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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
In the last lesson, we began to talk about some rules for pronouncing the 받침 bat-chim. There are seven rules and we covered the first two of them. We’re going to cover the next two today. Here we go!
This rule involves the combination of ㅎ(히읗/히읃) with ㄱ(기역), ㄷ(디읃), or ㅂ(비읍). Whenever one of those three consonants collides with ㅎ, it changes into its aspirated version and the ㅎ goes away.
Think of this rule as a variation of the first rule in the last lesson.
Remember the way that a batchim runs into an initial ㅇ(이응) and replaces it? It’s the same if the initial is a ㅎ(히읗), except as the ㅎ(히읗) is replaced, it leaves behind something extra: aspiration! 축하 / (slow) 축/카
The other difference is this: it doesn’t matter which consonant is the batchim and which is the initial. Even if the *batchim* is a ㅎ(히읗), it will affect the following consonant. What do you think will happen in this example?
In this word, the ㅎ(히읗) combines with the ㄷ (디읃) and makes it aspirated, so it becomes a ㅌ (티읕)sound. 놓다(노타) -> 녿/타
And here, the ㅂ(비읍역) combines with the ㅎ(히읗) to become a ㅍ. 답하다 -> 답/파/다
So whenever you see a ㅎ(히읗) running into another consonant sound, you know that you need to watch out for possible sound changes.
There are two parts to this rule.
To understand the first part, you need to know that three of the consonants are considered “nasally consonants”: ㅇ(이응), ㄴ(니은), and ㅁ(미음). Of course, ㅇ(이응) is only nasal if it’s in the batchim (받침) position.
So when one of these following sounds is in the batchim: ㄱ(기역), ㄷ(디읃), or ㅂ(비읍), and is followed by a nasal sound, they will become nasal themselves. ㄱ(기역) becomes ㅇ(이응), ㄷ(디읃) becomes ㄴ(니은), and ㅂ(비읍) becomes ㅁ(미음).
Let’s try it out.
We see a nasal consonant in the initial position of the second character. The previous batchim is one of the three consonants that is replaced. ㄱ(기역) becomes an ㅇ(이응) sound, so: 국/물(read it seperately) becomes 궁물
Here’s another example. We have a nasal consonant after a ㅂ in the batchim position. The ㅂ becomes a ㅁ. So 업/무 becomes 엄무
Here’s one more common word.
습니다. 습/니/다 becomes 슴니다.
The second part of this rule has to do with syllables beginning with ㄹ(리을). When any of these consonants -- ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅂ, ㅇ, or ㅁ -- come before it, the ㄹ(리을) changes to a ㄴ(니은) sound. Notice that the characters involved in this part of the rule are the same used in the first part. Look at the following examples:
You see the ㄹ in an initial position, so now you need to check if the previous batchim is in the list. It is, so you change the ㄹ to a ㄴ. So 심/리 becomes 심-니
Easy so far, but don’t forget about the first part of this rule. There are some times when you will need to use both parts.
Try out this word. We need to change the ㄹ(리을) to a ㄴ(니은) sound, but look what happens as soon as we do that. That ㄴ(니은) is one of the nasally characters we need to watch out for in the first part of this rule. Remember what we have to do? The ㄱ becomes a ㅇ.
so 독/립 becomes 동/립(read it as 립)
Okay, this is the last example of the lesson. See if you can figure out how to pronounce it.
(short pause)
Change the ㄹ(리을) to a ㄴ(니은), and then the ㅂ to an ㅁ.
Got it? If you don’t understand why these rules exist, trying to say the word exactly as it is written can help you understand. These rules take combinations of consonants that are difficult to pronounce and make them easier.
Just one more lesson of these rules and you’ll be done with the hardest part of Hangul! Keep going strong and meet me in the next Hana Hana Hangul!
여러분 다음에 또 만나요.

113 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 12:49 PM
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Hi Camille Cascalla!


Thank you for your posting.

Your name in Hangul would be 카밀(ka-mil) 카스칼라(ka-seu-kal-la).

Hope this helps you.

Please let us know if you have any other question. Thanks!


Best,

Jiye

Team KoreanClass101.com

Camille Cascalla
Sunday at 04:55 PM
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Hi, can I have my name in hangul?


My name is Camille Cascalla.


Many thanks.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 03:44 AM
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Hi Muhammad Ali Khan!


Thank you for your posting.

Your name in Hangul would be 무하마드(mu-ha-ma-deu) 알리(al-li) 칸(kan).


Best,

Jiye

Team KoreanClass101.com

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 05:30 PM
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Hi Sanjay,


Thanks for posting. The correct way to pronounce it is 노타. We're working on the corrections, thank you for your patience!



Hi Jeanie,


This is due to the rules of batchim---ㅅ takes on the ㄷ sound.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Jeanie
Sunday at 06:55 AM
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Hi! I’m confused why 곳 is pronounced as ‘got’ below. What rule/s were applied on the word? :)


낮은 곳

najeungot

ali
Friday at 04:58 PM
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Hi!




Please could I get my Korean name?




My name is Muhammad Ali Khan (Khan is my family name).

Sanjay
Friday at 01:23 AM
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In the Aspiration rule, you mention in the video that 놓다 is pronounced as 노타. But in the Lesson Notes section its written that 놓다 is pronounced as 녿타. So which is the correct way ?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 04:08 AM
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Hi Sophie-ann,


Thank you for posting. The correct romanization is dongnip--we'll make the necessary corrections!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sophie-ann
Thursday at 02:19 PM
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Why is it that in the flash card independence is written "dongnip" but in the written grammar lesson it is written "dongrip"

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 03:52 AM
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Hi philippe,


Thanks for posting and sorry for the confusion! When the nasal consonant ㅇ is the initial following the batchim ㄱ, ㄷ, and ㅂ, the batchim sound would take over the nasal consonant.


한국어-->한구거

닫아-->다다

갑옷-->가봇


Hope this clears things up a bit.

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com