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Lesson Transcript

Hi everyone.
Welcome to The Ultimate Korean Pronunciation Guide.
In the last lesson, we learned the pronunciation of these unaspirated consonants.
In this lesson, you'll learn how to pronounce the aspirated versions of those consonants.
The first consonant is..
ㅋ / (slow) ㅋ
This is the aspirated version of this consonant.
Here's a trick to help you remember. When an unaspirated consonant gets one additional stroke like this, it becomes an aspirated consonant.
Aspirated means that a puff of breath is made when you make the sound, so as you say all of the sounds in this lesson, air should come out of your mouth.
Compare the sounds of these two letters.
가 / 카
The consonant in the second word is aspirated. Put your hand in front of your mouth, and repeat after the native speaker.
가 카
Can you feel the strong air from your mouth? That's the difference between the unaspirated and aspirated consonants.
Here's another word using this letter.
쿠키 / (slow) 쿠키
If you read it as a non-aspirated consonant, it will be..
구기 / (slow) 구기
Make sure you read aspirated consonants correctly. If you don't, you might get completely different reactions.
The next consonant is..
ㅌ / (slow) ㅌ
It sounds like 't' in English. It's the aspirated version of this letter. Just like when reading this letter, make sure your tongue goes between your upper and lower teeth like you read 'th' sound in English.
Here's an example.
타다 (slow) 타다
Put your hands in front of your mouth and read this word again. You can feel the stronger air coming out of your mouth when you read the first syllable. Repeat after the native speaker.
타다 (slow) 타다
The next consonant is..
ㅊ / (slow) ㅊ
It sounds like 'ch' as in 'China.' Listen to an example word.
차지 / (slow) 차지
The next consonant is..
ㅍ / (slow) ㅍ
It sounds like 'P' in English but you release a lot less air. Unlike other pairs, this one looks quite different from the unaspirated version.
Listen to an example.
포부 / (slow) 포부
Were you expecting one more aspirated consonant? Don't worry about this letter, because it doesn't have an aspirated version.
Now, review the aspirated consonants with their names.
키읔
티읕
치읓
비읍
In the next lesson, you'll master the pronunciation of the tensed continents. Perfect these sounds, because they’ll help you in the next lesson. What has been the hardest thing about Korean pronunciation so far? Please comment and share your thoughts. See you in the next Ultimate Korean Pronunciation Guide lesson!

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KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Which of these Korean consonants is the easiest to pronounce for you?

 

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KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 11:22 am
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Hi Ahmad,


A similar question was asked to the National Institute of the Korean Language and this was their reply:


When used in front of vowels, ㄱ is pronounced as 'g', in front of a consonant or at the end of a syllable it is similar to the 'k' sound. (I will also cut and paste their response, which is written in Korean, as reference).


'국어의 로마자 표기법'에 따르면 'ㄱ'은 모음 앞에서는 'g'로, 자음 앞이나 어말에서는 'k'로 표기합니다. 예를 들어, '구미'는 'Gumi'로, '월곶[월곧]'은 'Wolgot'으로 표기합니다.이러한 표기를 고려하여 'ㄱ'의 발음을 이해하시기 바랍니다.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com



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Ahmad
Saturday at 5:23 pm
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Hello KoreanClass,


I have a question about the pronunciation of the letter ㄱ

in the word 한국어 the letter ㄱis pronounced as G.

in the word 가 the letter ㄱ is pronounced as k.


Is there any rule to know when to pronounce as k or g?

Thank you!

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KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 9:48 am
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Hi ~Tasha,


Thanks for posting, sorry to hear that it is difficult for you. Try going over the video many times and sounding it out, and don't give up!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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~Tasha
Saturday at 9:22 am
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The placement of the tongue is kinda hard for me

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KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 1:51 pm
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Hi Alicia,


Thank you for your comment and let us know if you have any questions.


Cheers,


Khanh

Team KoreanClass101.com


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Alicia
Wednesday at 12:08 am
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The hardest part? Making sure my tongue is in the right position when making the sounds.

The easiest is ㅍ. Challenging would be ㅋ and ㅊ.

I am enjoying every lesson. 😃


~Alicia

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KoreanClass101.com
Saturday at 8:58 pm
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Dear Puili,


Thank you so much for leaving us with a beautiful comment. 😄

Regarding the final consonant(batchim) rules on the pronunciation, please take a look at the lesson below:

https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/hana-hana-hangul-12-hangul-batchim-2/?lp=118


[ㄱ] is pronounced as [ㅋ] when it has [ㅎ] before or afterward like [축하] or [좋고].


Hope it helped, and please let me know if there are any further questions! Thank you for being patient!


Best,

Rebecca

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Puili
Wednesday at 3:56 pm
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Hi,

Thanks so very much for this video lesson (esp the illustration of the tongue positioning in the mouth). Needed this!


I have a slight confusion.

When Gieok is the beginning consonant, it is to have the 'g' sound, but what about its sound, in the final consonant position; say in 국 ? Or will it have a 'k'ish sound?

Also, are there any rules, except the Batchim rules, that help differentiate when Giyeok is to be pronounced with a 'k'ish sound?

Thanks in advance!

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KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 11:57 am
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Hi Maha,


You can find the rest of the series at https://www.koreanclass101.com/index.php?cat=70


Thank you-

Jae

Team KoreanClass101.com

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maha
Friday at 4:17 am
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Thank you for the perfect video but we is the part 1 and 2 ????