Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Tim: Hello everyone! I am Tim, and welcome back to KoreanClass101.com.
Debbie: With us, you'll learn to speak Korean with fun and effective lessons.
Tim: What are we learning today?
Debbie: In this lesson, you will learn about object-marking particles (을/를). Tim, the object-marking particle sounds very similar to what we learned from the previous lesson.
Tim: Yes, today's lesson is also about particles.
Debbie: So... Let me guess. Hmm... Does this lesson talk about how to mark the object of a Korean sentence by attaching 을 or 를 to a word?
Tim: Yes, Debbie. As usual, you are so smart! If you understood the last lesson, this lesson will be...
Debbie: A piece of cake!
Tim: Yes.
Debbie: By the way, Tim... This is off-topic, but I was wondering...
Tim: About what?
Debbie: How do you say "a piece of cake" in Korean? Is there a similar expression that means "a piece of cake?"
Tim: That's a great question, but I'll tell you only if you do a good job today.
Debbie: Okay. I'll try! Now, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
안녕하세요, 저는 팀입니다.
우리 식구에 대해서 얘기해 볼께요.
아빠는 책을 읽습니다.
동생은 공부를 합니다.
엄마가 밥을 짓습니다.
친구들이 티비를 봅니다.
안녕하세요, 저는 팀입니다.
우리 식구에 대해서 얘기해 볼께요.
아빠는 책을 읽습니다.
동생은 공부를 합니다.
엄마가 밥을 짓습니다.
친구들이 티비를 봅니다.
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
안녕하세요, 저는 팀입니다.
DebbieHello. I am Tim.
우리 식구에 대해서 얘기해 볼께요.
DebbieI will talk about my family.
아빠는 책을 읽습니다.
DebbieMy dad reads a book.
동생은 공부를 합니다.
DebbieMy younger brother studies.
엄마가 밥을 짓습니다.
DebbieMy mom cooks the meal.
친구들이 티비를 봅니다.
DebbieMy friends watch TV.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Debbie: Tim, the English and Korean languages seem to be the exact opposite.
Tim: What do you mean by that?
Debbie: I mean their word orders.
Tim: How are they different?
Debbie: In English, the word order is subject + verb + object, but in Korean...
Tim: It's subject + object + verb.
Debbie: It must've been such a challenge for you to learn English in Canada.
Tim: Yes, it was. It must also be challenging for our many listeners to learn Korean right now.
Debbie: By the way, listeners, please keep in mind that the focus of today's lesson is object particles, not verbs. Okay. Then why don't we compare an English sentence with a Korean sentence? How about..."I study Korean."
Tim: Okay! In Korean, we would change the word order to "I" (the subject), "Korean" (the object), and "study" (the verb).
Debbie: And "I" is 저.
Tim: And it ends in a vowel, so...?
Debbie: I would attach 는 or 가 to it. So then it becomes...
Tim: 저는 or 저가.
Debbie: How about "Korean" in Korean?
Tim: "Korean" is 한국, which is "Korea" + 어, meaning "language." So it becomes 한국어 ("Korean").
Debbie: Tim, it doesn't end there. Then we need to attach a particle to "Korean," right?
Tim: Yes, Debbie. Just like we did with the subject 저 ("I"). And that's today's topic.
Debbie: I got it. Now let's move on to vocabulary.
VOCAB LIST
Debbie: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Tim: 식구 [natural native speed]
Debbie: family member
Tim: 식구 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 식구 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 아빠 [natural native speed]
Debbie: dad
Tim: 아빠 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 아빠 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 책 [natural native speed]
Debbie: book
Tim: 책 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 책 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 읽다 [natural native speed]
Debbie: to read
Tim: 읽다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 읽다 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 동생 [natural native speed]
Debbie: younger sibling
Tim: 동생 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 동생 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 공부 [natural native speed]
Debbie: studying
Tim: 공부 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 공부 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 하다 [natural native speed]
Debbie: to do
Tim: 하다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 하다 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 엄마 [natural native speed]
Debbie: mom
Tim: 엄마 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 엄마 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 밥 [natural native speed]
Debbie: meal, rice
Tim: 밥 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 밥 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 짓다 [natural native speed]
Debbie: to build
Tim: 짓다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 짓다 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 티비 [natural native speed]
Debbie: television
Tim: 티비 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 티비 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Tim: 보다 [natural native speed]
Debbie: to see, to look at, to watch
Tim: 보다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Tim: 보다 [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Debbie: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Debbie: Let's move on to the focus of this lesson while having a closer look at some of the words. So just like the subject of a sentence needs a particle, the object of a sentence needs a particle as well.
Tim: Yes. In the last lesson, we learned about 은/는 and 이/가. And today we are going to learn about 을/를.
Debbie: Tim, you said this lesson will be a piece of cake if we understood the last lesson.
Tim: Yes, because the rule is the same. What was the rule, Debbie?
Debbie: The rule is that we need to attach the particles 는 or 가 if the last syllable ends in a vowel sound. For example, 저, meaning "I," and 친구, meaning "friends," become...
Tim: 저는/저가 and 친구는/친구가.
Debbie: If it ends in a consonant, we need to attach the particles 은 or 이... For example, 이름, meaning "name," and 당신, meaning "you," become...
Tim: 이름은/이름이 and 당신은/당신이. The same rules apply for the object particles. If the word ends in a vowel sound, attach 를; if the word ends in a consonant sound, attach 을.
Debbie: Okay, we need simple examples. We've learned about 물, meaning "water," and 커피, meaning "coffee," through the first lesson. How about..."I drink coffee."
Tim: That's a good example, Debbie! Okay, listeners, keep in mind that our focus is on the particles and not on the verb. Let's do it step by step.
Debbie: "I" is what in Korean?
Tim: 저
Debbie: The romanization of 저 is spelled "-j" "-e" "-o"…[o]! It ends in an [o] sound…a vowel!
Tim: Then attach 는 or 가 and it becomes 저는 or 저가
Debbie: Okay. How about the object, "coffee?"
Tim': 커피.
Debbie: The romanization of 커피 is spelled 커, "-k" "-e" "-o," and 피 is "-p" "-i"…[i]! It ends in an [i] sound, which is a vowel.
Tim: Then attach 를 and it becomes 커피를. Please repeat after me, listeners. 커피를.
[pause]
Debbie: "To drink" is 마십니다. So in Korean, "I drink coffee" is...
Tim: 저는 커피를 마십니다.
Debbie: Listeners, don't worry about the verb 마십니다 for now. Please repeat it after Tim.
Tim: 저는 커피를 마십니다.
[pause]
Debbie: Great! Let's try we drink water. "I drink water."
Tim: 물
Debbie: The Romanization of "water" is 물. 물 is spelled "-m" "-u" "-l"…[l]! It ends with an [l] sound, which is a consonant.
Tim: Then attach 을 and it becomes 물을. Please repeat after me.. 물을
[pause]
Debbie: So all together, "I drink water" is...?
Tim: 저는 물을 마십니다.
Debbie: Let's say that once more.
Tim: 저는 물을 마십니다.
[pause]
Debbie: Great, you guys. Let's move on to the deeper grammar point and practice some more!
LESSON FOCUS
Debbie: The focus of this lesson is which object particles you should use based on the sound that comes at the end of the word before it. This time we are going to practice attaching particles. Adding particles seems hard at first, but it will come to you naturally if you keep practicing, right Tim?
Tim: Yes. Since you are absolute beginners, we'll be talking and learning a lot about rules, but...
Debbie: After practicing many times, the rules become...
Tim: A piece of cake!
Debbie: Okay. Let's begin! We already know about the word "friends."
Tim: "Friends" is 친구 in Korean.
Debbie: The romanization of 친구 is spelled 친, "-c" "-h" "-i" "-n," and 구 is "-g" "-u."... [u]! It ends in an [u] sound, which is a vowel.
Tim: Then attach 를. It becomes 친구를
Debbie: Please repeat after Tim, everyone.
Tim: 친구를.
[pause]
Debbie: How about "name?"
Tim: "Name" is 이름 in Korean.
Debbie: 이.름... 이 is "-i" and 름 is "-r" "-e" "-u" "-m." "Ireum" has an [m] sound and ends in a consonant!
Tim: Then attach 을. It becomes 이름을.
Debbie: Please repeat after Tim.
Tim: 이름을.
[pause]
Debbie: How about "younger sibling?"
Tim: "Younger sibling" is 동생 in Korean.
Debbie: 동.생... 동 is "-d" "-o" "-n" "-g," and 생 is "-s" "-a" "-e" "-n" "-g." "Dongsaeng" ends with a [g] sound, which is a consonant!
Tim: Then attach 을. So it becomes 동생을. Please repeat after me.
동생을.
[pause]
Debbie: Great! Now we are going to create a Korean sentence for "My younger sibling drinks coffee."
Debbie: The subject, "younger sibling," is...
Tim: 동생.
Debbie: As we already know, "Dongsaeng" ends with a [g] sound, which is a consonant!
Tim: Then attach 은 or 이. So it becomes 동생은 or 동생이. Please repeat after me. 동생은/동생이.
[pause]
Debbie: Great, the object, "coffee," is...
Tim: 커피.
Debbie: 커.피... 커 is "-k" "-e" "-o," and 피 is "-p" "-i." "Keopi" ends with an [i] sound, which is a vowel!
Tim: Then attach 를. It becomes 커피를. Please repeat after me. 커피를.
[pause]
Debbie: "To drink" is 마십니다. So all together, "My younger sibling drinks coffee" is...
Tim: 동생은 커피를 마십니다. Please repeat after me.
동생은 커피를 마십니다.
[pause]
Debbie: Wow, you guys! That was very impressive! This really is "a piece of cake!"
Tim: In Korean, we say, it's 누워서 떡먹기 누.워.서. 떡.먹.기. 누워서 떡먹기.
Debbie: "Piece of cake!" Okay! That's all for this lesson. There's a more detailed explanation in the lesson notes, so be sure to read through those to have a solid grasp of the other words, such as "family," "books," "study," "rice," and so on.
Tim: And if you have any questions or comments...
Debbie: Please ask us in the comment section. See you next time!
Tim: 여러분, 다음 시간에 또 만나요...

Grammar

Korean Grammar Made Easy - Unlock This Lesson’s Grammar Guide

Easily master this lesson’s grammar points with in-depth explanations and examples. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

32 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters.

user profile picture
KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 11:42 am
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Today lesson is about Object Marking Particles - 을/를.

Please feel free to leave any comment or question.


user profile picture
KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 7:38 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Michael,


Thanks for posting. No, you would not attach the subject marking particle.

You could say, for example: 'This is not something that belongs to my family'

-->이 것은 식구의 것이 아니에요. (~의 것=something that belongs to ~)


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

user profile picture
Michael Fine
Thursday at 4:12 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

If we had a possessive particle to the subject of a sentence, does the subject marking particle get attached after? So 식구 plus ui plus ga??

user profile picture
KoreanClass101
Friday at 3:19 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hey Julia,



공부 itself is a noun while 공부하다 would be the verb.


In this case, 공부 and 하다 has been used separately as in noun and the verb.


To enable 공부 to fit into this sentence, the object particle 를, has been used to support its form.


But as you have mentioned, without is completely fine too when it comes to colloquial sense!:)




Thank you


Madison

Team KoreanClass101.com

user profile picture
Julia
Monday at 9:23 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

please explain this sentence

동생은 공부를 합니다. why 를 add after 공부 isn't 공부 a verb ??

thank you

user profile picture
Koreanclass101.com
Friday at 8:35 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Sizzle,



That is great to know and it's definitely easier to watch the lessons you like, ain't it!:grin:


Date stamps?:flushed: we haven't had more than facial expressions from previous web page as well..!


Hope you enjoy our new cute imos :wink::thumbsup:





Thank you


Madison

Team Koreanclass101.com

user profile picture
sizzle
Wednesday at 10:09 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I really like the new format. :thumbsup: By the way why do the comments have no date stamp still?

user profile picture
KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 9:57 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Raina,


We're glad you like this lesson. Your feedback means aa lot!


If you have any other question, please feel free to ask.


Cheers,

Neha/KoreanClass101.com

user profile picture
Raina
Friday at 8:11 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

@Tim: thank you for breaking down the phrases "누워서 떡먹기" and

"대해서 애기해 볼께요." Whether an absolute beginner or a little bit more advanced, this lesson, like most of the absolute beginner lessons, has something to offer to students at different levels!

user profile picture
KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 9:39 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

:razz:Hi, Sasa.


Thank you for the question.


We have lists of grammar points under the Grammar bank service : ) with many sample sentences and easy explanation.


You can find the menu under the Reference Material on the menu. You can find more than 100 grammatical points : )


Below is the link to the grammar bank about 을/를


https://www.koreanclass101.com/learningcenter/reference/grammar/372?


I hope this helps. If you have questions about those particles or something else, please let us know.


Thank you!


- Jaehwi / Koreanclass101.com

user profile picture
sasa
Sunday at 12:23 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

can you tell me how and when can we use 을/를?

thanks..:wink: