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Today, we will introduce parting expressions for the appropriate situations. Parting expressions in Korean differ according to who is leaving and who is staying. Let’s go over the one when you are the one leaving the party. Goodbye in this situation is, 안녕히 계세요 (annyeonghi gyeseyo). One time slowly, 안녕히 계세요 (annyeonghi gyeseyo) and by syllable, 안녕히 계세요 (an-nyeong-hi gye-se-yo). Now the first part of the phrase as we learned means peace, remember, 안녕히 (annyeonghi) or in this form peacefully. So let’s hear it one more time 안녕히 (annyeonghi). And by syllable, 안-녕-히 (an-nyeong-hi).
The second part of the phrase is 계세요 (gyeseyo which means to stay or be. One time slowly, it’s 계세요 (gyeseyo, and now breaking it down, it’s 계-세-요 (gye-se-yo). So altogether, 안녕히 계세요 (annyeonghi gyeseyo) this translates into stay peacefully or be at peace. Now, the other situation when someone is leaving you or leaving the group, the party, and you are the one staying, the phrase used here is 안녕히 가세요 (annyeonghi gaseyo). One time slowly, 안녕히 가세요 (annyeonghi gaseyo), and now by syllable, 안-녕-히 가-세-요 (an-nyeong-hi ga-se-yo).
The first part is the same peace but just for the sake of memorization, let’s go over it again, 안녕히 (annyeonghi). And now, the second part of the phrase is 가세요 (gaseyo). Slowly, it’s 가세요 (gaseyo), and now by syllable, 가-세-요 (ga-se-yo). This means go. So together what does it spell, go in peace. Now, isn’t that an awesome way to say goodbye? I am telling you, we Koreans we love peace. Peace, peace, peace, peace except the whole DMZ and North Korean nuke thing and… Anyway.
We have one last situation for you to figure out. Which parting do you think is appropriate for a situation where both parties are leaving each other? I will give you a hint. No one is staying. Did you get it? That’s right. It’s the second one, 안녕히 가세요 (annyeonghi gaseyo). Since both parties are leaving, they are saying, go in peace. And lastly, let’s do casual partings. For the first one, stay in peace, it’s 잘 있어 (jal isseo). It’s the same meaning as 안녕히 계세요 (annyeonghi gyeseyo) but just a casual form. So let’s listen again, 잘 있어 (jal isseo). Slowly, 잘 있어 (jal isseo), and now by syllable, 잘 있-어 (jal i-sseo). Remember, this is casual. So it’s only used with close friends or maybe to little children if you like. And the casual when you are the one leaving or both parties are leaving, it’s 잘 가 (jal ga), slowly, 잘 가 (jal ga), and now by syllable, 잘 가 (jal ga).
And the last, last, last one I promise. This one is just an easy way to say hello or goodbye. Remember, this is casual. So once again, only with close friends. 안녕 (annyeong). One time slowly, 안녕 (annyeong), and by syllable, 안-녕 (an-neyong). Okay, to close our today’s lesson, we’d like for you to practice what you’ve learned. I will provide you with the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud. You will have a few seconds before I give you the answer. So 화이팅 (hwaiting)!
The formal goodbye when someone is leaving your party, 안녕히 가세요 (annyeonghi gaseyo). The formal when someone is staying and you are leaving is, 안녕히 계세요 (annyeonghi gyeseyo).
The casual for when you are leaving the party is - 잘 있어 (jal isseo).
And the casual when either both parties are leaving or you are leaving is - 잘 가 (jal ga).
The general way to say goodbye or hello in a casual way - 안녕 (annyeong).
All right, that’s going to do it for today.