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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
In the last lesson, we looked at some rules that change the sound of Hangul characters. In this lesson, we’ll discuss what happens when you have not one, but two consonants in the 받침(bat-chim).
That’s right, some syllables in Korean have as many as four different characters inside it. We can group the double consonants into two categories.
The first category is where the same consonant is repeated. We saw how this happens in the initial position back in lesson ten, but in this lesson, we’ll look at them in the bat-chim position.
The second category are two different consonants. This is unique to the 받침(bat-chim) position.
First, we’ll look at the repeated consonants. We’ve already covered what you need to do with these. Do you remember? You don’t even need to pronounce it as a doubled consonant. For example, you could ignore the second ㄱ in this word. 밖.
Don’t forget about the batchim rules you just finished learning about! If the following syllable begins with ㅇ(이응), then the consonant in the bat-chim position would replace it. In the case of doubled consonants, both will move to the next character.
This sentence means “It’s delicious!” How would you pronounce it? It’s not [mas-iss-eo-yo], it’s [ma-si-sseo-yo]
Next, we need to look at situations where there are two different consonants in the bat-chim position. Not all the consonants can be combined in this position. In fact, there are only 11 possible combinations, and some of these are very uncommon.
The way you pronounce these depends on the *following* character. Namely, if it begins with a consonant or a vowel sound.
If the following character begins with a consonant, or there is no following character, you would pronounce these two consonants as just one consonant. And these 11 combinations are pronounced one of only five ways. With the exceptions of these three, you can just use the first consonant. The other ones use the last consonant
Here are a few examples. Don’t forget about the bat-chim rules you learned in the last few lessons!
읽다 - to read
없다 - to not have
넓다 - to be wide
젊다 - to be young
앉다 - to sit
If the following syllable begins with a *vowel sound*, you will split up the double consonants across the syllables. In all cases, only the last consonant will jump over.
읽어요. - I read
없어요. - I don’t have.
넓어요. - It’s wide.
젊어요. - I am young.
앉아요. - Please sit down.
Do you miss vowels yet? Well, you can relax, because not only are we done with consonants, but we’re returning to vowels in the next lesson! It’s the home stretch, so I’ll see you in the next lesson of Hana Hana Hangul. 여러분 다음에 만나요!

177 Comments

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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 04:39 PM
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Hello Lamia,


Thank you for posting.

We are sorry to hear that you can’t access the video.


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Lamia
Tuesday at 10:25 PM
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Hi

This video and the. Ones after are not opening so I don't know what to do.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 08:56 AM
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Hi Christina,


Thanks for posting. Double batchims are difficult, not just for foreigners learning Korean, but for Native Koreans as well, so the best way is to remember the rules. And according to the National Institute of the Korean Language, the double batchim ㄼ has to be pronounced as ㄹ, and in the case of derived words or compound words, you will have to pronounce it as ㅂ, so please try to remember it as such.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Christina
Friday at 11:11 PM
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Why is the “ㄹ” pronounces in the batchim position of the word “ 넓다 “ if “ ㅂ” is supposed to cancel it out when combined as a double consonant bat-chim.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 10:41 AM
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Hi Amir,


Thanks for posting. In the following lessons (on batchims), you'll be able to find out the grammatical rules behind the pronunciation, so please continue to study the series! Just one thing, batchim rules exist to make pronunciation easier. If you read the words really quickly, you'll notice that they actually sound like 점따.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

amir
Sunday at 04:49 PM
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hey

i dont get why 젊다 is pronounced with a doubled 다 ? (double T)

thanks

Amir
Friday at 06:52 PM
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Hey

Im confused

Why in the first example "to read" the last letter ㄷ becomes doubled?

Thanks

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 05:44 AM
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Hi Farya,


Thank you for posting. Could you be more specific? What do you mean by regular or exceptional? 😅

Looking forward to hearing from you.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 05:06 AM
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Hello Aastha,


Thanks for posting. To answer your first question, it is when you see the consonant (or placeholder) ㅇ following the double batchim. In this case, the double vowel sound takes the place of this placeholder. Example:


긁어->글거


Hope this helped!


Hi Sara,


Thanks for posting. 넓다 is the only exception to the rule, in other cases, you pronounce the latter part of the double batchim ㄹㅂ, which is ㅂ. So please try to remember this.


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sara
Wednesday at 07:37 AM
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Why do you pronounce 넓다 as neolda? If you said the double consonant pronounced is the ㅂ. Wouldnt it be like neobda? Or something like that? Im so confused