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Seol: 안녕하세요. (Annyeonghaseyo.)
Yujin: 안녕하세요. 유진입니다. (Annyeonghaseyo. yujinimnida.)
Keith: What Day is it? All right, now we are continuing on with our series with… who else?
Seol: 류지 (ryuji).
Keith: And both of you don’t like that name, right?
Seol: It’s very hard to pronounce.
Yujin: But I like it because it sounds special.
Keith: Special?
Seol: Wow!
Keith: I don’t know if that’s a good thing or not.
Yujin: Sounds unique would be a better expression.
Keith: Unique?
Yujin: Yes.
Keith: Okay. Well Ryuji has been jailed and he is just waiting and waiting and waiting and his ongoing conversation with 형사 (hyeongsa) the detective is continuing on today. Now so far, we went over the native Korean numbers. Let’s go over numbers 1 through 5 for a quick review.
Seol: 하나, 둘, 셋, 넷, 다섯. (hana, dul, set, net, daseot.)
Keith: And these are used when you are counting something sequentially 1, 2, 3, when you are counting people in a party, when you are counting how many drinks you want at a restaurant or just whenever you count one more number ahead as in age as well. Next year 1, next year 2, next year 3 but now we are going over the Sino-Korean numbers. Now these numbers are numbers that are influenced by China and these are far more frequently in use than the native Korean numbers, right? So what do we use the Sino-Korean numbers for?
Seol: Dates, money, prize, a lot of things.
Keith: Yeah and you also use it for age as well. As we mentioned in our last lesson, once you get to age maybe around 40 or 50, you start using the Sino-Korean numbers and this goes for everybody. So today, we are talking about the Sino-Korean numbers. So in what context are we going to be using the Sino-Korean numbers?
Yujin: 날짜 (naljja).
Keith: Dates. All right, so Yujin can you please set up today’s conversation for us?
Yujin: We are talking about their birthday.
Keith: Well that’s a date as well. All right, so Ryuji is going to be using standard politeness level and 형사 (hyeongsa) the detective will be using intimate politeness level because why….
Seol: Because a detective is the person who has the authority.
Keith: Yeah he has power in the relationship and he doesn’t really have to. All right so let’s listen in.
(1)류지: 오늘은… 며칠이에요? (oneul-eun myeochil-ieyo?)
(2)형사: 오늘? 3월 4일. (oneul? sam-wol sa-il.)
(3)류지: 제가 언제… (je-ga eonje…)
(4)형사: 1월…아니… 2월 6일. (il-wol... ani... i-wol yuk-il)
(5)류지: (한숨) (hansum)
(6)형사: 류지, 너는 생일 언제냐? (ryuji, neo-neun saengil eonjenya?)
(7)류지: 6월 20일이에요. (yu-wol isip-il-ieyo.)
Seol: 한 번 더 천천히. (han beon deo cheoncheonhi.)
(1)류지: 오늘은… 며칠이에요? (oneul-eun myeochil-ieyo?)
(2)형사: 오늘? 3월 4일. (oneul? sam-wol sa-il.)
(3)류지: 제가 언제… (je-ga eonje…)
(4)형사: 1월…아니… 2월 6일. (il-wol... ani... i-wol yuk-il)
(5)류지: (한숨) (hansum)
(6)형사: 류지, 너는 생일 언제냐? (ryuji, neo-neun saengil eonjenya?)
(7)류지: 6월 20일이에요. (yu-wol isip-il-ieyo.)
Seol: 영어로 한 번 더. (yeongeoro han beon deo.)
(1)류지: 오늘은… 며칠이에요? (oneul-eun myeochil-ieyo?)
(1)Ryuji: What date is today?
(2)형사: 오늘? 3월 4일. (oneul? sam-wol sa-il.)
(2)Detective: Today is March 4th.
(3)류지: 제가 언제… (je-ga eonje…)
(3)Ryuji: When did I come here?
(4)형사: 1월…아니… 2월 6일. (il-wol... ani... i-wol yuk-il)
(4)Detective: January... no... February 6th.
(5)류지: (한숨) (hansum)
(5)Ryuji: (sigh)
(6)형사: 류지, 너는 생일 언제냐? (ryuji, neo-neun saengil eonjenya?)
(6)Detective: Ryuji, when is your birthday?
(7)류지: 6월 20일이에요. (yu-wol isip-il-ieyo.)
(7)Ryuji: It's June 20th.
Keith: Okay. 설 씨(seol ssi), 어땠어요 (eottaesseoyo)? How was it?
Seol: Ryuji seems to be not okay. He doesn’t know when he entered the jail.
Keith: Yeah he is talking about how long he’s been there.
Seol: Poor Ryuji.
Keith: Well he is a bad guy, okay? He is a bad guy. He did something wrong, that’s why he is in jail.
Seol: Okay. Okay.
Keith: Yeah in today’s conversation, we use the Sino-Korean numbers to refer to dates and that’s birthdays as well. So to get started, let’s go over the Sino-Korean numbers 1 through 12. First is
Yujin: 일 (il)
Keith: 1
Yujin: 이 (i)
Keith: 2
Yujin: 삼 (sam)
Keith: 3
Yujin: 사 (sa)
Keith: 4
Yujin: 오 (o)
Keith: 5
Yujin: 육 (yuk)
Keith: 6
Yujin: 칠 (chil)
Keith: 7
Yujin: 팔 (pal)
Keith: 8
Yujin: 구 (gu)
Keith: 9
Yujin: 십 (sip)
Keith: 10
Yujin: 십일 (sibil)
Keith: 11
Yujin: 십이 (sibi)
Keith: 12. All right, our next vocabulary word is
Yujin: 월 (wol).
Keith: Month.
Yujin: 월 (wol).
Keith: Next is
Yujin: 일 (il).
Keith: Day
Yujin: 일 (il).
Keith: And now we have
Yujin: 생일 (saengnil).
Keith: Birthday.
Yujin: 생일 (saengnil).
Keith: And lastly we have
Yujin: 언제 (eonje).
Keith: When
Yujin: 언제 (eonje).
Keith: All right. Now let’s go over these Sino-Korean numbers in a little more detail. Can we have 1 through 10 again really quickly?
Yujin: 일, 이, 삼, 사, 오, 육, 칠, 팔, 구, 십. ( il, i, sam, sa, o, yuk, chil, pal, gu, sip.)
Keith: Okay. So 10 is 십. Now if you want to say 11, what is that?
Yujin: 십일 (sibil)
Keith: That’s literally 10 1, very easy. 12?
Yujin: 십이 (sibi).
Keith: 10 2, 13
Yujin: 십삼 (sipsam).
Keith: 10 3, very simple. Now if you want to go to 20, what do you say?
Yujin: 이십 (isip).
Keith: Now that’s 2 10, 20. Very simple, what’s 21?
Yujin: 이십일 (isibil).
Keith: 2 10 1, 21, 22 is
Yujin: 이십이 (isibi).
Keith: 2 10 2. Now hopefully you get the picture. These are some very logical numbers. Okay now since we are talking about dates, let’s go till 31. What’s 28?
Yujin: 이십팔 (isippal)
Keith: 2 10 8, 28, what’s 29?
Yujin: 이십구 (isipgu).
Keith: 2 10 9, 29 and 30 is
Yujin: 삼십 (samsip).
Keith: 3 10, 30. Notice how 2 10, 20 changes to 3 10, 30 and 31 is
Yujin: 삼십일 (samsibil).
Keith: 3 10 1, 31. All right, now that we have until 31, you can go through all the dates. The Korean system is very, very simple, isn’t it?
Seol: It’s a lot easier than English when it comes to numbers.
Keith: Am I sensing a little animosity towards English like ah English. Well yeah, your English you have to memorize each of the months. January, February, March and you got to memorize all of these but in Korean, all you got to know is the numbers and then 월 (wol) month and then you got the month. So let’s go over it really quickly in the dialogue. Okay the first line we have is
Seol: 오늘은… 며칠이에요? (oneureuntt myeochirieyo?)
Keith: First word is
Seol: 오늘 (oneul)
Keith: Today.
Seol: 은 (eun)
Keith: Followed by the topic marking particle.
Seol: 며칠 (myeochil)
Keith: What day
Seol: 이에요? (ieyo?)
Keith: Is. Literally today what day is. What’s is again?
Seol: 이에요? (ieyo?)
Keith: Now this is in the standard politeness level. So how do you ask what the date is?
Seol: 며칠이에요? (myeochirieyo?)
Keith: What date is, what’s the date? All right next line we have
Yujin: 오늘은 3월 4일이야. (oneureun 3wol 4iriya.)
Keith: Okay let’s break that down real quick.
Yujin: 오늘 (oneul)
Keith: Today followed by
Yujin: 은 (eun)
Keith: Topic marking particle.
Yujin: 3월 (3wol)
Keith: Literally 3 month and next is
Yujin: 4일 (4il)
Keith: Literally 4 day.
Yujin: 이야 (iya).
Keith: Is. Now, this is in the intimate politeness level. All right, so let’s talk about how to make dates in Korean. Yujin, can you please explain how to say dates in Korean?
Yujin: You put number, months and number, date. This is what Koreans usually say in dates.
Keith: Yeah so it’s very simple. All you got to know is numbers 1 through 12 to say the month and then numbers 1 through 31 to say the date and as we said, the Sino-Korean numbers are very easy, they are very logical. So remember those numbers and then the word for month and then the word for date. All right, so how do we say January 1st?
Yujin: 1월 1일 (1wol 1il).
Keith: Okay let’s break that down really quick.
Yujin: 일 (il)
Keith: 1
Yujin: 월 (wol)
Keith: Month.
Yujin: 일 (il)
Keith: 1
Yujin: 일 (il)
Keith: Day. So one month, one day. January 1st. All right, how do we say November 16th?
Seol: I know the answer.
Keith: Oh really?
Seol: 11월 16일 (11wol 16il).
Keith: Okay let’s go over that real quick.
Seol: 십일 (sibil)
Keith: 11
Seol: 월 (wol)
Keith: 11 month, November
Seol: 십육 (sibyuk)
Keith: 16
Seol: 일 (il)
Keith: Day, 16th day, the 16th. So November 11 month, 16th day, 11/16. All right so to have a real quick review, to do it really quickly, let’s go over January through December. January
Seol: 1월 (1wol)
Keith: February
Seol: 2월 (2wol)
Keith: March
Seol: 3월 (3wol)
Keith: April
Seol: 4월 (4wol)
Keith: May
Seol: 5월 (5wol)
Keith: June
Seol: 6월 (6wol)
Keith: July
Seol: 7월 (7wol)
Keith: August
Seol: 8월 (8wol)
Keith: September
Seol: 9월 (9wol)
Keith: October
Seol: Y 10월 (10wol)
Keith: November
Seol: 11월 (11wol)
Keith: December
Seol: 12월 (12wol)
Keith: I was having a little trouble like remembering. Well that’s why Korean is so easy. You just have to know the numbers and you say the dates but even me, I was – I had to think about it.
Seol: But listeners might find that there was a little bit of difference.
Keith: Yeah and that’s one thing we want to address. What’s the #6?
Seol: 육 (yuk)
Keith: And what’s June?
Seol: 유월 (yuwol).
Keith: Yeah it’s a slight difference. It changes slightly in pronunciation and there is also one more exception. What’s 10?
Seol: 십 (sip).
Keith: And what’s October?
Seol: 시월 (siwol).
Keith: And these are the only two exceptions that you really have to remember. All right, now we are not going over the dates 1 through 31.
Seol: No.
Keith: But yeah these are fairly simple to figure out. So we are not going over all of the numbers, but let’s go over the dates 11th to 20th. 11th is?
Yujin: 11일 (11il)
Keith: 12th is
Yujin: 12일 (12il)
Keith: 13th
Yujin: 13일 (13il)
Keith: 14th
Yujin: 14일 (14il)
Keith: 15th
Yujin: 15일 (15il)
Keith: 16th
Yujin: 16일 (16il)
Keith: 17th
Yujin: 17일 (17il)
Keith: 18th
Yujin: 18일 (18il)
Keith: 19th
Yujin: 19일 (19il)
Keith: 20th
Yujin: 20일 (20il)
Keith: All right. Remember to practice your numbers and then you got the whole calendar down. All right, so let’s finish up this conversation really quick. Our next line we have is
Seol: 제가 여기 언제? (jega yeogi eonje?)
Keith: Okay let’s break it down.
Seol: 제 (je)
Keith: I followed by
Seol: 가 (ga)
Keith: Subject marking particle.
Seol: 여기 (yeogi)
Keith: Here.
Seol: 언제 (eonje)
Keith: When. I here when – sounds like it doesn’t have a lot of energy. All right and here we can infer from context, here when, when did I come here. All right next we have
Yujin: 1월 아니 2월 6일. (1wol ani 2wol 6il.)
Keith: Okay first we have
Yujin: 1
Keith: One
Yujin: 월 (wol)
Keith: Month, January.
Yujin: 아니 (ani)
Keith: No.
Yujin: 2
Keith: 2.
Yujin: 월 (wol)
Keith: Month, February.
Yujin: 6
Keith: 6
Yujin: 일 (il)
Keith: Day 6th, February 6th but here there is something we should point out. What’s #1 again?
Yujin: 일 (il)
Keith: And what’s 2?
Yujin: 이 (i)
Keith: And these are fairly close in pronunciation. So a lot of Koreans tend to get these mixed up themselves.
Seol: Like this detective did.
Keith: Yeah.
Yujin: Yes.
Keith: So a lot of times if you are giving your phone number over to somebody, you will have to clarify and speak slowly 1 and 2 and 3 and 4 also. What’s 3 and 4?
Seol: 삼 (sam)
Keith: 3
Seol: 사 (sam)
Keith: 4. And you have to clarify sometimes if you speak a little fast but yeah if you are careful with your pronunciations, you will be okay. All right our next line is
Yujin: 류지, 너는 생일 언제냐? (ryuji, neoneun saengnil eonjenya?)
Keith: Okay first we have
Yujin: 류지 (ryuji)
Keith: Ryuji followed by
Yujin: 너 (neo)
Keith: You and this is in the intimate politeness level followed by
Yujin: 는 (neun)
Keith: Topic marking particle.
Yujin: 생일 (saengnil)
Keith: Birthday.
Yujin: 언제 (eonje)
Keith: When.
Yujin: 냐 (nya)
Keith: Is. Now the grammar in the sentence is a little too much to go over but let’s go over how to ask when your birthday is.
Seol: 생일이 언제예요? (saengniri eonjeyeyo?)
Keith: Birthday when is, just reverse the order. When is your birthday? All right. 유진 씨, 생일이 언제예요? (yujin ssi, saengniri eonjeyeyo?)
Yujin: 말하면 놀라실 거예요 (malhamyeon nollasil geoyeyo). You will be surprised. 9월 11일이에요. (9wol 11irieyo.)
Keith: Oh wow!
Seol: Ah 911.
Yujin: Don’t be surprised.
Keith: 9/11. Okay well, 설의 생일은 언제예요? (seorui saengnireun eonjeyeyo?)
Seol: 12월 13일이에요 (12wol 13irieyo).
Keith: December 13th.
Seol: Wow! So you remember?
Keith: Yeah I remember.
Seol: Okay I will expect something from you.
Keith: Why don’t you ask me? You don’t want to buy me a birthday present?
Seol: 생일이 언제예요 (saengniri eonjeyeyo)?
Keith: Well you are not really interested, right?
Seol: 생일이 언제예요(saengniri eonjeyeyo)?
Yujin: 물어보려고 했어요 (mureoboryeogo haesseoyo).
Keith: 6월 16일 (6wol 16il).
Seol: Oh
Yujin: 오… 지났다 (ott jinatda).
Seol:그러게. 아쉽다 (geureoge. aswipda).
Keith: June 16th. All right, so let’s finish it up really quick. Our last line is
Seol: 6월 20일이에요 (6wol 20irieyo).
Keith: June 20th and you know, his birthday is pretty close to mine hah!
Seol: That’s why you wrote this, right?
Keith: No, no, no, no no. All right, so I think we are done with our lesson. How did you feel?
Seol: So now we know how to read calendar and now we remember your birthday. 6월 16일(6wol 16il).
Keith: June 16th, remember the date and Yujin, your birthday is very easy to remember.
Yujin: Yes, please remember my birthday.


Keith: All right well, that’s going to do it for today. Remember to stop by KoreanClass101.com, check out the PDF. We have a detailed write up of all of these numbers. We are going to help you out with all of these numbers. We are going to write them all out for you. Okay, that’s going to do it. See you later.
Seol: 안녕 (Annyeong).
Yujin: 안녕 (Annyeong).


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