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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
We’re about to finish up our explanation of the batchim(받침) rules. If you’ve made it this far, keep going! Hangul will get much easier once you’ve mastered these rules.
You know four of the seven basic rules, as shown here. We’ll learn the last three in this lesson.
Whenever a ㄹ(리을) and a ㄴ(니은) meet, the ㄴ(니은) becomes a ㄹ(리을). This happens no matter whether the ㄴ is in the bat-chim or the initial position.
This rule is called “flowing” because it really makes Korean easier to say. The transition between the ㄴ and the ㄹ sound is difficult to pronounce.
Try to say this word without using the rule. 한/라/산 [han-la-san]
Can you see how ㄹ(리을) and ㄴ(니은) meet here? When we apply this rule, it will flow better.
할라산 [hal-la-san] It’s a lot easier to say now, right?
It works the same if the ㄹ is the batchim, and the ㄴ follows.
So this is not 달/나/라[dal-na-la], but 달라라[dal-la-la].
When ㄷ(디읃) or ㅌ(티읕) are in the batchim position, and meet the syllable 이 -- only this exact syllable: 이 -- then they will replace the ㅇ(이응) and in the process, ㄷ becomes ㅈ and ㅌ becomes ㅊ. No tricks, no exceptions.
Let’s break down the process with the word 같이 which means ‘together’.
First, ㅌ(티읕) replaces ㅇ(이응) so it becomes 가티.
But when it happens, the sound of ㅌ(티읕) becomes ㅊ(치읓) as we learned. So 가티 becomes 가치.
There are a number of small rules related to the consonant ㅎ. This is the softest consonant sound, so it might be useful to think of it as an aspirated version of ㅇ.
It helps to think that way, because the bat-chim consonants ㄴ, ㅁ, ㅇ, and ㄹ all replace the ㅎ in the following initial position exactly the same way ㅇ gets replaced.
What if nasal sounds ㄴ,ㅁ,ㅇ and ㄹ meet ㅎ? In that case, ㅎ just goes away.
Let’s look at an example.
Here is the phrase meaning ‘Because I like’
Can you see ㅎ meets the nasal sound ㅇ? Although ㅇ is just a placeholder, when it meets ㅎ, the sound of ㅎ just goes away. So you can read it as 조아서. without h sound.
Let’s check another word meaning ‘password’ in Korean. Can you read it?
Here, ㅁ meets ㅎ. So the sound of ㅎ just goes away. So you can read it as 아모 (a-mo) not as 암호(am-ho)
Phew! You made it! If your mind is spinning from all these rules, try not to worry too much about it. As you get used to speaking the language these rules will feel natural. Come back to these lessons after you learn a bit more about the language and
You’re done with the worst of it! In the next lesson, we’ll talk about double consonants in the batchim position! 여러분 다음에 만나요.


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:50 AM
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Hi Anshu,

Thank you for posting. You get access to all the lessons during your 7 day trial, but afterward, if you have a free lifetime account, you get access to the first three lessons per series, so you would need to upgrade to a premium subscription for access to other lessons.

Hello Noor,

Thanks for posting. 암호 is romanized as amho, and means password, so try typing it in as a-m-h-o.



Team KoreanClass101.com

Monday at 08:29 PM
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i have the google translate and i wanted to test this out and when i said amu (password) it said another word but when i said amhu, it said password, so im confused??? also is it like if i use the word amu in a sentence then it will say password or something like that?????

Saturday at 11:13 AM
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I open the video but it tells me to upgrade this.what i can do

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:48 AM
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Hi Mal,

Thanks for posting. If the ㅎ was in a batchim position followed by the nasal ㅇ, it would go away. Example:


If it were the other way around:

정해서 --->romanization would be jeonghaeseo. So the ㅎ would be pronounced, meaning it doesn't work the other way around.

Hope this was of help.



Team KoreanClass101.com

Saturday at 01:58 PM
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Just the clarify, in special rules involving ㅎ

when ㅎ gets replaced by one of the nasal letters, does position matter? does the nasal letter always have to be in the bthim position? if it were to get switched around would it still be fine? Same for ㅎ for when it goes away because it was followed byㅇif I switched around ㅇ and ㅎ would the ㅎ still disappear?


KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 03:41 AM
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Hi 줄리,

Thank you for posting. You would say:

한라산은 아름다워요.



Team KoreanClass101.com

Tuesday at 01:21 PM
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I don't even know if the rules are actually applied anymore. I'm on lesson 2 in Korean Level 1 and came across the name '이성호'. According to the special rule of ㅎ, this name should be pronounced as 'iseoo' as the ㅇ replaces the ㅎ in the next character, but in the lesson vocabulary the name is clearly pronounced as 'isungho' with clear 'ng' and 'h' sounds.

I don't know how these lessons are gonna help if the rules stipulated in these lessons are contradicted the minute I start applying them.

Friday at 05:57 AM
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안녕하세요! 😄

I just watched a Youtube video of someone climbing 한라산, and I agree...한라산이 멋있어요!

Is this the correct way to say Mt. Halla is beautiful?... 한라산이 아름다운!

고맙습니다! 🌸

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:51 PM
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Hi Lucy,

Thanks for posting. Everytime you see a word with a batchim in it, try to pronounce it out loud very fast, and you'll see that it ends up sounding like what the batchim rules suggest.

Hi Le Thuy,

Thanks for posting and we are sorry to hear about the confusion. 축하 should be pronounced as 'chuka', so please remember it as such.



Team KoreanClass101.com

Le Thuy
Monday at 08:05 AM
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Hello. I want to ask about pronunciation of the word "죽하". As rule 3 (aspiration), it will be pronounced as "축까". But in this lesson, it is pronounced as " 주까". So please advise which is the right pronunciation. Thank you.