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안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
We were in the middle of discussing double consonants -- consonants that are written twice and create a very strong sound. We talked about the consonants 까 and 또, and today we’ll look at three new double consonants.
You know 바, and you know 파. Remember that 바 is non-aspirated, and 파 is aspirated. One step stronger would be 빠. All you have to do is write ㅂ two times next to each other. It’s not a brand new character.
The differences between them can be hard to tell at first.
Listen closely - 바. 파. 빠. Hear how they get more and more tense?
Time for an example word: 오빠[o-ppa]. This means “the older brother of a girl”
Now let’s hear all three consonant sounds in a row, side by side.
발[bal] - 팔[pal] - 빨[ppal]
배[bae] - 패[pae] - 빼[ppae]
아바[a-ba] - 아파[a-pa] - 아빠[a-ppa]
Here’s the next consonant we can double: 사
...becomes 싸
We don’t have an aspirated version of this consonant. You just need to differentiate these two sounds.
사. 싸.
If you notice, it sounds like the “s” sound in 싸 is being held a little bit longer. 사. 싸.
Now let’s look at some examples!
싸요.[ssa-yo] This means “It’s cheap.”
And 쏘다 (ssoda] This is a verb meaning “to fire a gun”
Let’s compare them one more time. Remember, there is no aspirated version of this consonant.
사다[sa-da] - 싸다[ssa-da]
살[sal] - 쌀[ssal]
시[si] - 씨[ssi]
The last consonant that can be doubled is ㅈ. We go from 자 to the aspirated version 차, to the doubled version 짜.
Listen closely to the difference between the two: 자. 짜. Can you hear it?
Here’s a short phrase that uses this double consonant that you can use to describe food. 짜요.[jja-yo]: It’s salty.
And here’s a verb you can use in the kitchen! 찌다 (jjida): to steam
Let’s review this set of sounds side-by-side now.
자[ja] - 차[cha] - 짜[jja]
종[jong] - 총[chong] - 쫑[jjong]
가자[ga-ja] - 가짜[ga-jja] - 가차[ga-cha]
We’ll end this lesson by making a few sentences using words you already know.
Today you learned the phrase “싸요” meaning “it’s cheap.” You can put the object you think is cheap, such as 도끼, an ax, at the beginning of the phrase to make a complete sentence.
도끼 싸요.: “An ax is cheap.”
Can you think of any other words to use in this sentence?
You also learned 짜요 “It's salty.” Again, just put what you think is salty at the beginning.
치즈 짜요. Cheese is salty.”
That’s it for double consonants! Not so hard, right?
In the next three lessons, we’re going to talk about something very important. It’s what will help you go from “recognizing characters” to “reading Korean” so be sure to watch! See you! 여러분 다음에 또 만나요.