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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요. 에이미에요. 반가워요.
Hi everybody! I’m Amy.
Welcome to KoreanClass101.com’s 삼분 한국어. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Korean.
In the last lesson, we learned the Chinese-based numbers from one to ten. Have you already forgotten them? I'll tell you again:
일, 이, 삼, 사, 오, 육, 칠, 팔, 구, 십!
It's great that you can count to ten. But did you know there's a whole other way to do that?
That's right! In addition to the numbers based on Chinese characters, there are also the native Korean numbers that we have been using before we even had Chinese characters!
Here they are:
하나, one.
[slowly] 하나.
둘, two.
셋, three.
넷, four.
다섯, five.
여섯, six.
일곱, seven.
여덟, eight.
아홉, nine.
열, ten.
Which one do we use? We use both! Some things are counted using Chinese-based numbers, and other things using native Korean numbers.
For example, when telling time, we say the hour using a native Korean number and the minute using a Chinese-based number!
So let’s practice these numbers and learn how to say times, too! Here’s how to say the hour first.
“Three o’clock” is 세 시.
[slowly] 세 시.
The native Korean number 3 is 셋, but we shorten it to 세 when we put it before a counter like 시. The last consonant ㅅ(시옷) of 셋 disappeared when it meets the counting unit.
When you add 하나 one, 둘 two, 셋 three, 넷 four with counting units, the last vowel or consonant of each number will disappear.
하나 is “one,”, but“one o’clock” is 한 시. When 하나 meets the counting unit 시, the last vowel ㅏ(a) disappears.
둘 is “two,” but “two o’clock” is 두 시. The last consonant ㄹ (리을) disappeared.
넷 is “four,” but “four o’clock” is 네 시. Same thing here. The last consonant ㅅ (시옷) disappeared.
This rule is only for number one to four.
Otherwise, it is simply the Korean number plus 시.
열시. “ten o’clock”
일곱시. “seven o’clock”
Now that you know how to say the hour, let’s say the minute. The counter for minutes in Korean is 분. Be sure to use a Chinese-based number with this counter.
Do you know how to say "three-ten?” in Korean?
It’s just 세시 이십분.
Three in native numbers, plus the word for hour: 세시. Then, ten in Chinese numbers: 이십 and finally the word for minutes: 분
[slowly] 세시 이십분.
A little confusing, right? Don't worry, you'll get the hang of it soon enough!
Just remember that for hours we use Korean numbers and for minutes we use Chinese numbers.
Now it’s time for Amy’s insights.
Here are some other suffixes used to count things.
명 for people:
한 명,
두 명...
번 for the number of times something happens: 한 번, 두 번...
In the next lesson, we're finally going to break ten and learn the numbers from eleven to one hundred! You definitely don't want to miss it!
So join us next time for more 삼분 한국어.
다음에 또 만나요!