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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요. 에이미에요. 반가워요.
Hi everybody! I’m Amy.
Welcome to KoreanClass101.com’s 삼분 한국어. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Korean.
실례하지만 한국어 하세요?
If you understood this, you can say ‘예' meaning ‘Yes’. In the last lesson, we learned the phrase 실례하지만 영어 하세요?
"Excuse me, do you speak English?"
This uses the phrase 실례하지만, one way to say "Excuse me" in Korean.
Today we’re going to learn several ways to apologize in Korean. Are you ready? Let’s start!
First is 실례합니다. It means "Excuse me." If you want to add something to the end, tweak it to 실례하지만: “Excuse me, but...
Here, 실례 means ‘excuse’ and 합니다 means ‘to do’. So 실례합니다 means ‘Do excuse’ or ‘Excuse me’.
If you change 합니다 with 하지만 which means “but”, you can say 실례하지만. It means ‘Excuse me but’
Saying 실례합니다 doesn't mean you've done something wrong; it just means you have a question or favor to ask that may require someone to take some trouble for you.
If you've actually done something rude, or if you made mistakes, you use a different phrase.
"I'm sorry."
[slowly] 죄송합니다.
This is the phrase you would use if you ever bumped into somebody on the street in Korea.
If you say 실례합니다 in this situation, the person you bumped may not get that you're apologizing and may instead think that you bumped them on purpose to ask a favor!
How about saying "Excuse me" to get a waiter or bartender's attention? Koreans use a couple of different phrases for that. The first is:
[slowly] 여기요!
That means "Over here, please!" It may sound a little rude in English, but in Korean it's fine.
Another version that sounds slightly more polite is:
[slowly] 저기요!
That means "Excuse me, you there!" It may sound even more rude in English, but in Korean it's no problem. When the waiter is away from you, you can use this phrase. 저기요.
You don't have to wait for the waiter to come to you; just speak up with 여기요 or 저기요!
Between friends you can say:
미안해 is a informal way to apologize to someone. Using 미안 instead of 죄송 suggests that you've hurt someone's feelings, not just inconvenienced them.
Now it’s time for Amy’s insights.
Want to sound more sincere when you apologize? Just add 정말, which means “truly”:
정말 미안합니다.
"I'm truly sorry."
[slowly] 정말 미안합니다.
You can use 정말 with 미안합니다 and 죄송합니다., but not with 실례합니다.
Do you know anything about counting in Korean? How about the name of this series? 삼분 한국어. See? You already know a number: 삼, which means "three"! In the next lesson we will learn to how to count from one to ten in Korean.
We'll be waiting for you in our next 삼분 한국어 lesson.
안녕히 계세요! 다음에 봐요!