Dialogue

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Lyn: And I'm Lyn.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know Korean Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 25. Offering a Polite Invitation.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for making a polite invitation.
PATTERN
Eric: For example,
Eric: "Shall we see a movie?"
Lyn: 영화 볼까요? (yeonghwa bolkkayo?)
Lyn: [slow] 영화 볼까요? (yeonghwa bolkkayo?)
Eric: The pattern for making a polite invitation has 3 elements. First, the noun, "movie."
Lyn: 영화 (yeonghwa).
Eric: Second, the verb stem, "to see."
Lyn: 보 (bo).
Eric: Third, the sentence ending. "shall we."
Lyn: ㄹ까요 (lkkayo).
Eric: Altogether, we have... "Shall we see a movie?"
Lyn: 영화 볼까요? (yeonghwa bolkkayo?) [slow] 영화 볼까요? (yeonghwa bolkkayo?) [normal] 영화 볼까요? (yeonghwa bolkkayo?)
Eric: When you want to make an invitation politely, you can use the phrase...
Lyn: ㄹ까요? - (-lkkayo?)
Eric: At the end of the sentence. This means something like "shall we...?" or "should we...?" When the verb-stem ends in a consonant, you can say… -을까요? (-eul kkayo?)
Eric: instead.
Lyn: 영화 볼까요? (yeonghwa bolkkayo?)
Eric: So remember that to invite someone to do something with you, simply ask by using the sentence ending
Lyn: ㄹ(을)까요? (l(eul) kkayo?).
Eric: Here is another example meaning, "Shall we have dinner?" First, the noun, "dinner."
Lyn: 저녁 (jeonyeok).
Eric: Second, the verb stem, "to eat."
Lyn: 먹 (meok).
Eric: Third, the sentence ending. "shall we."
Lyn: 을까요 (eulkkayo).
Eric: Note that we used this form because the verb-stem ends in a consonant. Altogether we have...
Lyn: 저녁 먹을까요? (jeonyeok meogeulkkayo?) [slow] 저녁 먹을까요? (jeonyeok meogeulkkayo?) [normal] 저녁 먹을까요? (jeonyeok meogeulkkayo?)
Eric: "Shall we have dinner?"
[pause]
Lyn: 저녁 먹을까요? (jeonyeok meogeulkkayo?)
Eric: How do you say - "Shall we drink coffee?" To give you a hint, the verb-stem "to drink" is...
Lyn: 마시 (masi). [slow] 마시 (masi). [normal] 마시 (masi).
Eric: "Shall we drink coffee?"
[pause]
Lyn: 커피 마실까요? (keopi masilkkayo?) [slow] 커피 마실까요? (keopi masilkkayo?) [normal] 커피 마실까요? (keopi masilkkayo?)
[pause]
Lyn: 커피 마실까요? (keopi masilkkayo?)
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Korean. Here we go.
Eric: "Shall we see a movie?"
[pause]
Lyn: 영화 볼까요? (yeonghwa bolkkayo?)
[pause]
Lyn: 영화 볼까요? (yeonghwa bolkkayo?)
Eric: "Shall we have dinner?"
[pause]
Lyn: 저녁 먹을까요? (jeonyeok meogeulkkayo?)
[pause]
Lyn: 저녁 먹을까요? (jeonyeok meogeulkkayo?)
Eric: "Shall we drink coffee?"
[pause]
Lyn: 커피 마실까요? (keopi masilkkayo?)
[pause]
Lyn: 커피 마실까요? (keopi masilkkayo?)

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for making a polite invitation, as in...
Lyn: 영화 볼까요? (yeonghwa bolkkayo?)
Eric: meaning "Shall we see a movie?"
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on KoreanClass101.com. This is the last lesson of this series. Thank you for listening, everyone. See you next time!
Lyn: 그럼 다음에 또 만나요! (Geureom daeum tto mannayo!)

9 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Try formulating an invitation using this pattern!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 11:39 AM
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Hi 스컷,


Thanks for posting. The base form of every verb ends with a 다. This is the basis of the word you are learning, from here you learn to conjugate/make into infinitive form, so you need to know this. Example:


Base form:

마시다

공부하다


To conjugate, you omit the 'da' and use the stem:

마시

공부하


The infinitive would be:

마셔 (마시+어-->마셔)

공부해 (공부하+여-->공부해)


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

스컷
Sunday at 01:00 PM
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Hi Lyn,


In the vocab section, it says that 마시 is the verb 'to drink' and 공부하 is the verb 'to study'. But usually isn't the infinitive (마시다 / 공부하다 etc.) used when learning verbs in their basic form?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 11:30 AM
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Hi Sasa,


Sasa


Thanks for posting, this is a great question. The more polite way to ask would, like you said, ask 'wouldn't you':

"같이 영화 보지 않을래요?"


“같이 영화 볼까요?” is also polite but it feels more like 'let's see it together!' (more assertive, in comparison to 'wouldn't you'). However, if between close friends, you could use this expression (and it would be considered polite).


Hope this was of help.

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sasa
Saturday at 11:16 PM
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Hi! I want to ask.


1) Is it considered more polite to ask it in the way of "wouldn't you" in Korean? Do people usually use this way more for acquaintances or close friends? Thank you!


2) Is it okay if I say "같이 영화 볼까요?" or is it not so polite?


Thanks so much!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 02:22 AM
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안녕하세요 Dylan,


Great to know that you're enjoying our website!


Please stay tuned! Every week we'll have new lessons for you!

:wink:


Cristiane

Team KoreanClass101.com

Dylan
Thursday at 03:05 PM
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I loved this lesson! It helped me understand Korean sentence structure better. I've had a difficult time with sentence structure, I hope the lessons continue to help me improve this fast. Thank you so much for providing this lesson!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 03:00 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Tiffany,


Thank you for the positive feedback! :heart:

Please let us know if you have any questions.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Tifany
Saturday at 03:57 AM
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This is a great lesson!! :smile: