Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
We’re about to finish up our explanation of the batchim(받침) rules. If you’ve made it this far, keep going! Hangul will get much easier once you’ve mastered these rules.
You know four of the seven basic rules, as shown here. We’ll learn the last three in this lesson.
Whenever a ㄹ(리을) and a ㄴ(니은) meet, the ㄴ(니은) becomes a ㄹ(리을). This happens no matter whether the ㄴ is in the bat-chim or the initial position.
This rule is called “flowing” because it really makes Korean easier to say. The transition between the ㄴ and the ㄹ sound is difficult to pronounce.
Try to say this word without using the rule. 한/라/산 [han-la-san]
Can you see how ㄹ(리을) and ㄴ(니은) meet here? When we apply this rule, it will flow better.
할라산 [hal-la-san] It’s a lot easier to say now, right?
It works the same if the ㄹ is the batchim, and the ㄴ follows.
So this is not 달/나/라[dal-na-la], but 달라라[dal-la-la].
When ㄷ(디읃) or ㅌ(티읕) are in the batchim position, and meet the syllable 이 -- only this exact syllable: 이 -- then they will replace the ㅇ(이응) and in the process, ㄷ becomes ㅈ and ㅌ becomes ㅊ. No tricks, no exceptions.
Let’s break down the process with the word 같이 which means ‘together’.
First, ㅌ(티읕) replaces ㅇ(이응) so it becomes 가티.
But when it happens, the sound of ㅌ(티읕) becomes ㅊ(치읓) as we learned. So 가티 becomes 가치.
There are a number of small rules related to the consonant ㅎ. This is the softest consonant sound, so it might be useful to think of it as an aspirated version of ㅇ.
It helps to think that way, because the bat-chim consonants ㄴ, ㅁ, ㅇ, and ㄹ all replace the ㅎ in the following initial position exactly the same way ㅇ gets replaced.
What if nasal sounds ㄴ,ㅁ,ㅇ and ㄹ meet ㅎ? In that case, ㅎ just goes away.
Let’s look at an example.
Here is the phrase meaning ‘Because I like’
Can you see ㅎ meets the nasal sound ㅇ? Although ㅇ is just a placeholder, when it meets ㅎ, the sound of ㅎ just goes away. So you can read it as 조아서. without h sound.
Let’s check another word meaning ‘password’ in Korean. Can you read it?
Here, ㅁ meets ㅎ. So the sound of ㅎ just goes away. So you can read it as 아모 (a-mo) not as 암호(am-ho)
Phew! You made it! If your mind is spinning from all these rules, try not to worry too much about it. As you get used to speaking the language these rules will feel natural. Come back to these lessons after you learn a bit more about the language and
You’re done with the worst of it! In the next lesson, we’ll talk about double consonants in the batchim position! 여러분 다음에 만나요.

153 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:02 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Arayna,


Thank you for posting. It's amazing that you're studying Korean on your own at age 12! We hope our lessons are helpful in your Korean studies, please let us know if you have any inquiries.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

arayna
Thursday at 09:58 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

this is the best i love this and i do 2--3 lessons everyday this one was hard but i will practice and hopefully i how to master this and i am only 12 soo i am verry happy ty koreanclass101.com and amy tysm😄😆

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 05:53 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi bluesunnyfox,


Thanks for posting. Try going over the lesson series a few times until you get the hang of it. And one thing to remember about batchim rules is that they exist to make pronunciation easy--if you try speaking the words out loud, you will see that they sound exactly like how the rules suggest.


Take care,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

bluesunnyfox
Friday at 12:07 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I thought I mastered Hangul but got 1/10 on Hangul Test 6, so I’ve just started doing the lessons. I retook it and it’s still extremely difficult for me.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 03:37 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Deniece,


Thanks for posting. Usually, when batchim ㅊ(pronounced as ㄷ) is followed by the ㅎ, it becomes a ㅌ sound:


몇 할-->며탈


Same goes for ㅈ, as it also takes on the ㄷ sound:

맞혼인-->마토닌


There are exclusions, however. If it is followed by 히, it takes on the ㅊ sound:


맞히다-->마치다


Hope this helped!

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Deniece
Sunday at 08:33 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

ㅊ is an aspirated consonant. Are there any special rules when ㅊ and ㅎmeet? or even ㅈ?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:22 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Soha,


Thanks for commenting, and we're sorry to hear this was difficult. Please try going over the lesson a few times until you think you have the hang of it, before moving on. You can do it!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

soha
Saturday at 01:43 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

😞😞😞😞😞😞😞😞😞😞 its too difficult

i am crying

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:50 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Anshu,


Thank you for posting. You get access to all the lessons during your 7 day trial, but afterward, if you have a free lifetime account, you get access to the first three lessons per series, so you would need to upgrade to a premium subscription for access to other lessons.


Hello Noor,


Thanks for posting. 암호 is romanized as amho, and means password, so try typing it in as a-m-h-o.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

noor
Monday at 08:29 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

i have the google translate and i wanted to test this out and when i said amu (password) it said another word but when i said amhu, it said password, so im confused??? also is it like if i use the word amu in a sentence then it will say password or something like that?????