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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
In the last lesson, we looked at some rules that change the sound of Hangul characters. In this lesson, we’ll discuss what happens when you have not one, but two consonants in the 받침(bat-chim).
That’s right, some syllables in Korean have as many as four different characters inside it. We can group the double consonants into two categories.
The first category is where the same consonant is repeated. We saw how this happens in the initial position back in lesson ten, but in this lesson, we’ll look at them in the bat-chim position.
The second category are two different consonants. This is unique to the 받침(bat-chim) position.
First, we’ll look at the repeated consonants. We’ve already covered what you need to do with these. Do you remember? You don’t even need to pronounce it as a doubled consonant. For example, you could ignore the second ㄱ in this word. 밖.
Don’t forget about the batchim rules you just finished learning about! If the following syllable begins with ㅇ(이응), then the consonant in the bat-chim position would replace it. In the case of doubled consonants, both will move to the next character.
This sentence means “It’s delicious!” How would you pronounce it? It’s not [mas-iss-eo-yo], it’s [ma-si-sseo-yo]
Next, we need to look at situations where there are two different consonants in the bat-chim position. Not all the consonants can be combined in this position. In fact, there are only 11 possible combinations, and some of these are very uncommon.
The way you pronounce these depends on the *following* character. Namely, if it begins with a consonant or a vowel sound.
If the following character begins with a consonant, or there is no following character, you would pronounce these two consonants as just one consonant. And these 11 combinations are pronounced one of only five ways. With the exceptions of these three, you can just use the first consonant. The other ones use the last consonant
Here are a few examples. Don’t forget about the bat-chim rules you learned in the last few lessons!
읽다 - to read
없다 - to not have
넓다 - to be wide
젊다 - to be young
앉다 - to sit
If the following syllable begins with a *vowel sound*, you will split up the double consonants across the syllables. In all cases, only the last consonant will jump over.
읽어요. - I read
없어요. - I don’t have.
넓어요. - It’s wide.
젊어요. - I am young.
앉아요. - Please sit down.
Do you miss vowels yet? Well, you can relax, because not only are we done with consonants, but we’re returning to vowels in the next lesson! It’s the home stretch, so I’ll see you in the next lesson of Hana Hana Hangul. 여러분 다음에 만나요!