Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Dana: Hi, everyone. I'm Dana.
Jaehwi: And I'm Jaehwi.
Dana: And welcome to Must-Know Korean Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 39. Explaining a Reason or Cause.
Dana: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for explaining the cause or reason for an action or condition.
PATTERN
Dana: For example,
Dana: "I'm tired because of work."
Jaehwi: 일 때문에 피곤해요. (il ttaemune pigonhaeyo.)
Jaehwi: [slow] 일 때문에 피곤해요. (il ttaemune pigonhaeyo.)
Dana: The pattern for explaining the cause or reason for an action or condition has 3 elements. First, “work.”
Jaehwi: 일 (il).
Dana: Second, “because of.”
Jaehwi: 때문에 (ttaemune).
Dana: Third, adjective, “tired,” plus sentence ending...
Jaehwi: 요 (yo).
Jaehwi: 피곤해요. (pigonhaeyo).
Dana: All together, we have... "I'm tired because of work."
Jaehwi: 일 때문에 피곤해요. (il ttaemune pigonhaeyo.) [slow] 일 때문에 피곤해요. (il ttaemune pigonhaeyo.) [normal] 일 때문에 피곤해요. (il ttaemune pigonhaeyo.)
Dana: The phrase…
Jaehwi: A 때문에 (ttaemune) B
Dana: is used to explain the cause or reason for an action. The cause (A), usually a noun, is followed by…
Jaehwi: 때문에 (ttaemune)
Dana: “because of,” followed by the action (B), adjective plus polite suffix…
Jaehwi: 요 (yo).
Dana: If you want to place an entire clause in front of
Jaehwi: 때문에 (ttaemune),
Dana: you need to switch it into a noun, and you would add...
Jaehwi: 기(gi)
Dana: to the stem of the word preceding…
Jaehwi: 때문에 (ttaemune). ~기 때문에 (gittaemune)
Jaehwi: 일 때문에 피곤해요. (il ttaemune pigonhaeyo.)
Dana: So remember,
Jaehwi, 때문에 (ttaemune)
Dana: is used to explain the reason for an action/condition.
Dana: Here is another example meaning, "I am busy because of my girlfriend." First, “girlfriend.”
Jaehwi: 여자친구 (yeojachingu).
Dana: Second, “because of.”
Jaehwi: 때문에 (ttaemune).
Dana: Third, adjective “busy,” plus sentence ending…
Jaehwi: 요 (yo).
Jaehwi: 바빠요. (bappayo).
Dana: All together we have...
Jaehwi: 여자친구 때문에 바빠요. (yeojachingu ttaemune bappayo) [slow] 여자친구 때문에 바빠요. (yeojachingu ttaemune bappayo) [normal] 여자친구 때문에 바빠요. (yeojachingu ttaemune bappayo)
Dana: "I am busy because of my girlfriend"
[pause]
Jaehwi: 여자친구 때문에 바빠요. (yeojachingu ttaemune bappayo)
Dana: How do you say - "I go to the hospital because of my sick baby." To give you a hint, "sick baby" is...
Jaehwi: 아픈 아기 (apeun agi). [slow] 아픈 아기 (apeun agi). [normal] 아픈 아기 (apeun agi).
Dana: "I go to the hospital because of my sick baby."
[pause]
Jaehwi: 아픈 아기 때문에 병원에 가요. (apeun agi ttaemune byeongwone gayo) [slow] 아픈 아기 때문에 병원에 가요. (apeun agi ttaemune byeongwone gayo) [normal] 아픈 아기 때문에 병원에 가요. (apeun agi ttaemune byeongwone gayo)
[pause]
Jaehwi: 아픈 아기 때문에 병원에 가요. (apeun agi ttaemune byeongwone gayo)
REVIEW
Dana: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I'll tell you the English equivalent of the phrase and you say it in Korean. Here we go.
Dana: "I'm tired because of work."
[pause]
Jaehwi: 일 때문에 피곤해요. (il ttaemune pigonhaeyo.)
[pause]
Jaehwi: 일 때문에 피곤해요. (il ttaemune pigonhaeyo.)
Dana: "I am busy because of my girlfriend"
[pause]
Jaehwi: 여자친구 때문에 바빠요. (yeojachingu ttaemune bappayo)
[pause]
Jaehwi: 여자친구 때문에 바빠요. (yeojachingu ttaemune bappayo)
Dana: "I go to the hospital because of my sick baby."
[pause]
Jaehwi: 아픈 아기 때문에 병원에 가요. (apeun agi ttaemune byeongwone gayo)
[pause]
Jaehwi: 아픈 아기 때문에 병원에 가요. (apeun agi ttaemune byeongwone gayo)

Outro

Dana: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for explaining the cause or reason for an action or condition, as in...
Jaehwi: 일 때문에 피곤해요. (il ttaemune pigonhaeyo.)
Dana: meaning "I'm tired because of work."
Dana: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on KoreanClass101.com. Thanks, everyone, and see you next time!
Jaehwi: 그럼 다음 시간에 만나요! (Geureom daeum sigane mannayo!).
---
Line by Line Audio, Additional Lines
4. 그녀 때문에 화나요.
5. 그녀 때문에 안 화나요.
6. 그녀 때문에 화나요?

3 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Try using this pattern in the comments!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 08:32 AM
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Hi Mariel,


Thanks for posting. 을/ㄹ 것이다 and 을/ㄹ 거예요 are essentially the same thing, but the difference is in the formality level, the former is informal and the latter is informal formal. Both express a strong intention to do something in the future.


Hope this was of help!

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Mariel
Thursday at 04:05 PM
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Can you please explain the conjugation 을/ㄹ 것이다 and 을/ㄹ 거예요?. Or are they the same?