Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

Jaehwi: Hi everyone. I am Jaehwi. Welcome back to Korean Weekly Words. Let’s see what we have for this week. This week’s theme is family. Okay let’s see what we have for this theme.
The first word is 아버지 (abeoji) meaning “father.” Okay this word means father but when people talk about their own dad like dad then they just want to use 아빠 (appa) which is like “daddy” or “papa.” Using that word, I can say 제 친구의 아버지는 기러기 아빠입니다. (Je chinguui abeojineun gireogi appaimnida.) which means “My friend’s father is so called *goose* daddy.” When a father is staying in South Korea making money for their family outside South Korea, then we call them as 기러기 아빠 (gireogi appa) which means *goose* daddy.
Okay next we have 어머니 (eomeoni) which means “mother.” When you want to say mom, then you can just say 엄마 (eomma) too. With that word, you can say 어머니를 생각할 때마다 슬퍼집니다. (Eomeonireul saenggakal ttaemada seulpeojimnida.) which means “I am getting really sad when I think about my mother.” I am away from my mother. So I feel like I want to see her more often but I cannot. So I feel sad about it.
오빠 (oppa) which means “older brother.” This one can be only used by females. I cannot say 오빠 (oppa) if I have an older brother. I will just say 형 (hyeong) in that case. I think you’ve heard this word from the song named Gangnam Style, right? 오빠는 강남 스타일 (oppaneun gangnam seutail) has the word 오빠 (oppa) too because girls also call their boyfriends as 오빠 (oppa). So that’s why the lyrics also have this word. With that word, you can say 제 친구의 큰오빠가 다음 주에 장가를 갑니다. (Je chinguui keunoppaga daeum jue janggareul gamnida.) which means “My friend’s older brother is going to get married next week.” 장가를 가다 (janggareul gada) is another phrase meaning “getting married” for guys.
남동생 (namdongsaeng) which means “younger brother.” I can say that because this can be used by both male and female speakers. 남 (nam) means “male,” 동생 (dongsaeng) means “brother.” So together younger brother 남동생 (namdongsaeng). With that word you can say 제 남동생은 중국어를 매우 잘합니다. (Je namdongsaengeun junggugeoreul maeu jalhamnida.) which means “My younger brother speaks Chinese very fluently” which is true.
Okay next we have 여동생 (yeodongsaeng). 여 (yeo) means “female” 동생 (dongsaeng) means “brother or sister.” So this means younger sister. With that word, you can say 제 친구의 여동생은 김태희처럼 매우 예쁩니다. (Je chinguui yeodongsaengeun gimtaehuicheoreom maeu yeppeumnida.) which means “My friend’s younger sister is as pretty as Kim Taehee.” I think you know Kim Taehee like she is a very pretty and popular Korean actress.
End – okay that’s all the words that we have for this week. I will see you next week. 다음 시간에 뵙겠습니다. (Daeum sigane boepgetsseumnida.) 안녕히 계세요. (Annyeonghi gyeseyo.)