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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
In the last lesson, we looked at some rules that change the sound of Hangul characters. In this lesson, we’ll discuss what happens when you have not one, but two consonants in the 받침(bat-chim).
That’s right, some syllables in Korean have as many as four different characters inside it. We can group the double consonants into two categories.
The first category is where the same consonant is repeated. We saw how this happens in the initial position back in lesson ten, but in this lesson, we’ll look at them in the bat-chim position.
The second category are two different consonants. This is unique to the 받침(bat-chim) position.
First, we’ll look at the repeated consonants. We’ve already covered what you need to do with these. Do you remember? You don’t even need to pronounce it as a doubled consonant. For example, you could ignore the second ㄱ in this word. 밖.
Don’t forget about the batchim rules you just finished learning about! If the following syllable begins with ㅇ(이응), then the consonant in the bat-chim position would replace it. In the case of doubled consonants, both will move to the next character.
This sentence means “It’s delicious!” How would you pronounce it? It’s not [mas-iss-eo-yo], it’s [ma-si-sseo-yo]
Next, we need to look at situations where there are two different consonants in the bat-chim position. Not all the consonants can be combined in this position. In fact, there are only 11 possible combinations, and some of these are very uncommon.
The way you pronounce these depends on the *following* character. Namely, if it begins with a consonant or a vowel sound.
If the following character begins with a consonant, or there is no following character, you would pronounce these two consonants as just one consonant. And these 11 combinations are pronounced one of only five ways. With the exceptions of these three, you can just use the first consonant. The other ones use the last consonant
Here are a few examples. Don’t forget about the bat-chim rules you learned in the last few lessons!
읽다 - to read
없다 - to not have
넓다 - to be wide
젊다 - to be young
앉다 - to sit
If the following syllable begins with a *vowel sound*, you will split up the double consonants across the syllables. In all cases, only the last consonant will jump over.
읽어요. - I read
없어요. - I don’t have.
넓어요. - It’s wide.
젊어요. - I am young.
앉아요. - Please sit down.
Do you miss vowels yet? Well, you can relax, because not only are we done with consonants, but we’re returning to vowels in the next lesson! It’s the home stretch, so I’ll see you in the next lesson of Hana Hana Hangul. 여러분 다음에 만나요!

154 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Stella
Thursday at 12:01 AM
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Tq Lena and may i I know what do you mean by the first 3 of every series?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 04:29 PM
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Hello Stella,


There are 4 types of accounts on KoreanClass101: Free Lifetime Account, Basic, Premium, and Premium PLUS.


When you sign up for KoreanClass101 for the first time, you have a 7-day Premium trial to check the entire site out. After those 7 days, you're a Free user... which means you have access to all our new lessons that we publish and the first 3 of every series.


Hope this answered your question!


Best Regards,

Lena

Team KoreanClass101.com

Stella
Monday at 03:01 PM
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I am unable to watch hangul lessons from 4th video I have already seen till 15th video but when I clicked on 16th video it wasn't playing so I started checking the videos from 1 and the only videos playing are 1,2&3 please fix this problem i want to learn it is so good

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 02:37 PM
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Hi Annabel,


Thanks for posting. We have a lesson on reading/writing in Hangul, and some lessons which show you how to put together a syllabic block, please check it out:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson-library/hangul-videos/

https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/introduction-to-korean-1-introduction-to-korean/


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Annabel
Monday at 07:13 AM
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please how do I group Korean words into blocks.keep up the good work

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 05:50 PM
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Hi Sampat,


Thanks for posting. According to the standard pronunciation rule #10 (established by the National Institute of the Korean Language), double batches ‘ㄳ’, ‘ㄵ’, ‘ㄼ, ㄽ, ㄾ’, ‘ㅄ are pronounced as [ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄹ, ㅂ] when at the end of a word or in front of a consonant sound. The institute also states that pronunciation rules apply according to the way things sound (rather than setting the rule and pronouncing things a certain way). If you pronounce 앉다 quickly, you'll see that it is pronounced as 안따.

Regarding your other question, we'll get back to you shortly on this!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sampat
Sunday at 03:31 PM
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Why is the pronounciation of 앉다 written as 안따 ? Because according to the Fortis rule you taught, only when ㄱ, ㄷ and ㅂ are in the batchim position, the next consonant gets double.

Sampat
Sunday at 02:43 PM
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I think there is a mistake in the lesson notes. It says " Yet, when the double final consonants are combined with 이(yi) specifically, it replaces with the doubled consonants." I don't think it's only specifically with 이 but rather with ㅇ.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:15 AM
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Hi Farah,


Thanks for posting. Try this lesson:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/hana-hana-hangul-13-hangul-batchim-rules-1-lenition-and-fortis/?lp=118


Ashley,


Thank you for posting, we're sorry to hear that, if you want access to the rest of the lessons after your initial trial, you will need to get a premium account.


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Ashley
Sunday at 11:46 PM
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Guys I just have like 4 classes left and the video isn't available anymore what do u do😭😭😭