 독립 (dongnip) — “independence”
  • 정부 (jeongbu) — “government”
  • 태극기 (taegukgi) — “Flag of South Korea”
  • 식민지 (singminji) — “colony”
  • 1919년 3월 1일 (cheongubaeksipgunyeon samwol iril) — “March 1, 1919”
  • 민족 대표 33인 (minjeok daepyo samsipsamin) — “the 33 nationalists”
  • 기미 독립 선언서 (gimi dongnip seoneonseo) — “the Declaration of Independence written in 1919”
  • 유관순 (yu gwansoon) — “Yu, Gwan-sun”

To hear the pronunciation of each word and phrase, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Korean Independence Movement Day vocabulary list.

Final Thoughts

As you can see, in Korea, March 1 is a major holiday and a very patriotic, melancholy time for the Korean people.

How do you celebrate Independence Day in your country? Who are some of the most notable figures? We look forward to hearing from you!

If you’re interested in learning more about Korean culture and holidays, please visit the KoreanClass101 pages below:

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Hangul Proclamation Day: Writing Korean Made Easy

The creation of the Hangul language in 1446 may be one of the most important and influential events in Korea’s history. This new way of writing down the Korean language greatly improved Koreans’ access to writing, as it was made to be much simpler and easier to learn.

In this article, you’ll learn all about Korean Hangul Proclamation Day (sometimes spelled Hangeul Proclamation Day), including traditions and what exactly makes the Hangul language so easy. This South Korean holiday is a clear reflection of language progress, and learning about it will give a deeper look into South Korea’s history and current culture.

Let’s get started and cover the basics of Hangeul Proclamation Day in South Korea.

At KoreanClass101.com, we hope to make every aspect of your learning journey both fun and informative!

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1. What is Hangul Proclamation Day?

Hangul are the Korean characters created and spread in 1446 by King Sejong of the Joseon dynasty. Even back then, Korean was spoken in Korea like it is today, but since Korean had no characters of its own, they wrote with Chinese characters.

However, there was a problem with this. Chinese characters took a long time to learn, meaning that farmers and people who had to work had trouble learning them. So King Sejong, in order to create a writing system that anyone could learn, founded a place called Jiphyeonjeon where Hangul was created in 1446.

Hangul Proclamation Day has been celebrated since 1926, but was called Gagya Day. Korean Hangul’s alphabet starts with the characters with Giyeok such as Ga, Gya, G
eo, Gyeo, Go, Gyo, Geu
and Gi. That was how it first got its name of Ga-gya Day, and perhaps why it’s sometimes still referred to as Korean Alphabet Day.

2. When is Hangul Proclamation Day?

Hangul Proclamation Day

Each year, Hangul Proclamation Day is celebrated on October 9.

3. Celebrations for the Hangul Language

To celebrate how great Hangul is, various events take place all over Korea on Hangul Proclamation Day. There are fashion shows with clothes designed and inspired by Hangul, and various pieces of art that use Hangul are also shown.

Also on Hangeul Day, many websites change their logo from English to Korean characters. Even the search site Google changes its logo to Hangul on Hangul Proclamation Day.

4. Why is Hangul so Easy?

Man Relaxing on Sofa

Why do you think Hangul is easy to learn? It’s because Hangul is a combination of consonant and vowel sounds, and its special characteristic is that almost every sound can be written, and the number of characters you need to memorize is low.

Also, many Hangul letters were made similar to the shape of your mouth or tongue when you pronounce the letter. If the pronunciation is similar, then the character shapes are most likely similar too, so anyone can easily memorize and learn it.

5. Essential Vocabulary for Hangul Proclamation Day

Do You Speak English?

Here’s the essential vocabulary you need to know for Hangul Proclamation Day in South Korea!

  • 언어 (eoneo) — “language”
  • 쓰다 (sseuda) — “write”
  • 읽다 (iktta) — “read”
  • 한글날 (Hangeullal) — “Hangul Proclamation Day”
  • 소리 (sori) — “sound”
  • 훈민정음 (hunminjeongeum) — “Hunminjeongeum
  • 주시경 (ju sigyeong) — “Ju Si-gyeong
  • 세종대왕 (sejong daewang) — “the Great Sejong”
  • 모음 (moeum) — “vowel”
  • 우수성 (ususeong) — “superiority”
  • 조선 시대 (joseon sidae) — “Joseon Dynasty
  • 창제 (changje) — “invention”
  • 한글 (hangeul) — “Hangul”
  • 반포 (banpo) — “distribution”
  • 자음 (jaeum) — “consonant”
  • 태극기 (taegukgi) — “Flag of South Korea”
  • 문자 (munja) — “letter”
  • 공휴일 (gonghyuil) — “legal holiday”

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, alongside relevant images, check out our Hangul Proclamation Day vocabulary list!

How KoreanClass101 Can Make a Korean Language Master

Did you learn anything new about Hangul, or the Korean language in general? Does your country have any language-related holidays? Let us know in the comments; we always look forward to hearing from you!

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Chuseok: How to Celebrate Korean Thanksgiving Day

Chuseok

Today, we will discuss one of the most important Korean holidays in Korea–Chuseok, or the Korean version of Thanksgiving. We will be offering detailed information about what you are expected to do during the holidays, as well as the activities that take place during the holidays.

  1. Chuseok Holiday: What is Chuseok and When Is It?
  2. Korean Traditional Holiday: History of Chuseok
  3. Chuseok Activities: Are There Any Korean Traditional Games?
  4. Traditional Chuseok Foods: What do you eat on Chuseok?
  5. Chuseok Greetings: Phrases You Need to Know
  6. Activities for Foreigners During Chuseok
  7. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You

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1. Chuseok Holiday: What is Chuseok and When Is It?

1- What is Chuseok and What Do You Do on Chuseok?

추석 [Chuseok], also known as the Korean Thanksgiving holidays, is one of the most important cultural holidays in Korea, along with 설날 [Seollal; New Year’s Day], in South Korea. It is celebrated on the 15th day(full moon) of the 8th month in the lunar calendar.

Traditionally, Koreans used to wear traditional clothes called 한복 [Hanbok] when visiting their parents and extended family during the holidays. Women usually prepared the table filled with food for the family’s ancestors. It may sound fun since everyone visits their home to meet their family, but preparing the food is still not an easy task for Korean women as there are many different dishes to prepare, such as rice, soup, rice cakes, fruits, and various other dishes, traditional drinks, and desserts.

After the meal preparation and ancestral worship, the family will gather to have big meals together. Some Korean families will visit their ancestor’s graveyards located in the deep mountains, while others engage in family activities together. We’ll provide more details below.

2- So When is Chuseok?

Calendar

Chuseok fell on the 13th of September in 2019, but the holiday period actually lasts for three or more. The date of Chuseok is different every year as it is based on the lunar calendar, so it’s mandatory to check the exact date and plan the traveling in advance. This is because most Koreans will return to their hometowns, resulting in a lack of train and airplane tickets and major traffic jams.

Here are the dates of Chuseok for the next 10 years:

  • 2019: 9월 13일 [guwol sipsamil] – September 13, 2019
  • 2020: 10월 1일 [siwol iril] – October 1, 2020
  • 2021: 9월 21일 [guwol isibiril] – September 21, 2021
  • 2022: 9월 10일 [guwol sibil] – September 10, 2022
  • 2023: 9월 29일 [guwol isipguil] – September 29, 2023
  • 2024: 9월 17일 [guwol sipchiril] – September 17, 2024
  • 2025: 10월 6일 [siwol yugil] – October 6, 2025
  • 2026: 9월 25일 [guwol isiboil] – September 25, 2026
  • 2027: 9월 15일 [guwol iboil] – September 15, 2027
  • 2028: 10월 3일 [siwol samil] – October 3, 2028

2. Korean Traditional Holiday: History of Chuseok

The origin of the Chuseok holidays isn’t clear. From what little that we know, Chuseok originates back to nearly 2,000 years ago, when the third king of the Silla dynasty, King Yuri (24-57) supposedly started the chuseok holidays as a competitive festival. Legend states that the women in the kingdom were put into different groups for a certain amount of time. During this time, each team weaved as much cloth as they could, and the winning team was treated to a feast of food.

3. Chuseok Activities: Are There Any Korean Traditional Games?

There are many activities that you can enjoy during Chuseok.

1- 강강술래 [Ganggangsullae] – 5,000-year-old Korean Traditional Dance

강강술래 [Ganggangsullae] is a Korean traditional dance that is performed by women only at night.

The women stand in circle and hold each other’s hand as they move around in a clockwise direction. There is no music accompanying the dance; one woman sings, while the other women repeat 강강술래 [ganggangsullae] over and over. The songs performed during the dance tell stories about everyday life in Korea.

2- 윷놀이 [Yunnori] – Traditional Board Game Played in Korea

윷놀이 [Yunnori] is a traditional Korean board game. Usually, the game is played by two teams or more. It is similar to a board game where you throw one or two dices to move forward. Instead of a dice, there are 윷[yut] sticks, which are 4 sticks. Also, when you throw these Yut sticks, each combination has its name. For example:

  • 도 [do]: One stick over and three sticks up; take a step forward
  • 개 [gae]: Two sticks up and two sticks over; take two steps forward
  • 걸 [geol]: One stick up and three sticks over; take three steps forward
  • 윷 [yut]: All sticks over; take 4 steps forward
  • 모 [mo]: All sticks up; take 5 steps forward

If you are not sure how the combination works, check out this image.

Also, when sticks result in either 윷 [yut] or 모 [mo], the play gets another chance of throwing the sticks.

3- 씨름 [ssireum]- Traditional Korean Wrestling

Korea

씨름 [ssireum] also known as Korean wrestling is a traditional national sport of Korea since the fourth century. Ssireum was originated back in the Goguryeo period.

In the 20th century, 씨름[ssireum] gained popularity and quickly became a nationally televised sport in South Korea. People would gather around to watch the 씨름[ssireum] championships. However, in recent days, 씨름[ssireum] has lost its popularity and is rarely shown on TV.

4- 줄다리기 [juldarigi] – Korean Traditional Tug of War

줄다리기 [juldarigi] is the Korean version of tug of war.

The concept is similar to the Western version. Participants use a huge rice-straw rope which is pulled at by two teams. The number of rice-straw ropes and the rules may vary depending on the region.

5- 거북놀이 [geobungnori] – Turtle Play

거북놀이 [geobungnori], direct translation being ‘Turtle Play’, is a play which is performed to drive away negative spirits and ghosts, and wish for good health and long life.

It is usually performed in the 경기도 [Gyeonggi Province] and 충청도 [Chungcheong Province] regions during the Chuseok holidays.

4. Traditional Chuseok Foods: What do you eat on Chuseok?

1- Exchanging Gifts: Huge Variety of Chuseok Gifts

Gift-giving is a new tradition. Koreans show their appreciation for the people in their lives by giving others gifts for Chuseok–this can be to family, friends, coworkers, and bosses.

At a supermarket, you will be able to see a variety of Chuseok gift sets, such as Spam, high-quality cuts of beef, baskets of beautifully wrapped fresh fruits, and so on. Between business acquaintances, Koreans usually exchange sets of Korean traditional sweets or wines.

One thing to note is 김영란법 [Kim Young-ran Act; The Improper Solicitation and Graft Act], so there is a limit to how much money you can spend on gifts. This law does not apply to friends or family members but does for business acquaintances, so please watch out for it if you are planning to exchange Chuseok gifts.

2- List of Traditional Korean Chuseok Food that You Can Eat

On Chuseok, there is some food that you can only eat during the holidays–it is similar to Seollal, when Koreans eat 떡국 [tteokguk; rice cake soup] to celebrate the New Year. During Chuseok, Songpyeon, a type of sweet rice cake, is the signature food. It is relatively easy to make and delicious. Now let’s see a list of Chuseok foods:

1. 송편 [Songpyeon] – Korean Rice Cakes with Honey

송편 [songpyeon] is a signature Chuseok food which is made of glutinous rice. Songpyeon is half-moon shaped rice cakes that contain sweet ingredients such as honey, chestnut paste or red bean paste inside. Half-moon shaped Songpyeon is the original, but these days, there are various different shapes of Songpyeons available.

2. 전 [Jeon] – Traditional Korean-style Pancake

전 [jeon] is a traditional Korean-style pancake. You can eat it as a main dish, side dish, or even as an appetizer or snack. The ingredients you put inside is completely up to you. You can add scallions, kimchi or various vegetables and seafood.

3. 잡채 [Japchae] – Stir-fried glass noodles with various vegetables

잡채 [japchae] is savory stir-fried glass noodles with meat and various vegetables such as carrots, mushrooms, and onions, seasoned with soy sauce and sesame oil. Japchae is a traditional Korean food that is served on special occasions such as weddings, birthdays and holidays.

4. 제사상 음식 [Jesasang eumsik] – Variety of Foods for Ancestral Rites Table

The main activity of Chuseok is 제사 [jesa], which is a ceremony practiced in South Korea. Women prepare meals for ancestors and you will be able to eat all the dishes after the worship. Variety of dishes are placed on a table. For example: fruits and vegetables such as [gam; persimmon], [bae; Asian pear], 사과 [sagwa; apple], 배추 [baechu; Napa cabbage], [bam; chestnut], 곶감 [gotgam; Dried Persimmon] and other dishes such as 생선 [saengseon; fish], 나물 [namul; seasoned vegetables], [jeon; Korean traditional pancake], 한과 [Hangwa; Korean traditional sweets] and many more. Note that the preparation of dishes vary slightly depending on a family, as some families add 바나나 [banana] or other foods that are not normally being served during Chuseok, but simply survived because one of the ancestors loved them. To give you an idea of how dishes are places, here are some pictures.

5. Chuseok Greetings: Phrases You Need to Know

Knowing how to say ‘Happy Chuseok’ in Korea is important since people exchange many Chuseok greetings to each other in Korea.

1- 즐거운 한가위 보내세요.

  • Jeulgeoun hangawi bonaeseyo.
  • I hope you have a Happy Thanksgiving.

즐거운[jeulgeoun] – pleasant
한가위 [hangawi] – Korean Thanksgiving Day, aka 추석 [Chuseok]

2- 좋은일만 가득하세요.

  • Joeunilman gadeukaseyo.
  • I wish you all the best.

좋은일 [joeunil] – good things
가득하다 [gadeukada] – full

3- 즐겁고 행복한 추석 보내시길 바랍니다.

  • Jeulgeopgo haengbokan chuseok bonaesigil baramnida.
  • We wish you a wonderful and happy Chuseok.

행복한 [haengbokan] – happy
추석 [Chuseok] – Korean Thanksgiving
바랍니다 [baramnida] – wish

4- 추석 때 어디 갔어요?

  • Chuseok ttae eodi gasseoyo?
  • Where did you go during Chuseok?

~때 [~ttae] – the moment
어디 갔어요? [eodi gasseoyo?] – where did you go?

5- 추석 때 무엇을 했나요?

  • Chuseok ttae mueoseul haennayo?
  • What did you do on Chuseok?

~때 [~ttae] – the moment
무엇을 했나요? [mueoseul haennayo?] – what did you do?

6- ~에 갔었습니다.

  • ~e gasseotseumnida.
  • I went to ~

Example:
추석 때 서울에 갔었습니다.
Chuseok ttae seoure gasseotseumnida.
I went to Seoul during Chuseok.

6. Activities for Foreigners During Chuseok

For travelers or foreigners living in Korea, Chuseok can be lonely since everyone including friends will be away to celebrate Chuseok. The good news is there are many events only for foreigners during this time–for example, 캐리비안베이 [Caribbean Bay] at Everland offers special discounts for foreigners, so that they can enjoy the indoor and outdoor water park.

To receive a discount, visit their website and download a special discount coupon during the Chuseok event. Caribbean Bay is one of the most crowded amusement parks in Korea, but if you have a privilege to enjoy a spacious place with fewer people.

Also, many other touristic areas offer special events during Chuseok, so be sure to check out their events to enjoy them too.

7. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You

You may want to check out our free lessons such as Korean Thanksgiving Day, a culture class about Chuseok and 7 must-know vocabularies for Chuseok and many more. We also have more Chuseok related Korean articles such as here and top 10 Korean Special event :Chuseok .
Feel free to visit KoreanClass101 for free vocabulary lists, pronunciation practices and also a forum where you can ask any questions about Korea including grammar, pronunciation, cultures and so on.

We hope you found this blog informative and good luck with studying Korean!

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