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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
We’re about to finish up our explanation of the batchim(받침) rules. If you’ve made it this far, keep going! Hangul will get much easier once you’ve mastered these rules.
You know four of the seven basic rules, as shown here. We’ll learn the last three in this lesson.
Whenever a ㄹ(리을) and a ㄴ(니은) meet, the ㄴ(니은) becomes a ㄹ(리을). This happens no matter whether the ㄴ is in the bat-chim or the initial position.
This rule is called “flowing” because it really makes Korean easier to say. The transition between the ㄴ and the ㄹ sound is difficult to pronounce.
Try to say this word without using the rule. 한/라/산 [han-la-san]
Can you see how ㄹ(리을) and ㄴ(니은) meet here? When we apply this rule, it will flow better.
할라산 [hal-la-san] It’s a lot easier to say now, right?
It works the same if the ㄹ is the batchim, and the ㄴ follows.
So this is not 달/나/라[dal-na-la], but 달라라[dal-la-la].
When ㄷ(디읃) or ㅌ(티읕) are in the batchim position, and meet the syllable 이 -- only this exact syllable: 이 -- then they will replace the ㅇ(이응) and in the process, ㄷ becomes ㅈ and ㅌ becomes ㅊ. No tricks, no exceptions.
Let’s break down the process with the word 같이 which means ‘together’.
First, ㅌ(티읕) replaces ㅇ(이응) so it becomes 가티.
But when it happens, the sound of ㅌ(티읕) becomes ㅊ(치읓) as we learned. So 가티 becomes 가치.
There are a number of small rules related to the consonant ㅎ. This is the softest consonant sound, so it might be useful to think of it as an aspirated version of ㅇ.
It helps to think that way, because the bat-chim consonants ㄴ, ㅁ, ㅇ, and ㄹ all replace the ㅎ in the following initial position exactly the same way ㅇ gets replaced.
What if nasal sounds ㄴ,ㅁ,ㅇ and ㄹ meet ㅎ? In that case, ㅎ just goes away.
Let’s look at an example.
Here is the phrase meaning ‘Because I like’
Can you see ㅎ meets the nasal sound ㅇ? Although ㅇ is just a placeholder, when it meets ㅎ, the sound of ㅎ just goes away. So you can read it as 조아서. without h sound.
Let’s check another word meaning ‘password’ in Korean. Can you read it?
Here, ㅁ meets ㅎ. So the sound of ㅎ just goes away. So you can read it as 아모 (a-mo) not as 암호(am-ho)
Phew! You made it! If your mind is spinning from all these rules, try not to worry too much about it. As you get used to speaking the language these rules will feel natural. Come back to these lessons after you learn a bit more about the language and
You’re done with the worst of it! In the next lesson, we’ll talk about double consonants in the batchim position! 여러분 다음에 만나요.

126 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
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KoreanClass101.comVerified
Tuesday at 12:52 am
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Hi golda,


Thank you for posting.

To answer your question, the consonant ㄱ is not equivalent to the 'g' or 'k' sound in English but actually somewhere in between. And when it is used at the beginning of a syllable or sentence, it may sound a bit stronger (sounding closer to 'k' but not quite). It also sounds stronger sometimes in the batchim(words that end with consonants) position, when it is used at the end of a syllable/sentence.

As for ㄹ, it is the same. It is not quite a 'L' or 'R' sound, but somewhere in between. It sounds a bit closer to 'L' at the beginning of a syllable. It is also used for foreign words that sound with both 'R' and 'L'.

Hope this was of help.


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

golda
Friday at 9:59 pm
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and why ㄱ sometimes write as “K” when it suppose to be G?



please help me clear this....

golda
Friday at 9:55 pm
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why sometimes ( ㄹ ) sounds like “L” ?


it makes me confused....

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Saturday at 7:18 am
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Hi Chiara,


Thanks for posting.

좋아 is pronounced as 조아 due to 'consonant assimilation', which happens when the bottom consonant of a Hangul syllable and the top letter(consonant) of the next syllable/character interact so that one(or both) changes.

In the case of the batchim ㅎ followed by the ㅇ, ㅎ is dropped, thus it is pronounced as 조아.

Hope this was of help.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Chiara
Wednesday at 11:21 am
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Hello, I have a question regarding the first special rule for ㅎ. In the explanation of the rule and the lecture notes it says that the ㅎ gets replaced when it is in the initial position following ㄴ, ㅁ,ㅇ or ㄹ in the batchim position. But in the first example phrase 좋아서, the ㅎ is in the batchim position and the ㅇ is in the initial position. I was wondering if this is a special case or if the ㅎ gets replaced by ㄴ, ㅁ, ㅇ or ㄹ every time they are in the initial position following the ㅎ in the batchim? Could you please explain this a bit more?

Thanks in advance.

KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 8:16 am
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Hi Corinne,


Thanks for posting. This lesson may be of help:


https://www.koreanclass101.com/lesson/hana-hana-hangul-14-hangul-batchim-rules-2-aspiration-and-nasalization/?lp=118


And to answer your question, batchim is written as 받침.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Corinne
Monday at 11:53 pm
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I haven't noticed the rule when ㄷ becomes ㅈ and ㅌ becomes ㅊ in pronunciation like in example 같이, in any of Hana hana Hangul lessons since I''m watching it and I'm really confused. Can you tell me this rule?

And how is bat-chim written in Korean?

KoreanClass101.com
Thursday at 6:29 am
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Hi Athela,


Thanks for posting. Sorry for the mixup in the explanation. You are right, technically, it should be pronounced 안녕하세요, but you will hear many native Koreans pronouncing it as '안녕아세요' (as the ㅎ sounds becomes very weak).


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Athela
Saturday at 4:25 am
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No; I asked my Korean friend the same question and she said that the ㅎ has to be in the batchim and the initial has to be ㅇ for that rule to work. 안녕하세요 is said exactly as it's spelt.

Thanks for replying anyway! :)

KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 12:17 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Athela,


Thank you for posting. You can pronounce 안녕하세요 as 안녕아세요(which, technically, according to the batchim rules, should be the correct pronunciation).


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com