Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Misun: 안녕하세요 여러분. KoreanClass101.com 입니다.
Keith: Hey, I’m Keith! And welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 22 - I Like Everything about Korea. Hello, and welcome to the Absolute Beginner series at KoreanClass101.com, where we study modern Korean in a fun, educational format!
Misun: So, brush up on the Korean that you started learning long ago, or start learning today.
Keith: Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. Misun, what are we looking at in this lesson? What are going to learn how to do?
Misun: In this lesson, I’m very excited to say that we are going to learn how to tell someone what you like.
Keith: Okay. And this conversation takes place where?
Misun: At someone's home.
Keith: And the conversation is between…
Misun: Two friends.
Keith: And the speakers are friends, but…
Misun: They'll be speaking in formal Korean, 존댓말이요.
Keith: Misun, let’s listen in to the conversation.
Keith: Let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

나현 저는 피자 좋아해요!
민규 저는 피자랑 치킨 좋아해요!
나현 저는 피자랑 치킨이랑 맥주 좋아해요!
민규 음… 맥주…!
English Host: One more time, with the English.
나현 저는 피자 좋아해요!
Keith: I like pizza!
민규 저는 피자랑 치킨 좋아해요!
Keith: I like pizza and chicken!
나현 저는 피자랑 치킨이랑 맥주 좋아해요!
Keith: I like pizza and chicken and beer!
민규 음… 맥주…!
Keith: Mmm...beer!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Keith: Misun, I want to talk about chicken, more specifically, of course, Korean chicken.
Misun: 네. It's really good and delicious! I love all of them so 맛있어요!!!
Keith: Yeah. Well, for some reason, fried chicken in Korea is quite good.
Misun: Oh, my god, my mouth is watering right now. Well, mostly it's the 양념, the marinate they use.
Keith: Do you know what goes in the marinade by any chance, the Korean marinate for fried chicken?
Misun: Do you think I’m the expert of it?
Keith: Well, maybe. You might know. You sound like you’re really excited about chicken.
Misun: I can it; I cannot cook. Sorry!
Keith: Well, you know what, I think, actually a little bit, is that there’s 고추장 which is a Korean red pepper paste in the marinate.
Misun: Wow, you’re better than me. Oh, Keith, I respect you.
Keith: Well, I won’t be making you any fried chicken any time soon, but I could tell you a little bit about it. Also, my impression is that it's not as oily or greasy as fried chicken made by, let's say, Kentucky Fried Chicken. I don’t think it’s that oily.
Misun: Yes. Right. That’s totally right.
Keith: And from what I remember, there was a New York Times article that said Korean people are doing fried chicken better than the originators of fried chicken!!
Misun: Oh, yeah. And after that article, there all these places Korean chicken places in New York. But I think most of them are out of business.
Keith: Korean chicken is good, but I guess it still has its limitations. On that note, why don’t we take a look at the vocab?
VOCAB LIST
Keith: The first word we have is…
Misun: 피자 [natural native speed]
Keith: Pizza
Misun: 피자 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 피자 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next.
Misun: 좋아하다 [natural native speed]
Keith: To like.
Misun: 좋아하다 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 좋아하다 [natural native speed]
Keith: Next is…
Misun: 랑 [natural native speed].
Keith: And.
Misun: 랑 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 랑 [natural native speed].
Keith: Next.
Misun: 치킨 [natural native speed]
Keith: Fried chicken.
Misun: 치킨 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 치킨 [natural native speed].
Keith: And lastly…
Misun: 맥주 [natural native speed].
Keith: Beer.
Misun: 맥주 [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 맥주 [natural native speed].
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Keith: Okay. Well, we got a couple of words and phrases we want to take a look at. But before we take a look at 랑. which is what we are going to take a look at, I want to talk about chicken a little bit. The word “chicken” in Korean….chicken is 치킨, right?
Misun: Right. We have another word, 닭 but we don’t really use that unless if it’s fried chicken, we can say 통닭.
Keith: 통닭is for fried chicken.
Misun: Right. But mostly, we are saying “치킨.”
Keith: So I think when you’re talking about Korean food that involves chicken, you use the word 닭, but if you’re talking about non-Korean food that has chicken, then you just say “chicken.”
Misun: Right.
Keith: So about a chicken sandwich?
Misun: Good.
Keith: How do we say that in Korean?
Misun: 치킨 샌드위치.
Keith: Yeah. See? And how about chicken pizza?
Misun: Chicken pizza. Same thing.
Keith: Pretty easy. Yeah. And I think when you’re saying just chicken, most of the time, you’re referring to fried chicken, right?
Misun: Right.
Keith: Okay. Well, let’s move on to our next word, which is….
Misun: 랑 or 이랑.
Keith: And this means "and" or "with."
Misun: That's right!
Keith: Okay. Can you give us an example?
Misun: Sure! If two friends are going shopping, let’s say 지수 and 구진, we can say 지수랑 구진이 쇼핑해요.
Keith: Jisu “and” Gujin are shopping. So basically, 랑 means “and.” What's 이랑 then? What does that mean?
Misun: 이랑 means the same thing. You just use it when you’re attaching it to a name that ends in a consonant.
Keith: So, for example, you gave us two names, 지수 and 구진. 구진, that name, it ends in a consonant.
Misun: That’s right. So we can say 구진”이랑” 지수가 쇼핑해요.
Keith: Gujin and Jisu are shopping.
Misun: So 이랑 and 랑 both means "and" or "with."
Keith: Right. They’re both exactly the same thing. It just depends the word that comes before it, if it ends in consonant or if it ends in vowel.
Misun: That’s right. And some of our listeners might want to use this at the beginning of a sentence.
Keith: Yeah, like we do in English.
Misun: But, you can only use this when you're listing a bunch of things.
Keith: That's right. Just like it was used in this dialogue.
Misun: Yup. 민규 said 저는 피자랑 치킨 좋아해요!
Keith: “I like pizza and chicken.” And it came out again in the dialogue.
Misun: 네. Nahyun said this, 저는 피자랑 치킨이랑 맥주 좋아해요!
Keith: I like pizza and chicken and beer.
Misun: Okay. Let’s move on to the focus of this lesson.
Keith: All right.

Lesson focus

Misun: The focus of this lesson is 좋아하다
Keith: We're going over how to say you like something.
Misun: The sentence order in Korean is different than it is in English, so let’s go over that first.
Keith: Okay. As a review, in English, the basic sentence order is subject-verb-object.
Misun: Yes. But in Korean, the word order is subject-object-verb.
Keith: Right. So the verb 좋아하다, which means “to like,” is often found at the end of simple sentences.
Misun: And of course, the object comes in front.
Keith: And don't forget, often in Korean, the subject can be omitted.
Misun: That's right. So sentence can often start with simply the object, and then end with the verb, all right?
Keith: Let's take a look at an example
Misun: 좋아요. How about the phrase, "저는 김치 좋아해요"
Keith: That means "I like Kimchi."
Misun: Yeah. So if you say it without the subject, it would just be 김치 좋아해요.
Keith: Can we have the two to compare?
Misun: Sure.
Keith: With the subject and without the subject.
Misun: Yes. With the subject, it's 저는 김치 좋아해요.. Without the subject, it's 김치 좋아해요.
Keith: Right. So basically you only need to know two things – one, the name of the thing you like, which is the object, then the verb “to like.”
Misun: Yes. 좋아해요.
Keith: Okay. Let's go over some common Korean items that some of our listeners may encounter.
Misun: 네. How about 소주? I love it! 소주! Yeah.
Keith: Okay. Well, that's a common Korean alcohol.
Misun: 저는 소주 좋아해요. Actually, 저는 소주 아주 좋아해요.
Keith: I really like 소주. Okay. So I like소주. And how about without the subject? How do we say that?
Misun: That's, 소주 좋아해요.
Keith: Let’s go over some food. How about that?
Misun: Sure. How about 비빔밥?
Keith: Okay. Well, that is a Korean dish that has vegetables and other toppings over rice.
Misun: Right. By the way, I’m so hungry. Then you can say, 저는 비빔밥 좋아해요.
Keith: Let’s go over another popular Korean dish, 김밥.
Misun: Oh, my god, that’s my favorite. That’s really popular! It's a roll of rice and other fillings in it.
Keith: Right. So to say that we like something, in this case, let’s say김밥, what can we say?
Misun: 저는 김밥 좋아해요.
Keith: Finally, let's go over a really popular stew. How about 된장찌개?
Misun: Okay. That's fermented soy stew.
Keith: Okay. And it’s pretty pungent, but it's also really good, too.
Misun: Yeah. But I don’t know if the English speakers like that one.
Keith: Well, we’ll see.
Misun: All right. I saw a lot of English speakers like 김치찌개.
Keith: Okay. 김치찌개, but 된장찌개 is a Korean dish.
Misun: Right. That’s right.
Keith: So how can we say if we like 된장찌개
Misun: 네. It’s 저는 된장찌개 좋아해요.
Keith: All right. So Misun, how did it come out in this conversation?
Misun: First was 저는 피자 좋아해요!
Keith: That is "I like pizza!"
Misun: 네. And then next was, 저는 피자랑 치킨 좋아해요!
Keith: "I like pizza and chicken!"
Misun: And finally, 저는 피자랑 치킨이랑 맥주 좋아해요!
Keith: I like pizza and chicken and beer!
Misun: And for our listeners, if they want to say that they don't like something, they can say, 저는 피자 싫어해요.
Keith: Okay. Misun, can we have that verb one more time, the “to not like something”?
Misun: Sure! 싫/어/해/요. 싫어해요..
Keith: Okay. And to say that you don't like something, you can just replace 좋아해요 with 싫어해요.
Misun: 네... 맞아요!

Outro

Keith: That just about does it for today. Before we go, we want to tell you about a way to drastically improve your pronunciation.
Misun: The voice recording tool.
Keith: Yup, the voice recording tool in the premium learning center.
Misun: Record your voice with a click of a button.
Keith: And then play it back just as easily.
Misun: So you record your voice, and then listen to it.
Keith: Compare it to the native speakers.
Misun: And adjust your pronunciation!
Keith: This is going to help you improve fast! Bye-bye!
Misun: Great! 안녕히 계세요.

Grammar

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33 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
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KoreanClass101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hello Everyone.

안녕하세요 여러분.

What food do you like?

"저는 감자탕이랑 삼겹살이랑 떡볶이랑 통닭 좋아해요!"

KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 4:30 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Sarah,


Thanks for commenting. You would say:


피자랑 치킨, 맥주 좋아해요. (Native Koreans tend to omit 'I/we/you' in colloquial speech), you would not use 랑 in between the last two items being described. Another example:


빨간색이랑 노란색, 파란색을 좋아해요.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com



Sarah
Thursday at 2:57 am
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So when saying that you like pizza, chicken, and beer, do you have to have 랑 in between each word or is it acceptable to place 랑 at the end like: "처는 피자, 지킨,이랑 맥주 좋아해요."? I've actually never seen commas used in Korean so maybe that's not even a thing. hah!

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Monday at 1:32 pm
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Hi Lilia,


Thanks for posting. You could write:


그는 __을/를 좋아해요.

그녀는 ___을/를 좋아해요.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Lilia
Friday at 12:23 pm
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How would you say he/she likes (something)?

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Tuesday at 8:28 am
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Hi Sarah,


Thank you for posting. I love pizza too! ::smile::


Please let us know if you have any other inquiries.


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sarah
Sunday at 10:52 am
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저는 피자 진짜 좋아해요! It is my favorite food!

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Thursday at 9:26 am
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Hi stragen,


Thanks for posting. In written Korean, you will need to use particles. However, in colloquial Korean, people tend to omit the particles (and the listeners will understand what is being said), which is why you will hear people say:


떡볶이 엄청 좋아해요.


rather than:


저는 떡볶이를 엄청 좋아해요.

Hope this was of help!

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

stragen
Wednesday at 8:00 pm
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저는 떡볶이 좋아해요! 냠냠 ^^

But I have a follow-up question to the omission of the ~을/~를 particle. Is it just left out in this lesson because it would have been to complicated, but I should better use it when talking Korean, or is it ok to omit the particle in spoken langauge? 감사합니다!

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Monday at 1:15 pm
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Hi Sammy,


Thanks for posting. The particle that has been omitted from all the dialogue is actually the direct object particle 을/를.


치킨을 좋아해요.

맥주를 좋아해요.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sammy
Friday at 11:36 am
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This likely relates to a grammatical point regarding particles that I simply haven't learned yet, but I'm wondering why in the third line of dialogue the syllable '이' is included after '치킨,' but in the second line there is no '이.' Does this have to do with lists including more than three items? If so, would one put a '가' after '맥주' if the positions of '맥주' and '치킨' were switched in the third line?


Thanks!