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Standard politeness level

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angelos.mes_231449
New in Town
Posts: 1
Joined: September 5th, 2016 8:47 pm

Standard politeness level

Postby angelos.mes_231449 » September 5th, 2016 9:00 pm

Hello,

In Lesson 11, (Beginner level, Season 1), we see the construction of standard politeness level, with verb stem ending in vowel (아 / 어 / 여).

However, what's the construction for verb stem ending in consonant?
For example, 울다 (to cry), 아프다 (to be sick), ... ?
I don't know how to conjugate them to the standard politeness level!

Thanks for helping! :mrgreen:

community.korean
Expert on Something
Posts: 262
Joined: November 18th, 2012 3:38 pm

Re: Standard politeness level

Postby community.korean » September 8th, 2016 10:03 am

Hello,

Thank you for posting. For most words ending with a consonant, you would add 어요 to construct the standard politeness level.
For example:

울다:
-->울어요

있다:
-->있어요

먹다:
-->먹어요

Cheers,
Lyn
Team KoreanClass101.com

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amelialowli
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Posts: 1
Joined: September 9th, 2016 4:34 am

Re: Standard politeness level

Postby amelialowli » September 9th, 2016 4:36 am

Thanks for your answer.

So in which cases do we have to use 아요 after a consonant ?

community.korean
Expert on Something
Posts: 262
Joined: November 18th, 2012 3:38 pm

Re: Standard politeness level

Postby community.korean » September 12th, 2016 9:25 pm

Hi,

Thanks for posting.
Check the verb stem after you have taken off the '다'. If the verb stem includes the vowel 'ㅗ' or 'ㅏ', you will need to use '아요'. In other cases you can add '어요'.
For example:

좋다-->좋(ㅗ)-->좋아요
많다-->많(ㅏ)-->많아요

Cheers,
Lyn
Team KoreanClass101.com


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