Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Minkyong: 안녕하세요 (Annyeonghaseyo). KoreanClass101의 지민경입니다 (ui jimingyeongimnida).
Keith: Hey and I am Keith. How to Get Plenty of Phone Numbers in Korea? Okay, so Minkyong, we got a really good lesson today. What are we talking about?
Minkyong: In this lesson, we are talking about 전화 (jeonhwa).
Keith: “Phone” and that’s all inclusive, phone numbers, calling someone, the actual telephone. Okay, and the conversation is between
Minkyong: The conversation is between a pretty girl and the shy guy.
Keith: And because they are not so friendly, I guess they are not best friends, maybe they are strangers actually. They will be speaking
Minkyong: 존댓말 (jondaenmal)
Keith: Formal Korean.
Keith: So, are you ready to pick up some phone numbers?
Minkyong: 네, 들어 봅시다. (ne, deureo bopsida.)
DIALOGUE
소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja): 저기요... 전화번호 좀.. (jeogi-yo... jeonhwabeonho jom...)
예쁜 여자 (yeppeun yeoja): 네? 전화번호요? (jeonhwabeonho-yo?)
소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja): 네... 전화번호 좀… (ne... jeonhwabeonho jom...)
예쁜 여자 (yeppeun yeoja): 전화번호 뭐요? (jeonhwabeonho mwo-yo?)
소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja): 아.. 아니예요… (a... aniyeyo…)
예쁜 여자 (yeppeun yeoja): 여기요. 전화해요. (yeogi-yo. jeonhwahaeyo.)
소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja): 정말요? 전화해요? (jeongmal-yo? jeonhwahaeyo?)
예쁜 여자 (yeppeun yeoja): 네. 전화해요. (ne. jeonhwahaeyo.)
소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja): 네!! 감사합니다. (ne!! gamsahamnida.)
Seol: 한번 더 천천히 (hanbeon deo cheoncheonhi).
Keith: One more time, slowly.
소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja): 저기요... 전화번호 좀.. (jeogi-yo... jeonhwabeonho jom...)
예쁜 여자 (yeppeun yeoja): 네? 전화번호요? (jeonhwabeonho-yo?)
소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja): 네... 전화번호 좀… (ne... jeonhwabeonho jom...)
예쁜 여자 (yeppeun yeoja): 전화번호 뭐요? (jeonhwabeonho mwo-yo?)
소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja): 아.. 아니예요… (a... aniyeyo…)
예쁜 여자 (yeppeun yeoja): 여기요. 전화해요. (yeogi-yo. jeonhwahaeyo.)
소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja): 정말요? 전화해요? (jeongmal-yo? jeonhwahaeyo?)
예쁜 여자 (yeppeun yeoja): 네. 전화해요. (ne. jeonhwahaeyo.)
소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja): 네!! 감사합니다. (ne!! gamsahamnida.)
Seol: 영어로 한 번 더 (yeongeoro han beon deo).
Keith: One more time, with the English.
소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja): 저기요... 전화번호 좀.. (jeogi-yo... jeonhwabeonho jom...)
Keith: Excuse me... Your phone number...
예쁜 여자 (yeppeun yeoja): 네? 전화번호요? (jeonhwabeonho-yo?)
Keith: What? My phone number?
소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja): 네... 전화번호 좀… (ne... jeonhwabeonho jom...)
Keith: Yes. Your phone number...
예쁜 여자 (yeppeun yeoja): 전화번호 뭐요? (jeonhwabeonho mwo-yo?)
Keith: What about my phone number?
소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja): 아.. 아니예요… (a... aniyeyo…)
Keith: Um...no, never mind...
예쁜 여자 (yeppeun yeoja): 여기요. 전화해요. (yeogi-yo. jeonhwahaeyo.)
Keith: Hey, here it is. Call me.
소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja): 정말요? 전화해요? (jeongmal-yo? jeonhwahaeyo?)
Keith: Really? You want me to call you?
예쁜 여자 (yeppeun yeoja): 네. 전화해요. (ne. jeonhwahaeyo.)
Keith: Yes. (kiss on the cheek) Call me.
소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja): 네!! 감사합니다. (ne!! gamsahamnida.)
Keith: I will! Thank you!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Minkyong: This is very fictional. It will probably never happen in Korea. A 예쁜 여자 (yeppeun yeoja) wouldn’t like a 소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja).
Keith: Pretty girls don’t like timid guys.
Minkyong: You don’t think so?
Keith: Well what if the timid guy, the 소심한 남자 (sosimhan namja), is really good looking.
Minkyong: Oh, I never thought about that possibility.
Keith: No, but actually this would never happen.
Minkyong: I know.
Keith: And you know why it would never happen. In my experience with Korean women, they are so direct and blunt and I am so timid, I am so shy, I am so scared.
Minkyong: So you didn’t get their numbers or they didn’t give it to you.
Keith: Oh let me put it this way. This conversation I’ve seen this in my dreams before. Okay well how about we take a look at the vocabulary.
VOCAB LIST
Keith: The first word we have is...
Minkyong: 저기요 (jeogiyo) [natural native speed]
Keith: Excuse me.
Minkyong: 저기요 (jeogiyo) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Minkyong: 저기요 (jeogiyo) [natural native speed]
: Next:
Minkyong: 좀 (jom) [natural native speed]
Keith: a bit
Minkyong: 좀 (jom) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Minkyong: 좀 (jom) [natural native speed]
: Next:
Minkyong: 뭐요? (mwoyo) [natural native speed]
Keith: What?
Minkyong: 뭐요? (mwoyo) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Minkyong: 뭐요? (mwoyo) [natural native speed]
: Next:
Minkyong: 여기요 (yeogiyo) [natural native speed]
Keith: Here. Take it.
Minkyong: 여기요 (yeogiyo) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Minkyong: 여기요 (yeogiyo) [natural native speed]
: Next:
Minkyong: 정말요? (jeongmalyo?) [natural native speed]
Keith: Really?
Minkyong: 정말요? (jeongmalyo?) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Minkyong: 정말요? (jeongmalyo?) [natural native speed]
: Next:
Minkyong: 감사합니다 (gamsahamnida) [natural native speed]
Keith: Thank you (formal)
Minkyong: 감사합니다 (gamsahamnida) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Minkyong: 감사합니다 (gamsahamnida) [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Keith: Maybe I am not so good at getting some numbers but I am pretty okay with the vocabulary.
Minkyong: I agree.
Keith: But not getting the numbers part, right? Well what’s the first word we are going to take a look at?
Minkyong: 저기요. (jeogiyo)
Keith: Excuse me and in conversation, this is used to call somebody that you don’t know as in a restaurant situation, right?
Minkyong: Yes, in a restaurant when I call the waiter or the waitress, I say 저기요, 주문이요. (jeogiyo. jumuniyo.)
Keith: Excuse me, I’d like to order please. So a lot of times if you are in a store shopping in Korea, you use this phrase a lot.
Minkyong: 저기요, 이거 얼마예요?
Keith: Excuse me, how much is this and you are using it to get someone’s attention. Okay how did it come out in this dialogue?
Minkyong: The timid guy said to the pretty girl 저기요... 전화번호 좀. (jeogi-yo... jeonhwabeonho jom...)
Keith: Excuse me, your phone number and there he is getting her attention but what’s that last word 좀 (jom)?
Minkyong: That’s our next word 좀 (jom) a bit, a little.
Keith: Yeah but this often doesn’t really have meaning when you use it in a sentence like in this dialogue.
Minkyong: Yes, but for example, when I say 나 이거 좀 줘! (na igeo jom jwo!)
Keith: Please give me a little bit and there, you are actually only asking for a little bit. Let’s say, I am eating a bag of potato chips.
Minkyong: 나 과자 좀 줘. (na gwaja jom jwo.)
Keith: Give me a little bit and there you are actually saying a little bit, I just want a little and you are actually pleading a bit but also this word is used as a speech softener. So instead of demanding someone, hey, your phone number, you are adding 좀 (jom) on to soften it up a little bit, so it’s not so demanding. So once again, in this conversation, how did it come out?
Minkyong: 저기요… 전화번호 좀. (jeogi-yo... jeonhwabeonho jom...)
Keith: And that’s literally phone number a little but there that 좀 is acting as a speech softener. So instead of 전화번호 give me your phone number, you are saying 전화번호 좀 (jeonhwabeonho jom) please.
Minkyong: Little bit, yes.
Keith: So you are trying to be a little more polite with that actually. Okay what’s our next word?
Minkyong: The next phrase is 감사합니다 (gamsahamnida).
Keith: “Thank you” and this is in formal Korean and of course it’s a very essential phrase in everyday life in Korea.
Minkyong: Yes I use this probably 20 times a day but not usually to my friends. To my friends, I say 고마워 (gomawo).
Keith: Thank you in the intimate politeness level. So that means informal Korean 고마워 (gomawo).
Minkyong: You could say 고마워요 (gomawoyo) to be a little more polite but 감사합니다 (gamsahamnida) is more formal. So to my teachers and people that I don’t know well, I say 감사합니다 (gamsahamnida).
Keith: And in this dialogue because they are not friends, they are total strangers, they used
Minkyong: 감사합니다 (gamsahamnida).
Keith: Because they are strangers. They got to be a little more polite but if you wanted to say thanks to your friend, what can you say?
Minkyong: 고마워 (gomawo).
Keith: All right. How about we move on to the focus for this lesson?

Lesson focus

Minkyong: The focus of this lesson is 전화 (jeonhwa).
Keith: which literally means “telephone” or “phone call,” but it is used as a verb 'to call', 'to telephone' by just adding 하다 (hada) at the end
Minkyong: 전화하다 (jeonhwahada)
Keith: “To call, to telephone.” And 전화 (jeonhwa) can be combined with various other words to form different words that are used very commonly in Korean. Can you give us a couple of examples?
Minkyong: you add 번호 (beonho) which means “number,” so it becomes 전화 번호 (jeonhwa beonho).
Keith: Phone number. Okay what else?
Minkyong: You add 휴대 (hyudae), which means “portable,” and it becomes 휴대 전화 (hyudae jeonhwa).
Keith: “Portable telephone,” so a mobile phone or cell phone. Ok, so can you give us some sample sentences using 전화하다 (jeonhwahada), the actual verb to telephone someone, to call someone?
Minkyong: So for example, before I say goodbye to my friends, I tell my friends 전화해 (jeonhwahae).
Keith: “Call me,” and there it’s used as the imperative.
Minkyong: Or sometimes when I am homesick or something happened, I say 엄마한테 전화하고 싶어 (eommahante jeonhwahago sipeo).
Keith: “I want to call my mommy.” I tend to say that a lot. Okay, how did it come out in this dialogue?
Minkyong: The pretty girl said 여기요. 전화해요 (yeogiyo. jeonhwahaeyo).
Keith: “Hey, here it is, call me” and
Minkyong: And the timid guy said 정말요? 전화해요? (jeongmaryo? jeonhwahaeyo?)
Keith: “Really? Call you?” So before we go, can we have another example?
Minkyong: Sometimes when I am mad at somebody, I could say 전화하지 마 (jeonhwahaji ma).
Keith: Don’t call me. Can we have that one more time?
Minkyong: 전화하지 마. (jeonhwahaji ma.)
Keith: And how about if you are really mad?
Minkyong: 전화하지 마! (jeonhwahaji ma!)
Keith: That was pretty quick. That one sounds really familiar to me for some reason.

Outro

Keith: Okay, so that just about does it for today. Minkyong, what’s your phone number?
Minkyong: 안녕히 계세요. (Annyeonghi gyeseyo.)
Keith: See you later.

Grammar

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32 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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What other expressions can you say using the word '전화' in Korean? :)

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:00 AM
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Hi rio,


Thanks for posting, glad to hear it!

Please let us know if you have any other questions.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

rio
Saturday at 11:22 PM
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Lyn씨,


Thank you so much for your reply and for your explanation! 이해 했어요 😄To know that difference between '안' and '못' is so helpful.


정말 고맙습니다 ❤️️

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 12:09 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Rio,


Thank you for posting. Yes, you can say


운전중이라 전화를 안 받았어요.


However, as '안' shows the 'intent' of the speaker (not wanting to do something) you'll probably hear Native Koreans saying


운전중이라 전화를 못 받았어요.


Because 못 feels like a more softer phrase (it means unable to do something, which doesn't show the 'intent' of the speaker, thus feels more polite).


Hope this helped.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Rio
Monday at 01:09 AM
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안녕하세요 K101 팀 😄


이 문장 어때요 ----> 운전중이라 전화를 안 받았어요.


감사합니다!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:53 AM
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Hi Uttam,


Thanks for posting. Let's take a look at what you wrote:


먼저 당신에 전화해요.

You call me first.

--->(당신이) 먼저 전화해 주세요.


미안해, 늦은 전화해요.

Sorry to call you late.

-->늦게 전화해서 미안해요.


기다리지마; 지금 경찰은 전화해!

Don’t wait; call the police now!

기다리지 말고 지금 바로 경찰에 전화해!


We'll get back to you with your other inquiries!

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

괜찮아요?

Uttam
Thursday at 08:51 AM
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Hi,

I am slowly (천천히) learning Korean, thanks to all the teachers here.


A suggestion: Of late, I have been writing comments in my lessons. But I forget in which class I wrote them and so I have to click on a few lessons to get there. Is there a way where I can see all my comments in lessons and responses from teacher/s?


감사합니다.


우떰 (Is the spelling of my name correct?)

Uttam
Thursday at 08:45 AM
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안녕하세요 선생님.


먼저 당신에 전화해요.

You call me first.

미안해, 늦은 전화해요.

Sorry to call you late.

기다리지마; 지금 경찰은 전화해!

Don't wait; call the police now!


괜찮아요?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 12:47 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

안녕하세요 Gregoire,


Thank you for taking the time to leave us a comment. 😇

If you have any questions, please let us know! 잘 하고 와. Good luck!


Sincerely,

레벤테 (Levente)

Team KoreanClass101.com

Gregoire
Sunday at 08:35 AM
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By reading the comments, I learned mangseorijima 망설이지마 from Vivian. Thanks, Vivian.

Koreanclass101.com Verified
Friday at 12:46 AM
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Hi Vivian,



Thank you for your comment.


It is actually ~지마. So there is no space between 하지 and 마. it is supposed to be 하지마.


So as you could see from 기다리지마 and 망설이지마, both are Verb form + 지마 which is to order not to do something!


Does that help a little?:)



Thank you


Madison

Team Koreanclass101.com