Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Dana: Hi, everyone. I'm Dana.
Jaehwi: And I'm Jaehwi.
Dana: And welcome to Must-Know Korean Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 36 - Explaining a Result or Response.
Dana: In this lesson, you'll learn a sentence pattern for explaining the reason for doing actions one after another.
PATTERN
Dana: For example...
Dana: "I'm tired so I'm going to sleep."
Jaehwi: 피곤해서 자려고요. (pigonhaeseo jareo garyeogoyo.)
Jaehwi: [slow] 피곤해서 자려고요. (pigonhaeseo jareo garyeogoyo.)
Dana: The pattern for explaining the reason for doing actions one after another has 3 elements. First, there’s the adjective plus the conjunction particle,
Jaehwi: 아/어/여서 (a/eo/yeo seo).
Jaehwi: 피곤해서 (pigonhaeseo).
Dana: Second, there’s the intention, to sleep in the near future.
Jaehwi: 자려고요 (jaryeogoyo).
Dana: All together, we have "I'm tired so I'm going to sleep."
Jaehwi: 피곤해서 자려고요. (pigonhaeseo jareo garyeogoyo.) [slow]
피곤해서 자려고요. (pigonhaeseo jareo garyeogoyo.) [normal]
피곤해서 자려고요. (pigonhaeseo jareo garyeogoyo.)
Dana: The conjunction particle,
Jaehwi: 아/어/여 서 (a/eo/yeo seo),
Dana: is a conjunction that connects two actions that take place one after the other. It is used after verb stems. After using this phrase, you connect another action that took place, by adding the verb stem and suffix. In this case, it’s the verb stem plus suffix…
Jaehwi: 려고요 (ryeogoyo)
Dana: “intention to do something”. You will use…
Jaehwi: 아서 (aseo)
Dana: after verb stems that have…
Jaehwi: ㅗ or ㅓ
Dana: as the final syllable, and…
Jaehwi: 어서 (eo seo)
Dana: for all other verb stems that do not end with the vowels…
Jaehwi: ㅗ and ㅓ.
Jaehwi: 여서 (yeo seo)
Dana: is used with
Jaehwi: 하다 (hada) verbs.
Dana: You can use this phrase for the past, present, and future tense by changing the ending of the sentence to the past, present, or future tense.
Jaehwi: 피곤해서 자려고요. (pigonhaeseo jareo garyeogoyo.)
Dana: So remember 아/어/여 서 (a/eo/yeo seo) is a conjunction used to explain the reason for the following action or condition.
Dana: Here is another example, meaning "I was hungry so I ate." First, you have the adjective plus the conjunction,
Jaehwi: 아/어/여서 (a/eo/yeo seo).
Jaehwi: 배고파서 (baegopaseo).
Dana: Second, there’s the noun.
Jaehwi: 밥 (bap).
Dana: Third, the verb “ate,” past tense.
Jaehwi: 먹었어요 (meogeosseo).
Dana: All together, we have...
Jaehwi: 배고파서 밥 먹었어요. (baegopaseo bap meogeosseoyo) [slow]
배고파서 밥 먹었어요. (baegopaseo bap meogeosseoyo) [normal]
배고파서 밥 먹었어요. (baegopaseo bap meogeosseoyo)
Dana: "I was hungry so I ate."
[pause]
Jaehwi: 배고파서 밥 먹었어요. (baegopaseo bap meogeosseoyo)
Dana: How do you say "I'm bored so I'm going to play"? To give you a hint, "going to play" is...
Jaehwi: 놀려고요. [slow] 놀려고요. [normal] 놀려고요.
Dana: "I'm bored so I'm going to play."
[pause]
Jaehwi: 심심해서 놀려고요. [slow] 심심해서 놀려고요. [normal] 심심해서 놀려고요.
[pause]
Jaehwi: 심심해서 놀려고요.
REVIEW
Dana: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I'll tell you the English equivalent of the phrase and you say it in Korean. Here we go.
Dana: "I'm tired so I'm going to sleep."
[pause]
Jaehwi: 피곤해서 자려고요. (pigonhaeseo jareo garyeogoyo.)
[pause]
Jaehwi: 피곤해서 자려고요. (pigonhaeseo jareo garyeogoyo.)
Dana: "I was hungry so I ate."
[pause]
Jaehwi: 배고파서 밥 먹었어요. (baegopaseo bap meogeosseoyo)
[pause]
Jaehwi: 배고파서 밥 먹었어요. (baegopaseo bap meogeosseoyo)
Dana: "I'm bored so I'm going to play."
[pause]
Jaehwi: 심심해서 놀려고요.
[pause]
Jaehwi: 심심해서 놀려고요.

Outro

Dana: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for explaining the reason for doing actions one after another, as in...
Jaehwi: 피곤해서 자려고요. (pigonhaeseo jareo garyeogoyo.)
Dana: ...meaning "I'm tired so I'm going to sleep."
Dana: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out at KoreanClass101.com. Thanks, everyone, and see you next time!
Jaehwi: 그럼 다음 시간에 만나요! (Geureom daeum sigane mannayo!).
---
Line by Line Audio, Additional Lines
4. 아파서 약 먹었어요.
5. 아파서 약 안 먹었어요.
6. 아파서 약 먹었어요?

7 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Try using this pattern in the comments!

KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 04:18 AM
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Hi Edwin,


Thanks for posting. Could you clarify your question so that we can provide you with an accurate answer?


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Lyn
Wednesday at 11:40 AM
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Hi 칼라,


Thanks for posting, great job! Keep up the good work! 👍


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com


Edwin
Saturday at 01:05 PM
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Hi,


Wouldn't the verb/adjective stems be either 'ㅗ' or ‘ㅏ' instead of 'ㅗ' or 'ㅓ' as the final syllable?


칼라
Friday at 01:51 AM
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한국어 너무 좋아해서 공부하려고요 ^^

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 11:12 AM
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Hello Lulu,


Thank you so much for leaving us a comment!

You did a perfect job on your sentence! 너무 잘했어요!

Please keep up the hard work!


Best,

Rebecca

Team KoreanClass101.com

Lulu
Tuesday at 07:24 AM
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배가 고파서 김밥을 먹었어요.