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Vocabulary Lists Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners

Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners

12 Entries 30 Comments
Korean: 초보자를 위한 문형 10 가지
Romanization:chobojareul wihan munhyeong yeol gaji
English: Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners
In this lesson, you will learn the Top 10 Korean Sentence Patterns for Beginners. Even though you may already know some Korean vocabulary, perhaps you’re finding it difficult to string together coherent sentences. This lesson will break down the key components of 10 basic Korean sentence patterns, while also giving you an example of each one. Take your Korean to the next level by formulating clear, well-organized Korean sentences!

P.S. Be sure to click on the links below to take relevant lessons to learn even more about each sentence pattern!
[A(noun)] 주세요.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)] 주세요.
- Romanization: [A] juseyo.
- English: (Give me) [A], please.

■ Example

- Entry: 김치 주세요.
- Romanization: kimchi juseyo.
- English: (Give me) Kimchi, please.
[A(noun)] 어디예요?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)] 어디예요?
- Romanization: [A] eodiyeyo?
- English: Where is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 화장실 어디예요?
- Romanization: hwajangsil eodiyeyo?
- English: Where is the bathroom?
[A(noun)] 얼마예요?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)] 얼마예요?
- Romanization: [A] eolmayeyo?
- English: How much is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 이거 얼마예요?
- Romanization: igeo eolmayeyo?
- English: How much is this?
[A(noun)]이/가 무엇입니까?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]이/가 무엇입니까?
- Romanization: [A] mueosimnikka?
- English: What is A?

■ Example

- Entry: What is A?
- Romanization: ireumi mueosimnikka?
- English: What is (your) name?
[A(noun)]입니다.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]입니다.
- Romanization: [A]imnida.
- English: I am [A].

■ Example

- Entry: 학생입니다.
- Romanization: haksaengimnida
- English: I'm a student.
[A(noun)]을/를 좋아해요.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]을/를 좋아해요.
- Romanization: [A]eul/reul joahaeyo.
- English: I like [A].

■ Example

- Entry: 한국을 좋아해요.
- Romanization: hangugeul joahaeyo.
- English: I like Korea.
[A] 수 있습니까?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A] 수 있습니까?
- Romanization: [A] su itsseumnikka?
- English: Can you do [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 한국음식을 먹을 수 있습니까?
- Romanization: hangugeumsigeul meogeul su itseumnikka?
- English: Can you eat Korean food?
[A(noun)]은/는 어떻습니까?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]은/는 어떻습니까?
- Romanization: [A]eun/neun etteosseumnikka?
- English: How is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 음식은 어떻습니까?
- Romanization: eumsigeun etteosseumnikka?
- English: How is the food?
[A(noun)]은/는 언제입니까?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]은/는 언제입니까?
- Romanization: [A]eun/neun eonjeimnikka?
- English: When is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 생일은 언제입니까?
- Romanization: saengileun eonjeimnikka?
- English: When is your birthday?
[A(noun)]나 [B(noun)]가 있습니까?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]나 [B(noun)]가 있습니까?
- Romanization: [A]na [B]ga itsseumnikka?
- English: Do you have [A] or [B]?

■ Example

- Entry: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
- Romanization: hyeongjena jamaega itsseumnikka?
- English: Do you have brothers or sisters?
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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:22 AM
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Can you make sample sentences using these patterns?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 09:05 PM
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Hello odina,


Thanks for posting!

I guess start learning from easy words and make sentences using those words might be helpful. For example if you see the word 학생(student), then make a sentence using that word. 저는 학생입니다.(I'm a student.)

Regarding to fluency it's normal. You just need more practice and confidence! :D


Kind regards,

Hyeon Yeong Seo

Team KoreanClass101.com

odina
Monday at 10:38 PM
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Am having a problem with reading korean I may pronounced the word but nevertheless hard for me to know the meaning of the Word, I know hangul and also when it comes to speaking with other people am forgetting it not coming out fluently wae?

odina
Monday at 10:32 PM
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Thanks, it was really nice am, how about pronoun s I really want to know how to say I (first person singular).

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:10 PM
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Hi Brian,


Thanks for the explanation!

Please let us know if you have any inquiries.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Brian
Friday at 01:14 PM
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There seems to be some confusion as to when to use 을 vs 를 or 은 vs 는. The difference has to do with the last sound of the word. The Korean language is all about maintaining the consonant-vowel-consonant rhythm. It makes the sentences easier to pronounce. So if the word ends in a vowel, you will use 를 and 는. Like this (치마 means skirt) 치마를 or 치마는.


If the last sound of the word ends in a consonant, you will you use 을 and 은. Like this (물 means water) 물을 and 물은.


을/를 is a direct object marker. In English we use the position of the word in the sentence to tell us what the direct object is. In Korean, 을/를 is written/spoken after the noun to denote that the action is being performed to it.


은/는 is the subject marker or object of the sentence. This is the noun that is performing the action.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 11:20 PM
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Sansu

THURSDAY AT 9:58 PM

Annyeong!

May i ask when to use 은 vs 는?

Spotted these two also, between

the word 한국을 vs hangugeum?

Mianhaeyo, i'm quite confused.

I'm a starter.. could you help me?

Juseyo... kamsahamnida..

Hi Lahiru,


Thank you for posting. To answer your questions:

시 would be pronounced as 'si'. 'shi' would be '쉬'(which is actually romanized as 'swi').


And for your sentence:

안녕하세요 , " 한국말 을 좋아해요 " .

--->안녕하세요. 한글을 좋아해요. (한글=Hangul, or Korean letters/syllables).


은 vs 는:

Both are topic markers. 은 is used after words/syllables that end with consonants, and 는 after words/syllables that end with a vowel.

Example: 그 사람은/ 그 강아지는


Hope this answered your questions.

Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sansu
Thursday at 09:58 PM
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Annyeong!

May i ask when to use 은 vs 는?

Spotted these two also, between

the word 한국을 vs hangugeum?

Mianhaeyo, i'm quite confused.

I'm a starter.. could you help me?

Juseyo... kamsahamnida..

Lahiru
Monday at 11:01 PM
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Sometimes "si" sound will be as " Shi " . Won't it be ?


Lahiru
Monday at 10:56 PM
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안녕하세요 , " 한국말 을 좋아해요 " . Please tell me whether this is correct. I am just a beginner at Korean Language.I just wanted to mention that " I like Korean letters " . Please waiting for any reply and any correction.🤔🙂🙃

KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 07:41 AM
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Hi A curious student,


Thanks for posting. While you address siblings differently depending on your sex in Korean, 형제 and 자매 can be used regardless (both men and women can use it), so it isn't very ambiguous to use it in this context.

As for your question, here is the corrections (I have let the correct ones out):


오 주여수님, 우리에게 축복 주십니까. -->오, 주 예수님, 우리에게 축복을 주십니까

기도을 (기돌? 기도를?) 수 있습니까?-->기도를 할 수 있습니까?


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com