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Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners

Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners

12 Entries • 15 Comments
Korean: 초보자를 위한 문형 10 가지
Romanization:chobojareul wihan munhyeong yeol gaji
English: Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners
In this lesson, you will learn the Top 10 Korean Sentence Patterns for Beginners. Even though you may already know some Korean vocabulary, perhaps you’re finding it difficult to string together coherent sentences. This lesson will break down the key components of 10 basic Korean sentence patterns, while also giving you an example of each one. Take your Korean to the next level by formulating clear, well-organized Korean sentences!

P.S. Be sure to click on the links below to take relevant lessons to learn even more about each sentence pattern!
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)] 주세요.
- Romanization: [A] juseyo.
- English: (Give me) [A], please.

■ Example

- Entry: 김치 주세요.
- Romanization: kimchi juseyo.
- English: (Give me) Kimchi, please.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)] 어디예요?
- Romanization: [A] eodiyeyo?
- English: Where is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 화장실 어디예요?
- Romanization: hwajangsil eodiyeyo?
- English: Where is the bathroom?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)] 얼마예요?
- Romanization: [A] eolmayeyo?
- English: How much is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 이거 얼마예요?
- Romanization: igeo eolmayeyo?
- English: How much is this?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]이/가 무엇입니까?
- Romanization: [A] mueosimnikka?
- English: What is A?

■ Example

- Entry: What is A?
- Romanization: ireumi mueosimnikka?
- English: What is (your) name?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]입니다.
- Romanization: [A]imnida.
- English: I am [A].

■ Example

- Entry: 학생입니다.
- Romanization: haksaengimnida
- English: I'm a student.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]을/를 좋아해요.
- Romanization: [A]eul/reul joahaeyo.
- English: I like [A].

■ Example

- Entry: 한국을 좋아해요.
- Romanization: hangugeul joahaeyo.
- English: I like Korea.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A] 수 있습니까?
- Romanization: [A] su itsseumnikka?
- English: Can you do [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 한국음식을 먹을 수 있습니까?
- Romanization: hangugeumsigeul meogeul su itseumnikka?
- English: Can you eat Korean food?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]은/는 어떻습니까?
- Romanization: [A]eun/neun etteosseumnikka?
- English: How is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 음식은 어떻습니까?
- Romanization: eumsigeun etteosseumnikka?
- English: How is the food?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]은/는 언제입니까?
- Romanization: [A]eun/neun eonjeimnikka?
- English: When is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 생일은 언제입니까?
- Romanization: saengileun eonjeimnikka?
- English: When is your birthday?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]나 [B(noun)]가 있습니까?
- Romanization: [A]na [B]ga itsseumnikka?
- English: Do you have [A] or [B]?

■ Example

- Entry: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
- Romanization: hyeongjena jamaega itsseumnikka?
- English: Do you have brothers or sisters?
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avatar Tuesday at 10:22 am

Can you make sample sentences using these patterns?

avatar Thursday at 10:35 pm

Lydia, 안녕하세요.

Comment 감사합니다.😄

안(녕)하세요! 저는 리디아입니다. 불닭을 좋아해요.

저도 불닭 좋아해요! :thumbsup:


avatar Lydia Thursday at 4:20 am

안년하세요! 저는 리디아 입니다. 불닭을 좋아해요😁 Is this correct? I’m still a beginner😅

avatar Monday at 9:55 pm

Hi Leslie,

You’re very welcome! Please let us know if you have any inquiries.


avatar Monday at 5:56 pm

Hi Tana,

Thanks for posting–and sorry to hear that there may have been a misunderstanding with your friends. Maybe you could tell them the next time you meet up that you actually love Korean, but you are not very good at it?
You could say:

사실 한국어를 너무 좋아해요. 그런데 잘 하지 못해요. 그래도 한국어로 말하고 싶으니 도와줄래요? (I actually really like the Korean language. But I’m not very good at it. But I still would like to talk in Korean, would you help me out?)

As for what you wrote, it would be:

한국어를 너무 좋아해요, 그래만 저 한국말로 안좋아는 말해요.
–>한국어를 너무 좋아해요. 그런데 잘 하지 못해요.

Actually, polite and formal are the same (you would use the polite suffix ‘yo’ (informal polite), or ‘imnida’ (very formal). You would not use the honorific suffix ’ssi’ to someone your senior/older, but you would use it when addressing someone around your age/younger when speaking politely to them. For your seniors/people older, you would add ‘님(nim)’ after their rank/position, or just address them using the formal suffix ‘~입니다’. You would use ‘요(yo)’ in a less formal environment (but when you still want to be polite). Having said that, in the order of politeness, (highest to lowest) you would use:

~입니다 –>제 이름은 타나입니다.
~요 –>제 이름은 타나예요.
informal speech. –>내 이름은 타나야.

Hope this was of help!

Hello Racquel,

You’re very welcome! 😄 Please let us know if you have any other inquiries!


avatar Leslie T. Rendon Monday at 12:23 pm


avatar Racquel Sunday at 4:54 pm

감사합니다 Lyn! 😃

avatar Tana Sunday at 11:49 am

한국어를 너무 좋아해요, 그래만 저 한국말로 안좋아는 말해요. I like the Korean language, but I don’t speak it very well. My Korean friends won’t speak Korean with me, and I’m worried that it’s because I accidently said it wasn’t good (한국어 안좋아요) or that I didn’t like it (한국어 안좋아해요) when I was trying to say I wasn’t good at it. Also, I accidently insulted them when I used polite language instead of formal language with some guests of theirs. I need more practice switching formalities. Someone told me that, with them, I was supposed to use the 씨 level, but I’m not even sure how it’s conjugated. What are the Korean names of the formality levels? 무엇입니까?

avatar Wednesday at 10:35 am

Hi Roger,

Thanks for posting. The sentence patterns listed in this lesson are the basic ones that are often used, and once you have these down you can use them to create more difficult sentence patterns. Having said that, if you want to ask ‘who’ did something or ‘why’ something was done, the very basic/simple sentence pattern would go as:

누가 했어요/그랬어요?
왜 했어요/그랬어요?


avatar Monday at 9:26 pm

Hi Racquel,

Thank you for posting. Glad to hear that you like ‘김치’.😄
–>김치를 좋아해요.


avatar Roger Monday at 3:43 pm

It is good to have most of the key questioning words, accompanied by examples of their usage, laid out for us. Thank you. What about “Who?” and “Why?”? I guess that it is one significant accomplishment to be able to ask a Korean an intelligible question but an additional challenge to be able immediately to understand his/her reply. The respondent might assume more comprehension than I, at least, am capable of at this early stage…