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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요. 에이미에요. 반가워요.
Hi everybody! I’m Amy.
Welcome to KoreanClass101.com’s 삼분 한국어. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Korean.
In the last lesson, we learned the Chinese-based numbers from one to ten. Have you already forgotten them? I'll tell you again:
일, 이, 삼, 사, 오, 육, 칠, 팔, 구, 십!
It's great that you can count to ten. But did you know there's a whole other way to do that?
That's right! In addition to the numbers based on Chinese characters, there are also the native Korean numbers that we have been using before we even had Chinese characters!
Here they are:
하나, one.
[slowly] 하나.
둘, two.
[slowly]
셋, three.
[slowly]
넷, four.
[slowly]
다섯, five.
[slowly]
여섯, six.
[slowly]
일곱, seven.
[slowly]
여덟, eight.
[slowly]
아홉, nine.
[slowly]
열, ten.
[slowly]
Which one do we use? We use both! Some things are counted using Chinese-based numbers, and other things using native Korean numbers.
For example, when telling time, we say the hour using a native Korean number and the minute using a Chinese-based number!
So let’s practice these numbers and learn how to say times, too! Here’s how to say the hour first.
“Three o’clock” is 세 시.
[slowly] 세 시.
The native Korean number 3 is 셋, but we shorten it to 세 when we put it before a counter like 시. The last consonant ㅅ(시옷) of 셋 disappeared when it meets the counting unit.
When you add 하나 one, 둘 two, 셋 three, 넷 four with counting units, the last vowel or consonant of each number will disappear.
So,
하나 is “one,”, but“one o’clock” is 한 시. When 하나 meets the counting unit 시, the last vowel ㅏ(a) disappears.
둘 is “two,” but “two o’clock” is 두 시. The last consonant ㄹ (리을) disappeared.
넷 is “four,” but “four o’clock” is 네 시. Same thing here. The last consonant ㅅ (시옷) disappeared.
This rule is only for number one to four.
Otherwise, it is simply the Korean number plus 시.
열시. “ten o’clock”
일곱시. “seven o’clock”
Now that you know how to say the hour, let’s say the minute. The counter for minutes in Korean is 분. Be sure to use a Chinese-based number with this counter.
Do you know how to say "three-ten?” in Korean?
It’s just 세시 이십분.
Three in native numbers, plus the word for hour: 세시. Then, ten in Chinese numbers: 이십 and finally the word for minutes: 분
[slowly] 세시 이십분.
A little confusing, right? Don't worry, you'll get the hang of it soon enough!
Just remember that for hours we use Korean numbers and for minutes we use Chinese numbers.
Now it’s time for Amy’s insights.
Here are some other suffixes used to count things.
명 for people:
한 명,
두 명...
번 for the number of times something happens: 한 번, 두 번...
In the next lesson, we're finally going to break ten and learn the numbers from eleven to one hundred! You definitely don't want to miss it!
So join us next time for more 삼분 한국어.
다음에 또 만나요!

38 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:11 AM
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Hi Ayesha,


Thanks for posting. If you are trying to say 3:30, it would be 세 시 삼십 분.

If you want to say 3:10, it would be 세 시 십 분. Keep in mind that if you use actual numbers, you would not need spacing between the number/hour or number/minute.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Ayesha
Tuesday at 01:56 AM
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isn't it 세 시 삽 분 ??

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:35 PM
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Hi Russel,


Thanks for posting. According to the Nation Institute of the Korean Language, if ㄹㅂ comes at the end of a word/or in front of a consonant, it is pronounced as ㄹ, which is why 여덟 is pronounced on its own as 여덜.


Hope this was of help.

Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Russel
Monday at 03:11 AM
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안녕하세요!

I'm wondering about the number 여닯. I'm trying to get my head wrapped around the pronunciation of double 받침 consonants. I thought that when ㄼ were together, as well as with ㄺ and ㄻ, it's the last consonant that is pronounced and the first that is silent. So why is it the other way around for 여닯?

감사합니다!

KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 12:39 PM
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Hi Meysam,


Thank you for the valuable input. We do have a lesson that lists the Native and Sino Korean numbers through a chart, which may be of help:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/newbie-lesson-s3-19-korean-numbers-no-its-your-turn-to-count-to-twenty/


Please give it a try.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Meysam
Monday at 06:04 AM
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I wish the vocabulary of this lesson had the native number listed. It would be helpful for me to practice them one by one after watching the video.

KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 11:04 AM
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Hi Sabrina,


Thanks for posting. You would use Sino-Korean numbers to count the year and days of the month.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sabrina
Sunday at 03:59 AM
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Which number set do you use to count the year, and which to count the days of the month? thanks

KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 03:51 AM
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Hi Victor,


Thanks for commenting. There are two ways to say 'zero' in Korean, which are:


영 and 공. But both are Sino Korean numbers, unfortunately there is no native Korean word for 'zero' in Hangul.


Having said that, the usage is different for the two Sino Korean 'zero':


You will likely use 영 for:

1. math equations

Example: 0+4=4

영 더하기 사=사

2. Counting the hours in the 24 hour system:

Example: 0:15=영시 십오분

3. Numbers that have a decimal point:

Example: 0.05=영 점 영오


You will use 공 when talking about phone numbers.

Example: 010-234-5678= 공일공-이삼사-오육칠팔


Hope this was of help.

Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Victor
Saturday at 02:01 AM
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Hello!

some questions:

-how do you say zero in native numbers? if it exists, then,

-do you say zero in native or Chinese numbers in daily life?

Thank you!