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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요. 에이미에요. 반가워요.
Hi everybody! I’m Amy.
Welcome to KoreanClass101.com’s 삼분 한국어. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Korean.
In the last lesson, we learned the Chinese-based numbers from one to ten. Have you already forgotten them? I'll tell you again:
일, 이, 삼, 사, 오, 육, 칠, 팔, 구, 십!
It's great that you can count to ten. But did you know there's a whole other way to do that?
That's right! In addition to the numbers based on Chinese characters, there are also the native Korean numbers that we have been using before we even had Chinese characters!
Here they are:
하나, one.
[slowly] 하나.
둘, two.
[slowly]
셋, three.
[slowly]
넷, four.
[slowly]
다섯, five.
[slowly]
여섯, six.
[slowly]
일곱, seven.
[slowly]
여덟, eight.
[slowly]
아홉, nine.
[slowly]
열, ten.
[slowly]
Which one do we use? We use both! Some things are counted using Chinese-based numbers, and other things using native Korean numbers.
For example, when telling time, we say the hour using a native Korean number and the minute using a Chinese-based number!
So let’s practice these numbers and learn how to say times, too! Here’s how to say the hour first.
“Three o’clock” is 세 시.
[slowly] 세 시.
The native Korean number 3 is 셋, but we shorten it to 세 when we put it before a counter like 시. The last consonant ㅅ(시옷) of 셋 disappeared when it meets the counting unit.
When you add 하나 one, 둘 two, 셋 three, 넷 four with counting units, the last vowel or consonant of each number will disappear.
So,
하나 is “one,”, but“one o’clock” is 한 시. When 하나 meets the counting unit 시, the last vowel ㅏ(a) disappears.
둘 is “two,” but “two o’clock” is 두 시. The last consonant ㄹ (리을) disappeared.
넷 is “four,” but “four o’clock” is 네 시. Same thing here. The last consonant ㅅ (시옷) disappeared.
This rule is only for number one to four.
Otherwise, it is simply the Korean number plus 시.
열시. “ten o’clock”
일곱시. “seven o’clock”
Now that you know how to say the hour, let’s say the minute. The counter for minutes in Korean is 분. Be sure to use a Chinese-based number with this counter.
Do you know how to say "three-ten?” in Korean?
It’s just 세시 이십분.
Three in native numbers, plus the word for hour: 세시. Then, ten in Chinese numbers: 이십 and finally the word for minutes: 분
[slowly] 세시 이십분.
A little confusing, right? Don't worry, you'll get the hang of it soon enough!
Just remember that for hours we use Korean numbers and for minutes we use Chinese numbers.
Now it’s time for Amy’s insights.
Here are some other suffixes used to count things.
명 for people:
한 명,
두 명...
번 for the number of times something happens: 한 번, 두 번...
In the next lesson, we're finally going to break ten and learn the numbers from eleven to one hundred! You definitely don't want to miss it!
So join us next time for more 삼분 한국어.
다음에 또 만나요!

34 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 12:39 pm
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Hi Meysam,


Thank you for the valuable input. We do have a lesson that lists the Native and Sino Korean numbers through a chart, which may be of help:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/newbie-lesson-s3-19-korean-numbers-no-its-your-turn-to-count-to-twenty/


Please give it a try.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Meysam
Monday at 6:04 am
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I wish the vocabulary of this lesson had the native number listed. It would be helpful for me to practice them one by one after watching the video.

KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 11:04 am
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Hi Sabrina,


Thanks for posting. You would use Sino-Korean numbers to count the year and days of the month.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sabrina
Sunday at 3:59 am
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Which number set do you use to count the year, and which to count the days of the month? thanks

KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 3:51 am
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Hi Victor,


Thanks for commenting. There are two ways to say 'zero' in Korean, which are:


영 and 공. But both are Sino Korean numbers, unfortunately there is no native Korean word for 'zero' in Hangul.


Having said that, the usage is different for the two Sino Korean 'zero':


You will likely use 영 for:

1. math equations

Example: 0+4=4

영 더하기 사=사

2. Counting the hours in the 24 hour system:

Example: 0:15=영시 십오분

3. Numbers that have a decimal point:

Example: 0.05=영 점 영오


You will use 공 when talking about phone numbers.

Example: 010-234-5678= 공일공-이삼사-오육칠팔


Hope this was of help.

Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Victor
Saturday at 2:01 am
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Hello!

some questions:

-how do you say zero in native numbers? if it exists, then,

-do you say zero in native or Chinese numbers in daily life?

Thank you!

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Friday at 10:47 am
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Hi Landsey,


Thank you for posting. From number five, you just add 'si' to the original word, so it would go as:

'다섯 시/여섯 시/일곱 시/여덟 시/아홉 시/열 시'

Regarding minutes, you use the Sino-Korean counters (일 이 삼 사 오 육 칠 팔 구 십..etc), and just add 분 after it.


Hope this was of help. Please let us know if you have any other questions!

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Landsey
Thursday at 12:03 am
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Also for the minutes we do we remove any consonants or vowel on the ending partical or do we simply add 'bun'

Landsey
Wednesday at 11:49 pm
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This was very helpful bit by chance the video said 'si' is only done for numbers 1-4 but what about 5-10? Thank you

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Friday at 10:22 am
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Hi Matthew,


Thanks for posting. The removal rule works only for pure Korean numbers and is not limited to just hours--you saw Amy use the same rule in counting books (one book=한 권, not 하나 권). However, this rule does not apply for Chinese numbers, and as Chinese numbers are used for minutes, this rule will not apply.

Hope this answered your question. Please let us know if you have any other inquiries.


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com