Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Michael: Hi everyone, and welcome back to KoreanClass101.com. This is Lower Beginner Season 1 Lesson 2. Talking about Possession in Korean - Michael Here.
Suhyun: 안녕하세요. I'm Suhyun.
Michael: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about ownership with the possessive particle and pronouns. The conversation takes place at a park.
Suhyun: It's between Sujin and Minho.
Michael: The speakers are acquaintances, so they’ll be using honorific Korean. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

민호: 어! 수진씨 안녕하세요? 누구 강아지예요?
수진: 저희집 강아지예요.
민호: 수진씨의 강아지는 아주 커요. 강아지의 이름이 뭐예요?
수진: 제 강아지 이름이 포로예요. 민호씨는 애완동물을 길러요?
민호: 네, 저는 고양이가 한 마리 있어요. 제 고양이의 이름은 주주예요.
Michael: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
민호: 어! 수진씨 안녕하세요? 누구 강아지예요?
수진: 저희집 강아지예요.
민호: 수진씨의 강아지는 아주 커요. 강아지의 이름이 뭐예요?
수진: 제 강아지 이름이 포로예요. 민호씨는 애완동물을 길러요?
민호: 네, 저는 고양이가 한 마리 있어요. 제 고양이의 이름은 주주예요.
Michael: Listen to the conversation with the English translation
Minho: Hey, Sujin, how are you? Whose dog is this?
Sujin: This is my family's dog.
Minho: Your dog is very big. What's your dog's name?
Sujin: My dog’s name is Poro. Do you have a pet, Minho?
Minho: Yes, I have a cat. My cat's name is Juju.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Michael: Suhyun, which would you say are the most popular pets in Korea - cats or dogs?
Suhyun: Personally I like cats, but dogs are still the number one pets in Korea.
Michael: It seems like it’s more common to have smaller dogs, because a lot of people are living in apartments or shared spaces.
Suhyun: That’s true, but sometimes you can find people who have big dogs such as a 진돗개 (jindotgae).
Michael: What’s that?
Suhyun: It literally means “Jindo dog” or “a dog from Jindo island.” It’s a breed of hunting dog, and it`s known to have originated on 진도 (jindo), an island in the southern part of Korea.
Michael: These dogs are known for never betraying their owners.
Suhyun: That’s right. So these days, more people are getting 진돗개 (jindotgae)--“Jindo dogs”--as both pets and friends, so that they can have someone next to them that they can trust.
Michael: Good to know. Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Michael: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Suhyun: 누구 [natural native speed]
Michael: who
Suhyun: 누구[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Suhyun: 누구 [natural native speed]
Michael: Next we have..
Suhyun: 강아지 [natural native speed]
Michael: puppy
Suhyun: 강아지[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Suhyun: 강아지 [natural native speed]
Michael: Next we have..
Suhyun: 저희 집 [natural native speed]
Michael: my family's (our home's)
Suhyun: 저희 집[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Suhyun: 저희 집 [natural native speed]
Michael: Next we have..
Suhyun: 크다 [natural native speed]
Michael: to be big
Suhyun: 크다[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Suhyun: 크다 [natural native speed]
Michael: Next we have..
Suhyun: 아주 [natural native speed]
Michael: very
Suhyun: 아주[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Suhyun: 아주 [natural native speed]
Michael: Next we have..
Suhyun: 이름 [natural native speed]
Michael: name
Suhyun: 이름[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Suhyun: 이름 [natural native speed]
Michael: Next we have..
Suhyun: 애완동물 [natural native speed]
Michael: pet
Suhyun: 애완동물[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Suhyun: 애완동물 [natural native speed]
Michael: Next we have..
Suhyun: 마리 [natural native speed]
Michael: counting unit for animals
Suhyun: 마리[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Suhyun: 마리 [natural native speed]
Michael: And last..
Suhyun: 고양이 [natural native speed]
Michael: cat
Suhyun: 고양이[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Suhyun: 고양이 [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Michael: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is..
Suhyun: 기르다
Michael: meaning "to keep, to grow, or to raise"
Suhyun: 기르다 gireuda is the verb that you can use to mean “to grow” plants.
Michael: Using this word, how can you say, “to grow a tree”?
Suhyun: It’s simple. You just need to add what you’re growing, the object marking particle 을 or 를, then say the verb 기르다. 나무 is the Korean word meaning “a tree” so “to grow a tree” in Korean, is 나무를 기르다.
Michael: I see. But when Koreans talk about their pets, they use this verb to mean “to keep” or “to raise”, right?
Suhyun: That’s right. For example, you will hear 나는 강아지 세 마리를 기른다. It literally means “I grow three dogs,” but it also means “I keep three dogs as pets.”
Michael: Okay, what's the next word?
Suhyun: Next is 저희집
Michael: meaning "my home”.
Suhyun: You can use this word to talk about your home in a humble fashion. 저희 (jeohui) is the humble word meaning “our”, and 집 (jip) is the word meaning “house.” In general, you can use the word 우리 (uri) to mean “our”, but when you want to be humble, you can use the word 저희 instead. Both mean “our”, but express different degrees of politeness.
Michael: Listeners, you may have noticed that unlike English, even if something belongs to an individual, Koreans prefer to refer to it as “our,” not “my” possession.
Suhyun: That’s right. That’s why we don’t say 내 집 (nae jip) to mean “my house” using the word 내 (nae, “my”). Instead, you’ll hear 우리 집 or 저희 집, which literally means “our home,” even if someone is living alone.
Michael: Can you give us an example using this word?
Suhyun: Sure. For example, you can say.. 저희집에는 강아지가 두 마리가 있습니다.
Michael: .. which means "In my home, we have two dogs.” Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Michael: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use a possessive particle with pronouns to express ownership.
Suhyun: In Korean, you will come across the possessive particle 의 quite often. The particle 의 (ui) can be used to connect two nouns, indicating that the second noun belongs to the first.
Michael: It’s the same as when we have the apostrophe "-s" ('s) in English.
Suhyun: The order is the same in English. First, say the first object, then the possessive particle 의. Then you can put another object which belongs to the first one.
Michael: Okay. For example, let’s say you have your pen with you. How can you say “my pen” in Korean?
Suhyun: I would say 나의 펜. 나 is the pronoun meaning “I”, and the possessive particle 의 follows. Here, I said [나에(na-e)], not 나의(na-ui). Although we write the particle as 의 (ui), we just say 에 (e) when this particle is used with another noun.
Michael: Okay, and next we have a noun for “pen”.
Suhyun: Yes. I said 펜 after the particle, because it belongs to me.
Michael: And in a “formal” situation, we need to use a different pronoun, right?
Suhyun: That’s right. If I need to say this formally, I say 저의 펜. using the pronoun 저.
Michael: So we just need to add the possessive particle between two objects to indicate possession.
Suhyun: That’s correct. For example, 너 is the pronoun meaning “you” for an informal situation. Using this, you can say 너의 meaning “your” with the possessive particle 의. 너/ 의
Michael: What if it’s a formal situation?
Suhyun: We have the pronoun 당신, meaning “you” for a formal situation, but it sounds rude when you use it in spoken Korean. So instead of using the pronoun 당신, you can just say someone’s first name and then the honorific suffix 씨. For example, 마이클 씨의
Michael: Which means “Michael’s.” That means.. we can use this possessive particle with someone’s name or with proper nouns, right?
Suhyun: That’s right. For example, 미국의. 미국 is the proper noun meaning “America” and 의 is the possessive particle. So 미국의 means “American” or “something of America.”
Michael: Then what about “his”?
Suhyun: 그 is the word meaning “he” so you can add the particle 의, and say 그의 to mean “his.”
Michael: And what’s “our” in Korean?
Suhyun: 우리의. 우리 is the pronoun meaning “we”.
Michael: But sometimes, Korean people use different nouns to mean “my” or “your,” especially in daily conversation.
Suhyun: That’s right. We use 의 less in daily conversation. In Korean, single syllable pronouns like 나, 저, and 너, can be shortened when they’re used with the possessive particle 의 (ui)
Michael: So the shortened “my” will be..
Suhyun: 내, not 나의. For example, if I need to say “my pen” when I’m talking to a friend, I say 내 펜 using the shorter, more casual version, not 나의 펜.
Michael: How can it be shortened for formal situations?
Suhyun: 저의 becomes 제. So you can say 제 펜. to mean “my pen” in a formal situation.
Michael: Listeners, make sure to check out the lesson notes where you can find more examples and explanations for this topic.

Outro

Michael: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Suhyun: 안녕히 계세요.

21 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Do you have a pet?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 10:34 PM
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Hello DIYOTAMA MAZUMDER


We always learn from the mistakes! 👍

Keep up the good work!


Kind regards,

Hyeon Yeong Seo

Team KoreanClass101.com

DIYOTAMA MAZUMDER
Wednesday at 05:13 PM
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갑사합니다 선생님 . Actually I was very much sad on seeing my mistake 😭 . I will definitely take care of the mistake '

THANK YOU VERY MUCH 😄 .

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 05:43 PM
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Hello DIYOTAMA,


Thanks for posting! I'm glad to hear that it was help!😊


Let's take a look at what you wrote:

저는 고양이가 좋아합니다. -> 저는 고양이를 좋아합니다. I like cats.

하지만 고양이는 강아지보다 더 좋아합니다. -> 그리고 고양이를 강아지보다 더 좋아합니다. And I like cats more than dogs


Keep up the good work!


Kind regards,

Hyeon Yeong Seo

Team KoreanClass101.com

DIYOTAMA MAZUMDER
Thursday at 10:58 PM
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저는 고양이가 좋아합니다 하지만 고양이는 강아지 보다 더 좋아합니다 .

DIYOTAMA MAZUMDER
Thursday at 02:16 PM
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THANKS A LOT TAECHERS . NOW I FEEL THAT IT IS SO EASY TO WRITE USING THIS KOREAN POSSESSIVE PARTICLE .

DIYOTAMA MAZUMDER
Thursday at 02:04 PM
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I have fishes as my pet . But I like plants more .😄😄

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 09:03 AM
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Hi 엠마,


Thanks for sharing with us, great job. We hope that you'll be able to have a dog soon!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

엠마
Saturday at 03:48 AM
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저는 애완동물이 없습니다, 하지만 강아지는 기르고 싶습니다.😄

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 11:35 AM
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안녕하세요 robert groulx,


You are very welcome. 😇

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

레벤테 (Levente)

Team KoreanClass101.com

robert groulx
Sunday at 11:28 AM
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thank you for the lesson


my favorite is 저희집에는 강아지가 두 마리가 있습니다.


i have 3 dogs


robert