Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
You’ve mastered the 10 basic vowels and the 14 basic consonants.
Now you’re ready to take your knowledge of the Korean writing system to the next level. That’s what we’ll be covering in this and future lessons. You’ll learn special rules for using the characters you already know to express every possible word in the Korean language.
In the last lesson, we introduced aspirated versions of consonants you had already learned.
Do you remember the difference between aspirated and non-aspirated sounds? Aspirated means that a puff of breath is made when you make the sound. Non-aspirated means that there is no air. Here’s an example:
그, non-aspirated - no air.
크, aspirated - air comes out.
If you remember, these are the pairs we learned. You can see the non-aspirated versions and aspirated versions of each one!
Now I’m going to show you one more variation of these consonants. They’re called double consonants. It isn’t a new character, it’s just a consonant you already know...twice! When a consonant is doubled, it has a heavier, more stressed sound. You’ll be able to get a feel for the way they sound by hearing them pronounced, so let’s look at a few, starting with ㄱ.(기역)
We go from 기 to 끼. Notice the much harder consonant sound? It’s more tense, and the sound comes from your throat. 끼(slow). 끼(slow). Don’t worry if you don’t get it right away - you’ll need to train your ear to hear the difference.
Here’s a Korean word that uses this double consonant: 도끼. It means “ax”.
Please listen to these three syllables to hear the difference.
It’s not 기[gi], it’s not 키[ki], it’s 끼[kki]
도끼
And here is 꼬리 which means tail.
Let’s hear all three ㄱ sounds side by side now:
길[gil]- 킬[kil] - 낄[kkil]
골[gol]- 콜[kol] - 꼴[kkol]
간[gan]- 칸[kan] - 깐[kkan]
Next let’s go to ㄷ(디읃). We go from 도(do) to 또(tto). It might sound closer to a “d” sound here.
또(tto).
[또, tto] is a word that means “again” in Korean.
Can you read this word?
It’s 따로[ttaro] (slow) 따ㅏ 로ㅗ. It means “separately”
One more for today: 떠다니다 (slow) 떠/다/니다 . This means “to float”
Let’s hear all three ㄷ sounds side by side now:
달[dal] - 탈[tal] - 딸[ttal]
도[do] - 토[to] - 또[tto]
대[dae] - 태[tae] - 때[ttae]
Are you getting the hang of it? The good news is, not all 14 consonants can be doubled. You can actually only double 5 of them.
And you’ll learn the other three in the next lesson! See you then! 여러분 다음에 만나요.

115 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Let's practice writing Hangul on your computer too : )

Change your keyboard setting in Korean, and hit the English keys written next to the Korean characters. When you write double consonants, you should press 'SHIFT KEY' while you're pressing a key for single-consonant.

For example, you can type ㄲ (double consonants with two ㄱ) by pressing ㄱ (R) and shift-key together.

 

ㄲ (SHIFT+"ㄱ/r")

ㄸ (SHIFT+"ㄷ/e")

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Friday at 3:57 am
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Hi Milkdude,


Thanks for posting. Maybe this lesson series will be of help, it tells you the difference between tense/aspirated consonants and how they are pronounced:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson-library/ultimate-korean-pronunciation-guide/


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Milkdude
Wednesday at 11:15 pm
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My question was how can you say and tell the difference because i cant tell between aspirated and tense. I can only tell between aspirated and non- aspirated. because one is in the back of the word and one is in the front of the word. also what is the purpose for having a consonant that has the same sound.


P.S. thank you for the help theses lessons are helping me better than Duolingo. I can only practice vocab but this taught me the purpose of each of the letters. So thank you on that.

KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 8:51 am
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Hi Brandon,


Thanks for posting. The difference is in the strength, regular consonants have more air, whereas double consonants are more staccato and pronounced with a burst of air. Try pronouncing them out loud a few times and you will probably notice the difference, so don't give up!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Brandon
Sunday at 2:30 am
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I can't hear the difference between the regular and double consonants :(

KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 6:16 am
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Hi Mehdi,


Thanks for posting.

Amy was showing the difference in the way ㄱ, ㅋ, ㄲ are pronounced. ㄲ is unusual as it is a tense pronunciation, not quite 'gg', nor is it quite 'kk'. But having said that, 도끼 is romanized as dokki, romanization is there to help you grasp the pronunciation, it doesn't necessarily mean that the Korean syllable is pronounced as such. 😄


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com



Mehdi
Monday at 10:18 pm
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Hi 👋🏻

I have a question. In previous lesson you said when ㄱ comes at the the beginning of the word it is pronounced like k (nonaspirated) but and when it is in the middle of the word it is pronounced like g in green. But in this lesson when you were talking about 도끼 you said it is not 도키 (to-ki aspirated) it is not 도기 (to-ki unaspirated) . Its 도끼 (to-gi).

So i don’t get it.Finally in middle of the word when we see ㄱ we should say (k unaspirated) or we should say (g)?🤔🤔

Thanks for your concern.

KoreanClass101.com
Saturday at 6:58 am
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Hello Hithpriya,


Thanks for commenting. '오빠' literally means 'older brother' and is used by a female to address her older brother (but you can also refer to males who you are not related to, that are older than you, as 'poppa', usually in informal situations).


Hope this was of help!

Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Hithpriya
Thursday at 10:36 pm
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What is meaning of Oppa and when is it used??

What we can use to call our kpop bias??

KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 6:28 am
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Hi Xx,


Thank you for commenting. We have a lessons series focused on pronunciation which may be of help:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/ultimate-korean-pronunciation-guide-6-pronouncing-korean-consonants-part-1/


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Xx
Saturday at 9:55 pm
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Can you tell me difference between l and r? I mean, which should be using in middle and which one in starting?