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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
In the last lesson, we looked at some rules that change the sound of Hangul characters. In this lesson, we’ll discuss what happens when you have not one, but two consonants in the 받침(bat-chim).
That’s right, some syllables in Korean have as many as four different characters inside it. We can group the double consonants into two categories.
The first category is where the same consonant is repeated. We saw how this happens in the initial position back in lesson ten, but in this lesson, we’ll look at them in the bat-chim position.
The second category are two different consonants. This is unique to the 받침(bat-chim) position.
First, we’ll look at the repeated consonants. We’ve already covered what you need to do with these. Do you remember? You don’t even need to pronounce it as a doubled consonant. For example, you could ignore the second ㄱ in this word. 밖.
Don’t forget about the batchim rules you just finished learning about! If the following syllable begins with ㅇ(이응), then the consonant in the bat-chim position would replace it. In the case of doubled consonants, both will move to the next character.
This sentence means “It’s delicious!” How would you pronounce it? It’s not [mas-iss-eo-yo], it’s [ma-si-sseo-yo]
Next, we need to look at situations where there are two different consonants in the bat-chim position. Not all the consonants can be combined in this position. In fact, there are only 11 possible combinations, and some of these are very uncommon.
The way you pronounce these depends on the *following* character. Namely, if it begins with a consonant or a vowel sound.
If the following character begins with a consonant, or there is no following character, you would pronounce these two consonants as just one consonant. And these 11 combinations are pronounced one of only five ways. With the exceptions of these three, you can just use the first consonant. The other ones use the last consonant
Here are a few examples. Don’t forget about the bat-chim rules you learned in the last few lessons!
읽다 - to read
없다 - to not have
넓다 - to be wide
젊다 - to be young
앉다 - to sit
If the following syllable begins with a *vowel sound*, you will split up the double consonants across the syllables. In all cases, only the last consonant will jump over.
읽어요. - I read
없어요. - I don’t have.
넓어요. - It’s wide.
젊어요. - I am young.
앉아요. - Please sit down.
Do you miss vowels yet? Well, you can relax, because not only are we done with consonants, but we’re returning to vowels in the next lesson! It’s the home stretch, so I’ll see you in the next lesson of Hana Hana Hangul. 여러분 다음에 만나요!

137 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
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KoreanClass101.comVerified
Thursday at 10:19 am
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Hi Arnoldas, francesca,


Thanks for posting. While ㄹㅂ usually is pronounced as ㄹ, There are two exceptions:


For example, 밟 is to be pronounced as ㅂ-->밥따.

넓, if written as follows: 넓쭉 넓적 넓둥굴다

is pronounced as 넙쭉, 넙적, 넙둥굴다


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

francesca
Thursday at 7:14 pm
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Hi I was wondering if ㄼ is pronounced as ㄹ or ㅂ? Thanks.

Jessica
Wednesday at 4:06 pm
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I'm sure now that this lesson was wrong. From what i know, with these double consonants, you should read the 4th position, except for when it has ㄹ (read 3rd position, which is ㄹ)

Arnoldas
Saturday at 7:01 pm
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Hi,


The information from National Institute you keep posting in the answers is directly contradicting the information you provide in the video and hence everybody's confusion.


For example, it says:

'ㄳ, ㄵ, ㄼ, ㄽ, ㄾ, ㅄ' when in front of a consonant, is designated to be pronounced as [ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄹ, ㅂ], respectively.

While in your video chart it is clear that ㄼ before a consonant is pronounced as ㅂ (exact time - 02:45).


Could you please clarify this bit - which version to follow and when or explain more about specific exceptions, or where to find a list of exceptions, etc.


Thank you,

Arnoldas

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Thursday at 9:41 am
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Hi Kareem,


Thank you for posting.

Thanks for posting. I'm attaching the answer to this question provided by the National Institute of the Korean Language:


'밟다'와 '넓죽하다'는 [밥따]와 [넙쭈카다]가 표준 발음이므로, [발따]나 [널쭈카다]로 읽어서는 안 되는 말입니다. 표준 발음법 제10항에서 겹받침 'ㄳ, ㄵ, ㄼ, ㄽ, ㄾ, ㅄ'은 어말 또는 자음 앞에서 각각[ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄹ, ㅂ]으로 발음하도록 규정하고 있습니다.


-->The correct pronunciation for '밟다' and '넓죽하다' is [밥따] and [넙쭈카다]. It cannot be read as [발따] or [널쭈카다].


According to the standard pronunciation rule 10, double batchim 'ㄳ, ㄵ, ㄼ, ㄽ, ㄾ, ㅄ', when at the end of a syllable or in front of a consonant, is designated to be pronounced as [ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄹ, ㅂ], respectively.


Hope this was of help.

Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Kareem
Wednesday at 9:27 am
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Hello,

In your example word 넓다, the romanization is written as "neoptta" but when I click on the sound to hear the word I hear "neoltta". I'm confused as to which one is correct or is it possible to read the word in both ways in this case?

In the pronunciation chart, it says that I should pronounce it as p. And when I tried to check the word in the wiktionary, it's written

as /nʌ̹ɭt͈a̠/.

https://ko.wiktionary.org/wiki/%EB%84%93%EB%8B%A4


Thank you for your time!

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Monday at 6:05 am
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Hi Weam,


Thank you for posting.


Keep up studying well and soon you’ll get great results!


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team KoreanClass101.com

weam
Thursday at 9:41 am
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this is getting harder😭

KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 6:51 am
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Hi Mujtaba,


Thanks for posting. We posted the answer for your question below your comment (a few comments down). We are sorry that you were unable to see it. I will copy and paste here:


-->The correct pronunciation for '밟다' and '넓죽하다' is [밥따] and [넙쭈카다]. It cannot be read as [발따] or [널쭈카다]. According to the standard pronunciation rule 10, double batchim 'ㄳ, ㄵ, ㄼ, ㄽ, ㄾ, ㅄ', when at the end of a syllable or in front of a consonant, is designated to be pronounced as [ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄹ, ㅂ], respectively.


As for your other question, please check the link below:

https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/hana-hana-hangul-13-hangul-batchim-rules-1-lenition-and-fortis/


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com


Mujtaba
Sunday at 9:36 pm
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Why 넓죽하다 pronunciation is 넙쭈카다 instead of 널주카다?

According to rule in ㄹㅂ, First character should be pronounced and if we pronounce the first letter in this, there will be no chance of Fortis.

Then why it's pronounced like this ?

.

NOTE - I asked the same question before but didn't get my answer about what I'm asking in this question please give me a good answer.