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Vocabulary Lists Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners

Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners

12 Entries 21 Comments
Korean: 초보자를 위한 문형 10 가지
Romanization:chobojareul wihan munhyeong yeol gaji
English: Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners
In this lesson, you will learn the Top 10 Korean Sentence Patterns for Beginners. Even though you may already know some Korean vocabulary, perhaps you’re finding it difficult to string together coherent sentences. This lesson will break down the key components of 10 basic Korean sentence patterns, while also giving you an example of each one. Take your Korean to the next level by formulating clear, well-organized Korean sentences!

P.S. Be sure to click on the links below to take relevant lessons to learn even more about each sentence pattern!
[A(noun)] 주세요.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)] 주세요.
- Romanization: [A] juseyo.
- English: (Give me) [A], please.

■ Example

- Entry: 김치 주세요.
- Romanization: kimchi juseyo.
- English: (Give me) Kimchi, please.
[A(noun)] 어디예요?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)] 어디예요?
- Romanization: [A] eodiyeyo?
- English: Where is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 화장실 어디예요?
- Romanization: hwajangsil eodiyeyo?
- English: Where is the bathroom?
[A(noun)] 얼마예요?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)] 얼마예요?
- Romanization: [A] eolmayeyo?
- English: How much is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 이거 얼마예요?
- Romanization: igeo eolmayeyo?
- English: How much is this?
[A(noun)]이/가 무엇입니까?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]이/가 무엇입니까?
- Romanization: [A] mueosimnikka?
- English: What is A?

■ Example

- Entry: What is A?
- Romanization: ireumi mueosimnikka?
- English: What is (your) name?
[A(noun)]입니다.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]입니다.
- Romanization: [A]imnida.
- English: I am [A].

■ Example

- Entry: 학생입니다.
- Romanization: haksaengimnida
- English: I'm a student.
[A(noun)]을/를 좋아해요.
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]을/를 좋아해요.
- Romanization: [A]eul/reul joahaeyo.
- English: I like [A].

■ Example

- Entry: 한국을 좋아해요.
- Romanization: hangugeul joahaeyo.
- English: I like Korea.
[A] 수 있습니까?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A] 수 있습니까?
- Romanization: [A] su itsseumnikka?
- English: Can you do [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 한국음식을 먹을 수 있습니까?
- Romanization: hangugeumsigeul meogeul su itseumnikka?
- English: Can you eat Korean food?
[A(noun)]은/는 어떻습니까?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]은/는 어떻습니까?
- Romanization: [A]eun/neun etteosseumnikka?
- English: How is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 음식은 어떻습니까?
- Romanization: eumsigeun etteosseumnikka?
- English: How is the food?
[A(noun)]은/는 언제입니까?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]은/는 언제입니까?
- Romanization: [A]eun/neun eonjeimnikka?
- English: When is [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 생일은 언제입니까?
- Romanization: saengileun eonjeimnikka?
- English: When is your birthday?
[A(noun)]나 [B(noun)]가 있습니까?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A(noun)]나 [B(noun)]가 있습니까?
- Romanization: [A]na [B]ga itsseumnikka?
- English: Do you have [A] or [B]?

■ Example

- Entry: 형제나 자매가 있습니까?
- Romanization: hyeongjena jamaega itsseumnikka?
- English: Do you have brothers or sisters?
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21 Comments
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KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 10:22 am
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Can you make sample sentences using these patterns?

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KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 7:41 am
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Hi A curious student,


Thanks for posting. While you address siblings differently depending on your sex in Korean, 형제 and 자매 can be used regardless (both men and women can use it), so it isn't very ambiguous to use it in this context.

As for your question, here is the corrections (I have let the correct ones out):


오 주여수님, 우리에게 축복 주십니까. -->오, 주 예수님, 우리에게 축복을 주십니까

기도을 (기돌? 기도를?) 수 있습니까?-->기도를 할 수 있습니까?


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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A curious student
Sunday at 9:29 am
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Ok let me try....

Some sentences that I really want to be able to say...


오 주여수님, 우리에게 축복 주십니까. ???Can I say this???

기독교인 있습니까?

교회 어디예요?

기도을 (기돌? 기도를?) 수 있습니까?

교회 기도 모임은 언제입니까?

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A curious student
Sunday at 8:34 am
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이름이 무엇입니까? was missing. (What is your name.)


Also, "Do you have brothers or sisters"? is ambiguous in English, so I'm not sure what it means in Korean either, here.

Would you answer: I have brothers (not sisters).

Or would you answer: Yes. (I do have brothers or sisters.)

Which answer is this question looking for?

Thanks.

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Ghenyna Barroga
Sunday at 7:30 pm
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아녕하세요! In the pattern shown in number 10 can I also say it this way "형제 나 여동생이 있습니까?"


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KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 5:51 pm
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안녕하세요 혜진씨,


댓글 감사합니다. 정말 잘 썼어요! :thumbsup:

You did a great job, keep it up!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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혜진
Wednesday at 12:31 pm
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안녕하세요. 저는 혜진입니다. 한국 음식은 너무 맛있어요. 기회가 있다면 한국에 가고 싶습니다.


맞아요? :)

감사합니다.

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KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 10:35 pm
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Lydia, 안녕하세요.


Comment 감사합니다. :)


안(녕)하세요! 저는 리디아입니다. 불닭을 좋아해요.


저도 불닭 좋아해요! :thumbsup:


감사합니다.

클레어

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Lydia
Thursday at 4:20 am
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안년하세요! 저는 리디아 입니다. 불닭을 좋아해요:grin: Is this correct? I'm still a beginner:sweat_smile:

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 9:55 pm
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Hi Leslie,


You're very welcome! Please let us know if you have any inquiries.


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 5:56 pm
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Hi Tana,


Thanks for posting--and sorry to hear that there may have been a misunderstanding with your friends. Maybe you could tell them the next time you meet up that you actually love Korean, but you are not very good at it?

You could say:


사실 한국어를 너무 좋아해요. 그런데 잘 하지 못해요. 그래도 한국어로 말하고 싶으니 도와줄래요? (I actually really like the Korean language. But I'm not very good at it. But I still would like to talk in Korean, would you help me out?)


As for what you wrote, it would be:


한국어를 너무 좋아해요, 그래만 저 한국말로 안좋아는 말해요.

-->한국어를 너무 좋아해요. 그런데 잘 하지 못해요.


Actually, polite and formal are the same (you would use the polite suffix 'yo' (informal polite), or 'imnida' (very formal). You would not use the honorific suffix 'ssi' to someone your senior/older, but you would use it when addressing someone around your age/younger when speaking politely to them. For your seniors/people older, you would add '님(nim)' after their rank/position, or just address them using the formal suffix '~입니다'. You would use '요(yo)' in a less formal environment (but when you still want to be polite). Having said that, in the order of politeness, (highest to lowest) you would use:


~입니다 -->제 이름은 타나입니다.

~요 -->제 이름은 타나예요.

informal speech. -->내 이름은 타나야.


Hope this was of help!


Hello Racquel,


You're very welcome! :smile: Please let us know if you have any other inquiries!


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com