Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

When you get off the plane in Korea and you start walking towards wherever you have to go, you will see everyone taking out their cell phones. Everyone in Korea has a cell phone and it’s almost ridiculous to a point. As a testament to this, I was walking down the streets and I saw a man lying on the floor. He was a homeless man, unkempt, shirtless, lying on a piece of cardboard but out of nowhere, he takes out a cell phone from his cargo pants pocket and starts punching in numbers while he is lying on the floor in the middle of Seoul.
Maybe he was just a businessman taking a rest after a long night, maybe he just recently became homeless but the guy had a cell phone. Isn’t that ridiculous? Anyway, this example just tells you that everyone and I do mean everyone in Korea has a cell phone and as no one likes to be left out, we are going to go over how to get a cell phone in Korea. Cell phone in Korean is 핸드폰 (haendeupon). One time slowly, it’s 핸드폰 (haendeupon). And by syllable, 핸-드-폰 (haen-deu-pon). This is Koreanized English. It actually means hand phone as in a phone that’s carried in your hand. I am not exactly sure where this came from. Regardless, we are going to be asking for a 핸드폰 (haendeupon).
So when you go to the airport, there is a bunch of places that have cell phone rentals. So when we go to the counter, we can say 핸드폰을 빌리고 싶어요 (haendeuponeul billigo sipeoyo). One time slowly, it’s 핸드폰을 빌리고 싶어요 (haendeuponeul billigo sipeoyo). This phrase means, I want to rent a cell phone. The first part of the phrase is 핸드폰 (haendeupon) which as we went over means cell phone. What follows that immediately is the object marking particle 을 (eul). These two are spoken together. Let’s do it once slowly. 핸드폰을 (haendeuponeul). What’s after that is 빌리고 (billigo) which means to borrow. One time slowly, it’s 빌리고 (billigo). And lastly, we have 싶어요 (sipeoyo) which translates as want to. One more time, it’s 싶어요 (sipeoyo).
So, the phrase we have altogether literally means cell phone, borrow want to. This is translated as I want to rent a cell phone. And rental cell phones in Korea are quite expensive. So, when we get that rental cell phone, we can ask how much is it per hour. That phrase is 한 시간에 얼마예요 (han sigane eolmayeyo)? One time slowly, it’s 한 시간에 얼마예요 (han sigane eolmayeyo)? The first part is 한 시간 (han sigan). This is one hour. This is immediately followed by 에 (e) a particle which translates into per. So this is 한 시간에 (han sigane). What’s after that is 얼마예요 (eolmayeyo). This is how much. One time slowly, it’s 얼마예요 (eolmayeyo). So altogether, the phrase we have here is 한 시간에 얼마예요 (han sigane eolmayeyo)?
Let’s break it down by syllable 한 시-간-에 얼-마-예-요 (han si-gan-e eol-ma-ye-yo)? Literally, this is one hour per how much and this is translated as, how much is it per hour. If you wanted to ask how much is it per minute, we can just take the last phrase and replace one hour with one minute. One minute in Korean is 일 분 (il bun). One time slowly it’s 일 분 (il bun). So, if we insert that into our last phrase, the phrase we now have is 일 분에 얼마예요 (il bune eolmayeyo)? This is literally one minute per how much.
Okay. To close our today’s lesson, we’d like for you to practice what you’ve learned. I will provide you with the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud. You will have a few seconds before I give you the answer. So 화이팅 (hwaiting)!
Cell phone - 핸드폰 (haendeupon)
I want to rent a cell phone - 핸드폰을 빌리고 싶어요 (haendeuponeul billigo sipeoyo).
How much is it per hour - 한 시간에 얼마예요 (han sigane eolmayeyo)?
All right, that’s going to do it for today.