Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Tim: 안녕하세요, KoreanClass101.com 여러분. 팀입니다.
Debbie: Debbie here. Lower Intermediate, Season 2, Lesson 17. I Don’t Know Whether I am Coming or Going in Korea.
Tim: 안녕하세요, 여러분. 팀이에요. 잘 지내셨지요?
Debbie: 안녕하세요, everyone. 데비예요. KoreanClass101.com에 오신 것을 환영합니다.
Tim: KoreanClass101.com에 오신 것을 환영합니다. 우리와 함께 즐겁게 한국어 공부해요. Let’s have fun learning Korean.
Debbie: 재밌고 능률적인 수업들과 함께요. with fun and effective lessons. 팀, 오늘은 무엇을 배워요? What are we looking at in this lesson?
Tim: 오늘의 표현은요. Today’s expression is, 어야 할지 모르다 which can be translated not know whether or not to verb.
Debbie: For example, 해야 할지 모르다 not know whether or not I should do it.
Tim: Good or 돌아가야 할지 모르다 not know whether or not I should return.
Debbie: Where does this conversation take place?
Tim: 전화에서. On the phone.
Debbie: The conversation is between
Tim: Parents and their children.
Debbie: Since the speakers are speaking to their parents, the speakers will be speaking formal Korean.
Tim: 존댓말입니다.
Debbie: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
수진: 벌써 밤 열두 시야! 시간이 너무 늦어 버렸네.
팀: 벌써 그렇게 됐구나! 지금 올라가야 할지 내일 올라가야 할지 모르겠네. 어떻게 할까?
고은: 너무 늦었으니까 묵고 가자. 물론 부모님께서 무슨 말을 하실지 모르겠지만.
수진: 응, 나도, 아버지가 허락할지 모르겠네.
철수: 나도! 엄마가 허락 안 할지도 몰라.
팀: 애들아. 일단 우리 전화해 보자!
철수: 엄마~나야. 여기 춘천인데 지금 가야 할지, 자고 내일 가야 할지 몰라서요. 예.예.자고 오래!
고은: 이젠 내 차례네. 될지 모르겠지만. 아빠, 여기 지금 춘천인데요, 지금 차가 고장 나서 오늘은 여기서 자고 가야 할 거 같아요. 예.예! 자고 오래!
수진: 그럼 내 차례! 아버지, 춘천에 왔는데 차에 기름이 없어서 차가 섰어요. 자고 가야 할지 어떻게 해야 할지 몰라서. 네.네! 그럼 내일 뵐게요.
팀: 자. 그럼 나가자!
Tim: 이번에는 천천히 들어 보겠습니다.
Debbie: Let’s listen to it one time slowly.
수진: 벌써 밤 열두 시야! 시간이 너무 늦어 버렸네.
팀: 벌써 그렇게 됐구나! 지금 올라가야 할지 내일 올라가야 할지 모르겠네. 어떻게 할까?
고은: 너무 늦었으니까 묵고 가자. 물론 부모님께서 무슨 말을 하실지 모르겠지만.
수진: 응, 나도, 아버지가 허락할지 모르겠네.
철수: 나도! 엄마가 허락 안 할지도 몰라.
팀: 애들아. 일단 우리 전화해 보자!
철수: 엄마~나야. 여기 춘천인데 지금 가야 할지, 자고 내일 가야 할지 몰라서요. 예.예.자고 오래!
고은: 이젠 내 차례네. 될지 모르겠지만. 아빠, 여기 지금 춘천인데요, 지금 차가 고장 나서 오늘은 여기서 자고 가야 할 거 같아요. 예.예! 자고 오래!
수진: 그럼 내 차례! 아버지, 춘천에 왔는데 차에 기름이 없어서 차가 섰어요. 자고 가야 할지 어떻게 해야 할지 몰라서. 네.네! 그럼 내일 뵐게요.
팀: 자. 그럼 나가자!
Tim: 이번에는 영어 번역과 함께 들어 보겠습니다.
Debbie: Now let’s listen to it one time with the translation.
수진: 벌써 밤 열두 시야! 시간이 너무 늦어 버렸네.
Sujin: It's already midnight! It's too late.
팀: 벌써 그렇게 됐구나! 지금 올라가야 할지 내일 올라가야 할지 모르겠네. 어떻게 할까?
Tim: It's already that late! I don't know whether or not we should drive back home right now or spend the night here and go back home tomorrow. What should we do?
고은: 너무 늦었으니까 묵고 가자. 물론 부모님께서 무슨 말을 하실지 모르겠지만.
Goeun: Let's spend the night here since it's so late. Of course, I don't know what my parents would say to that.
수진: 응, 나도, 아버지가 허락할지 모르겠네.
Sujin: Yes, me too. I don't know whether or not my dad will let me.
철수: 나도! 엄마가 허락 안 할지도 몰라.
Cheolsu: Me, too! My mom might not let me spend the night here.
팀: 애들아. 일단 우리 전화해 보자!
Tim: You guys, let's call them first!
철수: 엄마~나야. 여기 춘천인데 지금 가야 할지, 자고 내일 가야 할지 몰라서요. 예.예.자고 오래!
Cheolsu: Mom, it's me. I'm at Chuncheon right now. I don't know whether or not to go back home right now or spend the night here and go back tomorrow. Okay. Okay. She said I can spend the night!
고은: 이젠 내 차례네. 될지 모르겠지만. 아빠, 여기 지금 춘천인데요, 지금 차가 고장 나서 오늘은 여기서 자고 가야 할 거 같아요. 예.예! 자고 오래!
Goeun: It's my turn. I don’t know if this will work, but… Dad, I'm at Chuncheon right now. Our car broke down, so we might have to spend the night here. Okay. Okay. He said I can spend the night here!
수진: 그럼 내 차례! 아버지, 춘천에 왔는데 차에 기름이 없어서 차가 섰어요. 자고 가야 할지 어떻게 해야 할지 몰라서. 네.네! 그럼 내일 뵐게요.
Sujin: It's my turn! Dad, we came to Chuncheon, but our car stopped because we're out of gas. I don't know whether or not we should spend the night here. Okay. Okay. See you tomorrow.
팀: 자. 그럼 나가자!
Tim: Well then, let's go!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Debbie: In today’s conversation, 팀, 수진, 철수 and 고은 all seek permission from their parents before spending the night in 춘천. Tim, is this a common occurrence amongst Korean teenagers or young adults?
Tim: 예. 저도 어렸을 때 그랬어요. 그래서 부모님과 다툼도 많이 했어요.
Debbie: What really! So you also had to get permission from your parents and because of that, you often argued with them.
Tim: 예. 그건 저뿐만이 아니고요 다 그래요. I wasn’t the only one. Everyone did that.
Debbie: I see. Speaking of family, why don’t we learn vocabulary words associated with family members?
Tim: 좋아요. Let’s start with 부모님 or 부모, parents.
Debbie: And next is 아버지 or 아빠, father.
Tim: Next 어머니 or 엄마, mother.
Debbie: 형 older brother used by males.
Tim: Next 오빠 older brother used by females.
Debbie: Next is 언니 older sister used by females.
Tim: Next 누나 older sister used by males.
Debbie: Next 남동생 younger brother.
Tim: And next 여동생 younger sister.
Debbie: And last we have 막내 or 막둥이, youngest in the family. By the way, Tim, how about your family, how many members are in your family?
Tim: 아, 우리 가족은요 아버지, 어머니, 누나, 그리고 저 이렇게 네 명으로 구성되어 있습니다. My family has four members: my father, my mother, older sister and me.
Debbie: I see. Did you get along with your older sister?
Tim: 아니요. 누나랑 맨날 다투고 싸워요. No, we often argue and fight.
Debbie: Really? So it’s like you and me. Okay well, now let’s move on to today’s key vocabulary. Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Debbie: The first word is
Tim: 시간.
Debbie: Time, hour.
Tim: 시간 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 시간 [natural native speed]
Debbie: The next word is
Tim: 너무.
Debbie: Too, extremely.
Tim: 너무 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 너무 [natural native speed]
Debbie: Next we have
Tim: 늦다.
Debbie: To be late.
Tim: 늦다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 늦다 [natural native speed]
Debbie: Next we have
Tim: 어떻게.
Debbie: How, in what way.
Tim: 어떻게 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 어떻게 [natural native speed]
Debbie: The next word is
Tim: 묵다.
Debbie: To save a night.
Tim: 묵다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 묵다 [natural native speed]
Debbie: And next we have
Tim: 운전.
Debbie: Driving.
Tim: 운전 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 운전 [natural native speed]
Debbie: The next word is
Tim: 위험하다.
Debbie: To be dangerous.
Tim: 위험하다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 위험하다 [natural native speed]
Debbie: The next word is
Tim: 허락하다.
Debbie: To permit, to allow.
Tim: 허락하다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 허락하다 [natural native speed]
Debbie: And next we have
Tim: 모르다.
Debbie: To not know, to be unaware of.
Tim: 모르다 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 모르다 [natural native speed]
Debbie: And finally we have
Tim: 차례.
Debbie: One’s turn.
Tim: 차례 [slowly - broken down by syllable] 차례 [natural native speed]
Debbie: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Debbie: The first word is
Tim: 묵다. To stay the night.
Debbie: 묵다 is often said when somebody stays at a place for a number of nights.
Tim: 예, 맞아요. Its formation is name of a place plus number of nights plus 묵다.
Debbie: Yeah. So for example, 한국에서 3박 4일을 묵다 to stay for 4 days and 3 nights in Korea.
Tim: Yes. Here is another example. 저는 호텔에서 2박 3일을 묵을 것입니다. I am going to stay for 3 days and 2 nights at a hotel.
Debbie: Tim, if I visit Korea, can I stay the night at your house?
Tim: 뭐라고요? 저의 집에서 묵어도 되냐고요? I don’t know if my parents would ever allow that. I have to ask them first. Wait a minute! 어머니, 저요. 예, 알겠습니다. 안 된다고 하는데요? My mom says, no you cannot.
Debbie: What! You didn’t even ask her. So how could she say no?
Tim: Ah my mom and I can read each other’s mind.
Debbie: Like mother like son. Ah okay, well let’s take a look at the next word.
Tim: 허락 is a noun meaning permission or approval.
Debbie: Tim, can we make it a verb to mean to give permission?
Tim: Yes, you can. 허락 permission plus 하다 to do. So it becomes 허락하다 meaning to give permission. Here is an example sentence. 어머니는 내가 한국에 가는 것을 허락하셨어요.
Debbie: My mother allowed me to go on a trip to South Korea. Then what about to receive permission?
Tim: 아, 그건요 허락 permission plus 받다 to receive. So it becomes 허락받다 meaning to receive permission from someone. Can you make an example sentence for us, Debbie?
Debbie: 알겠습니다. Here it is. 여기서 우리가 묵기 위해서는 먼저 부모님께 허락받아야 해. First we have to ask for permission from our parents in order to stay the night here.
Tim: Wow, that’s a good example, Debbie.
Debbie: 앗싸! Thank you. Okay now let’s move on to the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Debbie: The focus of today’s lesson is the expression not know, whether or not to verb.
Tim: 예. 한국어로 ‘뭐뭐해야 할지 모르다’입니다.
Debbie: Yeah this expression 뭐뭐해야 할지 모르다 is often used in order to indicate doubt about a future prediction.
Tim: 예, 맞습니다. So 뭐뭐해야 할지 모르다 shows some degree of worry, doubt, fear, and hesitation.
Debbie: In today’s dialogue, we can see that there are two usages of 뭐뭐할지 모르다. They are
Tim: First noun plus 할지 모르다.
Debbie: Not know whether or not the subject, would do, noun.
Tim: Second, verb stem plus 어야 or 아야 or 여야 할지 모르다.
Debbie: Not know whether or not the subject should verb. Unfortunately we don’t have much time today. So we will only cover the second usage verb stem plus 어야 or 아야 or 여야 할지 모르다. Please refer to the lesson notes for more details. Okay Tim, can you tell us about the conjugation rule?
Tim: 예, 알겠습니다. The rule is verb stem plus 어야 or 아야 or 여야 할지 모르다 meaning not know whether or not to verb.
Debbie: Yes. This expression shows doubt about the action the speaker will or would do in the near future.
Tim: 예, 맞아요. Let’s take a look at some example sentence. 가다 means to go. 가 is the verb stem and you add 야 할지 모르다. So it becomes 가야 할지 모르다 meaning not know whether or not I should go.
Debbie: With the verb 돌아가다 to return 돌아가 is the verb stem and we add 야 할지 모르다. So it becomes 돌아가야 할지 모르다 meaning do not know whether or not I should return home.
Tim: 예, 맞아요. Here is an example sentence. 차가 막혀서 다시 돌아가야 할지 모르겠네.
Debbie: Which means because of heavy traffic, I do not know whether or not we should go back. That’s a good example. So what’s the next verb, Tim?
Tim: 보다 means to see or to watch. 보 is the verb stem and we add 아야 할지 모르다. So it becomes 봐야 할지 모르다 meaning not sure whether or not I should watch it. Here is yan example sentence. 이 드라마를 봐야 할지 모르겠어.
Debbie: Which means I am not sure whether or not I should watch this TV show. Okay this time, let me make one. Tim, give me any Korean verb.
Tim: Okay 하다 which means to do.
Debbie: Okay 하다 means to do. 하 is the verb stem. Then we add 어야 할지 모르다 so it becomes 해야 할지 모르다 meaning not know whether or not I should do it.
Tim: Wow! Excellent. Here is another example sentence. 이 일을 해야 할지 모르겠네.
Debbie: Which means I do not know whether or not I should do this. That’s a good example.
Tim: Umm here is the last example with the verb 계속하다 which means to continue 계속하 verb stem plus 어야 할지 모르다 so it becomes 계속해야 할지 모르다 meaning not sure whether or not I should continue. Here is an example sentence. 청취자 여러분, 녹음을 계속해야 할지 말아야 할지 모르겠어요. 전화 주세요.
Debbie: Which means listeners, I am not sure whether or not I should continue recording. Please give me a call. No way, Tim, you won’t get any phone calls from anyone.
Tim: 왔어요, 왔어.
Debbie: Unbelievable.
Tim: 여보세요. 여보세요. 네.
Debbie: What did he say?
Tim: He said, stop recording.
Debbie: 뭐라고요? I don’t believe you. It’s probably your mom. Okay well, that’s all for today’s lesson.

Outro

Debbie: Listeners, if you ever have any lesson related questions or feedback, leave us a comment or ask us a question on the lessons page.
Tim: It’s easy to leave a comment.
Debbie: Go to the lesson page on KoreanClass101.com, click on comments, enter your comment and name and that’s it.
Tim: That’s it.
Debbie: Commenting is a great way to practice reading and writing in Korean. It helps you learn faster and your feedback helps us improve.
Tim: 예, 맞아요. Go to KoreanClass101.com and please leave us a comment. 그리고 코멘트 남겨 주세요. 여러분, 들어 주셔서 감사하고요.
Debbie: 저도 감사해요. See you next time.
Tim: See you next time. Bye.
Debbie: Bye. 근데 정말 그만 하래요?
Tim: 어...네.

Grammar

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17 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Let us know if you have questions!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 01:30 PM
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Hi Teresa,


Thank you for your positive feedback and let us know if you have any questions.


Cheers,


Khanh

Team KoreanClass101.com

Teresa
Sunday at 06:21 PM
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이 영화를 봐야 할지 모르겠어.


Thank you for this lesson.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 01:28 PM
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Hi Rigo,


Verb (으)래요 means ( ) said please and is used to indirectly report speech.

엄마가 친구 집에서 자고 오래. Mom said to sleep over at a friend's.


Hope this helped.


감사합니다.

Claire

Team KoreanClass101.com

Rigo
Thursday at 11:47 PM
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Hi there , a little question about the expression 자고 오래

Can you explain the grammar behind 오래 ?

Thanks in advance

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 03:48 PM
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Hi John!


Thank you for your kind message!

It's great to hear you appreciate so much our Korean class!

Feel free to ask us anything!


Take care too!

Cheers,

Mélanie

Team KoreanClass101.com

John
Sunday at 08:43 PM
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Madison,


Thanks for getting back to me. I really like KoreanClass101.


Take care,

John

Koreanclass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:12 AM
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Hey John,



This is definitely a nice try! and I think there just needs little touch-ups for here and there!:)


아빠가 배낭여행 가는 허락을 할지 모르겠네요.

I don’t know if my dad will let me go backpacking.

-> 아빠가 배낭여행 가는 것을 허락 할지 모르겠네요.


요즘에 너무 바빠서 단체관광 가야 할지 모르다.

These days I am very busy so I don’t know if I can do the group tour or not.

-> 요즘에 너무 바빠서 단체 관광을 갈 수 있을지 모르겠다.


다 사람 라고 “애프터 어스” 진짜 나빠요 그 영화를 봐 할지 몰라요.

Everybody says, “After Earth” is terrible. I don’t know if I will go and see it.

-> 모든 사람은 "애프터 어스"가 정말 별로라고 그러네요. 그 영화를 봐야 할지 모르겠어요.


저는 귀국 안 할지 몰라요.

I don’t know if I will return home.

-> 저는 귀국을 할지 모르겠어요.

(Here, 모르겠어요 is more like I am not sure and 몰라요 is when you don't know in terms of knowledge ;) )


장모님의 떡을 허락 안 먹야 할지 모르겠네요.

I don’t know if I have permission to eat my mother in law’s rice cakes.

-> 장모님 떡을 먹을 권한이 있는지 모르겠네요.

(this could be a bit tricky one! As in Korean, there wouldn't be such expression but to say as in 'I am not sure if I am allowed to eat my mother-in-law's rice cakes.' So it could be a bit more indirectly translated!)


I think you are on great track though! This is impressive in terms of lower-intermediate!


Hope you keep up with your great work and please feel free to follow up to us!:)





Thank you


Madison

Team Koreanclass101.com

John
Sunday at 06:51 PM
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Are these sentences correct?


아빠가 배낭여행 가는 허락을 할지 모르겠네요.

I don't know if my dad will let me go backpacking.


요즘에 너무 바빠서 단체관광 가야 할지 모르다.

These days I am very busy so I don't know if I can do the group tour or not.


다 사람 라고 "애프터 어스" 진짜 나빠요 그 영화를 봐 할지 몰라요.

Everybody says, "After Earth" is terrible. I don't know if I will go and see it.


저는 귀국 안 할지 몰라요.

I don't know if I will return home.


장모님의 떡을 허락 안 먹야 할지 모르겠네요.

I don't know if I have permission to eat my mother in law's rice cakes.


감사합니다,

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 03:57 PM
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Hi Colin,


~어야/여야 할지 모르다 means "do not know what to do".


어야/여야 is used with verb stem.

For example, 어찌하다 + ~할지 모르다 = 어찌하 여야 + 할지 모르다 = 어찌하여야 할지 모르다 (I do not know what to do.)


시간을 보니다 + ~할지 모르다 = 시간을 보내 야 + 할지 모르다 = 시간을 보내야 할지 모르다

(I do not know what to do for killing time.)


That's kind of bridge role between 2 sentences.


Hope it helps:wink:


Anne,

Team KoreanClass101.com

Colin
Wednesday at 02:57 AM
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pg 5 of notes says: The Focus of This Lesson Is about 'Noun(을/를) + 할지 모르다' and 'Verb Stem +

어야/어야/여야 할지 모르다'


어야/어야 - seems a little redundant. was there supposed to be something else written here?


Colin