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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
You’ve mastered the 10 basic vowels and the 14 basic consonants.
Now you’re ready to take your knowledge of the Korean writing system to the next level. That’s what we’ll be covering in this and future lessons. You’ll learn special rules for using the characters you already know to express every possible word in the Korean language.
In the last lesson, we introduced aspirated versions of consonants you had already learned.
Do you remember the difference between aspirated and non-aspirated sounds? Aspirated means that a puff of breath is made when you make the sound. Non-aspirated means that there is no air. Here’s an example:
그, non-aspirated - no air.
크, aspirated - air comes out.
If you remember, these are the pairs we learned. You can see the non-aspirated versions and aspirated versions of each one!
Now I’m going to show you one more variation of these consonants. They’re called double consonants. It isn’t a new character, it’s just a consonant you already know...twice! When a consonant is doubled, it has a heavier, more stressed sound. You’ll be able to get a feel for the way they sound by hearing them pronounced, so let’s look at a few, starting with ㄱ.(기역)
We go from 기 to 끼. Notice the much harder consonant sound? It’s more tense, and the sound comes from your throat. 끼(slow). 끼(slow). Don’t worry if you don’t get it right away - you’ll need to train your ear to hear the difference.
Here’s a Korean word that uses this double consonant: 도끼. It means “ax”.
Please listen to these three syllables to hear the difference.
It’s not 기[gi], it’s not 키[ki], it’s 끼[kki]
And here is 꼬리 which means tail.
Let’s hear all three ㄱ sounds side by side now:
길[gil]- 킬[kil] - 낄[kkil]
골[gol]- 콜[kol] - 꼴[kkol]
간[gan]- 칸[kan] - 깐[kkan]
Next let’s go to ㄷ(디읃). We go from 도(do) to 또(tto). It might sound closer to a “d” sound here.
[또, tto] is a word that means “again” in Korean.
Can you read this word?
It’s 따로[ttaro] (slow) 따ㅏ 로ㅗ. It means “separately”
One more for today: 떠다니다 (slow) 떠/다/니다 . This means “to float”
Let’s hear all three ㄷ sounds side by side now:
달[dal] - 탈[tal] - 딸[ttal]
도[do] - 토[to] - 또[tto]
대[dae] - 태[tae] - 때[ttae]
Are you getting the hang of it? The good news is, not all 14 consonants can be doubled. You can actually only double 5 of them.
And you’ll learn the other three in the next lesson! See you then! 여러분 다음에 만나요.