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Lesson Transcript

Do you know how to count the ages of towns or buildings? You'll find out at the end of this video!
Hi everybody! I'm Alisha.
안녕하세요. 노경진입니다.
Welcome to Korean Counters for Beginners, where you'll learn how to count all sorts of different objects in Korean! Seonsaengnim (선생님), what counter will we learn in this lesson?
First, let's take a look at what sorts of objects can be counted with the counter.
When counting ages, you can use this counter.
This counter can be used when you're counting the ages of people or animals. However, you can't use this counter when you're counting the ages of inanimate objects such as buildings or towns.
Okay, let's count from 1 to 10 with this counter.
한 살
두 살
세 살
네 살
다섯 살
여섯 살
일곱 살
여덟 살
아홉 살
열 살
When you read this counter with the numbers 5 to 10, which have batchim, the counter sounds different. Let's listen to them once again.
For number 5, it's daseot ssal(다섯 쌀) not daseot sal(다섯 살)
For number 6, it's yeoseot ssal(여섯 쌀) not yeoseot sal(여섯 살)
For number 7, it's ilgop ssal(일곱 쌀) not ilgop sal (일곱 살)
For number 8, it's yedeol ssal(여덜 쌀) not yedeol sal (여덜 살)
For number 9, it's ahop ssal(아홉 쌀) not ahop sal (아홉 살)
For number 10, it's yeol ssal(열 쌀) not yeol sal (열 살)
Okay. Now let's take a look at some sample sentences using this counter.
저는 올해 스물 다섯 살입니다. (jeoneun olhae seumul daseot ssalimnida.)
I'm 25 years old this year.
저는 세 살 된 강아지가 있습니다. (jeoneun se sal doin gang-ajiga isseumnida.)
I have a 3-year-old dog.
우리 동네에는 백 살 된 나무가 있습니다. (uri dongne-eneun baek ssal doin namuga isseumnida.)
In my town, there's a 100-year-old tree.
It's now time for a quiz. I'm going to ask you a question in English. Answer the question in Korean. Are you ready? Make sure to use the right counter.
How old is your brother?
제 동생은 열일곱 살입니다. (je dongsaeneun yeolilgop sal-imnida.)
How old is this dog?
이 강아지는 열 살입니다. (i gang-ajineun yeol salimnida.)
Do you know the counter to count the ages of towns or buildings? The answer is...
년 (nyeon)
This counter literally means "years" and originates from a Chinese character. Unlike the counter 살(sal), you can use this counter when you're counting the ages of inanimate objects. Let's see an example.
이 도시는 천 년 되었습니다. (i dosineun cheon nyeon doieosseumnida.)
This literally means "This city became 1000 year-old." When you're using this counter, it's better to use the verb meaning "to become" at the end of a sentence like this one.
Okay, everyone. That's it for this lesson. I'll see you next time!