Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
We were in the middle of discussing double consonants -- consonants that are written twice and create a very strong sound. We talked about the consonants 까 and 또, and today we’ll look at three new double consonants.
You know 바, and you know 파. Remember that 바 is non-aspirated, and 파 is aspirated. One step stronger would be 빠. All you have to do is write ㅂ two times next to each other. It’s not a brand new character.
The differences between them can be hard to tell at first.
Listen closely - 바. 파. 빠. Hear how they get more and more tense?
Time for an example word: 오빠[o-ppa]. This means “the older brother of a girl”
Now let’s hear all three consonant sounds in a row, side by side.
발[bal] - 팔[pal] - 빨[ppal]
배[bae] - 패[pae] - 빼[ppae]
아바[a-ba] - 아파[a-pa] - 아빠[a-ppa]
Here’s the next consonant we can double: 사
...becomes 싸
We don’t have an aspirated version of this consonant. You just need to differentiate these two sounds.
사. 싸.
If you notice, it sounds like the “s” sound in 싸 is being held a little bit longer. 사. 싸.
Now let’s look at some examples!
싸요.[ssa-yo] This means “It’s cheap.”
And 쏘다 (ssoda] This is a verb meaning “to fire a gun”
Let’s compare them one more time. Remember, there is no aspirated version of this consonant.
사다[sa-da] - 싸다[ssa-da]
살[sal] - 쌀[ssal]
시[si] - 씨[ssi]
The last consonant that can be doubled is ㅈ. We go from 자 to the aspirated version 차, to the doubled version 짜.
Listen closely to the difference between the two: 자. 짜. Can you hear it?
Here’s a short phrase that uses this double consonant that you can use to describe food. 짜요.[jja-yo]: It’s salty.
And here’s a verb you can use in the kitchen! 찌다 (jjida): to steam
Let’s review this set of sounds side-by-side now.
자[ja] - 차[cha] - 짜[jja]
종[jong] - 총[chong] - 쫑[jjong]
가자[ga-ja] - 가짜[ga-jja] - 가차[ga-cha]
We’ll end this lesson by making a few sentences using words you already know.
Today you learned the phrase “싸요” meaning “it’s cheap.” You can put the object you think is cheap, such as 도끼, an ax, at the beginning of the phrase to make a complete sentence.
도끼 싸요.: “An ax is cheap.”
Can you think of any other words to use in this sentence?
You also learned 짜요 “It's salty.” Again, just put what you think is salty at the beginning.
치즈 짜요. Cheese is salty.”
That’s it for double consonants! Not so hard, right?
In the next three lessons, we’re going to talk about something very important. It’s what will help you go from “recognizing characters” to “reading Korean” so be sure to watch! See you! 여러분 다음에 또 만나요.

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Let's practice writing Hangul on your computer too : )

Change your keyboard setting in Korean, and hit the English keys written next to the Korean characters. When you write double consonants, you should press 'SHIFT KEY' while you're pressing a key for single-consonant.

For example, you can type ㅉ (double consonants with two ㅈ) by pressing ㅈ (W) and shift-key together.

ㅃ (SHIFT+"ㅂ/q")

ㅆ (SHIFT+"ㅅ/t")

ㅉ (SHIFT+"ㅈ/w")

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:31 PM
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Hi Lois,


Thanks for posting, great job!

Keep it up!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Lois Simon
Saturday at 08:35 AM
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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 12:20 AM
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Hi Trella,


Thanks for posting. Yes, practice makes perfect! So keep up the good work!


Hi Sumit,


Thank you for posting. It may be an account issue. If you have a free lifetime account, you get unlimited access for the first seven days, then access to the first three lessons of every series, and limited access to newly updated lessons. If this is not the case please let us know.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sumit Jaipuria
Wednesday at 06:41 PM
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Plss tell why i m not able to play the videos

Trella
Friday at 09:22 PM
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This is something I need to practice again and again. I can hear the difference in the sounds, but I can't tell if I'm reproducing them accurately. Practice, practice, practice. These videos are so helpful though

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 03:27 PM
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Hi tonette,


Thanks for posting. Romanization exists to help understand the pronunciation (as sometimes there is no equivalent sound in English). Having said that, ㄱ and ㄷ may sound stronger than the 'g' and 'd' sound in English as an initial, but weaker than the 'k' and 't' sound, so please keep that in mind!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

tonette
Sunday at 12:41 PM
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I'm really enjoying the Hana Hana Hangul series 👍


I just noticed that in listening to the audio, the pronunciation of words tends to differ from what is in the rule.

Example, in lesson number 8 (double consonants), the rule says that if the syllable giyeok (g) is in the front of the word, giyeok is pronounced "k". If found in the middle of the word, its pronounced "g" in green. That's clear. But here in lesson 10, the word "dokki ssayo" sounds like "tokki ssayo" in the audio. So it can get confusing.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 10:28 AM
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Hi Jabez,


Thanks for posting, keep up the good work!


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Jabez
Tuesday at 05:26 PM
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ㅃ, ㅆ, ㅉ

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 03:34 AM
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Hi Yen,


Thanks for posting. Have you tried our Ultimate Korean Pronunciation Guide? It will be of help in getting the pronunciation rules down! Here is the link:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/ultimate-korean-pronunciation-guide-1-introduction-to-perfect-korean-pronunciation/


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com