Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Brandon: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Korean learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native speaker. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Brandon: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question “What's wrong?” In Korean this is
Kyejin: 무슨 문제가 있습니까?
(museun munjega isseumnikka?)
Brandon: The first word in the question is
Kyejin: 무슨
(museun)
Brandon: meaning “what”, “what kind of.”
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 무슨
(museun)
Brandon: Listen again and repeat.
Kyejin: 무슨
(museun)
{Pause}
Brandon: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Kyejin: 문제
(munje)
Brandon: meaning “problem”, or “issue”.
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 문제
(munje)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 문제
(munje)
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 무슨 문제
(museun munje)
{pause}
Brandon: And next
Kyejin: 가
(ga)
Brandon: the topic-marking particle
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 가 (ga)
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 가
(ga)
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 3 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 무슨 문제가
(museun munjega)
{pause}
Brandon: And next,
Kyejin: 있습니-
Brandon: This is the verb-stem of the verb
Kyejin: 있습니다
Brandon: meaning ‘to have’, ‘to own’, ‘there is.’ and ‘there are.’
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 있습니-
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 있습니-
(ga)
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the the first 4 words of the question and repeat.
Kyejin: 무슨 문제가 있습니-
{pause}
Brandon: And next,
Kyejin: 까
Brandon: The question marking particle
Kyejin: (Slow, by syllable) 까.
Brandon: Now repeat.
Kyejin: 까.
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Kyejin: 무슨 문제가 있습니까?
(museun munjega isseumnikka?)
{pause}
Brandon: You will hear this common question again and again throughout your studies. Now, lets take a look at the first answer. ‘I’m tired.’
Kyejin: 피곤합니다.
(pigonhamnida)
Brandon: "I'm tired.”
Kyejin: (Slow) 피곤합니다.
(pigonhamnida)
Kyejin: 피곤합니다.
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the answer again. Say “I’m tired.”
{pause}
Kyejin: 피곤합니다.
Brandon: Let’s look at the next answer to the question. ‘I’m sleepy’
Kyejin: 졸립니다.
Brandon: "I'm sleepy.”
Kyejin: (Slow) 졸립니다.
Kyejin: 졸립니다.
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the answer again. Say “I’m sleepy.”
{pause}
Kyejin: 졸립니다.
Brandon: Now, say “I’m feeling sick”.
Kyejin: 몸이 아픕니다.
Brandon: "I'm feeling sick.”
Kyejin: (Slow) 몸이 아픕니다.
Kyejin: 몸이 아픕니다.
Brandon: Let’s break down the answer. The first word
Kyejin: 몸
Brandon: means ‘body’ and..
Kyejin: 이
Brandon: is the subject marking particle. Lastly,
Kyejin: 아픕니다
Brandon: means ‘to hurt.’ So it literally means ‘my body hurts.’
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the answer again. Say “I’m feeling sick.”
{pause}
Kyejin: 몸이 아픕니다.
{pause}
Brandon: Let’s take a look at the next answer. “I have a headache”.
Kyejin: 머리가 아픕니다.
Brandon: “I have a headache”.
Kyejin: (Slow) 머리가 아픕니다.
Kyejin: 머리가 아픕니다.
Brandon: Let’s break down the answer. The first word
Kyejin: 머리
Brandon: means ‘head’
Kyejin: 가
Brandon: The subject marking particle. And next,
Kyejin: 아픕니다
Brandon: means ‘hurts’. So it literally means ‘My head hurts.’
{Pause}
Brandon: Listen to the answer again. Say “I have a headache”.
Kyejin: 머리가 아픕니다.
{pause}
QUIZ
Brandon: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting South Korea and someone asks you what's wrong. You want to answer “I'm tired.” Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 무슨 문제가 있습니까? (museun munjega isseumnikka?)
(five seconds) 피곤합니다. (pigonhamnida)
Brandon: Now you want to say “I'm sleepy.” Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 무슨 문제가 있습니까? (museun munjega isseumnikka?)
(five seconds) 졸립니다. (jollimnida)
Brandon: You want to say “I'm feeling sick.” Answer the speaker's question.
Kyejin: 무슨 문제가 있습니까? (museun munjega isseumnikka?)
(five seconds) 몸이 아픕니다. (moumi appeumnida.)
Brandon: Imagine you have a headache. Respond to the question.
Kyejin: 무슨 문제가 있습니까? (museun munjega isseumnikka?)
(five seconds) 머리가 아픕니다. (meoriga apeumnida.)
Brandon: Now you want to ask someone what's wrong. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Kyejin: 무슨 문제가 있습니까? (museun munjega isseumnikka?)
{pause}

Outro

Brandon: This is the end of Lesson 19

9 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hi Listeners! What's wrong? Try answering in Korean!

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KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 8:42 am
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Hi 아린,


Thank you for posting!

Please let us know if you have any inquiries.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com


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아린
Sunday at 12:14 pm
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아무것도 아냐

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KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 3:39 pm
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Hi Petra,


Thanks for your comment!

[가] is used if the previous syllable ends with a vowel, but [이] is used when the previous syllable ends with a consonant.

You may learn more about the subject marking particle [이/가] from this lesson!

https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/particles-2-the-subject-marking-particles-i-and-ga/

Hope you like the lesson!


Best,

Rebecca

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Petra
Sunday at 3:51 am
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So what is the difference between '가' and '이'?

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KoreanClass101.com
Saturday at 11:10 am
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Hi Dawnna,


Thanks for the positive feedback.

Have a great day!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Dawnna
Friday at 9:48 am
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:smile:

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KoreanClass101.com
Saturday at 3:14 pm
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Hi Nisha,


Thanks for posting a comment!

Actually, "기분이 좋습니다." would sound a bit strange as an answer to "무슨 문제가 있습니까?"

As someone would usually ask "What's wrong?" to a person who seems like he or she is having a problem, "기분이 좋습니다." sounds too positive. :sweat_smile:


You can, however, say "아니요, 괜찮아요." [No, I'm okay.]


Yes, 머리가 아픕니다 is more formal than 머리 아파요. But they mean the same.


감사합니다.

클레어

Team KoreanClass101.com

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Nisha
Monday at 5:31 pm
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안녕하세요 !


기분이 좋습니다. I am feeling fine. :smile: You can use this answer, right?


In a previous lesson, I'd come across the sentence 머리 아파요 (My head hurts). Is this said in an informal/casual conversation? Because I'm thinking 머리가 아픕니다 is a more formal way of saying 'my head hurts'.


감사합니다 ! !