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Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners

Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners

12 Entries • 8 Comments
Korean: 초보자를 위한 문형 10 가지
Romanization:chobojareul wihan munhyeong yeol gaji
English: Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners
In this lesson, you will learn the Top 10 Korean Sentence Patterns for Beginners. Even though you may already know some Korean vocabulary, perhaps you’re finding it difficult to string together coherent sentences. This lesson will break down the key components of 10 basic Korean sentence patterns, while also giving you an example of each one. Take your Korean to the next level by formulating clear, well-organized Korean sentences!

P.S. Be sure to click on the links below to take relevant lessons to learn even more about each sentence pattern!
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)] 주세요.
- Romanization: [A] juseyo.
- English: (Give me) [A], please.

■ Example

- Entry: 김치 주세요.
- Romanization: kimchi juseyo.
- English: (Give me) Kimchi, please.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)] 어디예요?
- Romanization: [A] eodiyeyo?
- English: Where is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 화장실 어디예요?
- Romanization: hwajangsil eodiyeyo?
- English: Where is the bathroom?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)] 얼마예요?
- Romanization: [A] eolmayeyo?
- English: How much is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 이거 얼마예요?
- Romanization: igeo eolmayeyo?
- English: How much is this?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]이/가 무엇입니까?
- Romanization: [A] mueosimnikka?
- English: What is A?

■ Example

- Entry: What is A?
- Romanization: ireumi mueosimnikka?
- English: What is (your) name?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]입니다.
- Romanization: [A]imnida.
- English: I am [A].

■ Example

- Entry: 학생입니다.
- Romanization: haksaengimnida
- English: I'm a student.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]을/를 좋아해요.
- Romanization: [A]eul/reul joahaeyo.
- English: I like [A].

■ Example

- Entry: 한국을 좋아해요.
- Romanization: hangugeul joahaeyo.
- English: I like Korea.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A] 수 있습니까?
- Romanization: [A] su itsseumnikka?
- English: Can you do [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 한국음식을 먹을 수 있습니까?
- Romanization: hangugeumsigeul meogeul su itseumnikka?
- English: Can you eat Korean food?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]은/는 어떻습니까?
- Romanization: [A]eun/neun etteosseumnikka?
- English: How is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 음식은 어떻습니까?
- Romanization: eumsigeun etteosseumnikka?
- English: How is the food?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]은/는 언제입니까?
- Romanization: [A]eun/neun eonjeimnikka?
- English: When is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 생일은 언제입니까?
- Romanization: saengileun eonjeimnikka?
- English: When is your birthday?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]나 [B(noun)]가 있습니까?
- Romanization: [A]na [B]ga itsseumnikka?
- English: Do you have [A] or [B]?

■ Example

- Entry: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
- Romanization: hyeongjena jamaega itsseumnikka?
- English: Do you have brothers or sisters?
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avatar Tuesday at 10:22 am

Can you make sample sentences using these patterns?

avatar Wednesday at 10:35 am

Hi Roger,

Thanks for posting. The sentence patterns listed in this lesson are the basic ones that are often used, and once you have these down you can use them to create more difficult sentence patterns. Having said that, if you want to ask ‘who’ did something or ‘why’ something was done, the very basic/simple sentence pattern would go as:

누가 했어요/그랬어요?
왜 했어요/그랬어요?


avatar Monday at 9:26 pm

Hi Racquel,

Thank you for posting. Glad to hear that you like ‘김치’.😄
–>김치를 좋아해요.


avatar Roger Monday at 3:43 pm

It is good to have most of the key questioning words, accompanied by examples of their usage, laid out for us. Thank you. What about “Who?” and “Why?”? I guess that it is one significant accomplishment to be able to ask a Korean an intelligible question but an additional challenge to be able immediately to understand his/her reply. The respondent might assume more comprehension than I, at least, am capable of at this early stage…

avatar Racquel Sunday at 11:05 pm

침지를 좋아해요. 😄

avatar Monday at 9:03 pm

Hi Chloe, Josh,

Thank you for posting. Chloe, Josh is correct. ‘이름이 뭐에요’ and ‘이름이 무엇입니까’ are both questions asking someone’s name, the first is more colloquial and less polite than the latter.

Please let us know if you have any other questions.

avatar Josh Everly Sunday at 5:31 pm

Chloe– The only difference is that mueosumnikka is formal where as mwoyeyo is informal.

avatar Chloe Sunday at 8:06 am

What is the difference between ireumi mwoyeyo and ireumi mueosimnikka? They both mean ‘whats your name?’