Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Seol: 안녕하세요. 윤설입니다. (Annyeonghaseyo. Yunseorimnida.)
Minkyong: 안녕하세요. 민경입니다. (Annyeonghaseyo. Mingyeongimnida.)
Keith: Hey, Keith here. Get More Out of Korea. All right. Seol, what are we taking a look at in this lesson?
Seol: In this lesson, you will learn how to say that something is easy 쉬워 (swiwo) or difficult 어려워 (eoryeowo).
Keith: And this conversation is between
Seol: It is between a Korean girl who is learning English and an American boy who is learning Korean.
Keith: And they are saying that each other’s language is more difficult than their own.
Seol: Yeah.
Keith: So the speakers are friends. Therefore the speakers will be speaking in informal Korean.
Seol: 반말 (banmal).
Keith: Okay. Let’s take a listen.
DIALOGUE
(1)재은: A... B... C... D... F... 영어 너무 어려워. (ei... bi... ssi... di... epeu... yeongeo neomu eoryeowo.)
(2)존: 영어? 쉬워! 한국어가 더 어려워. (yeongeo? swiwo! hangugeo-ga deo eoryeowo.)
(3)재은: 아니야.한국어 쉬워. 영어가 더 어려워. (aniya. hangugeo swiwo. yeongeo-ga deo eoryeowo)
(4)존: 아니야. 한국어가 더 어려워. (aniya. hangugeo-ga deo eoryeowo.)
(5)재은: 한국어 정말 쉬워. 영어 정말 어려워. (hangugeo jeongmal swiwo. yeongeo jeongmal eoryeowo.)
(6)존: 거짓말! 한국어 정말 너무 어려워. (geojitmal! hangugeo jeongmal neomu eoryeowo)
Seol: 한번 더 천천히 (hanbeon deo cheoncheonhi).
Keith: One more time, slowly.
(1)재은: A... B... C... D... F... 영어 너무 어려워. (ei... bi... ssi... di... epeu... yeongeo neomu eoryeowo.)
(2)존: 영어? 쉬워! 한국어가 더 어려워. (yeongeo? swiwo! hangugeo-ga deo eoryeowo.)
(3)재은: 아니야.한국어 쉬워. 영어가 더 어려워. (aniya. hangugeo swiwo. yeongeo-ga deo eoryeowo)
(4)존: 아니야. 한국어가 더 어려워. (aniya. hangugeo-ga deo eoryeowo.)
(5)재은: 한국어 정말 쉬워. 영어 정말 어려워. (hangugeo jeongmal swiwo. yeongeo jeongmal eoryeowo.)
(6)존: 거짓말! 한국어 정말 너무 어려워. (geojitmal! hangugeo jeongmal neomu eoryeowo)
Seol: 영어로 한 번 더 (yeongeoro han beon deo).
Keith: One more time, with the English.
(1)재은: A... B... C... D... F... 영어 너무 어려워. (ei... bi... ssi... di... epeu... yeongeo neomu eoryeowo.)
Keith: A...B...C...D...F...English is too difficult.
(2)존: 영어? 쉬워! 한국어가 더 어려워. (yeongeo? swiwo! hangugeo-ga deo eoryeowo.)
Keith: English? It's easy! Korean is more difficult.
(3)재은: 아니야.한국어 쉬워. 영어가 더 어려워. (aniya. hangugeo swiwo. yeongeo-ga deo eoryeowo)
Keith: No, Korean is easy. English is more difficult.
(4)존: 아니야. 한국어가 더 어려워. (aniya. hangugeo-ga deo eoryeowo.)
Keith: No, Korean is more difficult.
(5)재은: 한국어 정말 쉬워. 영어 정말 어려워. (hangugeo jeongmal swiwo. yeongeo jeongmal eoryeowo.)
Keith: Korean is really easy. English is really difficult.
(6)존: 거짓말! 한국어 정말 너무 어려워. (geojitmal! hangugeo jeongmal neomu eoryeowo)
Keith: That's a lie! Korean is really too difficult.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Keith: So who do you agree with? Do you think Korean is harder, do you think English is harder?
Seol: I believe Korean is much easier than English.
Keith: Well that’s because you are a native Korean speaker but I think every foreign language is difficult for everyone but I got to be pretty honest. I think English is pretty difficult too.
Seol: Yeah it is.
Minkyong: Yeah.
Keith: But you two are excellent at English.
Seol: But here what I am saying is that, Korean is not so difficult.
Keith: Yeah Korean is not so bad once you get the hang of it. It’s a different language of course but once you get the patterns right and the sentence structure okay, it’s actually very easy I think.
Minkyong: Yeah it’s like you can leave off the subject and you can say one word and that’s a sentence.
Keith: Yeah for example, how do you say, that’s hard?
Minkyong: 어려워.
Keith: There you go, that’s just one word and there you go, a sentence. All right, so why don’t we take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson?
VOCAB LIST
Keith: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Minkyong: 영어 (yeongeo) [natural native speed]
Keith: English
Minkyong: 영어 (yeongeo) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Minkyong: 영어 (yeongeo) [natural native speed]
: Next:
Minkyong: 너무 (neomu) [natural native speed]
Keith: Too, too much, extremely
Minkyong: 너무 (neomu) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Minkyong: 너무 (neomu) [natural native speed]
: Next:
Minkyong: 한국어 (hangugeo) [natural native speed]
Keith: Korean (language)
Minkyong: 한국어 (hangugeo) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Minkyong: 한국어 (hangugeo) [natural native speed]
: Next:
Minkyong: 정말 (jeongmal) [natural native speed]
Keith: really, for real
Minkyong: 정말 (jeongmal) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Minkyong: 정말 (jeongmal) [natural native speed]
: Next:
Minkyong: 거짓말 (geojinmal) [natural native speed]
Keith: lie
Minkyong: 거짓말 (geojinmal) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Minkyong: 거짓말 (geojinmal) [natural native speed]
: Next:
Minkyong: 더 (deo) [natural native speed]
Keith: more
Minkyong: 더 (deo) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Minkyong: 더 (deo) [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Keith: All right. So we are going to take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. So what’s the first word we are going to look at?
Minkyong: 영어 (yeongeo) and 한국어 (hangugeo).
Keith: Well that’s two words over there and that’s English and Korean.
Seol: Yeah, two very important languages in KoreanClass101.com
Keith: English and Korean and if you look closely that 어 at the end means language. It doesn’t work with all languages in the world but it works with a lot of them. Country name, the name of the country plus 어 and that becomes the name of the language. So can we have an example?
Seol: 중국어 (junggugeo)
Keith: What’s the country name?
Seol: 중국 (jungguk)
Keith: China and once we add that on, it becomes Chinese.
Seol: 중국어 (junggugeo)
Keith: And how about one more example?
Minkyong: 스페인어 (seupeineo)
Keith: Spanish. What’s the country name?
Minkyong: 스페인 (seupein)
Keith: Spain and what do we add on?
Minkyong: 어 (eo)
Keith: That’s Spanish.
Minkyong: 스페인어 (seupeineo)
Keith: And of course, that’s not limited to Spain, is it? All right, what’s our next word?
Seol: 너무 (neomu)
Keith: Too, too much, extremely. You can add 너무 (neomu) in front of words that you want to emphasize. Can you give us an example?
Minkyong: 너무 맛있어요 (neomu masisseoyo).
Keith: “It’s too delicious” but in this case, that means “it’s very delicious.” We are emphasizing “delicious.” Okay, how did it come out in this dialogue?
Seol: John said 한국어 정말 너무 어려워. (hangugeo jeongmal neomu eoryeowo)
Keith: Korean is really too difficult.
Seol: And that’s not so true, right?
Keith: Well he is not telling a lie either. It’s kind of difficult sometimes. So what’s that next word? The word is lie.
Minkyong: 거짓말 (geojinmal)
Keith: And what’s the opposite of 거짓말 (geojinmal)?
Seol: 정말 (jeongmal)
Keith: Really, for real. It’s almost the same as 진짜 which we went over in our last lesson. It also depends on the intonation. If you say it in a rising intonation.
Seol: 정말? (jeongmal?)
Keith: It means, really but if you just say it plainly, it just means really very. For example, in this dialogue, how did it come out?
Minkyong: 영어 정말 어려워 (yeongeo jeongmal eoryeowo).
Keith: “English is really difficult.” Ok, let's move on to this lesson's focus.

Lesson focus

Keith: Okay, what are we focusing on in this lesson?
Seol: 어려워 (eoryeowo)
Keith: "It's difficult." And,
Seol: 쉬워 (swiwo)
Keith: "It's easy". Ok, let's start from 어려워 (eoryeowo). 어려워 (eoryeowo) is the verb that means "to be difficult" in the present tense. what is it in its dictionary form?
Seol: 어렵다 (eoryeopda)
Keith: And how do we be polite about it?
Seol: 어려워요. (eoryeowoyo)
Keith: That’s right. Just add on 요 at the end. Okay, how did it come out in this dialogue?
Seol: 재은 (jaeeun) said 영어 너무 어려워 (yeongeo neomu eoryeowo)
Keith: “English is too difficult.”
Seol: And john said 한국어 정말 너무 어려워. (hangugeo jeongmal neomu eoryeowo)
Keith: “Korean is really too difficult.” Could you give us some sample sentences?
Seol: 안 어려워요. (an eoryeowoyo)
Keith: “It's not difficult.” you simply add 안 (an) express not difficult. or you could just use the word for "it's easy"
Seol: 쉬워 (swiwo)
Keith: that's our next focus. 쉬워 (swiwo) is the verb that means "to be easy" in the present tense. and the dictionary form of 쉬워 (swiwo) is?
Seol: 쉽다 (swipda)
Keith: It’s a little bit of a change but what about the polite form?
Seol: 쉬워요 (swiwoyo)
Keith: Ok, and how did it come out in this dialog?
Seol: 존 (jon) said 영어? 쉬워! (yeongeo? swiwo)
Keith: “English? It's easy!”
Seol: and 재은 (yeongeo) said 한국어 정말 쉬워. (hangugeo jeongmal swiwo.)
Keith: “Korean is really easy.” Ok, so let's have a quick example
Seol: 너무 쉬워요. (neomu swiwoyo.)
Keith: “It's too easy.”
Seol: 한국어 너무 쉬워요! (hangugeo neomu swiwoyo!)
Keith: “Korean is too easy?” You think so?
Seol: Yeah.
Keith: Well again, native Korean speaker is speaking of it. How about we ask some of our listeners if that’s true or not. What do you think, if Korean is difficult, is it easy? Let us know, post a comment. And that just about does it for this lesson.

Outro

Keith: And that just about does it for this lesson. See you everyone next time.
Seol: 안녕 (annyeong).
Minkyong: 안녕히 계세요. (annyeonghi gyeseyo.)

Grammar

Korean Grammar Made Easy - Unlock This Lesson’s Grammar Guide

Easily master this lesson’s grammar points with in-depth explanations and examples. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

62 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

영어가 더 어려워요? 한국어가 더 어려워요? (Is English is more difficult? Is Korean more difficult?)

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 03:55 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Liviu,


Thank you for sharing with us! Yes, once you get the grammar down, Korean is not a difficult language to learn!

Keep up the good work!


Cheers.

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Liviu
Thursday at 12:05 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi guys,


Korean is the third foreign language im learning alongside english and german and its far more easy than the other two.

Even tho im a newbie i find the grammar even easier than in my native language which is romanian.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 10:46 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Dimple,


Thanks for posting. This is due to rules of batchim (words that end with consonants).

We have a lesson series which will help:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson-library/learn-hangul-hana-hana-hangul/


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Dimple
Monday at 04:56 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hey Seoul, Minkyong and Keith.


KoreanClass101.com is really awesome and I enjoy learning Korean from you guys a lot ❤️❤️

I have a quick question with regards to how some words are spelled and how they are pronounced. Geojinmal, for example, is spelled as geojitmal but pronounced has geojinmal. Any idea how I can memorise the different words like geojinmal, that are spelled differently and pronounced differently?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:41 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Joanne,


Thank you for posting. They are both used to mean very or a lot, but there is a slight difference in the meaning. 너무 is used when you think it is a bit overboard or too much, and 아주 is not as excessive.


아주 예뻐. very pretty.

너무 예뻐. very pretty.


아주 is also not used in a negative context, whereas 너무 is often used when you are deeming something as too much (in a bad way). For example, if you want to say something is expensive, you could say the following.


아주 비싸. very expensive

너무 비싸. too expensive


Do you see the difference? When 너무 is used, it implies that something is a bit too much. 아주 does not.

Hope this helped differentiate the two phrases.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Joanne
Sunday at 06:10 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

What is the difference between 너무 and 아주? Can I say 아주어려워 instead of 너무어려워?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 04:19 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

안녕하세요 rio,


You are very very welcome. 😇❤️️ We were so happy to read your positive message!

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

레벤테 (Levente)

Team KoreanClass101.com

rio
Sunday at 01:01 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Lyn,


Thank you for your reply! 네, 그건 사실입니다. 😄 Even though it's difficult, I am loving learning Korean - especially with K101! ❤️️

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 12:22 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi rio,


Thanks for posting. This may be because the grammatical structure is different from English, but once you get the basics down, it is actually a very fun language to learn!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

rio
Monday at 02:12 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

영어보다 한국어가 더 어렵다고 생각해요. 😅