Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Dana: Hi everyone, I'm Dana.
Jaehwi: And I'm Jaehwi.
Dana: And welcome to Must-Know Korean Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 45. Using Reported Speech.
Dana: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for reporting something said by someone else.
PATTERN
Dana: For example,
Dana: "You said that you could not come."
Jaehwi: 못 온다고 했잖아요. (mot ondago haetjannayo.)
Jaehwi: [slow] 못 온다고 했잖아요. (mot ondago haetjannayo.)
Dana: The pattern for reporting something said by someone else has three elements. First, the adverb meaning "not be able to"...
Jaehwi: 못 (mot).
Dana: Second, a verb stem, plus the phrase…
Jaehwi: ㄴ다고(ndago) or 온다고 (ondago).
Dana: Third, verb stem in past tense plus declarative sentence ending
Jaehwi: 잖아요(jannayo).
Jaehwi: In this case, 했잖아요 (haetjannayo).
Dana: Altogether, we have... "You said that you could not come."
Jaehwi: 못 온다고 했잖아요. (mot ondago haetjannayo.)
[slow] 못 온다고 했잖아요. (mot ondago haetjannayo.)
[normal] 못 온다고 했잖아요. (mot ondago haetjannayo.)
Dana: When you want to report something said by someone else, use the phrase, a verb, plus
Jaehwi:ㄴ다고(ndago) or 는다고(neundago)
Dana: then, a verb plus
Jaehwi: 잖아요(jannayo).
Dana: In the sample sentence, the adverb…
Jaehwi: 못(mot), meaning “not,”
Dana: ...is followed by the phrase
Jaehwi: 온다고 (ondago.) This has a verb stem 오(o) plus 는다고(neundago)
Dana: Finish the sentence with a verb plus
Jaehwi: 잖아요(jannayo).
Dana: Note if you use the past tense for the verb…
Jaehwi: 하다(hada)
Dana:... you need to say…
Jaehwi: 했잖아요(haetjannayo).
Dana: Once more, "You said that you could not come."
Jaehwi: 못 온다고 했잖아요. (mot ondago haetjannayo.)
Dana: So remember, use the pattern...
Jaehwi: Verb plus ㄴ다고(ndago) or 는다고(neundago) Verb, plus 잖아요(jannayo).
Dana: ...when you want to report something that has been said by someone else.
Dana: Here is another example meaning, "You said that you were busy."
Jaehwi: First, the adjective stem plus 다고(dago), which forms 바쁘다고 (bappeudago).
Dana: Followed by verb stem in past tense plus the declarative sentence ending...
Jaehwi: 잖아요(jannayo).
Dana: Which is...
Jaehwi: 했잖아요 (haetjannayo).
Dana: Altogether we have...
Jaehwi: 바쁘다고 했잖아요. (bappeudago haetjannayo.)
[slow] 바쁘다고 했잖아요. (bappeudago haetjannayo.)
[normal] 바쁘다고 했잖아요. (bappeudago haetjannayo.)
Dana: "You said that you were busy."
[pause]
Jaehwi: 바쁘다고 했잖아요. (bappeudago haetjannayo.)
Dana: How do you say, "You said that you loved me."? To give you a hint, "to love" is...
Jaehwi: 사랑하다 (saranghada). [slow] 사랑하다 (saranghada). [normal] 사랑하다 (saranghada).
Dana: "You said that you loved me."
[pause]
Jaehwi: 사랑한다고 했잖아요. (saranghandago haetjannayo)
[slow] 사랑한다고 했잖아요. (saranghandago haetjannayo)
[normal] 사랑한다고 했잖아요. (saranghandago haetjannayo)
[pause]
Jaehwi: 사랑한다고 했잖아요. (saranghandago haetjannayo)
REVIEW
Dana: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will tell you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Korean. Here we go.
Dana: "You said that you could not come."
[pause]
Jaehwi: 못 온다고 했잖아요. (mot ondago haetjannayo.)
[pause]
Jaehwi: 못 온다고 했잖아요. (mot ondago haetjannayo.)
Dana: "You said that you were busy."
[pause]
Jaehwi: 바쁘다고 했잖아요. (bappeudago haetjannayo.)
[pause]
Jaehwi: 바쁘다고 했잖아요. (bappeudago haetjannayo.)
Dana: "You said that you loved me."
[pause]
Jaehwi: 사랑한다고 했잖아요. (saranghandago haetjannayo)
[pause]
Jaehwi: 사랑한다고 했잖아요. (saranghandago haetjannayo)

Outro

Dana: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for reporting something said by someone else, as in...
Jaehwi: 못 온다고 했잖아요. (mot ondago haetjannayo.)
Dana: meaning "You said that you could not come."
Dana: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out at KoreanClass101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Jaehwi: 그럼 다음 시간에 만나요! (Geureom daeum sigane mannayo!).
---
Line by Line Audio, Additional Lines
4. 아프다고 했잖아요.
5. 아프다고 안 했잖아요.

3 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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What did your friend say to you?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 02:37 AM
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Hi Stefanie,


Thanks for posting. 아프다 is actually an adjective, and in the case of adjectives, you just attach ~다고 to the stem, which is why it becomes 아프다고.


Hope this was of help.

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Stefanie
Friday at 10:08 PM
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Why isn´t it 아픈다고???


I thought you have to put a ㄴ when the verbstem (아프) ends in a vowel (ㅡ).


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