Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
In the last lesson, we looked at double consonants in the bat-chim position. In this lesson, we’re going to return to vowels.
Yes, you already know all the vowels. But this time, we’re going to talk about combining vowels to make more complex sounds.
We will look at four combinations today, all of which have the vowel ㅣ in them.
Remember the first two characters you learned back in lesson one? We’ll combine them first. ㅏ plus ㅣ makes ㅐ.
Listen closely to this pronunciation
[alternating male/female pronunciation]
Here’s an important word that uses this vowel. 내일. It means tomorrow.
Here is a short sentence that we made back in lesson 5. 휴가 가요. Do you remember the meaning? It’s “I’m going on vacation.”
Let’s add “tomorrow” to this sentence.
내일 휴가 가요. “I am going to travel tomorrow.”
The next vowels we will combine are ㅓ and ㅣ. They make the sound... ㅔ.
[alternating male/female pronunciation]
What’s the difference between this sound and the last one? Nothing! While these two vowels had distinct sounds in the past, these days they’re pronounced basically the same. You can’t interchange them, but at least you don’t have to remember another vowel sound.
Try to read this word. 세 살. It means “three years old.”
Here’s that word in a sample sentence: 아이가 세 살이에요. The baby is three years old.
The next double vowel is a sound that is almost as easy to remember as the last one. Take ㅐ and add a small stroke and we get ㅒ.
[alternating male/female pronunciation]
Remember, a second small stroke gives it a Y sound.
얘기 means “talk” or “conversation”
얘기했어요 means “I have a conversation.”
The last vowel today is an easy one, too. ㅕ and ㅣ make ㅖ.
[alternating male/female pronunciation]
These two characters also have the same sound, but remember that they can’t be used interchangeably.
예약 means “reservation”
호텔 예약을 하다 means “I made a reservation for the hotel”
Okay! Four vowels, two sounds. Not too bad, right? In this lesson we introduced double vowels. In the next lesson, we’ll finish them up. See you on the next Hana Hana Hangul! 여러분 다음에 만나요!

38 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Do you know what's the most popular double consonant in Korean?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 07:28 AM
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안녕하세요 Sara,


Thank you for your comment. 😇

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

레벤테 (Levente)

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sara
Sunday at 03:01 AM
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Thanks for this! I had been wondering what the difference was between the sounds since they sounded similar 😜

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 02:16 AM
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Hi Duane,


Thanks for posting. In this sentence, 호텔 예약 refers to the noun 'hotel reservation'. So it translates to 'do a hotel reservation', which is why the object marker 을 was attached after 예약. If you want to use it the other way around, you could say,

호텔을 예약하다. Reserve a hotel. (Here 'hotel' is the object of the sentence, not 'reserve').


Hope this helped.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Duane
Tuesday at 09:27 AM
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Hi, I am not sure where to ask this question, so forgive me putting it here!


I am struggling to understand the proper use of topic, subject, object particles. In this sentence:

호텔 예약을 하다 (seen in this lesson), there is no topic marker. Why would we not say:

호톌는 예약을 하다 ?


Thanks for any assistance!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 11:53 PM
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Hi Julie,


Thanks for posting. There is no 'popular' double consonant, but you do see ㄲ, ㅉ and ㄸ often in front of syllables.

Now having said that, if you want to say "I like to read a story", one way to say it would be:


저는 이야기 책을 읽는 것을 좋아해요. (I used 'story book' in this sentence)


Hope this was of help.

Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

줄리
Thursday at 05:25 PM
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안녕하네요!


Is ㄸ the most popular double consonant?


Would I say "I like to read a story" like this:


얘기를 나는 좋아한다 익딱.


Thank you for the lesson...


고맙습지다! 🌸

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 07:14 AM
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Hi Prudence,


Thanks for posting. The best thing is to look at the words that contain these vowels, and memorize the vocabulary so that you know which vowel was actually used.


Hope this was of help!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Prudence
Friday at 06:26 PM
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How should i know when to use ㅒorㅖ, ㅐorㅔsince they sound the same?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:51 AM
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Hi Devi,


Thank you for posting. Pronunciation rules exist to make pronunciation easier--batchim rules exist for this very reason. It is not just in Korean however, for example, in English, why is 'k' there in 'know' but not pronounced? Why do you pronounce 'know' as 'no' but not write it as such? Why do you use 'y' instead of 'I' in really when it is pronounced as realli? Just like these, some rules you need to accept as it was implemented to make it easier for users (although I know, it can get difficult).


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Devi
Saturday at 11:23 AM
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I imagined it to be different between reading and writing hangul. I guess all you've explained in these lessons are the way we read korean hangul, but what about writing them? When do we use particular character over the others, which when we read it, got replaced by other sound? Thank you