Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
We’re about to finish up our explanation of the batchim(받침) rules. If you’ve made it this far, keep going! Hangul will get much easier once you’ve mastered these rules.
You know four of the seven basic rules, as shown here. We’ll learn the last three in this lesson.
Whenever a ㄹ(리을) and a ㄴ(니은) meet, the ㄴ(니은) becomes a ㄹ(리을). This happens no matter whether the ㄴ is in the bat-chim or the initial position.
This rule is called “flowing” because it really makes Korean easier to say. The transition between the ㄴ and the ㄹ sound is difficult to pronounce.
Try to say this word without using the rule. 한/라/산 [han-la-san]
Can you see how ㄹ(리을) and ㄴ(니은) meet here? When we apply this rule, it will flow better.
할라산 [hal-la-san] It’s a lot easier to say now, right?
It works the same if the ㄹ is the batchim, and the ㄴ follows.
So this is not 달/나/라[dal-na-la], but 달라라[dal-la-la].
When ㄷ(디읃) or ㅌ(티읕) are in the batchim position, and meet the syllable 이 -- only this exact syllable: 이 -- then they will replace the ㅇ(이응) and in the process, ㄷ becomes ㅈ and ㅌ becomes ㅊ. No tricks, no exceptions.
Let’s break down the process with the word 같이 which means ‘together’.
First, ㅌ(티읕) replaces ㅇ(이응) so it becomes 가티.
But when it happens, the sound of ㅌ(티읕) becomes ㅊ(치읓) as we learned. So 가티 becomes 가치.
There are a number of small rules related to the consonant ㅎ. This is the softest consonant sound, so it might be useful to think of it as an aspirated version of ㅇ.
It helps to think that way, because the bat-chim consonants ㄴ, ㅁ, ㅇ, and ㄹ all replace the ㅎ in the following initial position exactly the same way ㅇ gets replaced.
What if nasal sounds ㄴ,ㅁ,ㅇ and ㄹ meet ㅎ? In that case, ㅎ just goes away.
Let’s look at an example.
Here is the phrase meaning ‘Because I like’
Can you see ㅎ meets the nasal sound ㅇ? Although ㅇ is just a placeholder, when it meets ㅎ, the sound of ㅎ just goes away. So you can read it as 조아서. without h sound.
Let’s check another word meaning ‘password’ in Korean. Can you read it?
Here, ㅁ meets ㅎ. So the sound of ㅎ just goes away. So you can read it as 아모 (a-mo) not as 암호(am-ho)
Phew! You made it! If your mind is spinning from all these rules, try not to worry too much about it. As you get used to speaking the language these rules will feel natural. Come back to these lessons after you learn a bit more about the language and
You’re done with the worst of it! In the next lesson, we’ll talk about double consonants in the batchim position! 여러분 다음에 만나요.

133 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Prudence
Wednesday at 06:51 PM
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Heyyy I'm from Australia and just wanna say thank you so much for these videos, they helped me a lot although rn the pronounciation rules are driving me a bit crazy 😜. I'm 14 and part of my homeschooling curriculm required that i learn a language, however the course i was given did not teach me how to read and write hangul sooo im really grateful for these because they make it sooooo much easier.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 05:32 PM
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Hi Sanjay,


Thank you for posting. The romanization rules changed and it is romanized as 'amho'. We're working on updating our content, thank you for your patience! Having said that, pronunciation wise, you can use both--you will hear Native Koreans pronouncing it as both 'amp' and 'amho'.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sanjay
Friday at 03:39 PM
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In the Vocabulary section below the video, 암호 is still pronounced as "Amho" not as "Amo" as taught in the video. So either way it correct ?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 05:51 AM
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Hi smalljude 작은주드,


Thanks for posting. I answered in your previous post, but Korean has a set of rules called 'standard pronunciation rules', and according to the National Institute of the Korean Language, there is no rule that says that it should be pronounced as 안녕이, but should be pronounced as 안녕히 as there is no difficulty in pronouncing the ㅎ sound.

Sorry for the confusion, please keep this rule in mind!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

smalljude 작은주드
Sunday at 06:38 AM
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I'm confused about one of the ㅎ rules.😜 One example given in the video is 방호 which changes to sound like 바오. 'Bao' seems much harder to pronounce than 'bangho' ... is that really correct? Also another example word (from song lyrics) is 선명히. If the special batchim rule for ㅎ applies, then wouldn't it be pronounced as 선며이? It's not pronounced that way in the song, so I'm a bit confused and think I must be missing something.


Thanks so much for your help! *wave* from New Zealand 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 07:51 AM
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Hi Maria,


Thanks for posting. Yes, the rule applies, and it will be pronounced as 좋아서.

The National Institute of Korean Language states that if the batchim ㅎ(ㄶ, ㅭ) is followed by nasal consonants the ㅎ sound will disappear.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

maria
Monday at 05:09 AM
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As in the example of the word 좋아서, what i understand is that the rule will apply and the ㅎ will disappear no matter if the other consonant is in the batchim position or the ㅎ is in the batchim position and the other consonant follows. Is that correct? Also in this case (좋아서) the special ㅎ rule is considered over the lenition rule, so thats why it is pronounced as 조아서 instead of 조하서, right?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:52 AM
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Hi golda,


Thank you for posting.

To answer your question, the consonant ㄱ is not equivalent to the 'g' or 'k' sound in English but actually somewhere in between. And when it is used at the beginning of a syllable or sentence, it may sound a bit stronger (sounding closer to 'k' but not quite). It also sounds stronger sometimes in the batchim(words that end with consonants) position, when it is used at the end of a syllable/sentence.

As for ㄹ, it is the same. It is not quite a 'L' or 'R' sound, but somewhere in between. It sounds a bit closer to 'L' at the beginning of a syllable. It is also used for foreign words that sound with both 'R' and 'L'.

Hope this was of help.


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

golda
Friday at 09:59 PM
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and why ㄱ sometimes write as “K” when it suppose to be G?



please help me clear this....

golda
Friday at 09:55 PM
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why sometimes ( ㄹ ) sounds like “L” ?


it makes me confused....