Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Brandon: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Korean learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native speaker. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Brandon: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question “Have you been to Seoul?” In Korean this is
Kyejin: 서울에 간 적이 있습니까?
(seoure gan jepgo isseumnikka?)
Brandon: The first word in the question is
Kyejin: 서울
(seoul)
Brandon: which is “Seoul”, the capital of South Korea.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 서울
(seoul)
Brandon: Listen again and repeat.
Kyejin: 서울
(seoul)
{Pause}
Brandon: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Kyejin: 에
(e)
Brandon: Place marking particle meaning something like ‘to’, ‘at’, or ‘in.’
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 에
(e)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 에
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 서울에
(seoure)
{pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 간
(gan)
Brandon: meaning “went.” This is the conjugated form of the verb.
Kyejin: 가다
Brandon: meaning ‘to go.’
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 간 (gan)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 간
(gan)
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 3 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 서울에 간
(seoure gan)
{pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 적
(jeok)
Brandon: meaning “experience”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 적
(jeok)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 적
(jeok)
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 4 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 서울에 간 적
(seoure gan jeok)
{pause}
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 이
(i)
Brandon: subject marking particle
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 이
(i)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 이
(i)
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 5 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 서울에 간 적이
(seoure gan jeogi)
{pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 있습니
(isseumni)
Brandon: This is the verb stem of the verb
Kyejin: 있습니다.
Brandon: meaning ‘“there is”, “there are”, “to exist”, or “to own”.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 있습니
(isseumni)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 있습니
(isseumni)
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 6 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 서울에 간 적이 있습니
(seoure gan jepgo isseumni)
{pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 까
(kka)
Brandon: The question marking particle.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 까
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 까
{Pause}
Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Kyejin: 서울에 간 적이 있습니까?
(seoure gan jepgo isseumnikka?)
{pause}
Brandon: You will hear this common question again and again throughout your studies. Master the following pattern and responses to the question “Have you been to Seoul?”
Kyejin: 네. 두 번 간 적이 있습니다.
(ne. du beon gan jeo gi issumnida.)
Brandon: "Yes, I've been there twice.” Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Kyejin: 네. 두 번 간 적이 있습니다.
(ne. du beon gan jeo gi issumnida.)
{pause}
Brandon: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word:
Kyejin: 네
Brandon: means “yes.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 네
Brandon: Now repeat
Kyejin: 네
{Pause}
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 두 번
(dubeon)
Brandon: meaning “twice.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 두 번
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 두 번
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 간
(gan)
Brandon: meaning “went”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 간
(gan)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 간
(gan)
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 적
(jeok)
means “experience.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 적
(jeok)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 적
(jeok)
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 이
(i)
Brandon: subject marking particle
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 이
(i)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 이
(i)
Brandon: And after that
Kyejin: 있습니다
(isseumnida)
Brandon: meaning “there is’ or ‘to have.’
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable)있습니다
(isseumnida)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 있습니다
(isseumnida)
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the speaker say, “Yes, I've been there twice”, and then repeat.
Kyejin: 네. 두 번 간 적이 있습니다.
(ne. du beon gan jeo gi issumnida.)
{pause}
Brandon: To expand on the pattern, replace “twice” with “once”.
Kyejin: 한 번 (han beon)
Brandon: once
Kyejin: (slow) 한 번 (han beon)
(regular) 한 번 (han beon)
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “once”
Kyejin: 네. 한 번 간 적이 있습니다.
(ne. hanbeon gan jeogi isseumnida.)
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “twice” with “once.” Say “Yes, I've been there once.”
{pause}
Kyejin: 네. 한 번 간 적이 있습니다.
Brandon: To use a different phrase, replace “once” with “5 times”.
Kyejin: 다섯 번
(daseobbeon)
Brandon: 5 times
Kyejin: (slow) 다섯 번
(regular) 다섯 번
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “5 times”
Kyejin: 네. 다섯 번 간 적이 있습니다.
Brandon: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “once” with “5 times.” Say “Yes, I've been there 5 times.”
{pause}
Kyejin: 네. 다섯 번 간 적이 있습니다.
Brandon: To use a different phrase, replace “5 times” with “10 times.”
Kyejin: 열 번
Brandon: ten times
Kyejin: (slow) 열 번
(regular) 열 번
Brandon: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “ten times”
Kyejin: 네. 열 번 간 적이 있습니다.
Brandon: Listen and repeat,
Kyejin: 네. 열 번 간 적이 있습니다.
Brandon: To say "no", in a simple way, just say:
Kyejin: 아니요. 없습니다.
(aniyo. eopsseumnida,)
Brandon: Which is like saying “No, I haven't.” in English. Let's hear it slowly.
Kyejin: (Slowly) 아니요. 없습니다.
(aniyo. eopsseumnida,)
Brandon: And one more time at normal speed:
Kyejin: 아니요. 없습니다.
(aniyo. eopsseumnida,)
QUIZ
Brandon: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting South Korea and a stranger asks you “Have you been to Seoul?” You want to answer “Yes, I've been there twice.” Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 서울에 간 적이 있습니까?
(seoure gan jepgo isseumnikka?)
(five seconds) 네. 두 번 간 적이 있습니다.
(ne. dubeon gan jeo gi issumnida.)
Brandon: Now you want to say “Yes, I've been there once.” Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 서울에 간 적이 있습니까?
(seoure gan jepgo isseumnikka?)
(five seconds) 네. 한 번 간 적이 있습니다.
(ne. hanbeon gan jeogi isseumnida.)
Brandon: You want to say “Yes, I've been there 5 times.” Answer the speaker's question.
Kyejin: 서울에 간 적이 있습니까?
(seoure gan jepgo isseumnikka?)
(five seconds) 네. 다섯 번 간 적이 있습니다.
(ne. daseobbeon gan jeogi isseumnida.)
Brandon: You want to say “Yes, I've been there 10 times.” Answer the speaker's question.
Kyejin: 서울에 간 적이 있습니까?
(seoure gan jepgo isseumnikka?)
(five seconds) 네. 열 번 간 적이 있습니다.
Brandon: Now, you want to ask someone if they have been to Seoul. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Kyejin: 서울에 간 적이 있습니까?
(seoure gan jepgo isseumnikka?)
{pause}
Brandon: Now it's time to answer the question with actual information about yourself.
Kyejin: 서울에 간 적이 있습니까?
(seoure gan jepgo isseumnikka?)
{pause}

Outro

Brandon: This is the end of Lesson 24

7 Comments

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KoreanClass101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Have You Been To Seoul? Try answering in Korean!

KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 8:53 am
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Hi 아린,


Thanks for posting. Let's take a look at what you wrote:


저는 서울에 가본 적인 없어요

-->저는 서울에 가본 적이 없어요.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com


아린
Sunday at 1:14 pm
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저는 서울에 가본 적인 없어요

KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 10:35 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Nicole,


Thanks for posting! To take a look at what you wrote:


서울에 간 정이 없습니다.

-->서울에 간 적이 없습니다.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Nicole
Sunday at 2:14 am
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아니요. 서울에 간 정이 없습니다. 😭

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Wednesday at 1:06 pm
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Hi Nisha,


Verb Stem + (으)ㄴ 적이 없다 is the pattern equivalent to "have never"

가 is the verb stem of 가다. So 가+ㄴ 적이 없다 means "have never been to."


먹다 -> Notice the batchim in the verb stem? So we add (으)ㄴ. 먹은 적이 없다 meaning "have never eaten."


Keep it up! :thumbsup:


Regards,

Claire

Team KoreanClass101.com

Nisha
Sunday at 4:21 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

안녕하세요 !


아니요. 서울에 간 적이 없습니다. (No, I've never been to Seoul). I want to though!! :grin:

In the Lesson Notes, it says that 간 means "went". So does that mean it is the past tense of the word 가다? Also, we can replace 서울 with any other place, like 부산 (Busan) or 인천 (Incheon), right? Can we also replace it with, say, the supermarket?

감사합니다 !