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Archive for the 'Korean Culture' Category

Daeboreum: Celebrate the Day of the First Full Moon in Korea

For a long time, in Korea, China, and other East Asian countries, people believed that there was a relationship between the size of the moon and their grain harvest. They believed that the moon growing larger over time was very similar to the growth of their grain in the fields; as the moon became larger, their grains would grow fatter.

Thus, you can see how Jeongwol Daeboreum (also called Day of the First Full Moon by Koreans) is a significant reflection of Korean culture. We at KoreanClass101.com hope to inform you well on all things Korean, so we hope you’ll let us be your guide for the Day of the First Full Moon in Korea.

Let’s explore Jeongwol Daeboreum Festival traditions (and the Moon Festival meaning), the Full Moon wishes made in some provinces, and more information on how Koreans celebrate the Great Full Moon!

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1. What is Korean Day of the First Full Moon?

정월 (Cheongwol) means “the first month of the lunar year,” and 대보름 (Daeboreum) means “big full moon.” So, 정월대보름 (Jeongwol Daeboreum) means something like “the day the first big full moon rises.”

On the Day of the First Full Moon, the night sky is brighter because of the big moon. Many villagers gather and enjoy festivities underneath the bright moonlight, including the Jeongwol Daeboreum Fire Festival.

Day of First Full Moon in Korea can also be considered a second New Year celebration.

2. When is it?

Full Moon In The Night Sky

As the name suggests, the Korean Day of the First Full Moon is celebrated when the first full moon of the year is in the sky (this is day fifteen of the first lunar year month). This holiday’s date varies year to year on the Gregorian calendar, but for your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years:

  • 2019: February 19
  • 2020: February 8
  • 2021: February 26
  • 2022: February 15
  • 2023: February 5
  • 2024: February 24
  • 2025: February 12
  • 2026: March 3
  • 2027: February 20
  • 2028: February 9

3. Reading Practice: How is it Celebrated?

Child Making a Wish

How do Koreans celebrate Jeongwol Daeboreum, and what is the Full Moon Game? Read the Korean text below it to find out (and find the English translation directly below).
—–
첫번째 행사는 ‘달맞이’입니다. ‘맞이’는 ‘맞이하다’라는 뜻의 동사에서 나온 말인데요. ‘달맞이’를 하기 위해서 정월대보름날이 되면 달빛을 확인하기 위해 마을 사람들이 밖에 모두 모입니다. 그 달빛으로 앞으로의 1년 농사를 미리 점을 쳤다고 하는데요. 달빛이 붉으면 그 해에는 흉년이 오고, 달빛이 희면 그 해에는 장마가 있을 징조라고 생각했습니다.
이렇게 한 해의 농사가 어떻게 될지 점을 친 다음에는, ‘쥐불놀이’를 합니다.
‘쥐불놀이’는 말 그래도 불을 가지고 노는 놀이인데요. ‘쥐불놀이’를 할 때에는 사람들이 모여서 조그마한 깡통에 짚을 넣고 그 안에 불을 붙인 다음, 깡통을 빙빙 돌립니다. 이렇게 깡통을 돌린 다음에 잡초가 있는 논이나 밭에 이 깡통을 던지는 놀이가 바로 ‘쥐불놀이’입니다. 이렇게 하면 잡초들이 불에 타면서 거름이 되고 그 거름으로 봄에 농사를 잘 지을 수 있는 효과도 있다고 하네요.
—–
The first event is Dalmaji. Maji is a word from the verb Majihada meaning “to welcome.” For Dalmaji, all the villagers gather outside to see the moonlight on the Day. It’s said they could predict the year of farming ahead by the moonlight. They believed that if the light was bright the year would be plentiful, and if the light was dim then there would be a rainy season.

After predicting how the farming would be for the next year, they would play Jwibul-nori.

Jwibul-nori or “small fire play” (also called the Full Moon Game) is playing with fire, as it literally says. When playing Jwibul-nori, people put straw into cans and set fire to it, then they spin the can around and around. After spinning the cans, they throw them into fields with weeds. The weeds then catch fire and become fertilizer for the spring farming.

A very special food is eaten only on the Day of the First Full Moon. It’s called Ogokbap. Five kinds of ingredients or Ogok such as rice, beans, barley, sorghum, and millet are put together to make ogokbap and is eaten together with the family. Usually, people only eat three meals a day—breakfast, lunch, and dinner—however, on the Day of the First Full Moon meals are split up nine times throughout the day. They also say that eating with at least three families brings more fortune than eating alone.

4. Additional Information

Do you know how people in the city celebrate the Day of the First Full Moon? It depends, actually, on where you are or who you happen to be with. For example, in the Gyeonggi province or 경기도 (Gyeonggi-do), people gather together, write their wishes on paper tied to a rope made of straw, and light the paper on fire.

5. Must-know Vocab

Jwibullori

To celebrate and understand the Korean Day of the First Full Moon to its fullest, there’s some basic vocabulary you should know.

  • 달 (dal) — “moon”
  • 전통 (jeontong) — “tradition”
  • 밤 (bam) — “chestnut”
  • 호두 (hodu) — “walnut”
  • 부럼을 깨다 (bureomeul kkaeda) — “crack nuts”
  • 잣 (jat) — “pine nut”
  • 오곡밥을 먹다 (ogokbabeul meokda) — “eat five-grain rice”
  • 쥐불놀이 (Jwibullori) — “Jwibullori” (this is when grass and weeds are burned)
  • 소원을 빌다 (sowoneul bilda) — “make a wish”
  • 대보름 (Daeboreum) — “Great Full Moon”
  • 귀밝이술을 마시다 (gwibalgisureul masida) — “drink ear-quickening wine”

To hear each vocabulary word pronounced, visit our First Full Moon Festival vocabulary list page. Each word is accompanied by an audio of its pronunciation to help you better learn them.

Conclusion

After learning about the Korean First Full Moon Festival with us, tell us what you think! We hope you enjoyed delving into this interesting facet of the Korean culture, and that you’ll take this knowledge with you on your language-learning journey.

For more information about Korea and its language, visit us at KoreanClass101.com. We offer an array of insightful blog posts, free vocabulary lists, and an online community where you can chat with fellow Korean learners about lessons. If you want to enjoy a one-on-one learning experience, you can also download our MyTeacher app to gain your very own personal Korean teacher.

With enough practice and determination, you can become proficient in Korean and we’re here to help you through each step. We wish you all the best!

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How to Say I Love You in Korean - Romantic Word List

Do you often feel lonely and sad? Do you long for romance and are willing to do whatever it takes to meet that special person? Speaking another language could revolutionize your love life! So, why wait? Learning how to say ‘love’ in Korean could be just what you need to find it.

Or perhaps you were lucky, and have found your Korean partner already. Fantastic! Yet, a cross-cultural relationship comes with unique challenges. Learning how to speak your lover’s language will greatly improve your communication and enhance the relationship. At KoreanClass101, our team will teach you all the words, quotes and phrases you need to woo your Korean lover with excellence! Our tutors provide personal assistance, with plenty of extra material available to make Korean dating easy for you.

Table of Contents

  1. Common Phrases You’ll Need for a Date
  2. The Most Romantic Ideas for a Date
  3. Must-know Valentine’s Day Vocabulary
  4. Korean Love Phrases for Valentine’s Day
  5. Korean Quotes about Love
  6. Marriage Proposal Lines
  7. 15 Most Common Break-Up Lines
  8. Will Falling in Love Help You Learn Korean Faster?

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1. Common Phrases You’ll Need for a Date

So, you have met your Korean love interest. Congratulations! Who knows where this could take you…?! However, the two of you have just met and you’re not ready to say the Korean word for love just yet. Great, it is better to get to know him/her first. Wow your prospective love by using these Korean date phrases to set up a spectacular first date.

Korean Date Phrases

Would you like to go out to dinner with me?

  • 저랑 저녁 먹으러 가실래요?
  • Jeorang jeonyeok meogeureo gasillaeyo?

The important question! In most cultures, this phrase indicates: ‘I’m romantically interested in you’. Flirting in Korean is no different, so don’t take your date to Mcdonald’s!

Are you free this weekend?

  • 이번 주말에 시간 어때요?
  • Ibeon jumare sigan eottaeyo?

This is a preamble to asking your love interest on a date. If you get an immediate ‘Yes’, that’s good news!

Would you like to hang out with me?

  • 저랑 데이트하실래요?
  • Jeorang deiteuhasillaeyo?

You like her/him, but you’re not sure if there’s chemistry. Ask them to hang out first to see if a dinner date is next.

What time shall we meet tomorrow?

  • 내일 몇 시에 만날까요?
  • Naeil myeot sie mannalkkayo?

Set a time, and be sure to arrive early! Nothing spoils a potential relationship more than a tardy date.

Where shall we meet?

  • 어디서 만날까요?
  • Eodiseo mannalkkayo?

You can ask this, but also suggest a place.

You look great.

  • 멋져요. (to men) 예뻐요. (to women)
  • Meotjjeoyo. Yeppeoyo.

A wonderful ice breaker! This phrase will help them relax a bit - they probably took great care to look their best just for you.

You are so cute.

  • 정말 귀여워요.
  • Jeongmal gwiyeowoyo.

If the two of you are getting on really well, this is a fun, flirtatious phrase to use.

What do you think of this place?

  • 여기 어때요?
  • Yeogi eottaeyo?

This another good conversation starter. Show off your Korean language skills!

Can I see you again?

  • 또 볼 수 있을까요?
  • Tto bol su isseulkkayo?

So the date went really well - don’t waste time! Make sure you will see each other again.

Shall we go somewhere else?

  • 어디 다른 데 갈까요?
  • Eodi dareun de galkkayo?

If the place you meet at is not great, you can suggest going elsewhere. It is also a good question to follow the previous one. Variety is the spice of life!

I know a good place.

  • 좋은 데 알아요.
  • Joeun de arayo.

Use this with the previous question. However, don’t say if you don’t know a good place!

I will drive you home.

  • 집까지 태워다 줄게요.
  • Jibkkaji taewoda julgeyo.

If your date doesn’t have transport, this is a polite, considerate offer. However, don’t be offended if she/he turns you down on the first date. Especially a woman might not feel comfortable letting you drive her home when the two of you are still basically strangers.

That was a great evening.

  • 오늘 저녁 즐거웠어요.
  • Oneul jeonyeok jeulgeowosseoyo.

This is a good phrase to end the evening with.

When can I see you again?

  • 언제 다시 볼 수 있어요?
  • Eonje dasi bol su isseoyo?

If he/she replied ‘Yes’ to ‘Can I see you again?’, this is the next important question.

I’ll call you.

  • 전화할게요.
  • Jeonhwahalgeyo.

Say this only if you really mean to do it. In many cultures, this could imply that you’re keeping the proverbial backdoor open.

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2. The Most Romantic Ideas for a Date

You learned all the Korean phrases to make a date - congratulations! Now you have to decide where to meet, which can be tricky. Discuss these options with your lover to gauge whether you like the same things. Check out romantic date ideas in Korean below!

Date Ideas in Korean

museum

  • 박물관
  • Bangmulgwan

If you’re looking for unique date ideas that are fun but won’t break the bank, museums are the perfect spot! You won’t be running out of things to say in the conversations.

candlelit dinner

  • 촛불 저녁 식사
  • chotbul jeonyeok siksa

A candlelit dinner is perhaps best to reserve for when the relationship is getting serious. It’s very intimate, and says: “Romance!” It’s a fantastic choice if you’re sure you and your date are in love with each other!

go to the zoo

  • 동물원에 가다
  • dongmurwone gada

This is a good choice for shy lovers who want to get the conversation going. Just make sure your date likes zoos, as some people dislike them. Maybe not for the first date, but this is also a great choice if your lover has children - you’ll win his/her adoration for inviting them along!

go for a long walk

  • 긴 산책을 하다
  • gin sanchaegeul hada

Need to talk about serious stuff, or just want to relax with your date? Walking together is soothing, and a habit you can keep up together always! Just make sure it’s a beautiful walk that’s not too strenuous.

go to the opera

  • 오페라에 가다
  • operae gada

This type of date should only be attempted if both of you love the opera. It can be a special treat, followed by a candlelit dinner!

go to the aquarium

  • 아쿠아리움에 가다
  • akuariume gada

Going to the aquarium is another good idea if you need topics for conversation, or if you need to impress your lover’s kids! Make sure your date doesn’t have a problem with aquariums.

walk on the beach

  • 해변을 걷다
  • haebyeoneul geotda

This can be a very romantic stroll, especially at night! The sea is often associated with romance and beauty.

have a picnic

  • 소풍을 가다
  • sopungeul gada

If you and your date need to get more comfortable together, this can be a fantastic date. Spending time in nature is soothing and calms the nerves.

cook a meal together

  • 함께 요리를 하다
  • hamkke yorireul hada

If you want to get an idea of your date’s true character in one go, this is an excellent date! You will quickly see if the two of you can work together in a confined space. If it works, it will be fantastic for the relationship and create a sense of intimacy. If not, you will probably part ways!

have dinner and see a movie

  • 저녁 먹고 영화 보다
  • jeonyeok meokgo yeonghwa boda

This is traditional date choice works perfectly well. Just make sure you and your date like the same kind of movies!

3. Must-know Valentine’s Day Vocabulary

Valentine's Day Words in Korean

Expressing your feelings honestly is very important in any relationship all year round. Yet, on Valentine’s Day you really want to shine. Impress your lover this Valentine’s with your excellent vocabulary, and make his/her day! We teach you, in fun, effective ways, the meanings of the words and how to pronounce them. You can also copy the characters and learn how to write ‘I love you’ in Korean - think how impressed your date will be!

4. Korean Love Phrases for Valentine’s Day

So, you now have the basic Valentine’s Day vocabulary under your belt. Well done! But, do you know how to say ‘I love you’ in Korean yet? Or perhaps you are still only friends. So, do you know how to say ‘I like you’ or ‘I have a crush on you’ in Korean? No? Don’t worry, here are all the love phrases you need to bowl over your Korean love on this special day!

Valentine's Day Words in Korean

I love you.

  • 사랑해요.
  • Saranghaeyo.

Saying ‘I love you’ in Korean carries the same weight as in all languages. Use this only if you’re sure and sincere about your feelings for your partner/friend.

You mean so much to me.

  • 당신은 나에게 무척 소중해요.
  • Dangsineun naege mucheok sojunghaeyo.

This is a beautiful expression of gratitude that will enhance any relationship! It makes the receiver feel appreciated and their efforts recognized.

Will you be my Valentine?

  • 나랑 사귈래?
  • Narang saguillae?

With these words, you are taking your relationship to the next level! Or, if you have been a couple for a while, it shows that you still feel the romance. So, go for it!

You’re so beautiful.

  • 정말 아름다우세요.
  • Jeongmal areumdauseyo.

If you don’t know how to say ‘You’re pretty’ in Korean, this is a good substitute, gentlemen!

I think of you as more than a friend.

  • 나는 너를 친구 이상으로 생각해.
  • Naneun neoreul chingu isangeuro saenggakae.

Say this if you are not yet sure that your romantic feelings are reciprocated. It is also a safe go-to if you’re unsure about the Korean dating culture.

A hundred hearts would be too few to carry all my love for you.

  • 백 개의 심장도 너를 향한 내 모든 사랑을 담기에는 너무 모자랄거야.
  • Baek gaeui simjangdo neoreul hyanghan nae modeun sarangeul damgieneun neomu mojaralgeoya.

You romantic you…! When your heart overflows with love, this would be the best phrase to use.

Love is just love. It can never be explained.

  • 사랑은 그저 사랑이다. 절대 설명 될 수 없다.
  • Sarangeun geujeo sarangida. Jeoldae seolmyeong doel su eopda.

If you fell in love unexpectedly or inexplicably, this one’s for you.

You’re so handsome.

  • 정말 잘생기셨어요.
  • Jeongmal jalsaenggisyeoseoyo.

Ladies, this phrase lets your Korean love know how much you appreciate his looks! Don’t be shy to use it; men like compliments too.

I’ve got a crush on you.

  • 나는 너에게 반했어.
  • Naneun neoege banhaeseo.

If you like someone, but you’re unsure about starting a relationship, it would be prudent to say this. It simply means that you like someone very, very much and think they’re amazing.

You make me want to be a better man.

  • 당신 덕분에 난 더 좋은 사람이 되고 싶어졌어요.
  • Dangsin deokbune nan deo joeun sarami doego sipeojyeoseoyo.

Gentlemen, don’t claim this phrase as your own! It hails from the movie ‘As Good as it Gets’, but it is sure to make your Korean girlfriend feel very special. Let her know that she inspires you!

Let all that you do be done in love.

  • 당신이 하는 모든 일이 사랑으로 행해지기를.
  • Dangsini haneun modeun iri sarangeuro haenghaejigireul.

We hope.

You are my sunshine, my love.

  • 내 사랑 당신은 내 행복의 근원이에요.
  • Nae sarang dangsineun nae haengbogui geunwonieyo.

A compliment that lets your lover know they bring a special quality to your life. Really nice!

Words can’t describe my love for you.

  • 말은 당신을 위한 내 사랑을 설명 할 수 없습니다.
  • Mareun dangsineul wihan nae sarangeul seolmyeong hal su eopseumnida.

Better say this when you’re feeling serious about the relationship! It means that your feelings are very intense.

We were meant to be together.

  • 우리는 천생연분이야.
  • Urineun cheonsaengyeonbuniya.

This is a loving affirmation that shows you see a future together, and that you feel a special bond with your partner.

If you were thinking about someone while reading this, you’re definitely in love.

  • 만약 이 글을 읽는 동안 누군가에 대해 생각하고 있었다면, 당신은 분명 사랑에 빠졌습니다.
  • Mannyak i geureul ingneun dongan nugungae daehae saenggakago iseotdamyeon, dangsineun bunmyeong sarange ppajyeotseumnida.

Here’s something fun to tease your lover with. And hope he/she was thinking of you!

5. Korean Quotes about Love

Korean Love Quotes

You’re a love champ! You and your Korean lover are getting along fantastically, your dates are awesome, your Valentine’s Day together was spectacular, and you’re very much in love. Good for you! Here are some beautiful phrases of endearment in Korean that will remind him/her who is in your thoughts all the time.

6. Marriage Proposal Lines

Korean Marriage Proposal Lines

Wow. Your Korean lover is indeed the love of your life - congratulations! And may only happiness follow the two of you! In most traditions, the man asks the woman to marry; this is also the Korean custom. Here are a few sincere and romantic lines that will help you to ask your lady-love for her hand in marriage.

7. 15 Most Common Break-Up Lines

Korean Break-Up Lines

Instead of moving towards marriage or a long-term relationship, you find that the spark is not there for you. That is a pity! But even though breaking up is never easy, continuing a bad or unfulfilling relationship would be even harder. Remember to be kind to the person you are going to say goodbye to; respect and sensitivity cost nothing. Here are some phrases to help you break up gently.

  • We need to talk.
    • 우리 얘기 좀 하자.
    • Uri yaegi jom haja.

    This is not really a break-up line, but it is a good conversation opener with a serious tone.

    It’s not you. It’s me.

    • 네가 아니야. 나야.
    • Nega aniya. Naya.

    As long as you mean it, this can be a kind thing to say. It means that there’s nothing wrong with your Korean lover as a person, but that you need something different from a relationship.

    I’m just not ready for this kind of relationship.

    • 난 그냥 이런 종류의 연애를 위한 준비가 안 됐어.
    • Nan geunyang ireon jongnyuui yeonaereul wihan junbiga an dwaesseo.

    Things moved a bit fast and got too intense, too soon? Painful as it is, honesty is often the best way to break up with somebody.

    Let’s just be friends.

    • 우리 그냥 친구하자.
    • Uri geunyang chinguhaja.

    If the relationship was very intense, and you have sent many ‘i love u’ texts in Korean, this would not be a good breakup line. Feelings need to calm down before you can be friends, if ever. If the relationship has not really developed yet, a friendship would be possible.

    I think we need a break.

    • 우리에게 휴식이 필요하다고 생각해.
    • Uriege hyusigi piryohadago saenggakae.

    This is again honest, and to the point. No need to play with someone’s emotions by not letting them know how you feel. However, this could imply that you may fall in love with him/her again after a period of time, so use with discretion.

    You deserve better.

    • 너는 내게 과분한 사람이야.
    • Neoneun naege gwabunhan saramiya.

    Yes, he/she probably deserves a better relationship if your own feelings have cooled down.

    We should start seeing other people.

    • 우리는 다른 사람을 만나기 시작해야 해.
    • Urineun dareun sarameul mannagi sijakaeya hae.

    This is probably the least gentle break-up phrase, so reserve it for a lover that doesn’t get the message!

    I need my space.

    • 내 공간이 필요해.
    • Nae gonggani piryohae.

    When a person is too clingy or demanding, this would be an suitable break-up phrase. It is another good go-to for that lover who doesn’t get the message!

    I think we’re moving too fast.

    • 우리 진도가 너무 빠른 것 같아.
    • Uri jindoga neomu ppareun geot gata.

    Say this if you want to keep the relationship, but need to slow down its progress a bit. It is also good if you feel things are getting too intense for your liking. However, it is not really a break-up line, so be careful not to mislead.

    I need to focus on my career.

    • 나는 일에 집중해야 해.
    • Naneun ire jipjunghaeya hae.

    If you feel that you will not be able to give 100% in a relationship due to career demands, this is the phrase to use. It’s also good if you are unwilling to give up your career for a relationship.

    I’m not good enough for you.

    • 나는 너에게 충분하지 않아.
    • Naneun neoege chungbunhaji ana.

    Say this only if you really believe it, or you’ll end up sounding false. Break-ups are usually hard for the receiving party, so don’t insult him/her with an insincere comment.

    I just don’t love you anymore.

    • 난 그냥 너를 더 이상 사랑하지 않아.
    • Nan geunyang neoreul deo isang saranghaji ana.

    This harsh line is sometimes the best one to use if you are struggling to get through to a stubborn, clingy lover who won’t accept your break up. Use it as a last resort. Then switch your phone off and block their emails!

    We’re just not right for each other.

    • 우리는 그냥 서로 안 맞아.
    • Urineun geunyang seoro an maja.

    If this is how you truly feel, you need to say it. Be kind, gentle and polite.

    It’s for the best.

    • 이게 최선이야.
    • Ige choeseoniya.

    This phrase is called for if circumstances are difficult and the relationship is not progressing well. Love should enhance one’s life, not burden it!

    We’ve grown apart.

    • 우리는 멀어졌어.
    • Urineun meoreojyeosseo.

    Cross-cultural relationships are often long-distance ones, and it is easy to grow apart over time.

  • 8. Will Falling in Love help you Learn Korean faster?

    Most people will agree that the above statement is a no-brainer - of course it will! Your body will be flooded with feel-good hormones, which are superb motivators for anything. KoreanClass101 is one of the best portals to help help make this a reality, so don’t hesitate to enroll now! Let’s quickly look at the reasons why falling in love will speed up your learning of the Korean language.

    Three Reasons Why Having a Lover will Help you Learn Korean Faster!

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    1- Being in a love relationship with your Korean speaking partner will immerse you in the culture
    KoreanClass101 uses immersive methods and tools to teach you Korean, but having a relationship with a native speaker will be a very valuable addition to your learning experience! You will gain exposure to their world, realtime and vividly, which will make the language come alive even more for you. The experience is likely to expand your world-view, which should motivate you to learn Korean even faster.

    2- Having your Korean romantic partner will mean more opportunity to practice speaking
    Nothing beats continuous practice when learning a new language. Your partner will probably be very willing to assist you in this, as your enhanced Korean language skills will enhance the relationship. Communication is, after all, one of the most important pillars of a good partnership. Also, you will get to impress your lover with the knowledge gained through your studies - a win/win situation!

    3- A supportive Korean lover is likely to make a gentle, patient teacher and study aid!
    With his/her heart filled with love and goodwill for you, your Korean partner is likely to patiently and gently correct your mistakes when you speak. This goes not only for grammar, but also for accent and meaning. With his/her help, you could sound like a native in no time!

    Three Reasons Why KoreanClass101 helps you learn Korean Even Faster when you’re In Love

    Start with a bonus, and download the ‘How To be a Good Lover Cheat Sheet’ for FREE! (Logged-In Member Only)

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - How to be a Good Lover in Korean

    1- All the Resources and Materials Will Help Both of You
    Falling in love with a man or woman speaking Korean is an opportunity for both of you to learn a new language! For this reason, every lesson, transcript, vocabulary list, and resource at KoreanClass101 is translated into both English and Korean. So, while your partner can help you learn Korean faster, you can potentially also help him/her learn and master English!

    2- Lessons Are Designed to Help You Understand and Engage with Korean Culture
    At KoreanClass101, our focus is to help our students learn practical vocabulary and phrases used by everyday people in Korea. This means that, from your very first lesson, you can apply what you learn immediately! So, when your Korean partner wants to go out to a restaurant, play Pokemon Go, or attend just about any social function, you have the vocabulary and phrases necessary to have a great time!

    3- Access to Special Resources Dedicated to Romantic Korean Phrases
    You now have access to KoreanClass101’s specially-developed sections and tools to teach you love words, phrases, and cultural insights to help you find and attract your Korean soul mate. A personal tutor will assist you to master these brilliantly - remember to invite him/her to your wedding!

    Korean Honorific Titles: Oppa, Unni, Hyung, Nuna & more

    Whether you’re the youngest or oldest person in a group, you’re expected to behave in a certain way in South Korea. For example, it’s important to show respect to someone who is older or of higher status than you by following expected protocol. This blog will guide you through how to use Korean honorific names and offer you cultural insights, so that you don’t offend Koreans next time you travel to South Korea!

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    1. Master List of Korean Honorific Titles

    Before we begin, did you know that Korean and International age are different? Try to calculate your 한국 나이 (“Korean age”) the way that Koreans would. Also, keep in mind that there’s numerous ways to address someone who is older than you.

    Definition of Each Korean Title:

    • 오빠 (oppa)
      • Literal meaning: “older brother”
      • Is also used to call: A male friend or a male sibling who’s older than you (as a female)
      • Is used by: A younger female to call an older male friend or sibling
      • Example: 정국오빠, 사랑해요! (Jungkook oppa, saranghaeyo!)
    • (hyeong; hyung)
      • Literal meaning: “older brother”
      • Is also used to call: A male friend or a male sibling who’s older than you (as a male)
      • Used by: A younger male to call an older male friend or sibling
      • Example: 정국형 (Jungkook hyung)
    • 언니 (eonni; unnie)
      • Literal meaning: “older sister”
      • Is also used to call: A female friend or a female sibling who’s older than you (as a female)
      • Used by: A younger female to call an older female or sibling
      • Example: 수지언니 (Sooji unnie/eonni)
    • 누나 (nuna; noona)
      • Literal meaning: “older sister”
      • Is also used to call: A female friend or a female sibling who’s older than you (as a male)
      • Used by: A younger male to call an older female or sibling
      • Example: 수지누나 (Sooji noona/nuna)
    • 선배 (sunbae; seonbae)
      • Literal meaning: “senior”
      • Is used to call: A female or male student who’s older than you at school/university
      • Used by: A younger female or male student
      • Example: If you’re a senior at a university and your friend is a freshman, you’re 선배 (sunbae/seonbae) to them.
      • Opposite word of 선배 (sunbae; seonbae) is 후배 (hu-bae)
    • 후배 (hubae; hoobae)
      • Literal meaning: “junior”
      • Is used to call: A female or male student who’s younger than you at school/university
      • Used by: An older student to call someone who’s younger than him/her
      • Example: If your friend is a freshman at a university and you’re a senior, your friend is 후배 (hu-bae).
      • Opposite word of 후배 (hu-bae) is 선배 (sunbae; seonbae)
    • 동생 (dongsaeng)
      • Literal meaning: “younger sibling”
      • Is used to call: A younger male or female sibling or any friend who’s younger than you (as a female/male)
      • Used by: An older male/female or an older sibling to one who’s younger than them
      • Side note: You don’t use this word when you call them. Call them by name.
      • Example:
        • 걔는 내 여자친구가 아니야. 그냥 아는 동생이야.
        • Gyaeneun nae yeoja chinguga aniya. Geunyang aneun dongsaengiya.
        • “She’s not my girlfriend. She’s just a younger friend I know.”
    • 여동생 (yeodongsaeng)
      • Literal meaning: “younger sister”
      • Is used to call: A younger female sibling or any female who’s younger than you (as a female/male)
      • Used by: An older male/female or an older sibling to a female who’s younger than them
      • Side note: You don’t use this word when you call them. Call them by name.
      • Example:
        • 내 여동생 소개할게; 이름은 김수진이야. 수진아, 인사해.
        • Nae yeodongsaeng sogaehalge; ireumeun Kim Sujiniya. Sujina, insahae.
        • “Let me introduce my sister; her name is Kimk Sujin. Hey Sujin, say hi.”
    • 남동생 (namdongsaeng)
      • Literal meaning: “younger brother”
      • Is used to call: A younger male sibling or any male who’s younger than you (as a female/male)
      • Used by: An older male/female or an older sibling to call a male who’s younger
      • Side note: You don’t use this word when you call them. Call them by name.
      • Example:
        • A: 준철이 어디 있어? (Juncheori eodi isseo?) “Where is Juncheol?”
        • B: 아, 내 남동생? 지금 피씨방에 있어. (A, nae namdongsaeng? jigeum pissibange isseo.) “Ah, my brother? He is at PC bang.”
    • (ssi)
      • Literal meaning: “Mr./Miss/Mrs.”
      • Is used to call: Someone whom you need to show some respect to
      • Used for: Business environment
      • Example: 소희씨 (Sohuissi)
    • (nim)
      • Literal meaning: “Mr./Miss/Mrs.” (It’s more polite and respectful than 씨[ssi])
      • Is used to call: Someone whom you need to show some respect to
      • Used for: Business environment
      • Example: 소연님 안녕하세요 (Soyeonnim annyeonghaseyo)
    • 어머님 (umonim; eomeonim)
      • Literal meaning: 어머니 (eomeoni) “mother”
      • Is an honorific form of 어머니 (eomeoni) “mother”
      • Is used to call: A mother-in-law or your acquaintance’s mother
      • Used by: female/male
      • Synonyms: 엄마 (eomma) A casual way to say “mother”
    • 아버님 (abunim)
      • Literal meaning: 아버지 (abeoji) “father”
      • Is an honorific form of 아버지 (abeoji) “father”
      • Is used to call: A father-in-law or your acquaintance’s father
      • Used by: female/male
      • Synonyms: 아빠 (appa) A casual way to say “father”
      • Example: 좋은 말씀 감사합니다! (Joeun malsseum gamsahamnida) “Thanks for your kind words!”
    • 아주머니 (ajumoni)
      • Literal meaning: “middle-aged woman; madam”
      • Is used to call: A woman in her forties to sixties
      • Used by: female/male
      • Synonyms: 아줌마 (ajumma) A casual way to say 아주머니 (ajumoni)
      • Although 아줌마 is commonly used in daily life (compare to 아주머니) , it may offend some women. Therefore, if you’re not sure how to draw the attention of a middle-aged woman, just attract her attention by saying 죄송한데요… (Joesonghandeyo̷ ;) “Excuse me.”
    • 아저씨 (ajusshi)
      • Literal meaning: “middle-aged man; mister”
      • Is used to call: A man in his forties to sixties
      • Used by: female/male
      • Example: 아저씨, 이거 얼마예요? (Ajeossi, igeo eolmayeyo?) “How much is this?”
    • 할아버지 (halabuji)
      • Literal meaning: “grandfather”
      • Is used to call: An old man over seventy years old
      • Used by: female/male
      • Example: 할아버지 편찮으세요? (Harabeoji pyeonchaneuseyo?) “Are you feeling okay, grandfather?”
    • 할머니 (halmeoni)
      • Literal meaning: “grandmother”
      • Is used to call: An old woman over seventy years old
      • Used by: female/male
      • Example: 할머니, 새해 복 많이 받으세요! (Halmeoni, saehae bok mani badeuseyo!) “Happy New Year, grandmother!”
    • 아가씨 (agassi)
      • Literal meaning: “young lady; miss”
      • Is used to call: A young lady who isn’t married yet
      • Used by: older people
      • Example: 아가씨, 혈액형이 뭐예요? (Agassi, hyeoraekyeongi mwoyeyo?) “What is your blood type?”
    • 이모님 (imonim)
      • Literal meaning: “my aged aunt”
      • Is used to call: A woman in her fifties to sixties
      • Used for: Restaurants in the casual atmosphere
      • Used by: female/male
      • Example: (at a restaurant)
        • 이모(님)! 여기 소주 한 병 주세요!
        • Imo(nim)! Yeogi soju han byeong juseyo
        • Imo(nim)! Please give me a bottle of Soju!”

    Korean Friends

    To add a Korean title is very easy. What you need to do is ask a person’s Korean age and her/his name. After that, just add Korean honorifics after their names. For example:

    • 철수 (Chulsoo) + 형 (hyung) = 철수 형 (Chulsoo hyung)
    • 지민 (Jimin) + 오빠 (oppa) = 지민 오빠 (Jimmin oppa)
    • 효린 (Hyorin) + 언니 (unnie) = 효린 언니 (Hyorin unnie)
    • 현아 (Hyuna) + 누나 (noona/nuna) = 현아 누나 (Hyuna noona/nuna)

    In general, don’t use 여동생 (yeodongsaeng) or 남동생 (namedongsaeng) to call someone who’s younger than you. Call them by their name, such as 지민아 (jimina), 혜지야 (hyejiya). If you don’t have a Korean name, there won’t be any 아 or 야 after your name, so it will be only 제이슨 (jeiseun), 테레사 (teresa), 민탕 (mintang), 리하오 (rihao). For those who don’t know how to write your own name in Korean or want to have a Korean name, KoreanClass101 has a page dedicated to writing Korean names. In Korea, when you meet someone for the first time, the conversation below is often:

    소희: 소연 씨는 한국 나이로 몇 살이에요?
    Sohee: Soyeon ssineun hanguk nairo myeot sarieyo?
    “How old are you Soyeon?”

    소연: 한국 나이로 25살이에요.
    Soyeon: Hanguk nairo 25 sarieyo.
    “I am 25 years old (Korean age).”

    소희: 아, 난 올해 26살인데!
    Sohee: A, nan olhae 26 sarinde!
    “I see, I am 26 years old!”

    소연: 아, 그렇군요, 앞으로 소희언니라고 부를게요.
    Soyeon: A, geureokunyo, apeuro sohuieonnirago bureulgeyo.
    “I see, I will call you Sohee unnie from now on.”

    A. Cultural Insight: What it Means to be Older

    In Korea, age is important and addressing someone with an appropriate title is crucial. Also, you need to show respect to someone who is one year older or even just a few months older than you. This might sound crazy at first, but if you happen to be older than other fellows, there are many benefits you can enjoy:

    Korean Culture

    1- Benefits of Being Older in Korea

    1. You can order 동생 (dongsaeng) “young fellows” to do things for you.
    If you’re older (either 오빠/형 oppa; hyung/hyeong or 언니/누나 unni/unnie; noona/nuna) and want to ask someone to bring you something or do things for you, you’re allowed to do this simply because you’re older. You can request simple tasks such as bringing you the phone (if it’s far from you), buying some food for you from the supermarket, and many other small tasks that you don’t want to do.

    2. Others will show respect to you by bowing to you.
    Koreans don’t wave or shake hands to say hello or goodbye to their seniors. You need to bow to elders to show courtesy. Also, did you know that there are different degrees of the bow to show politeness? A fifteen-degree bow is a very common way of greeting elders, and a forty-five-degree bow is to show the highest degree of politeness. Pro tip: Pay attention to 한국 드라마 (hanguk deurama) “Korean dramas.”

    3. People will speak to you with formal language.
    Do you know how to say a formal and informal “hello” in Korean? You can not say 안녕 (annyeong)—which is an informal greeting in Korean—to someone who is older than you. 안녕 (annyeong) is used when you’re speaking with someone of the same age or someone who is younger than you. If you want to greet an older person, you need to use formal language. In this case, you need to say 안녕하세요 (annyeong haseyo) which is a formal greeting in Korean.

    Let’s see if you can distinguish the difference:

    A: 효린아, 안녕. 주말 잘 보냈어?
    Hyorina, annyeong. Jumal jal bonaesseo?
    “Hello, Hyorin. How was your weekend?”

    B: 효린 언니/누나, 안녕하세요. 주말 잘 보내셨어요?
    Hyorin unni/unnie; noona/nuna, annyeonghaseyo. Jumal jal bonaesyeosseoyo?
    “Hello, Hyorin unnie. How was your weekend?”

    Which sentence uses formal language? Which one uses informal language? That’s right. A is informal language and B is formal language. Here’s another example. Let’s say that you’re working on a group assignment and you found out that you’re the youngest in the group. Which expression is most likely used by you?

    A: 나 지금 어디 빨리 가야 해서, 나중에 얘기하자.
    Na jigeum eodi ppalli gaya haeseo, najunge yaegihaja.
    “Sorry, I have to go somewhere quickly, let’s talk later.”

    B: 선배님, 그럼 연락처 알려주시겠어요?
    Seonbaenim (or Sunbaenim), geureom yeollakcheo allyeojusigesseoyo?
    “Okay, seonbaenim (or Sunbaenim), can I have your contact number?”

    Korean Girl

    2- Disadvantages of Being Older in Korea

    However, regardless of how you can take advantages of these things mentioned above, there are also downsides about being older in a group:

    1. You are expected to pay for the lunch/dinner.
    Have you ever heard someone say 내가 한턱 쏜다! (Naega hanteok ssonda) or 내가 쏠께 (Naega ssolkke)? It means “This is on me!” and these expressions are often used in South Korea, so it’s good to memorize them. You may be expected to pay for many activities such as lunch, dinner, movies, and so on if you’re older, and this is accepted in the workplace as well.

    (You ordered some food at a café and 선배님 wants to pay for you.)

    선배: 내가 오늘 한턱 쏜다!
    Naega oneul hanteok ssonda!
    “Today, it’s all on me!”

    후배: 우와, 선배님 짱! 감사합니다!
    Uwa, sunbaenim jjang! Gamsahamnida!
    “Wow, thank you, sunbae (or seonbae)!”

    2. You need to lead the group.
    People show a decent respect to you, follow your orders, use formal language, and even bow to you when greeting. It does feel great, right? However, did you know that they expect you to show a strong leadership in return? Also, if they trust you, they will come to you to receive advice as well. So be prepared for it!

    3. It might become difficult for you to make friends.
    When you take advantage of your power, it may be fun for you in the beginning, but be prepared for consequences. No one wants to be with someone who likes controlling people. So be cautious of your actions.

    B. Cultural Insight: What it Means to be Younger

    Korean Child

    If you’re younger or the youngest in a group, there are a number of things you’ll need to do for older people, including:

    1- Use formal language/bow every time you meet them.
    As explained above, you need to show respect to someone who is older or who has higher status than you. This may be challenging at first if you’re not used to it, but using appropriate Korean honorific titles is important in South Korea, so do your best to use these! Also, show some respect by bowing to them. There may also be times where you have to follow their orders even if you don’t want to, but it really depends on the person, so don’t worry too much about this.

    A lot of students who are learning Korean struggle with 존댓말 (jondaenmal) “formal language,” but don’t worry, it takes time to get used to these Korean honorifics. If you’re able to use Korean honorific expressions when speaking to people in Korea, they will be surprised at first (because you’re fluent in Korean!) but they’ll also show great respect to you in return. Let’s try to learn a few different Korean honorifics:

    - When you speak to a professor:
    교수님, 집에 고양이 키우고 계세요? (formal language)
    Gyosunim, jibe goyangi kiugo gyeseyo?
    “Professor, are you raising a cat at home?”

    - When you speak to a male who’s older than you
    지민오빠, 집에 고양이 키우고 계세요? (formal language)
    Jimin oppa, jibe goyangi kiugo gyeseyo?
    Jimin oppa, are you raising a cat at home?”

    - When you speak to someone who’s the same age as you
    영웅아, 집에 고양이 키워? (informal language)
    Yeongung-a, jibe goyangi kiwo?
    Yeongung, are you raising a cat at home?”

    2- Unless they allowed you to do so, never use informal language.
    Not all Koreans strictly follow this rule as more and more people in Korea want to establish close relationships with others of different ages and backgrounds. Some 형 (hyeong; hyung), 누나 (noona; nuna), 오빠 (oppa), 언니 (unnie; unni), and 선배 (sunbae) allow 남동생 (namedongsaeng), 여동생 (yeodongsaeng), 후배 (hubae; hoobae) to speak 반말 (banmal) “informal language” in order to build a closer relationship with them and to erase hierarchy. However, it’s important to understand that you can’t use 반말 (banmal) unless you have been told to do so. If you start speaking informal language suddenly, there is a high chance that you’ll offend them.

    2. Business/Work Titles

    Korean Greeting

    We’ve learned from the list of Korean honorific titles that if there’s someone who is older or has higher status than you at work, he or she will most likely call your name by [name]씨. There are many other titles that you can use in the workplace. For instance, if you want to call your colleagues and superiors, you can use [name]님 or [name]대리님 or another work title accordingly.

    Here’s a list of commonly used work titles in Korea (ordered from higher status to lower status):

    Title Romanization Meaning
    회장님 hoejang-nim “Chairman(woman)”
    사장님 sajang-nim “President” or “CEO”
    전무이사님 jeonmuisa-nim “Sr. Managing Director”
    상무이사님 sangmooisa-nim “Managing Director”
    이사님 isa-nim “Director”
    부장님 bujang-nim “Division Head”
    차장님 chajang-nim “Vice Head of a Division”
    과장님 gwajang-nim “Head of a Unit”
    대리님 daeri-nim “Assistant Manager”
    팀장님 timjang-nim “Team Leader”
    사원 sawon “Employee”

    If you want to call someone from your work, simply add an appropriate title after his or her name.

    For example:

    • 윤서 대리님 (yunseo daerinim)
    • 민경 과장님 (mingyeong gwajangnim)
    • 민호 이사님 (minho isanim)

    Keep in mind that not all Korean companies strictly follow these rules. Other (foreign) companies 외국계 회사 (oegukgye hoesa) “a foreign-affiliated firm” or start-up companies use either English names or 님 to everyone to allow for flat organization.

    3. Be Careful When You Use Korean Honorific Titles!

    Korean Flag

    It can be difficult to learn at first because there are many rules that you need to remember. Here are some tips for you to memorize so that you don’t make these mistakes in the future!

    To call a taxi driver:
    - Don’t: 택시기사씨 (taeksigisassi)
    - Do: 택시기사님 (taeksigisanim); 기사님 (gisanim)

    To call an old lady:
    - Don’t: 아주머니씨 (ajumonissi); 아줌마씨 (ajummassi)
    - Do: 아주머니 (ajumoni), 아줌마 (ajumma)

    To call an old man:
    - Don’t: 아저씨씨 (ajusshissi); 아저씨님 (ajussinim)
    - Do: 아저씨 (ajusshi)

    To call a grandfather:
    - Don’t: 할아버지님 (halabujinim)
    - Do: 할아버지 (halabuji)

    4. KoreanClass101 Can Help You Improve Your Korean

    KoreanClass101 has a lesson that discusses Korean honorifics in detail, so please check out our free Korean lesson “Show People Respect with Korean Honorific Speech.”

    Even if you can read and understand Korean well, it can be problematic if you can’t pronounce the language properly. We have a free lesson on “How to Sound Like a Native: Korean Pronunciation” as well, so please check it out!

    If you have any questions regarding the Korean language, culture, and more, check out our KoreanClass101 forum.

    감사합니다 (polite form of “thank you” in Korean). We hope that you learned a lot of Korean honorifics today! Go put them to good use on your next visit to Korea!

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    The 6 Dialects of South Korea and Ways to Distinguish

    Depending on where you’re from in South Korea, people speak with a different accent. This is called 방언 (bangeon) or 사투리 (saturi) in Korean. Also, the Korean language that you learn is standard Korean language, which is the Gyeonggi dialect. We won’t go into too much detail about how Gyeonggi dialect and the standard Korean language differ, since this is a very complicated topic. Instead, we’re going to introduce something more interesting; we’re going to introduce six different dialects in South Korea and how you can distinguish between them.

    The important message to you is that we don’t expect you to memorize the different dialect usage. Just note that there are different dialects in South Korea and that they sound different. Once you know these dialects, your trip will be more interesting since you’ll be able to recognize the different sounds and accents.

    Table of Contents

    1. 경기 방언 (Gyeonggi dialect)
    2. 강원 방언 (Gangwon dialect)
    3. 충청 방언 (Chungcheong dialect)
    4. 경상 방언 (Gyeongsang dialect)
    5. 전라도 방언 (Jeollado dialect)
    6. 제주 방언 (Jeju dialect)

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Korean Dialects

    1. 경기 방언 (Gyeonggi dialect)

    Seoul

    경기 방언 (gyeonggi bangeon), or the Gyeonggi dialect, is used in a number of areas in South Korea and is concentrated in Seoul and Incheon. This dialect is the standard language that you’ll learn when you study Korean, and it’s used in most of the TV shows, radio stations, news channels, and so on. Everyone in Korea will understand this dialect, even if the person whom you’re speaking to uses a different dialect.

    Let’s listen to 경기방언: Just to give you an idea of what the gyeonggi dialect (a.k.a. Seoul dialect) sounds like, you can watch this video.

    1- Characteristics of Gyeonggi dialect:

    1 - They change ㅗ sounds to ㅜ
    Example:

    • 먹고 싶다 (meokgo sipda) or “I want to eat” -> 먹구 싶다 (meokgu sipda) or “I want to eat”
    • ~하기도 하다 (~hagido hada) or “sometimes I~” -> 하기두 하다 (~hagidu hada) or “sometimes I~”

    2 - You add an extra consonant such as ㄹ to a word
    Example:

    • 이거로 (igeoro) or “this one” -> 이걸로 or 이걸루 (igeollo or igeollu) meaning “this one”

    2. 강원 방언 (Gangwon dialect)

    Korean Flag

    강원 방언 (Gangwon dialect) is spoken in 강원 (Gangwon) which is located in Northeast South Korea. This place is famous for having many mountains and forests. Also, the Pyeongchang Olympic was hosted in this province in 2018.

    Let’s listen to 강원 방언 (Gangwon dialect): Pay attention to the grandmother in this video, as she speaks with a very strong 강원 (gangwon) dialect.

    1- Characteristics of 강원 방언 (Gangwon dialect):

    1 - They pronounce ㅆ as ㅅ
    Example:

    • 쌀 (ssal) meaning “rice” -> 살 (sal)
    • 싸움 (ssaum) meaning “fight” -> 사움 (saum)
    • 쓰레기 (sseuregi) -> 스레기 (seuregi)

    2- They changeㅏ to ㅓ at the end of a sentence
    Example:

    • 합시다 (hapsida) meaning “let’s do this” -> 합시더 (hapsideo)
    • 남자 (namja) meaning “man” -> 머스마 (meoseuma)

    3 - They use various words at the end of a question, such as -나, -노, -고, -가, and so on
    Example:

    • 비 와? (bi wa?) meaning “is it raining?” -> 비오나? (biona?)
    • 누구 책이야? (nugu chaegiya?) meaning “whose book is it?” -> 누 책인고? (nu chaegingo?)
    • 어디가? (eodiga?) meaning “where are you going?” -> 어데 가노? (eode gano?)

    2- Example of 강원 방언 (Gangwon dialect):

    강원방언 (Gangwon dialect) is underlined in these example sentences.

    • 여러분께 알려드립니다.
      yeoreobunkke allyeodeurimnida.
      “I would like to make an announcement to you.”
      여러분들인데 알코 디레요. (yeoreobundeurinde alko direyo.)
    • 큰일났어요.
      keunillasseoyo.
      “We have a problem.”
      클나싸요. (keullassayo.)
    • 어디 계십니까?
      eodi gyesimnikka?
      “Where are you?” (honorific expression)
      어데 간? (eode gan?)
    • 그것은 무엇입니가?
      geugeoseun mueosimniga?
      “What is this?”
      그건 머인? (geugeon meoin?)
    • 지금까지 잤어?
      jigeumkkaji jasseo?
      “You slept until now?”
      여적 잔? (yeojeok jan?)
    • 저기 있는 저 아이는 누구입니까?
      jeogi inneun jeo aineun nuguimnikka?
      “Who is the child over there?”
      쟈는 누꼬? (jyaneun nukko?)
    • 어머, 어떡하면 좋아!
      eomeo, eottekhamyeon joa!
      “Oh my goodness, what should I do!”
      우아노! (uano!)

    3. 충청 방언 (Chungcheong dialect)

    Korean Alphabet

    The 충청 방언 (Chungcheong dialect) is commonly used in many regions of South Korea, mainly concentrated in 충청북도 and 충청남도, which are both located right below 서울 경기도.

    Let’s listen to 충청 방언 (Chungcheong dialects): Are you interested in what 충청 방언 sounds like? Listen to the dialogue of these two MCs in this video. The lady in the red dress speaks the standard Korean language and the man on the left speaks with a very strong 충청 방언 (Chungcheong dialect).

    1- Characteristics of 충청 방언 (Chungcheong dialects)

    1 - If the last word of the sentence ends with ㅐ or ㅔ, it changes to ㅑ
    Example:

    • 피곤해 (pigonhae) meaning “I feel tired” -> 피곤햐 (pigonhya)
    • 뱀 (baem) meaning “snake” -> 뱜 (byam)
    • 뱀에게 물렸대 (baemege mullyeotdae) meaning “someone was beaten by a snake” -> 뱜한태 물렸댜 (byamhantae mullyeotdya)

    2 - If the last word of a sentence ends with 야, it changes to 여
    Example:

    • 아니야 (aniya) meaning “be not” -> 아니여 (aniyeo)
    • 뭐야? (mwoya?) meaning “what is it?” -> 뭐여 (mwoyeo)

    2- Example of 충청 방언 (Chungcheong dialects)

    Let’s look at some more examples. (We underlined the Chungcheong dialect examples for you.)

    학교에서 (hakgyoeseo) “at school”
    A: 왜그래 뭐 화나는 일 있어?
    A: waegeurae mwo hwananeun il isseo?
    A: “What’s the matter?”
    A: 왜 그랴? 뭐 씅깔나는일 있어? (wae geurya? mwo sseungkkallaneunil isseo?)

    B: 아침에 버스 놓쳐서 택시타고 왔어
    B: achime beoseu nochyeoseo taeksitago wasseo.
    B: “Yeah, I missed the bus so I took a taxi this morning.”
    B: 어, 아침에 버스 뼈서 택시타고 왔어. (eo, achime beoseu ppyeoseo taeksitago wasseo.)

    A: 근데 태산이는?
    A: geunde taesanineun?
    A: “But where is Taesan?”
    A: 근데 태산이는? (geunde taesanineun?)

    B: 응, 머리에 돌 맞아서 입원했대.
    B: eung, meorie dol majaseo ibwonhaetdae.
    B: “Yeah, he was hospitalized because he was hit by a stone on his head.”
    B: 응, 대굼빡에 독짝 맞아서 입원했댜. (eung, daegumppage dokjjak majaseo ibwonhaetdya.)

    A: 그래?
    A: geurae?
    A: “Really?”
    A: 기여? (giyeo?)

    4. 경상 방언 (Gyeongsang dialect)

    Busan

    The 경상 방언 (Gyeongsang dialect) is commonly used in the Gyeongsang region of South Korea. Cities that use this dialect are Busan, Daegu, and Ulsan.

    Let’s listen to 경상 방언 (Gyeongsang dialect): Watch this video of two people with different dialects. The guy on the left speaks 경기 방언 (gyeonggi bangeon) or the “Gyeonggi dialect” and the lady on the right speaks with the 전라 방언 (Jeolla dialect). Can you hear the difference?

    1- Characteristics of 경상 방언 (Gyeongsang dialect)

    1 - There are a number of words that they change:

    • 으 becomes 어
    • 의 becomes 에
    • 그 becomes 거
    • ㅚ becomes ㅐ
    • ㅟ becomesㅣor ㅡ

    Example:

    • 저쪽 위에 있다. (jeojjok wie itda.) meaning “It’s over there.” -> 저짜 우에 있데이. (jeojja ue itdei.)
    • 왜 안 되냐? (wae an doenya?) meaning “Why can’t I?” -> 와 안대노? (wa andaeno?)
    • 뒤에 있다. (dwie itda.) meaning “It is behind you.” -> 디에 있다. (die itda.)

    2 - They shorten sentences
    Example:

    • 뭐라고 했니? (mworago haenni?) meaning “What did you say?” -> 뭐라카노? (mworakano?)
    • 왜 그러십니까? (wae geureosimnikka?) meaning “Why?” -> 와 그라노? (wa geurano?)
    • 가 버려라 (ga beoryeora) meaning “go away” -> 가뿌라 (gappura)

    3 - Sentences that end with ~다 become ~데이
    Example:

    • 같이 합시다. (gachi hapsida.) meaning “Let’s go together.” -> 같이 합시데이. (gachi hapsidei.)
    • 내가 왔다. (naega watda.) meaning “I am here” -> 내가 왔데이. (naega watdei.)

    4 - Interrogative sentences that end with ~니 become ~나, ~노, ~고, or ~가
    Example:

    비 오니? (bi oni?) meaning “Is it raining?” -> 비 오나? (bi ona?)
    누구 책이니? (nugu chaegini?) meaning “Whose book is it?” -> 누 책이고? (nu chaegigo?)
    어디 가니? (eodi gani?) meaning “Where are you going?” -> 어데 가노? (eode gano?)

    2- Example of 경상 방언 (Gyeongsang dialect)

    Let’s look at some more examples. (We underlined the Gyeongsang dialect examples for you.)

    • 아이구 셔
      aigu syeo
      “How sour it is”
      아구 샤구랍어래이~ (agu syagurabeoraei~)
    • 제대로 해라.
      jedaero haera.
      “Do it properly.”
      단디 해라이. (dandi haerai.)
    • 괜히 이렇게 해놨네
      gwaenhi ireoke haenwanne
      “I should not have done like this”
      맥지 이캐놨네 (maekji ikaenwanne)

    5. 전라도 방언 (Jeollado dialect)

    Hangul

    Let’s listen to 전라도 방언 (Jeollado bangeon): This is a commercial video aired in South Korea. Listen to the lady in this video; she speaks with a Jeollado dialect.

    1- Characteristics of 전라 방언 (jeolla bangeon)

    1 - They add ~잉, ~부러, ~ 쟤, and so on, at the end of a sentence
    Example:

    • 그렇습니다.
      geureoseumnida.
      “Yes it is.”
      그라죠잉~ (geurajyoing~)
    • 추천을 하세요
      chucheoneul haseyo
      “Recommend”
      추천 하쇼잉! (chucheon hasyoing!)

    2 - They have many exclamatory expressions

    • 어머 -> 오메. 왐마
    • 저기요 -> 아야
    • 어떻하지 -> 어찌아스까나
    • 그래서 -> 근디

    3 - They use 거시기 (“thing”) a lot
    Example:

    • 아 왜 그 왜 있잖아. 그 아이의 이름이 기억나지가 않아…..
      “You know that person. I can’t remember the name of that person.”

      내가 어제 거시기랑 거시가 하다가 가 거시기한데 거시기했는데
      naega eoje geosigirang geosiga hadaga ga geosigihande geosigihaenneunde
      아따 거 머시기 있냐, 그놈아 이름이 기억이 안나부러….
      atta geo meosigi innya, geunoma ireumi gieogi annabureo….

    2- Example of 전라 방언 (jeolla bangeon)

    Here, as always, the jeolla bangeon is underlined in the examples below.

    • 너 그거 좀 버리지 않을래?
      neo geugeo jom beoriji aneullae?
      “Can you throw this away?”
      너 그것좀 찌끄라뿌러야? (neo geugeotjom jjikkeurappureoya?)
    • 지금 당장
      jigeum dangjang
      “Immediately”
      시방 (sibang)
    • 빨리
      ppalli
      “Quickly”
      아따 싸게싸게 댕겨오쇼 (atta ssagessage daenggyeoosyo)
    • 조금 (jogeum)
      “A little of”
      쪼깨 (jjokkae)

    6. 제주 방언 (Jeju dialect)

    Jeju

    제주 방언 (jeju bangeon) meaning “Jeju dialect” is only spoken on the Jeju Island. Jeju Island is located in the southwest coast of South Korea and takes about 45 minutes to travel to from Seoul by an airplane. The Jeju dialect is one of the most difficult dialects to understand in South Korea, because they have their own language. Therefore, Koreans from different regions have difficulties trying to understand Jeju dialect.

    Let’s listen to 제주 방언 (Jeju bangeon): Have a listen to this conversation between these two males in this video. It’s about a miscommunication between Jeju local and non-Jeju local at a military base, and you’ll be able to distinguish who’s from Jeju instantly, by listening to the conversation.

    1- Characteristics of 제주 방언 (Jeju bangeon):

    If you want to know how the Jeju dialect is different from the standard language, here’s an explanation of characteristics of the Jeju dialect.

    1 - Jeju dialect is perhaps the most difficult dialect in South Korea, since it has its own language
    Example:

    • 어서 오십시오 (eoseo osipsio) meaning “Welcome to” -> 혼저 옵서 (honjeo opseo).
    • 와서 보고 가세요 (waseo bogo gaseyo) meaning “Please come and have a look” -> 왕 봥 갑서 (wang bwang gapseo)

    * You will see a message saying 혼저 옵서 (honjeo opseo) on the wall when you land in the Jeju airport, so pay close attention to it next time you’re traveling to Jeju Island.

    2 - They tend to combine words at the end of a sentence
    In Jeju, they combine the last two words, so instead of ~었니, it becomes ~먹언.
    Example:

    • 밥 먹었니? Meaning “Did you have some food?” -> 밥 먹언?
    • 이거 했어? -> 이거 핸?
    • 알았어 -> 알안

    2- Example of 제주 방언 (Jeju dialects)

    Here are some examples of the Jeju dialect, compared to the standard. The Jeju examples are underlined.

    • 여기서 서울에 전화할 수 있지요?
      yeogiseo seoure jeonhwahal su itjiyo?
      “Can I call Seoul from here?”
      여기서 서울더레 해집주양? (yeogiseo seouldeore haejipjuyang?)
    • 어디서 오셨습니까?
      eodiseo osyeotseumnikka?
      “Where are you from?”
      어디서 옵데가? (eodiseo opdega?)
    • 조금만 계십시오.
      jogeumman gyesipsio.
      “Please wait a moment.”
      호꼼만 이십서게. (hokkomman isipseoge.)
    • 차를 타고 가세요.
      chareul tago gaseyo.
      “Go there by car.”
      차탕갑서 (chatanggapseo)
    • 오천 원입니다.
      ocheon wonimnida.
      “It is 5,000 won.”
      오천 원마씀. (ocheon wonmasseum.)
    • 어제 영화 뭐 봤어?
      “What movie did you watch?”
      제 영화 뭐 봔?

    7. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You with Korean

    Lastly, let’s compare dialects!

    Dialect “Welcome” “Grandmother”
    경기도
    (gyeonggido)
    어서오세요.
    (eoseooseyo.)
    할머니
    (halmeoni)
    강원도
    (gangwondo)
    어여 오드래요.
    (eoyeoodeuraeyo.)
    할머이
    (halmeoi)
    충청도
    (chungcheongdo)
    빨리 와유.
    (ppalli wayu.)
    할매
    (halmae)
    경상도
    (gyeongsangdo)
    퍼뜩 오이소.
    (peotteuk oiso.)
    할무이
    (halmui)
    전라도
    (jeollado)
    언능 오랑께요.
    (eonneung orangkkeyo.)
    할매
    (halmae)
    제주도
    (jejudo)
    혼저 옵서예.
    (honjeo opseoye.)
    할망
    (halmang)
    Dialect “Mother” “I am sorry”
    경기도
    (gyeonggido)
    어머니
    (eomeoni)
    죄송합니다.
    (joesonghamnida.)
    강원도
    (gangwondo)
    어머이
    (eomeoi)
    미안 하우다.
    (mian hauda.)
    충청도
    (chungcheongdo)
    엄니
    (eomni)
    죄송해유.
    (joesonghaeyu.)
    경상도
    (gyeongsangdo)
    어무이
    (eomui)
    죄송합니데이.
    (joesonghamnidei.)
    전라도
    (jeollado)
    어머이
    (eomeoi)
    죄송혀라.
    (joesonghyeora.)
    제주도
    (jejudo)
    어멍
    (eomeong)
    죄송허우다.
    (joesongheouda.)


    In summary, we had a look at six different dialects in South Korea. The fact is, South Korea has more than six dialects. What we introduced today in this article are the most famous dialects in Korea. Since you learned how to distinguish each dialect, you’ll be able to spot the different dialects next time you watch a Korean drama or movie!

    In addition, KoreanClass101 has many study materials that you can download for free. Also, have you come across any Korean words that you don’t know? Look them up in the KoreanClass101 dictionary with free audio for you to practice pronunciation! We’re here to help you improve your Korean, so feel free to use our website anytime.

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Korean Dialects

    6 Common & Crazy Rules About School in South Korea

    Whether you’re planning to teach English at a public or private school in South Korea, once you start teaching English at school, you’ll definitely notice that there are many differences between Korea and your country. You may find this article helpful if you want to know six vital Korean school rules along with the important cultural insight of each rule. Let’s have a look at Korean school rules with KoreanClass101!

    School

    1. 6 Korean School Rules that You Need to Know

    1- You Don’t Go to School on Saturdays, But You are Expected to do Yaja

    Students used to go to school on Saturdays; this was simply to maximize the study time. However, this law changed in 2000, meaning that students don’t go to school on Saturdays anymore in South Korea.

    Although you no longer need to go to school on Saturdays, you are expected to attend 야자 (yaja). This is an abbreviation for 야간자율학습 (yaganjayulhakseup) meaning “Night self-learning” which is a self-learning program held at school. This system used to be mandatory back in the old days, however nowadays students can choose whether to do 야자 (yaja) or not. What you need to do during 야자타임 (yajataim) or “night self-learning time” is to study in a quiet classroom. You can do your 숙제 (sukje) or “homework,” or work on the areas that you need to improve on by planning your own study strategy.
    Also, if your friend is good at a subject that you’re not so good at, she or he can teach you the subject during 야자타임 (yajataim) as well. If you’re in the last year of high school or middle school, you’ll most likely do 야자 (yaja) voluntarily.

    Vocabulary List
    ※ Click on a word to practice your pronunciation.

    • 야자 (yaja): “night self-learning” [Image]
    • 야자타임 (yajataim): “night self-learning time”
    • 숙제 (sukje): “homework”

    2- You Need to Take Off Your Shoes when Entering the School

    When you enter a house in South Korea, you must take off your shoes before entering the house. This principle applies to schools in South Korea as well. Once you enter the school, you must take off your shoes and wear 슬리퍼 (seullipeo) meaning “slippers” or 실내화 (sillaehwa) meaning “indoor shoes.”
    신발장 (sinbaljang) or “the shoes cabinets” are placed by the entrance of the school building. This is done in order to keep the floor clean. If you forget to wear 슬리퍼 (seullipeo) or 실내화 (sillaehwa)—because you washed them at home, for example—you’ll most likely lose a few points for not abiding by the school rule.
    Depending on the school, the choice of the slipper or indoor shoe design or model differs. Therefore, it’s important to wait until the school announces which model and design you need to wear. In order to ensure purchasing the right indoor shoes, you’ll need to go to 문방구 (munbanggu) or the “stationery store,” which is located right outside the school, to purchase these models.

    Vocabulary List
    ※ Click on a word to practice your pronunciation.

    • 슬리퍼 (seullipeo): “slippers” — [Image]
    • 실내화 (sillaehwa): “indoor shoes” — [Image]
    • 신발장 (sinbaljang): “shoes cabinet”
    • 문방구 (munbanggu): “stationary store” — Synonym is 문방구점 (munbanggujeom)
    • Do you want to improve your vocabulary skills? Download our free PDF Lessons.

    Check Uniform

    3- Teachers and 선도부 (seondobu) will Stand at the Doorway to Check Your Uniform

    Imagine every time you enter the school door, there’ll be about five to six students, and a teacher, who will look at each student from head to toe to ensure they’re wearing their uniform properly. It does sound scary, doesn’t it?

    Most of the time, the teacher who does this is 체육선생님 (cheyukseonsaengnim) or a “physical education teacher” (a.k.a. the scariest teacher at school) and called 학주 (hakju), short for 학생주임 (haksaengjuim). Also, the students who are doing this are either 반장 (banjang) meaning “class president” or 부반장 (bubanjang) meaning “class vice president” from the final year of school. They are the most respected students among others because they are known as the top students and called 선도부 (seondobu) or 바른생활부 (bareunsaenghwalbu) meaning ‘leading group’ literally which is similar to a student council.

    They’ll check each student for the following:

    • Isn’t wearing any 악세사리 (aksesari) or “accessories,” including invisible plastic earrings
    • Isn’t wearing any 화장 (hwajang) or “makeup,” including whitening sunscreen
    • Is wearing hair style that’s in line with the school rules
    • Length of the skirt is below knees

    The rules differ depending on which school you go to; some schools may be a lot stricter than other schools, especially if you go to only girls’ or boys’ school. Also, if you neglect to follow a rule, you’ll end up losing points, which will affect your final score at the end of the semester or year. Some things that may cause you to lose points are:

    • If you wear earrings, piercings, bracelets, and so on: -5 points
    • If you’re not wearing your nametag: -3 points
    • If you wear makeup: -5 points
    • And the list could go on

    This is just to give you an idea of how students lose their marks; these points differ depending on the school. You don’t want to lose marks for small things like this, so students do their best to follow the rules. During the final exams, students become extremely sensitive to their grades; therefore, sometimes a teacher will make them run the 운동장 (undongjang) or “schoolyard” a number of times for punishment, instead of making them lose points.

    Vocabulary List
    ※ Click on a word to practice your pronunciation.

    • 선배 (seonbae): “one’s senior in school; senior”
    • 체육선생님 (cheyukseonsaengnim): “physical education teacher”
    • 악세사리 (aksesari): “accessories”
    • 화장 (hwajang): “makeup” — Synonym is 메이크업 (meikeueop)
    • 반장 (banjang): “class president”
    • 운동장 (undongjang): “playground”

    Choose Seat

    4 - Your Height Matters when it Comes to Choosing a Seat

    Depending on which city you’re from, the number of students in a class differs, ranging from 15 to 35 students. Did you know that you can’t sit anywhere you want to at any school (accept universities) in South Korea? Each student is allocated to a seat and this is done by how tall you are compared to other students. The method for doing this is that students need to line up in order of height. Then, each student will be seated in their height order. Those who are shorter end up sitting in the front row, and those who are taller end up sitting in the last row.

    In addition, you’ll have a personal 출석번호 (chulseokbeonho), meaning “attendance number” literally, throughout the year and this is done by height order as well. For example, if there are 35 students in your class and you’re the shortest, then your number will be 번 (ilbeon) meaning “number 1” and if you’re the tallest, your personal number will be 삼십오번 (samsibobeon) meaning “number 35.”

    It’s important to remember your personal number because teachers call you by either your name or your personal number. For example, let’s say you’re in a 수학교실 (suhakgyosil) or “math class” and the teacher wrote down two mathematical equations to be solved by students. Today is 8월 15일 (parwol siboil) meaning “August 15th”; who will most likely go to the front and solve the questions? That’s right. The two students whose personal numbers are number 8 and 15.

    Also, the teacher may order students to do something, such as cleaning or other tasks, by 짝수 (jjaksu) or “even numbers” and 홀수 (holsu) or “odd numbers” as well. Therefore, having your personal number is very important at school. Also, keep in mind that you’ll receive a different number every year.

    Vocabulary List
    ※ Click on a word to practice your pronunciation.

    • 수학 (suhak): “math”
    • 교실 (gyosil): “class”
    • 8월15일 (parwol siboil): “August 15th”
    • 짝수 (jjaksu): “even numbers”
    • 홀수 (holsu): “odd numbers”
    • KoreanClass101 has a free lesson on how to calculate numbers in Korean.

    No Dating Your Schoolmate

    5- No Dating Your Schoolmate

    Teachers believe that dating in school will affect students’ study, therefore dating your schoolmate is not allowed during your studies. This may not be obvious if you attend only girls’ or boys’ high school, but if you attend co-schools, you’ll need to be extra careful not to get caught. Dating your schoolmate is a serious issue at school, resulting in 징계 (jinggye’) meaning “disciplinary punishment” or 퇴학 (toehak) meaning “expel from school.”

    81% of middle and high schools don’t allow students to date anyone in South Korea. Unfortunately, dating in school is perceived as unethical behavior. Schools sometimes survey students to report students who are dating in school secretly, and they will be rewarded. Also there was a big issue in 2011, when a school surveyed the students to report same-sex dating.

    Vocabulary List
    ※ Click on a word to practice your pronunciation.

    • 학교 (hakgyo): “school”
    • 연애 (yeonae): “dating”
    • 징계 (jinggye): “disciplinary punishment”
    • 퇴학 (toehak): “expel from school”

    Bathroom

    6- You Need Permission to go to the Bathroom and Must Take Your Own Sanitary Products

    When you want to go to the 화장실 (hwajangsil) or “bathroom,” you need to ask permission from a 선생님 (seonsaengnim) or “teacher.” All you need to do is raise your hand to catch attention from the teacher and ask whether you can go to the bathroom. Unless you’re in the middle of an exam, most of the time the teachers will let you go to the bathroom.

    Here’s the phrases you can use:

    선생님, 화장실 가도 돼요?
    Seon-saeng-nim, hwa-jang-sil gado dwae-yo?
    “Teacher, can I go to the bathroom?”

    Also, there’s no 휴지 (hyuji) or “toilet paper” available at school, therefore it’s your responsibility to bring your own sanitary products to South Korean schools. But don’t worry; you can easily find toilet paper in your classroom that you can use. (Yes, we use toilet paper for many purposes, such as blowing our nose or wiping dirty stuff off the desk, and so on.)

    Vocabulary List
    ※ Click on a word to practice your pronunciation.

    • 화장실 (hwajangsil): “bathroom”
    • 선생님 (seonsaengnim): “teacher”
    • 휴지 (hyuji): “tissue” — Synonym is 두루마리 휴지 (durumari hyuji) meaning “toilet paper”

    Bow

    2. Bonus Rules: An Old Rule and Additional Rules

    1- Students Used to Bow to a Teacher Every Class

    This rule became prohibited a few years ago, but students used to bow to a teacher in every class, before and after the class in school. Students were expected to sit and prepare a textbook and a notebook on the desks before class. Unlike some countries where students need to move from class to class for their subjects, students in South Korea have their own classroom for themselves, which means that teachers need to move around instead.

    When a teacher arrived to a classroom, 반장 (banjang) or “class president” would stand and say 차렷 (charyeot) meaning “attention” loudly so everyone can hear. Then the class president will either say 인사 (insa) meaning “greet” or 경례 (gyeongnye) meaning “salute.” Then everyone has to say 선생님 안녕하십니까 (seonsaengnim annyeonghasimnikka) meaning “hello teacher” before the class, and 선생님 안녕히 가십시오 (seonsaengnim annyeonghi gasipsio) “goodbye teacher” after the class.

    However, this was banned recently because people believed that this was too conservative and it doesn’t help a teacher and the students establish a good relationship.

    Vocabulary List
    ※ Click on a word to practice your pronunciation.

    2- And there are Many More Rules

    There are many more rules that South Korean students need to abide by:

    • You Cannot Alter the Length of a Skirt or the Width of a Pair of Pants

    • 치마길이 (chimagiri) or “the length of skirt” has to cover half the knee; if it’s shorter than this, you’ll get in trouble. However, this really depends on the school. These days, students can alter their school uniforms to suit their body shape.

    • You Must Wear what the School Tells You to

    • There are three ways to wear your school uniforms in South Korea. The default school uniforms are 동복 (dongbok) or “winter uniform” and 하복 (habok) “summer uniform.” In between, there’s 춘추복 (chunchubok) or “spring/autumn uniform.” Normally, each uniform has its set duration, so even though the weather becomes extremely hot, if you’re in the period of wearing 동복 (dongbok) or “winter uniform,” you have to wear the winter uniform.

    • The School will Decide which Hairstyle to do

    • Nowadays, students are allowed to do many different hairstyles. Girls can dye their hair, curl their hair, and untie their hair. Compare this to the old times when every girl had to have short hair, which must not grow longer than 3 cm (1.2 inches) below their ears.

      Boys can grow their hair longer than they could a few decades ago, when every boy had to shave their hair completely. This rule also depends on which school you go to; some conservative schools still follow the traditional way of hairstyle. 두발자유화 is something that Korean students are fighting for, as they believe that free hairstyle will allow them to express who they are, and this topic is still in debate.

      Some schools still follow the traditional ways of disciplining students and this can be problematic for some students. Although the majority of Koreans have naturally black hair, there are some exceptions; there are people with natural brunette and even light brown hair, almost blond. Others have naturally curly hair. Unfortunately, those students will have to abide by the rule by straightening their hair or dying it black, although they were born this way.

    Vocabulary List
    ※ Click on a word to practice your pronunciation.

      치마길이 (chimagiri): “the length of skirt”
      (dongbok): “winter uniform”
      (habok): “summer uniform”
      춘추 (chunchubok): “spring/autumn uniform”
      두발자유화 (dubaljayuhwa): “liberalization of the hair code”

    Bow

    3. Nevertheless, We are Getting Better!

    Things have changed a lot. Students don’t go to school on Saturdays anymore, and haven’t since 2000. 야자 (yaja) used to be mandatory for everyone in middle and high school, but now students can decide whether they want to attend it or not. Students’ hairstyles were limited too, and students with brunette hair had to dye it black just because it was the school rule. But this doesn’t apply to schools anymore. There used to be school corporal punishment, but it’s prohibited now. Many school rules have been changed and there will still be more rules to be changed in the future.

    4. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You with Korean

    KoreanClass101 is here to help you learn not only the Korean language, but also Korean culture. Therefore, our study materials aren’t simply teaching you how to memorize Korean; we’re also focused on providing study materials for students to learn the language in a fun way, and most importantly, provide the most relevant cultural insights.

    Also, KoreanClass101 has free study materials for you to study, whether you’re an absolute beginner or a more advanced learner. So why not make your lifetime account today and learn Korean with us?

    Pepero Day: Fun Facts About Pepero Day in South Korea

    Happy Pepero Day! By the way, what’s Pepero Day? For those who aren’t familiar with what Pepero Day is, it’s an unofficial day in South Korea that’s celebrated by exchanging boxes of Peperos.

    Have you ever heard of Pepero? It’s a chocolate covered cookie stick that is long and slim. It looks similar to the letter “I” or the number 1. That’s why November 11th (11/11) is Pepero Day in South Korea. On this day, friends and couples give each other Pepero.

    The Pepero is one of the most famous Korean snacks that you can buy at any supermarket or even online in South Korea. The price for one Pepero box ranges from 1,000 to 1,500 KRW. But be aware that this is a habit you can really get hooked on, as they release Pepero special editions from time to time, meaning you can’t miss out on new Peperos!

    1. Origins: What is Pepero Day?

    빼빼로데이 (ppaeppaerodei): Pepero Day

    빼빼로 데이 (ppaeppaero dei) or “Pepero Day” originated back in the 1980s among school girls in Busan. The company that sells Pepero in South Korea—Lotte Confectionery—noticed that their sales increased significantly every November 11 in this area. Therefore, the company started investigating, and they learned that students from this region exchanged a box of Peperos as a wish to stay thin while teasing each other to 살 좀 빼자 (sal jom ppaeja), meaning, “Let’s lose some weight” in English.

    The marketing team took this idea and started promoting Pepero day, and it became extremely well-known after 1996. However, no one really knows whether this is a true story or not, as there are many stories about the origin of Pepero Day.

    Nevertheless, Pepero Day has become one of the most important days in South Korea, and it’s celebrated on November 11 every year. This is probably because Pepero is such a well-loved Korean snack (how could it not be?).

    ▶ Let’s Practice Korean about Pepero:
    ※ Click on a word to practice your pronunciation.

    11월 11일은 ‘빼빼로데이입니다.
    (sibirwolwol sibirileun ‘ppyaeppaerodei’ imnida.)
    “11th of November is ‘Pepero Day’.”

    이 날은 사람들이 빼빼로삽니다.
    (i nareun saramdeuri ppaeppaeroreul saseo.)
    “People buy Pepero on this day.”

    빼빼로데이는 감사를 전하고 싶은 사람들에게 나눠주는 날입니다.
    (gamsareul jeonhago sipeun saramdeurege nanwojuneun narimnida.)
    Pepero day is a day to show your appreciation to the people.”

    빼빼로 데이에 사람들은 빼빼로를 선물로 줍니다.
    (ppaeppaero deie saramdeureun ppaeppaeroreul seonmullo jumnida.)
    “On Pepero Day, people give Pepero as a present to the other people and eat it.”

    빼빼로 데이에는 상점 밖에서 빼빼로를 파는 곳이 많이 있습니다.
    (ppaeppaero deieneun sangjeom bakkeseo ppaeppaeroreul paneun gosi mani itsseumnida.)
    “There are lot of places selling Pepero outside the shop on Pepero Day.”

    2. Modern Pepero Day: What to do on Pepero Day

    Pepero Day is supposed to be fun and is a great opportunity to show your appreciation to people you care about. It can be your friends, family, boyfriend or girlfriend, spouse, or even your colleagues and your boss. It’s literally just a day to share your appreciation with those around you, while having a good time in sharing a box of Pepero with those around you.

    Pepero Day is practiced a few different ways, depending on age groups.

    Children (elementary school) give and receive Pepero to their friends, teachers, and family members. Just as children do on Valentines Day, children give and receive Pepero just for the sake of exchanging sweets.

    However, for those a little older (and for those with a bit more courage), Pepero Day is a day in which Pepero is given to girlfriends and boyfriends. It is also a day in which many people (typically teenagers) tend to confess their love to someone. The similarities between Pepero Day and Valentine’s Day are quite numerous. But the difference between the two is that instead of exchanging chocolates, people exchange Pepero. Also, Valentine’s Day is observed by people of all ages, whereas Pepero Day is mostly observed by younger people.

    Because this is a highly commercialized day in Korea, many stores sell Pepero and other cheaper brands of the same type of cookie in bulk. There are large displays of Pepero and similar snacks at supermarkets on the days leading up to Pepero Day. Other venues try to cash in on this day as well. As an example: bakeries will sell long loaves of bread covered in chocolate (something that resembles a stick of Pepero). Other places will make elaborate packages filled with various types of Pepero, which can get quite expensive.

    All you need to do is go to a supermarket in your area and buy boxes of Peperos. Then you can simply give it to a friend or write a short message to show your appreciation. Don’t have paper you can use? Don’t worry; there’s a small space (normally an image of a letter is printed on top of the box) for you to write a short message in.

    Also, on this special day, you can’t miss out on Lotte’s special promotion. There will be a variety of Pepero flavors and packaging, which will be discussed in detail in the “Trend: Variety of Pepero Flavors in South Korea” section below. On this special day, don’t miss out on getting a variety of Pepero. It’s the only day that you’ll get to see so many different kinds of Pepero.

    Keep in mind that you can purchase Pepero in-store from several supermarkets, or even buy Pepero online!

    ▶ Let’s Practice Korean about Pepero:
    ※ Click on a word to practice your pronunciation.

    빼빼로는 친구, 가족, 남자친구 아니면 여자친구, 부부, 그리고 직장동료매니저에게도 줄 수 있습니다.
    (ppaeppaeroneun chingu, gajok, namjachingu animyeon yeojachingu, bubu, geurigo jikjangdongnyowa maenijeoegedo jul su itseumnida.)
    “You can give a Pepero to your friends, family, boyfriend or girlfriend, spouse, and even to your colleagues and your boss.”

    빼빼로 상자 감사편지쓸 수 있습니다.
    (ppaeppaero sangja wie gamsaui pyeonjireul sseul su itseumnida.)
    “You can write a ‘Thank you’ letter on top of a Pepero box.”

    사랑을 고백하고 싶으면 빼빼로를 주세요.
    (sarangeul gobaekago sipeumyeon ppaeppaeroreul juseyo.)
    “If you want to confess your love, give Pepero.”

    빼빼로 데이에는 많은 사람들이 빼빼로를 주고 받습니다.
    (ppaeppaero deieneun maneun saramdeuri ppaeppaeroreul jugo batsseumnida.)
    “A lot of people exchange Pepero on Pepero Day.”

    3. Trend: Different Flavors of Pepero in South Korea

    Now, let’s have a look at different Peperos flavors—you’ll be amazed how many different kinds of Pepero flavors are available in South Korea. They usually come in two sizes: thin Pepero or big Pepero. If you’re not familiar with any of these Pepero flavors, click on the link to check out pictures of that Pepero.

    Chocolate Pepero

    1 - 초코 빼빼로 (choko ppaeppaero) — Original Chocolate Pepero

    This is the classic Pepero which was introduced in the April of 1983 and this is the symbol of Pepero as we know it today.

    2 - 아몬드 빼빼로 (amondeu ppaeppaero) — Almond Pepero

    This was released on of March 26, 1984. People who love almond buy this. However, one downside about this Pepero is that there are only nine sticks inside the package (talk about a bummer!). Nevertheless, this Almond Pepero is loved by many almond and chocolate lovers.

    3 - 코코넛 빼빼로 (kokoneot ppaeppaero) — Chocolate Coconut Pepero

    Similar to the Almond Pepero, this Pepero is covered in coconut chips. It’s loved by many coconut lovers in South Korea.

    4 - 땅콩 빼빼로 (ttangkong ppaeppaero) — Peanut Pepero

    This is the Pepero that’s known for, of course, being covered in peanuts. Although this was released in 1996, Lotte does not produce Peanut Pepero anymore.

    5 - 누드 빼빼로 (nudeu ppaeppaero) — Nude Pepero

    The classical Pepero is a cookie stick dipped in chocolate—the Nude Pepero is the reverse version, where the chocolate is inside and the cookie outside.

    6 - 더블딥 초코 화이트 빼빼로 (deobeuldip choko hwaiteu ppaeppaero) — Double Dip Choco White Pepero

    This one’s a Pepero that’s dipped in a mix of Kakao cream and whipped cream; it was introduced in 2000. Fun fact: Unlike other rectangular Pepero boxes, this Pepero is in a square box.

    7 - 다크 빼빼로 (dakeu ppaeppaero) — Dark Pepero

    For dark chocolate lovers. The cookie stick on this Pepero flavor is even darker than it is on others.

    8 - 바닐라 블랙 쿠키 빼빼로 (banilla beullaek kuki ppaeppaero) — Vanilla Black Cookie Pepero

    This flavor is composed of Pepero sticks dipped in white chocolate and covered with cookie pieces.

    9 - 스키니 빼빼로 (seukini ppaeppaero) — Skinny Pepero

    This is a “skinny” version of the classic chocolate Pepero. This was introduced in 2013.

    10 - 더블딥 딸기 빼빼로 (deobeuldip ttalgi ppaeppaero) — Double Dip Strawberry Pepero

    The length of this Pepero is shorter and wider than the original Pepero, and it’s dipped in strawberry-flavored cream.

    11 - 초코쿠키 빼빼로 (chokokuki ppaeppaero) — Choco Cookie Pepero

    This was introduced in 2015. The Pepero stick is covered with cookie.

    12 - 블루베리 요거트 빼빼로 (beulluberi yogeoteu ppaeppaero) — Blueberry Yogurt Pepero

    This was introduced in 2015 as well. Unfortunately, beginning in 2017, Lotte doesn’t produce this flavor anymore.

    13 - 누드 녹차 빼빼로 (nudeu nokcha ppaeppaero) — Nude Green Tea Pepero

    Favored by women in general, this Nude Green Tea Pepero was introduced to the market in 2016.

    14 - 더블딥 카페라떼 빼빼로 (deobeuldip kaperatte ppaeppaero) — Double Dip Cafe Latte Pepero

    The length is shorter and wider than the original Pepero. It goes well with a cup of coffee.

    15 - 더블딥 요거트 빼빼로 (deobeuldip yogeoteu ppaeppaero) — Double Dip Yogurt Pepero

    The length is shorter and wider than the original Pepero. It tastes like you’re eating some sweet white yogurt with cookies.

    16 - 스키니 카카오 빼빼로 (seukini kakao ppaeppaero) — Skinny Cacao Pepero

    This is a “skinny” Pepero version of Skinny Cacao Pepero mentioned above.

    17 - 누드 치즈 빼빼로 (nudeu chijeu ppaeppaero) — Nude Cheese Pepero

    18 - 카카오닙스 빼빼로 (kakaonipseu ppaeppaero) — Cacao Nibs Pepero

    Strawberry Pepero

    19 - 딸기 빼빼로 (ttalgi ppaeppaero) — Strawberry Pepero

    20 - 불고기 빼빼로 (bulgogi ppaeppaero) — Bulgogi Pepero

    We’re sure you want to buy this one out of curiosity, but unfortunately South Korea stopped selling this flavor in 1997.

    21 - 티라미스 치즈 빼빼로 (tiramiseu chijeu ppaeppaero) — Tiramisu Cheese Pepero

    22 - 화이트 쿠키 빼빼로 (hwaiteu kuki ppaeppaero) — Pepero White Cookie

    This flavor is basically a mixture of cookies and cream.

    And the list goes on… It seems that Lotte introduces new Peperos flavors every year, so keep an eye out for them on November 11! But what’s the best Pepero flavor? Well, that’s for you to decide, so try as many as you’d like.

    ▶ Let’s Practice Korean about Pepero:
    ※ Click on a word to practice your pronunciation.

    빼빼로데이에는 여러 종류빼빼로맛 볼 수 있습니다.
    (ppaeppaero deieneun yeoreo jongnyuui ppaeppaeroreul mat bol su itseumnida.)
    “You can taste different kinds of Peperos on Pepero day.”

    상대좋아하는 빼빼로사서 선물해 보세요.
    (sangdaega joahaneun ppaeppaeroreul saseo seonmulhaeboseyo.)
    “Try to buy Pepero flavor that your partner likes and give it to him/her.”

    빼빼로 데이에 가장 인기있는 빼빼로는 초콜릿 맛 빼빼로입니다.
    (ppaeppaero deie gajang ingiinneun ppaeppaeroneun chokollit mat ppaeppaeroimnida.)
    “The most popular Pepero on Pepero Day is the chocolate flavored Pepero.”

    4. Pepero Day Ideas: Different Ways to Celebrate the Day

    On Pepero Day, you don’t have to buy Pepero; you can create your own tradition or even make your own Pepero for the special people in your life. Let’s have a look at a few different ways that Koreans celebrate Pepero Day.

    1- Are You in a Relationship? Make DIY Pepero

    DIY (Do It Yourself) Pepero is very popular among women, especially those who are in a relationship. If you’re not much of a cook, it may seem time-consuming and challenging. But fortunately, you can easily purchase DIY Pepero kits online and get them delivered to your house; there are also many shops where you can purchase the tools and Pepero ingredients you need to make Pepero.

    Be creative and make your own Pepero to impress your boyfriend and your father while showing them your appreciation. Here’s an article to give you an idea of how Koreans make Peperos. It even comes with a Pepero recipe inside.

    If you’re not a fan of cooking on a special day, there are many gift packages that you can choose from as well, such as the Pepero big box (Peperos packed in an over-sized Pepero box).

    ▶ Let’s Practice Korean about DIY Pepero:
    ※ Click on a word to practice your pronunciation.

    많은 여성 들이 빼빼로직접 만들어 선물합니다.
    (maneun yeoseong bundeuri ppaeppaeroreul jikjeop mandeureo seonmulhamnida.)
    “Many women make their own Pepero and give it out as gifts.”

    빼빼로데이사랑을 고백하는 입니다.
    (ppaeppaero deineun sarangeul gobaekaneun narimnida.)
    “Pepero Day is the day that you confess your love.”

    2- Not a Fan of Pepero? Pepero with Rolled Up Cash

    Korean Money Pepero

    Not everyone is a fan of Pepero. For example, if you know someone who’s very health-conscious, then it could be a challenge for you determining what to give as a gift to them on Pepero Day.

    Recently, a new Pepero Day gift idea developed a few years ago, and has become extremely popular. Instead of Pepero, you roll up cash to resemble a stick, and put these rolls in a rectangular box. It’s called 돈 빼빼로 (donppaeppaero), literal translation being “Money Pepero.”

    This may be an expensive gift, but the person who receives it will absolutely love it (we promise!). Popular cash Pepero receivers are parents or other family members. Do you want to know how to make it? Click here for a DIY blog post.

    ▶ Let’s Practice Korean about paper with rolled up cash:
    ※ Click on a word to practice your pronunciation.

    빼빼로 대신 주는 사람있습니다.
    (ppaeppaero daesin doneul juneun saramdo itseumnida.)
    “There are people who give money instead of Pepero.”

    부모님좋아할 선물일 수도 있겠습니다.
    (bumonimi joahal seonmuril sudo itgetseumnida.)
    “It may be a great gift for the parents.”

    3- Appreciate the Tradition? Let’s Celebrate “Garaetteok Day”

    On November 11, we celebrate 가래떡 데이 (garaetteok dei), literal translation being “Korean Rice Cake Day.” Instead of Pepero, you pass out long cylindrical rice cakes to people. 가래떡 데이 (garaetteok dei) is 농업인의 날 (nongeobinui nal), literal translation being “Farmer’s Day” in South Korea. 가래떡 is made of steamed rice flour and it’s seen in many dishes, such as 떡꼬치 (Tteokkkochi) or “Spicy Fried Korean Rice Cake Sticks,” 떡국 (tteokguk) or “sliced rice cake soup,” 떡볶이 (Tteok-bokki) or “stir-fried rice cakes,” and so on. It’s a great way to appreciate the tradition and celebrate Farmer’s Day on November 11.

    ▶ Let’s Practice Korean about Garaetteok Day:

    11월 11일은 농업인의 날입니다.
    (sibirwolwol sibirileun nongeobinui narimnida.)
    “It is ‘Farmer’s Day’ on November 11.”

    이날은 가래떡을 사람들에게 나눠주는 날입니다.
    (inareun garaetteogeul saramdeurege nanwojuneun narimnida.)
    “On this day, people give out Korean rice cakes.”

    4- Love Playing Games? Try Pepero Games

    You can play a Pepero game with Pepero sticks in South Korea. Do you want to know how to play this? It’s very simple.

    Think of the spaghetti scene from Lady and the Tramp. The Pepero game is very similar to this. It’s called the “Pepero kiss game” where two people need to eat a Pepero together to make the shortest possible leftover in the middle. To win, you need to make sure to have the shortest Pepero stick possible, compare to other groups. Still not sure how to play this game? Watch this EXO Pepero kiss game.

    Speaking of EXO, there used to be Pepero EXO Limited Edition in South Korea, and fans could collect the EXO Pepero box set along with a photocard of each member.

    5. How to Say “Happy Pepero Day” in Korean

    Here are a number of Pepero Day quotes in Korean. You can write these messages and give a box of Pepero to your acquaintances.

    빼빼로데이 축하해요!
    (ppaeppaerodei chukahaeyo!)
    “Happy Pepero Day!”

    맛있는 빼빼로 먹고 행복 가득한 하루보내세요.
    (masinneun ppaeppaero meokgo haengbok gadeukan harubonaeseyo.)
    “Please eat these delicious Pepero and have a day full of happiness.”

    빼빼로 처럼 길~게 사랑하자!
    (ppaeppaero cheoreom gil~ge saranghaja!)
    “Let’s be together for a long time like these Pepero sticks.”

    6. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You

    Pepero Day is one of the most popular days in South Korea, so we’re glad to introduce Pepero Day in detail in this blog post. We hope you found this article interesting, and if you want to learn essential vocabulary about Pepero, KoreanClass101 has the “Korean Vocabulary List - Pepero Day” available for free. We also have a number of Korean lessons based on Pepero Day, so feel free to check them out on our website as well.

    Lastly, what’s your favorite Pepero flavor? Leave a comment below!

    Korean Cosmetics Guide: Best Shopping Tips & Beauty Secrets

    When you go shopping in Myeongdong, Dongdaemoon, or other areas, you will be overwhelmed by the many Korean cosmetic brands that offer unique products that you don’t often see in other countries. One of the benefits of purchasing Korean cosmetics in South Korea is that people are able to find many alternatives to high-demand cosmetics, products that function similarly but also cost a lot less, therefore you can easily stock up your makeup box!

    This blog will include Korean makeup trends and famous Korean beauty YouTubers that will teach you some tips about Korean makeup styles, tips on how to know when the shops have sales, and useful Korean vocabulary and phrases that you can instantly use when you go shopping in Korea.

    Cosmetics

    1. Korean Cosmetic Brands and Trends in South Korea

    Korean cosmetics were not popular a decade ago, however when BB cream was introduced worldwide, people started to be interested in Korean beauty products and they became popular. In 2018, the French cosmetic brand L`Oreal acquired one of the most popular Korean cosmetic brands called, 3CE (Stylenanda).

    Korean cosmetics are loved by many because they offer unique colors that you cannot find anywhere else in the world. These pigments, preferred in Korea, are suitable for everyday looks. Also, if you have tried some Korean cosmetics before, you have noticed that Korean beauty products such as lipsticks and eyeshadows are a lot more subtle and less pigmented than cosmetics from Western countries.

    Makeup

    1- Korean Makeup Trends

    There are many YouTube videos that compare makeup styles between Korea and America, or Korea and other countries. If you have watched them before, you probably know that Koreans prefer to have clean and flawless skin and go for natural looks.

    • Skin: In order to achieve a natural look, they apply foundation one or two tones lighter than their natural skin color.
    • Eyebrows: They prefer to have straight and thick eyebrows, in order to achieve a youthful look.
    • Eyeshadow: Very subtle and light pigmented eyeshadows are usually used.
    • Lips: Many Korean women wear vibrant red glossy lipstick and you will be amazed at how many different shades of red lipsticks there are in Korea! You can visit popular cosmetic stores such as Etude House, Missha, Skinfood and so on to have a look at different shades of red lipsticks!

    That being said, not all Koreans wear the same makeup style; celebrities with tanned skin and vivid makeup appear more often than before (eg. Jessie, Nada, Hwasa, Hyorin and so on).

    2- Popular Korean Beauty YouTubers

    If you want to learn more about Korean makeup, there are many famous YouTubers who offer free makeup tutorials so you will be able to learn about Korean beauty brands, cosmetic products and many beauty techniques that Koreans use daily. Famous Korean Youtubers include:

    3- Popular Korean Cosmetic Brands

    Here are a number of Korean cosmetic brands:

    4- Useful Korean Vocabulary for Cosmetics

    • BB 크림 (BB keurim) = “BB cream”
    • 파운데이션 (paundeisyeon) = “foundation”
    • 눈 화장 (nun hwajang) = “eyeshadow”
    • 워터 프루프 (Woteo peurupeu) = “waterproof”
    • 블러셔 (Beulleosyeo) = “blush”
    • 아이라이너 (airaineo) = “eyeliner”
    • 아이브로우 펜슬 (aibeurou penseul) = “eyebrow pencil”
    • 립스틱 (ripseutik) = “lipstick”
    • 아이섀도 (aisyaedo) = “eyeshadow”
    • 컨투어 (keontueo) = “contour”

    Planning to go shopping in Myeongdong?
    Click here to learn useful Korean phrases

    Skin Products

    2. How Koreans Use Their Skin Products

    In Korea, applying skin lotion after washing isn’t enough. In fact, if you tell Koreans that you only apply lotion, they will be shocked. Usually a skin care routine starts from applying toners, eye cream, essences, serums or ampoules, then day or night cream. And it’s important to do facial masks at least 2-3 times a week in order to keep your skin flawless.

    When you go shopping in Korea, you can easily get the products as a set and the staff will be more than happy to explain to you what they are for and the steps you need to follow.

    1- The Secrets of Korean Skin Care

    Here are some secrets of how Koreans keep their skin always beautiful:

    1. Try to use an ice-cube to massage your face when you watch TV, this is one of the popular beauty tricks that Koreans do.
    2. Rubbing ice cubes on your face helps you to achieve that beautiful radiant glow. If you have time in the morning, try to use an ice cube to reduce swelling.
    3. A cream 황토마스크 (hwangtomaseukeu) “red clay mask” is a very popular facial mask in Korea. Unfortunately, this is difficult to find in stores, so you might need some help from local friends to find decent 황토마스크.

    2- Popular Ingredients for Skin Care Products

    Other popular ingredients for skin care products in Korea are:

    • 피그 콜라겐 (pigeu kollagen) = “pig collagen”
    • 치즈 크림 (chijeukeurim) = “cheese cream”
    • 연어 크림 (yeoneokeurim) = “salmon cream”
    • 달팽이 크림 (dalpaengikeurim) = “snail cream”
    • 홍삼 화장품 (hongsam hwajangpum) = “red ginseng cosmetic”
    • 젤리 크림 (jelli keurim) = “jelly cream”

    There are products that even use gold. Each product with unique active ingredients in Korean beauty products has a different smell and texture, so have fun trying them and don’t be scared to give it a try!

    3- Useful Korean Vocabulary for Skin Care Products

    • 마스크팩 (maseukeupaek) = “facial mask”
    • 스킨 (seukin) = “skin product”
    • 로션 (rosyeon) = “lotion”
    • 아이크림 (aikeurim) = eye cream
    • 립밤 (ripbam) = “lip balm”
    • 나이트 크림 (naiteu keurim) = “night cream”
    • 데이크림 (deikeurim) = “day cream”
    • 선크림 (seonkeurim) = “sunscreen”

    Want to master Korean pronunciation? Learn the sounds that don’t exist in English!
    Click here to access the ‘Ultimate Korean Pronunciation Guide”!

    Korean Beauty Products

    3. How to Purchase Korean Beauty Products for Cheap

    As mentioned above, if you cannot afford to buy high-end cosmetics, why not replace them with Korean cosmetic products? There are so many decent Korean beauty products that provide the similar effects and cost less than half the price of expensive beauty products. There are many ways that you can purchase Korean cosmetics at a cheap price and here are some tips to remember:

    1- Check Brand Websites for Upcoming Events

    Do you want to buy a cosmetic? Before purchasing it right away, try to visit the website of the brand to see if you can get more discounts or receive freebies. The website often provides upcoming sale events such as 1+1 event, 50% discount coupon, freebies and so on. Also, often Korean cosmetic brands release limited edition items that you can only purchase online. So check out their websites occasionally!

    2- Request Free Samples

    When you buy a number of beauty products in Korea, you will also receive many free samples to try at home. If you are at a Korean cosmetic store and want to try some products before purchasing them, simply request free samples from the staff. If you do not request them specifically, they will give you samples randomly. So if there are any particular products that you want, request them! Most of the time you will be able to get many different samples for different products. The good news is, they will give you more than enough for you to use them for a few weeks! You will be surprised how many free things you receive after purchasing cosmetics or skin products in Korea. Most likely you will receive a cosmetic pouch or shopping bag depending on the promotion that the company is doing.

    3- Register for a Membership Card (Only Korean Residents Can Do This)

    This may not apply to tourists, but if you are currently living in Korea, try to sign up for a membership at your favorite Korean cosmetic stores. You can sign up as you purchase the products at the counter and most of the time, you will receive instant 5 to 10% discounts. You’ll also get points which can be used just like money.

    Depending on the store, the registration process differs, as some stores may require you to give personal information such as your address and birthday, but most of the time the process is very easy, as you just need to give them your mobile number.

    4- Useful Korean Vocabularies and Phrases

    • 세일 기간 (seil gigan) = “sale period”
    • 할인 상품 (Harin sangpum) = “discount products”
    • 교환/반품불가(Gyohwan/banpumbulga) = “exchange/refund not allowed”
    • 샘플 많이 주세요. (Saempeul mani juseyo) = “Please give me many samples.”
    • 세일 중인 상품은 어디에 있나요? (Seil jungin sangpumeun eodie innayo?) = “Where are the products that are on sale?”
    • ~ 있어요? ( ~ isseoyo?) = “Do you have ~?”
    • ~ 주세요. (~ juseyo) = “Please give me ~.”
    • ~을(를) 찾고 있어요. (~eul(reul) chatgo isseoyo) = “I am looking for ~.”
    • 이것은 어떻게 사용하나요? (Igeoseun eotteoke sayonghanayo?) = “How do I use this?”
    • 어디에 바르는 화장품인가요? ( Eodie bareuneun hwajangpumingayo?) = “Where do I apply this cosmetic?”
    • 텍스프리 가맹점 (Tekseupeuri gamaengjeom) = “tax free affiliated store”
    • 택스 리펀드 (taekseu ripeondeu) = “tax refund”

    Do you want to learn more Korean vocabulary for shopping?
    Click here to check out our free vocabulary lists!

    Make Up Products

    4. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You Learn more Korean

    To sum up, we had a look at popular makeup trends, interesting facts about skin care products in Korea, and we also introduced tips on how to purchase your favorite Korean beauty products for a cheap price. Now, you are ready to go shopping in Korea!

    But if you want to buy things in Korea, it’s important to learn some basic Korean phrases. Check out Common Ways to Say Hello and Top 10 Travel Spots in South Korea from KoreanClass101, for free!

    If you want to learn even more Korean, sign up for KoreanClass101 today to access free study materials! If you are serious about learning Korean, you can sign up for Premium PLUS which allows you to study personalised lessons anytime, anywhere at your convenience. Why not give it a try today?

    Good luck with studying Korean and I hope you have a great day!

    Korean Etiquette: 7 Do’s and Don’ts in Korea

    Korea has its own customs, traditions, and rules for manners, just like your own country does. Some of these customs are completely fine in your country, but are considered offensive in Korea. These fascinating differences are necessary to learn before your visit to Korea.

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    Table of Contents

    1. Korean Dining Etiquettes
    2. Basic Korean Drinking Etiquette
    3. Asking Someone’s Age in Korea
    4. Place Setting Rules for Dining in Korea
    5. Don’t Write Names in Red in Korea
    6. Never Sit in Priority Seats in Korea
    7. Take Your Shoes Off at Home in Korea
    8. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You Learn More Korean

    Today, KoreanClass101 is going to explain to you seven important Korean etiquettes in detail so that you can avoid making these mistakes while in Korea! Also, keep in mind that Koreans are not afraid of calling you out on behavior they find offensive, which is where our vocabulary learning will come in handy.

    Table Manner

    Do’s and Don’ts in Korea #1 : Korean Dining Etiquettes

    1- Do: Wait Until Elders Start Eating Their Food

    In Korea, you cannot start eating until the elders grab the chopsticks and start eating their own meal. The order of eating has to be according to age. For example, if you are sitting with your grandfather, parents, parents’ friends, and your younger sister at a dining table, the order should be :

    Korean Vocabulary List

    1. 할아버지 (harabeoji) - “grandfather”
    2. 부모님 (bumonim) - “your parents”
    3. 부모님의 친구 (bumonimui chingu) - “parents’ friends”
    4. 나 자신 (Na chashin) - “myself”
    5. 여동생 (yeodongsaeng) - “younger sister”

    2- Do: Chew with Your Mouth Closed and Try to Hide the Bones

    Try not to make noise when you chew your food in South Korea. It is considered rude if you do make any noise when chewing, so try to chew with your mouth closed.

    Also keep in mind that Koreans eat grilled fish, marinated chicken, and so on. It is advised that if you have bones, you hide them by wrapping them in some tissue or placing them under the rice bowl.

    Korean Vocabulary List

    1. 생선 가시 (saengseon gasi) - “fish bone”
    2. 생선 가시를 발라내다 (saengseon gasireul ballanaeda) - “debone a fish”
    3. 우리 밥 먹을 때 조용히 먹자. (uri bam meogeul ttae joyonghi meokja.) - “Let’s just eat quietly.”

    3- Do Not: Leave the Table Until You Are Done with the Meal

    If you need to go to the 화장실 (hwajangsil) “bathroom”, try to go before sitting at the dining table; it is considered rude to leave the table while eating. However, if you really need to leave the table for some urgent reason, the best way is to politely explain the situation to the eldest person.

    Also note that it’s considered rude to place your elbow on the table as well, especially if you are dining with the elders or someone who is older than you.

    4- Are You the Youngest Person in a Group? Rules to Remember

    Here are a couple of important rules in the Korean table manner that you need to remember if you are the youngest person in a group:

    When you go to a restaurant or prepare the dinner at home with your Korean homestay family, you are expected to prepare 수저 (sujeo) “spoon and a pair of chopsticks”, as well as other amenities such as water.

    Also, you may need to grill the meats for elders or those of higher status when you go to a restaurant with other colleagues. However, this is not mandatory as the task of grilling the meats for everyone depends on who sits closest to the barbecue grill.

    Have you started studying Korean lately and want to improve your listening skills?
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    Soju

    Do’s and Don’ts in Korea #2: Basic Drinking Etiquette

    1- Do: Make Sure Everyone’s Glass is Full

    If you are the youngest, check to see if others’ glasses are empty, as it is rude to allow anyone to have an empty glass. Fill up the person’s glass first who is older or of higher status than you, by politely saying 한 잔 더 받으세요 (han jan deo badeuseyo) “Let me refill your glass.”

    There are a couple of South Korean basic drinking etiquettes that will prove helpful when you go drinking with colleagues, friends, or elders in the future. Firstly, you need to hold the bottle and shot glasses with two hands when someone pours 막걸리 (makgeolli) “rice wine” or 소주 (soju) “Korean distilled liquor” for you. Also, it is polite to turn away from elders while you drink.

    2- Do Not: Pour Your Own Drink

    In Korea, it is considered rude to pour your own shot. Therefore, wait until someone offers to pour for you; this will usually be done by the youngest person. Sometimes, however, older or higher-status people may offer to pour for you. This usually means that the person wants to establish a great relationship with you, especially if the person is your boss or someone whom you cannot usually interact with in daily life. So, if he or she offers to pour you an alcoholic drink, accept it. If you refuse firmly, it may greatly harm the atmosphere. If you do not want to drink alcohol, just leave the glass as it is and order a different drink, or politely say 죄송하지만, 저는 술을 한 방울도 못 마십니다 (Joesonghajiman, jeoneun sureul han banguldo mon masimnida), “I am sorry, but I don’t drink even a drop.”

    Do you want to learn Korean alphabet? Click here to learn Hangul: Hana Hana Hangul

    Asking Someone's Age

    Do’s and Don’ts in Korea #3: Asking Someone’s Age

    1- It is Very Normal to Ask Someone’s Age

    It’s absolutely normal to ask someone’s age in South Korea, so don’t get offended if you’re asked. Seeing as it is rude to ask someone’s age in most Western countries, this is a great example of etiquette differences between countries.

    Koreans ask your age in order to determine what kind of language they need to use when talking with you. For example, if you meet someone in class for the first time, you would ask 몇 년생이세요? (myeot nyeonsaengiseyo) “What year were you born?” or 나이가 어떻게 되세요? (nai-ga eotteoke doeseyo) “How old are you?”. Then, if he or she is older than you, you need to start using formal language and show respect to him or her.

    On the other hand, if a person is younger than you, you can speak casually with them, whereas he or she must speak to you in formal language.

    Did you know that international and Korean age are different?

    Do you know how to say “Where are you from?” in Korean? Learn key Korean phrases on KoreanClass101 for free

    Korean Food Setting

    Do’s and Don’ts in Korea #4: Place Setting Rules for Dining

    Did you know that there is a number of place setting rules for dining in Korea? For example, a spoon and a set of chopsticks should be placed next to the rice bowl, on the right-hand side. Also, a spoon stays to the left while chopsticks stay to the right.

    Stew (such as Kimchi stew) is usually placed in the middle so that everyone can share the soup together, surrounded by many different kinds of side dishes such as: 김치 (Kimchi - a Korean dish of spicy pickled cabbage) and 야채 (yachae - vegetables).

    Typically, 고기반찬 (gogibanchan) “meat side dishes” stay on the right-hand side and 야채반찬 (yachaebanchan) “vegetable side dishes” stay on the left-hand side of the dining table.

    In summary:

    • Right-hand side: Warm and hot dishes, watery food, meat dishes, and so on
    • Left-hand side: Cold dishes and dry foods, vegetable dishes, and so on

    Red Pen

    Do’s and Don’ts in Korea #5: Don’t Write Names in Red!

    Did you know that it is considered extremely offensive to write someone’s name in red ink? Writing a person’s name in red ink means that he or she is deceased, and if he or she is still alive, it means that the person who wrote your name wishes that you were dead. 빨간 잉크 (ppalgan ingkeu) “red ink” was used in the past to write a deceased person’s name. So it should go without saying that you shouldn’t write your friend’s name down in red ink!

    Learn these top 10 phrases in Korean and amaze your Korean friends

    Priority Seat

    Do’s and Don’ts in Korea #6: Never Sit in Priority Seats

    When riding on buses or subways, you should avoid sitting in the priority seats; they are for the handicapped, the elderly, and pregnant women. You can easily identify them because there is a label that says 노약자석 (noyakjaseok) “For the handicapped, the elderly, and pregnant women” above the seating area, depicting the profiles of the three groups. It is important not to take these seats even if they are empty.

    This is what you are going to see at priority seats: 장애인, 노약자, 임산부, 영유아 동반자 좌석입니다 (jangaein, noyakja, imsanbu, yeongyua dongbanja jwaseogipnida) “Seats for the handicapped, weak, pregnant women or accompanied with baby.” Also, you will frequently hear announcements such as 노약자석에 앉지 마세요 (noyakjaseoge anjji maseyo) “Please don’t sit on priority seats” to let everyone know that these seats need to remain available at all times.

    Take Your Shoes Off

    Do’s and Don’ts in Korea #7: Take Your Shoes Off at Home

    In Korea, you will always find a 신발장 (sinbaljang) “shoes shelf,” or an area where Koreans keep their shoes. For example, if you are at a 레스토랑 (reseutorang) “restaurant” where you sit on the floor at a low table, you will need to take off your shoes beforehand. Also, when you enter someone’s house, you must take off your shoes and leave them at the entrance.

    Hangul

    How KoreanClass101 Can Help You Learn More Korean

    In summary, we introduced seven important Korean etiquettes and relevant Korean vocabularies for you to remember! KoreanClass101 has many study materials that you can download for free. Also, have you come across any Korean words that you don’t know? Look them up on KoreanClass101 dictionary with free audio for you to practice pronunciation! We are here to help you improve your Korean, so feel free to use our website anytime. You can learn more Korean etiquettes, along with polite ways to speak Korean, on KoreanClass101. Check out our Culture Classes and Business Korean Series!

    Thank you and have a great day!

    Life in Seoul: What is the Cost of Living in South Korea?

    Due to Korean Dramas and Kpop influences, the number of foreigners traveling to Korea or living in Korea has doubled in the last decade. This means that more and more foreigners come to Korea to learn its culture, language, customs and so on. Traveling to Korea certainly helps you understand Korea and also helps you expand your perspective.

    However, it’s important to understand the difference between traveling and moving abroad. Travelers’ main concerns may be where to stay throughout the trip, or where to shop or to eat in Seoul. But for foreigners who want to live in Korea, one of the main concerns may be the cost of living in Korea. I am sure that you are reading this blog because you have been considering moving to Korea and you want to gather as much information as you can.

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    Table of Contents

    1. Cost of Renting an Apartment or a House in Korea
    2. Cost of Food in Korea
    3. Cost of Entertainment in Korea
    4. Cost of Transportation in Korea
    5. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You Learn more Korean

    Don’t worry, KoreanClass101 will look into the living costs, such as renting an apartment, purchasing food, enjoying entertainment etc, in Korea, focusing on Seoul. Also, KoreanClass101 will share some tips on how you can save some money while living in Korea, like locals do, so that you can apply these tips once you start living in Seoul, Korea. We will share some useful Korean phrases and words for you to learn from this article so please keep reading!

    Apartment

    1. Cost of Renting an Apartment or a House in Korea

    If you are going to be an ESL (English as a Second Language) teacher in Korea, you do not need to worry about accommodations, as the company will cover all the expenses including the utility fees. However if you need to find your own place to stay, there are some important things that you need to understand about renting an apartment in Korea.

    Firstly, depending on where you want to live, your rent will be different. For example, if you want to live in Gangnam, Hongdae or any other main district in Seoul, the rent is going to be extremely expensive in comparison to other areas far from the main districts.

    Secondly, Koreans usually search for an apartment to rent through a real estate agent. Koreans believe that it is the safest way to find an apartment and usually the real estate agent will take care of all the work including negotiating with the landlord and reading through the contract for you. If you want to lower the apartment rent, you may want to increase the default deposit. Usually, if you increase the deposit by 10,000,000 KRW, you may be able to lower the rent by 50,000 KRW. Also, sometimes you will notice that the water utility fee is included in the rent. This is certainly negotiable as well. The real estate agent will negotiate this with the landlord on your behalf, and there is no guarantee as it’s really up to the landlord to decide. Also, if you find a house then you will need to pay approximately 10% of your rent to the real estate agent. Koreans also use a number of apps or websites to save on the agency fee, which are 다방 (dabangapp), 직방 (Zigbang), 피터팬의 좋은방 구하기 (peterpanz) and so on.

    List of Korean words for renting an apartment in South Korea:

    1. 월세 (wolse) - “monthly rent”
    2. 관리비 (gwanribi) - “maintenance fee”
    3. 수도요금 (sudoyogeum) - “water bill”
    4. 전기요금 (jeongiyogeum) - “electricity bill”
    5. 계약서 (gyeyakseo) - “contract”

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    Learn the Korean Alphabet, Hangul, from A to Z!

    Food in Korea

    2. Cost of Food in Korea

    It is relatively cheap to eat out or do grocery shopping in South Korea. For example, a carton of milk costs around 2,500 KRW and the price of snacks and sweets usually start from 1,000 KRW. Also, the majority of supermarkets offer special discounts such as 1+1 events or coupon events. So look out for these signs when you go to a supermarket. In addition, a good thing about doing grocery shopping at supermarkets such as major wholesale stores like emart, Home plus and some local supermarkets, is that some supermarkets offer free delivery if you purchase over a certain amount.

    Regarding eating out in South Korea, dishes usually cost from 7,000 KRW if you go to an inexpensive restaurant. Just to give you some hints about the cost of food in Korea, a McDonalds meal usually costs from 6,000 KRW and beers cost from 3,000 KRW. Waiters and waitresses often can speak English if you go to the city area, but if you are living outside the main districts, you will need to order food in Korean. If you learn a few phrases and order food at a restaurant, using honorific Korean, Koreans will appreciate you for trying to speak Korean.

    List of Korean words for food:

    1. 닭 가슴살 (dalg gaseumsal) - “chicken breast”
    2. 사과 (sagwa) - “apple”
    3. 바나나 (banana) - “banana”
    4. 감자 (gamja) - “potato”
    5. 소주 (sojoo) - a Korean alcoholic drink typically made from rice or sweet potatoes.

    Click here to learn more Korean essential vocabulary for fruits and vegetables!

    Entertainment

    3. Cost of Entertainment in Korea

    The cost of entertainment in South Korea really depends on what you want to do as a hobby or for pleasure. For now, let’s focus on movies. If you purchase movie tickets at the counter, the tickets cost usually around 12,000 KRW, without any snacks or drinks. The price of the ticket becomes more expensive based on the type of movie. For a 3D or IMAX film, expect to pay a lot more.

    But don’t worry, there are many ways to enjoy the entertainment without spending a fortune. Here are some tips on what locals do to receive some discounts on their movie tickets.

    1) Try to purchase a movie ticket online as tickets are usually around 7,500 KRW online. Also, try to sign up to receive more discounts, ranging from 10% to 30%.
    2) If you are an active SNS user, many South Korean companies offer free movie tickets or drinks if you share their contents on your SNS pages.
    3) Look out for special discounts offered by different cinemas, such as 조조할인 (jojohal-in), 심야할인(sim-ya-hal-in), 무비데이 (mubidei) and so on.

    List of Korean words for entertainment:

    1. 영화 (yeonghwa) - “movie”
    2. 티켓 (tikes) - “ticket(s)”
    3. 조조할인 (jojohal-in) - discount tickets offered to customers who come to the cinema early in the morning
    4. 무비데이 (mubidei) - Every Wednesday is called “movie day,” and you will receive some discount on the movie tickets.
    5. 심야할인 (sim-ya-hal-in) - discount tickets offered to customers who come to the cinema late at night

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    Transportation

    4. Cost of Transportation

    Transportation in South Korea is extremely convenient and cheap. You will need to purchase a T-Money card, which is a prepaid rechargeable touch-and-go transportation card. You can purchase this card at the ticket machine inside the subway. If you can apply for a credit card in Korea, you can also apply for a card that offers discounts for people who use transportation often. You can consult your bank if you are interested. When you scan your transportation card at a subway station, usually it costs 1,250 KRW for an adult and 720 KRW for a child (with the transportation card). For buses in South Korea, the price differs, from 1,200 KRW to 2,500 KRW, depending on the company and time of the day. Regarding the cost of taxis in Seoul, 일반 (Ilban - “regular taxis”) start from 3,000 KRW and 모범 (mobeom - “deluxe taxis,” black with a yellow top )cost from 5,000 KRW. If you catch a taxi late at night, there will be a late night surcharge.

    List of Korean words for transportation:

    1. 대중교통 (daejung-gyotong) - “public transport”
    2. 버스 (beoseu) - “bus(es)”
    3. 지하철 (jihacheol) - “subway(s)”
    4. 택시 (taegsi) - “taxi(s)”

    What should we watch in Korea? Learn how to express your intentions!

    5. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You Learn more Korean

    In summary, we looked at different areas’ of cost of living in South Korea, focusing only on Seoul. The price range may vary depending on which area you go to, therefore it’s important to compare the prices and do a little bit of research in order to save some money while you are in Korea.

    Regardless of how cheap or expensive it is to live in South Korea, it’s important to study the language before. If you understand Korean language, it will be a lot easier for you to navigate around in South Korea.

    If you have more questions about Korea (apart from cost of living in Korea) why not visit our KoreanClass101 forum? You can get a lot of advice from Koreans or foreigners living in Korea. Also KoreanClass101 has many Korean resources where you can access many study materials for free, so sign up for KoreanClass101 today to receive a free trial!

    Good luck :)

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    Blood Type Personality in Korea: What It Says about You

    If you have ever visited Korea or stayed in Korea for quite some time, you have probably noticed that a lot of Korean people ask “what is your blood type?”. This question is one of the most common questions that Korean people ask, apart from “How old are you?”. In Korea, it is perfectly fine to ask about a person’s blood type, especially if you want to get to know someone very well instantly, in particular, on a blind date. The reason is that Korean people believe that each blood type has its own distinct personality and it is the quickest way to determine a person’s temperament and even compatibility with others. You may feel confused as to why people ask about blood types in Korea, but don’t worry. If you are asked this by a Korean, that means that the person wants to get to know you better.

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    So who developed this concept? The blood type personality theory was developed by a Japanese person named Masahiko Nomi who graduated from the University of Tokyo. He began his first career as a journalist and his first book “Understanding Affinity by Blood Type” became a bestseller in the 1970s. The idea then spread outward and it is popular in some Asian countries, such as South Korea and Taiwan. You are probably wondering, ‘so what’s this all about?’, so let’s have a look at the description of each blood type to see if it matches with your personality. Then let’s look at the compatibility of blood types, followed by the blood types of famous Korean celebrities.

    Blood Type A

    1. Blood Type A

    According to the Korean blood type personality chart, it is said that people with blood type A are known to be diplomatic and friendly, however due to their sensitive natures, they prefer staying alone to being in a group; therefore they may feel uncomfortable in crowded areas or parties. Also, they are fragile-hearted and easily get hurt, therefore it takes time for them to open up to people. Others may take this negatively and view them as snobs, since people with blood type A are good at hiding their feelings and do not express themselves a lot compared to other blood types such as blood type B or O. If you want to be friends with a person with Blood Type A, the best way is to be patient and get to know them slowly. Once you get to know them you will find that they are very friendly and down to earth! Also, they are punctual and always expect the best results in everything they do, therefore others seem them as perfectionists. When people describe blood type A, you will often hear:

    A형은 성실하고 예민한 것 같아요.
    e-i-hyeong-eun seong-sil-ha-go ye-min-han geot ga-ta-yo
    “People with type A blood are earnest and sensitive.”

    Blood Type A Personality in Korean

    • 성실하다 (seong-sil-ha-da) = “to be earnest”
    • 신중하다 (sin-jung-ha-da) = “to be cautious”
    • 고집이 세다 (go-ji-bi se-da) = “to be stubborn”
    • 예민하다 (ye-min-ha-da) = “to be sensitive”

    Blood Type Compatibility for A

    • The best blood type compatibility is O, followed by A.
    • The worst blood type compatibility is B.

    Famous Celebrities with Blood Type A

    • 장나라 (Jang Na-ra)
    • 이효리 (Lee Hyori)
    • 최지우 (Choi Ji-woo)
    • 닉쿤 (Nichkhun)
    • 배용준 (Bae Yong-joon)

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    Blood Type B

    2. Blood Type B

    According to the Korean blood type personality chart, it is said that B types are the most outgoing compared to other blood types. Also they are independent and are passionate about the things that they are interested in. Type Bs always seek stimulation and they are not afraid of speaking their minds. Therefore, they can be seen as self-centered because they express their opinion, regardless of what the other person might feel.

    In Korea, men with blood type B have a negative reputation for being playboys and for not suitable for a stable relationship. The interesting fact is that there was even a song called “Blood Type B Man” by Kim Hyun Jung, and this song became extremely popular when it was released.But don’t worry, although blood type B has a negative reputation for being the blood type of playboys, there are many positive traits too. They are curious, honest and enjoy attention, therefore people with blood type B can make friends easily, like a social butterfly! When people describe blood type B, you will often hear:

    B형은 창의적이고 낙관적인 것 같아요.
    B-hyeong-eun-chang-ui-jeo-gi-go-nak-gwan-jeo-in geot ga-ta-yo
    “People with blood type B are creative and optimistic.”

    Blood Type B Personality in Korean

    • 창의적이다 (chang-ui-jeo-gi-da) = “to be creative”
    • 낙관적이다 (nak-gwan-jeo-gi-da) = “to be optimistic”
    • 이기적이다 (i-gi-jeo-gi-da) = “to be selfish”
    • 무책임하다 (mu-chae-gim-ha-da) = “to be irresponsible”

    Blood Type Compatibility for B

    • The best blood type compatibility is AB, followed by O.
    • The worst blood type compatibility is A.

    Famous Celebrities with Blood Type B

    • 이동욱 (Lee Dong Wook)
    • 이승기 (Lee Seung Gi)
    • 탑 (T.O.P)
    • 제시카 (Jessica Jung)

    Blood Type O

    3. Blood Type O

    They are known to be energetic, practical and friendly. Also blood type O is labeled as a natural leader. They are experts at expressing their opinions in a constructive way, making sure that everyone listens to them, while still being friendly to everyone. They know how to control their emotions very well, giving others a great impression of being stable and under control. Research in Korea indicates that blood type O is the most prefered blood type by CEOs and coworkers because of the traits mentioned above. However, although they might have a reputation of being strong outside, they are very sensitive inside. People with blood type O have some difficulties expressing their feelings due to a fear of rejection and also they tend to burn themselves out trying to get things done perfectly. The best way to describe type Os in Korean is:

    O형은 외향적이고 타고난 리더예요.
    O-hyeong-eun-chang-ui-jeo-gi-go-ta-go-nan ri-deo-ye-yo
    “People with type O are outgoing and natural leaders.”

    Blood Type O Personality in Korean

    • 외향적이다 (chang-ui-jeo-gi-da) = “to be outgoing”
    • 타고난 리더이다 (ta-go-nan ri-deo-i-da) = “to be a natural leader”
    • 거만하다 (geo-man-ha-da) = “to be arrogant”
    • 질투심이 많다 (jul-tu-si-mi man-ta) = “to be jealous”

    Blood Type Compatibility for O

    • The best blood type compatibility is A, followed by B.
    • The worst blood type compatibility is AB.

    Famous celebrities with Blood Type O

    • 원빈 (Won Bin)
    • 박효신 (Park Hyo Shin)
    • 장동건 (Jang Dong-gun)
    • 이민정 (Lee Min-jung)
    • 김유정 (Kim Yoo-jung)

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    Blood Type AB

    4. Blood Type AB

    They are the most interesting type compared to the others because this blood type is labeled as either genius or psycho. They are unpredictable because they often jump around from one activity to the next and their temperament is mixture of blood type A and B, therefore their personalities change quickly depending on their mood and the situation, and sometimes they don’t have control over it. Also type ABs are rational thinkers, therefore they cannot stand it when they find some situations to be irrational. As a result, they may have some difficulties interacting with people, giving others the wrong impression of being moody or two-faced. One of the ways to describe blood type ABs is:

    AB형은 합리적이고 재능이 있어요.
    AB-hyeong-eun-ham-ni-jeo-gi-go jae-neung-i it-eo-yo
    “People with type AB are rational and talented.”

    Blood Type AB Personality in Korean

    • 합리적이다 (ham-ni-jeo-gi-da) = “to be rational”
    • 재능이 있다 (jae-neung-i i-tta) = “to be talented”
    • 비판적이다 (bi-pan-jeo-gi-da) = “to be critical”
    • 별나다 (byeol-na-da) = “to be eccentric”

    Blood Type Compatibility for AB

    • The best blood type compatibility is AB, followed by B.
    • The worst blood type compatibility is O.

    Famous Celebrities with Blood Type AB

    • 박진영 (Park Jin-young)
    • 한가인 (Han Ga-in)
    • 택연 (Ok Taecyeon)
    • 김수현 (Kim Soo-hyun)
    • 박봄 (Park Bom)

    Now, let’s have a look at few useful Korean sentences which you can use right away.

    Talking about Blood Type

    5. Talking about Your Blood Type in Korean

    “What’s your blood type?”

    • Informal: 혈액형이 뭐야? (hyeo-raek-hyeong-i mwo-ya?)
    • Polite: 혈액형이 뭐예요? (hyeo-raek-hyeong-i mwo-ye-ya?)
    • Formal: 혈액형이 어떻게 되세요? (hyeo-raek-hyeong-i eo-tteo-ke doe-se-yo?)

    “My blood type is…”:

    • ___형이야. (___hyeong-i-ya)
    • ___형이에요. (___hyeong-i-e-yo)
    • ___형입니다. (___hyeong-im-ni-da)

    Example:

    A: 방탄소년단 RM의 혈액형은 뭐예요?
    Bang-tan-so-nyeon-dan RM-ui hyeo-raek-hyeong-i mwo-ye-yo?
    A: “What’s the blood type of RM from BTS?”

    B: RM의 혈액형은 O형이에요.
    RM-ui hyeo-raek-hyeong-eun O-hyeong-i-e-yo
    B: “RM’s blood type is O.”

    Seoul

    6. How KoreanClass101 Can Help You Learn more Korean

    You’ve learned some secret Korean blood type personalities with useful Korean phrases to describe your blood type personality.

    To sum up, we had a look at each blood type and its personality and temperament, and blood type compatibility for each type. Do you think that they are true? Also, do you know how to describe your personality in Korean? KoreanClass101 has prepared a list of useful Korean adjectives to describe your personality for you to study. It is available online, so feel free to download it for free. Also, are you a big fan of Kpop and do you want to know what your favourite celebrities’ blood types are? Download your ultimate K-pop guide to learn Korean and get interesting facts about your favourite celebrities. It is absolutely free!

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    So next time you run into a Korean person and want to understand their personality quickly, why not ask a simple question, like:

    혈액형이 뭐예요?
    hyeo-raek-hyeong-i mwo-ye-yo?
    “What is your blood type?”

    KoreanClass101 has many vocabulary lists available on our website for you to download for free. Why don’t you prepare a self-introduction, including your blood type and your personality in Korean? Click “10 Lines You Need for Introducing Yourself” to learn practical phrases in Korean.

    Thank you and we hope that you enjoy learning Korean!