Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
We were in the middle of discussing double consonants -- consonants that are written twice and create a very strong sound. We talked about the consonants 까 and 또, and today we’ll look at three new double consonants.
You know 바, and you know 파. Remember that 바 is non-aspirated, and 파 is aspirated. One step stronger would be 빠. All you have to do is write ㅂ two times next to each other. It’s not a brand new character.
The differences between them can be hard to tell at first.
Listen closely - 바. 파. 빠. Hear how they get more and more tense?
Time for an example word: 오빠[o-ppa]. This means “the older brother of a girl”
Now let’s hear all three consonant sounds in a row, side by side.
발[bal] - 팔[pal] - 빨[ppal]
배[bae] - 패[pae] - 빼[ppae]
아바[a-ba] - 아파[a-pa] - 아빠[a-ppa]
Here’s the next consonant we can double: 사
...becomes 싸
We don’t have an aspirated version of this consonant. You just need to differentiate these two sounds.
사. 싸.
If you notice, it sounds like the “s” sound in 싸 is being held a little bit longer. 사. 싸.
Now let’s look at some examples!
싸요.[ssa-yo] This means “It’s cheap.”
And 쏘다 (ssoda] This is a verb meaning “to fire a gun”
Let’s compare them one more time. Remember, there is no aspirated version of this consonant.
사다[sa-da] - 싸다[ssa-da]
살[sal] - 쌀[ssal]
시[si] - 씨[ssi]
The last consonant that can be doubled is ㅈ. We go from 자 to the aspirated version 차, to the doubled version 짜.
Listen closely to the difference between the two: 자. 짜. Can you hear it?
Here’s a short phrase that uses this double consonant that you can use to describe food. 짜요.[jja-yo]: It’s salty.
And here’s a verb you can use in the kitchen! 찌다 (jjida): to steam
Let’s review this set of sounds side-by-side now.
자[ja] - 차[cha] - 짜[jja]
종[jong] - 총[chong] - 쫑[jjong]
가자[ga-ja] - 가짜[ga-jja] - 가차[ga-cha]
We’ll end this lesson by making a few sentences using words you already know.
Today you learned the phrase “싸요” meaning “it’s cheap.” You can put the object you think is cheap, such as 도끼, an ax, at the beginning of the phrase to make a complete sentence.
도끼 싸요.: “An ax is cheap.”
Can you think of any other words to use in this sentence?
You also learned 짜요 “It's salty.” Again, just put what you think is salty at the beginning.
치즈 짜요. Cheese is salty.”
That’s it for double consonants! Not so hard, right?
In the next three lessons, we’re going to talk about something very important. It’s what will help you go from “recognizing characters” to “reading Korean” so be sure to watch! See you! 여러분 다음에 또 만나요.

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Let's practice writing Hangul on your computer too : )

Change your keyboard setting in Korean, and hit the English keys written next to the Korean characters. When you write double consonants, you should press 'SHIFT KEY' while you're pressing a key for single-consonant.

For example, you can type ㅉ (double consonants with two ㅈ) by pressing ㅈ (W) and shift-key together.

ㅃ (SHIFT+"ㅂ/q")

ㅆ (SHIFT+"ㅅ/t")

ㅉ (SHIFT+"ㅈ/w")

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 03:27 PM
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Hi tonette,


Thanks for posting. Romanization exists to help understand the pronunciation (as sometimes there is no equivalent sound in English). Having said that, ㄱ and ㄷ may sound stronger than the 'g' and 'd' sound in English as an initial, but weaker than the 'k' and 't' sound, so please keep that in mind!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

tonette
Sunday at 12:41 PM
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I'm really enjoying the Hana Hana Hangul series 👍


I just noticed that in listening to the audio, the pronunciation of words tends to differ from what is in the rule.

Example, in lesson number 8 (double consonants), the rule says that if the syllable giyeok (g) is in the front of the word, giyeok is pronounced "k". If found in the middle of the word, its pronounced "g" in green. That's clear. But here in lesson 10, the word "dokki ssayo" sounds like "tokki ssayo" in the audio. So it can get confusing.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 10:28 AM
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Hi Jabez,


Thanks for posting, keep up the good work!


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Jabez
Tuesday at 05:26 PM
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ㅃ, ㅆ, ㅉ

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 03:34 AM
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Hi Yen,


Thanks for posting. Have you tried our Ultimate Korean Pronunciation Guide? It will be of help in getting the pronunciation rules down! Here is the link:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/ultimate-korean-pronunciation-guide-1-introduction-to-perfect-korean-pronunciation/


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Yen
Tuesday at 08:09 PM
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I am having difficulty in the pronounciation of aspirated and non-aspirated consonants as well as the double consonants. I've made a guide on my own on how to pronounce them by getting its equivalent english alphabet. But still, am having difficulty to differentiate them by merely listening to the audios. They seem to be the same. Can you help me out to make it more simple and understandable? Thanks a lot.


Also, kudos to your team because I know now how to read and write simple korean words. But still, am have a long way to finally master hangeul by understanding the meaning of each word.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 07:13 AM
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Hi 줄리,


Thanks for posting, good job! Keep it up!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:21 AM
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Hi Peter,


Thanks for commenting. A similar series which may be fun (to review and to learn new things) would be Korean in 3 minutes. Amy is the host:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/learn-korean-in-three-minutes-1-selfintroductions/


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

줄리
Tuesday at 02:03 AM
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안녕하세요,


ㅃ, ㅆ, ㅉ


고맙습니다!


안녕히 계세요!

Peter
Saturday at 11:27 PM
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Hi - I really like these 10 videos and it has helped me tremendously to understand Hangul. Now I have completed these ten, are there follow-up series of videos, preferably by the same presenter, which start to cover other topics?