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Lesson Transcript

Tim: 방가 방가 여러분, “Hello everyone”. This is Tim and I am joined in the studio by…
Debbie: 안녕하세요 여러분, “Hello everyone.” Debbie here. What are we learning today, Tim?
Tim: Today we are going over the “Basic Korean Sentence Structures”.
Debbie: Basic Korean Sentence Structures?
Tim: Yes, like…“I am Tim”, “I am Korean” and “I eat a meal”.
Debbie: Ah~~ that sounds really basic! So, we are learning how to say, “I am Debbie”, “I am American” and “I eat bread” in Korean, right, Tim?
Tim: 딩.동.댕! Yes! Today we are going to learn about two basic Korean sentence structures known as S.C.V and S.O.V.
Debbie: Hmm…“S.C.V and S.O.V?”
Tim: Nothing to worry about, Debbie! I’ll explain it right after listening to some of the S.C.V sentences. Now let’s listen to the conversation.
Tim: 안녕하세요, 저는 팀입니다. 저는 한국사람입니다.
Tim: Annyeonghaseyo, jeo-neun Tim imnida. Jeo-neun hanguksaram imnida.
Tim: “Hello, I am Tim. I am Korean.”
Debbie: 안녕하세요, 저는 데비입니다. 저는 미국 사람입니다.
Debbie: Annyeonghaseyo, jeo-neun Debbie imnida. Jeo-neun miguksaram imnida.
Debbie: “Hello, I am Debbie. I am American.”

Lesson focus

Debbie: Okay Tim. What do we mean by “S.C.V” sentence structure? What does “S.C.V” stand for?
Tim: Good question! “S” stands for “subject”, “V” stands for “Verb” and…
Debbie: Ah, I got it! And “C” stands for “Complement”. So, the “S.C.V sentence structure” means any sentence that is composed of “SUBJECT” + “COMPLEMENT” + “VERB”,right?
Tim: Correct.
Debbie: Hmm… but Tim, we use S.V.C sentence structure in English. For example, in the sentence, “I am Debbie”
Tim: Right. But, in Korean, we use “S.C.V sentence structure” instead. For example, “I am Debbie” in English becomes “저는 데비 입니다” in Korean
Debbie: So, the basic sentence structure in Korean is "S.C.V" – “Subject” “Complement” and “Verb” structure.
Tim: Yes. Let's use the example sentence“I am Tim”.
Debbie: Okay, so the order in Korean would be“I” – subject, “Tim” – complement, and “am” – verb.
Tim: That’s right! 저는 “I”, 팀 “Tim”, 입니다 “am”; therefore, 저는 팀 입니다. “I am Tim”.
Debbie: Okay, now let’s make sentences about our “Nationality”, such as “I am Korean” and “I am American”.
Tim: Sure! The same rule applies here! When you translate“I am Korean” into Korean, it becomes“I” 저는, “Korean” 한국 사람, “am” 입니다; therefore, 저는 한국 사람입니다. “I am Korean”.
Debbie: Let me try it! So, the English sentence “I am American” becomes “I” 저는, “American” 미국 사람, “am” 입니다; therefore, 저는 미국 사람입니다. “I am American.”
Tim: Great! Listeners, please repeat after Debbie, “I am American” is…
Debbie: 저는 미국 사람입니다.
[pause for three sec]
Debbie: Great! Now we know a bit more about basic Korean sentence structure.
Tim: Okay, Debbie. We just covered SCV. Now can you guess what “S.O.V” stands for?
Debbie: Hmm… “S” – subject, “O" - object? and “V” – verb?
Tim: That's it! Let's listen to the next conversation.
Tim: 나는 밥을 먹는다. 나는 한국어를 공부한다.
Tim: Na-neun bob-eul meokneunda. Na-neun hangugeo-reul gongbuhanda.
Tim: “I eat a meal.” “I study Korean.”
Debbie: 나는 빵을 먹는다. 나는 영어를 공부한다.
Debbie: Na-neun bbang-eul meokneunda. Na-neun yeong-eo-reul gongbuhanda.
Debbie: “I eat bread.” “I study English.”
Debbie: Okay, Tim. Now I am sure that “S.O.V” stands for “S” – subject, “O” – object, and “V” – verb.
Tim: 딩.동.댕!
Debbie: In English sentences, we use “S.V.O sentence structure”. For example, in the sentence of “I study Korean”
Tim: But, in a Korean sentence, we use“S.O.V sentence structure” instead. For example, "I study Korean” becomes “나는 한국어를 공부한다” in Korean
Debbie: So remember, Korean also uses "S.O.V" order – “Subject” “Object” and “Verb"! Listeners, please repeat after Tim, “I study Korean” is…
Tim: 나는 한국어를 공부한다
Debbie: Okay! So now that we've gone over that, Tim, let’s summarize today’s lesson.
Tim: Point #1…
Debbie: Korean uses the sentence structure“S.C.V” – Subject, Complement, and Verb.
Tim: For example, 저는 한국 사람입니다 “I am Korean.” Point #2…
Debbie: Korean also uses the sentence structure “S.O.V” – Subject, Object and Verb.
Tim: For example, 나는 한국어를 공부한다 “I study Korean”.


Debbie: Okay, that’s all for today's lesson. We hope that this lesson has helped you understand the basic Korean sentence structure!
Tim: Let us know how it went! Okay, 여러분 그럼 다음 시간에 만나요…
Debbie: See you next time!