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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
In the last lesson, we began to talk about some rules for pronouncing the 받침 bat-chim. There are seven rules and we covered the first two of them. We’re going to cover the next two today. Here we go!
This rule involves the combination of ㅎ(히읗/히읃) with ㄱ(기역), ㄷ(디읃), or ㅂ(비읍). Whenever one of those three consonants collides with ㅎ, it changes into its aspirated version and the ㅎ goes away.
Think of this rule as a variation of the first rule in the last lesson.
Remember the way that a batchim runs into an initial ㅇ(이응) and replaces it? It’s the same if the initial is a ㅎ(히읗), except as the ㅎ(히읗) is replaced, it leaves behind something extra: aspiration! 축하 / (slow) 축/카
The other difference is this: it doesn’t matter which consonant is the batchim and which is the initial. Even if the *batchim* is a ㅎ(히읗), it will affect the following consonant. What do you think will happen in this example?
In this word, the ㅎ(히읗) combines with the ㄷ (디읃) and makes it aspirated, so it becomes a ㅌ (티읕)sound. 놓다(노타) -> 녿/타
And here, the ㅂ(비읍역) combines with the ㅎ(히읗) to become a ㅍ. 답하다 -> 답/파/다
So whenever you see a ㅎ(히읗) running into another consonant sound, you know that you need to watch out for possible sound changes.
There are two parts to this rule.
To understand the first part, you need to know that three of the consonants are considered “nasally consonants”: ㅇ(이응), ㄴ(니은), and ㅁ(미음). Of course, ㅇ(이응) is only nasal if it’s in the batchim (받침) position.
So when one of these following sounds is in the batchim: ㄱ(기역), ㄷ(디읃), or ㅂ(비읍), and is followed by a nasal sound, they will become nasal themselves. ㄱ(기역) becomes ㅇ(이응), ㄷ(디읃) becomes ㄴ(니은), and ㅂ(비읍) becomes ㅁ(미음).
Let’s try it out.
We see a nasal consonant in the initial position of the second character. The previous batchim is one of the three consonants that is replaced. ㄱ(기역) becomes an ㅇ(이응) sound, so: 국/물(read it seperately) becomes 궁물
Here’s another example. We have a nasal consonant after a ㅂ in the batchim position. The ㅂ becomes a ㅁ. So 업/무 becomes 엄무
Here’s one more common word.
습니다. 습/니/다 becomes 슴니다.
The second part of this rule has to do with syllables beginning with ㄹ(리을). When any of these consonants -- ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅂ, ㅇ, or ㅁ -- come before it, the ㄹ(리을) changes to a ㄴ(니은) sound. Notice that the characters involved in this part of the rule are the same used in the first part. Look at the following examples:
You see the ㄹ in an initial position, so now you need to check if the previous batchim is in the list. It is, so you change the ㄹ to a ㄴ. So 심/리 becomes 심-니
Easy so far, but don’t forget about the first part of this rule. There are some times when you will need to use both parts.
Try out this word. We need to change the ㄹ(리을) to a ㄴ(니은) sound, but look what happens as soon as we do that. That ㄴ(니은) is one of the nasally characters we need to watch out for in the first part of this rule. Remember what we have to do? The ㄱ becomes a ㅇ.
so 독/립 becomes 동/립(read it as 립)
Okay, this is the last example of the lesson. See if you can figure out how to pronounce it.
(short pause)
Change the ㄹ(리을) to a ㄴ(니은), and then the ㅂ to an ㅁ.
Got it? If you don’t understand why these rules exist, trying to say the word exactly as it is written can help you understand. These rules take combinations of consonants that are difficult to pronounce and make them easier.
Just one more lesson of these rules and you’ll be done with the hardest part of Hangul! Keep going strong and meet me in the next Hana Hana Hangul!
여러분 다음에 또 만나요.

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 04:36 PM
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Hello Princess Roushini,


Thank you for posting.

It seems the video works fine with this lesson.


Could you check if you have a free lifetime account? Those who have the free lifetime account can access only up to lesson 3 for free after their 7 days trial. If you have a basic or premium membership, please let me know which error message you see on the screen. It’d be great if you could send us an email at contactus@KoreanClass101.com so that we can take a look at the issue closely.

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Lena

Team KoreanClass101.com

Princess Roushini
Friday at 05:26 PM
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Why the video isn't playing..!?? So far from lesson 13..I read the transcript and learnt but this one is hard..I can't the videos..please look into this..😭 I logged out nd logged in again..but same issue!!😭😭

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:21 PM
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Hi Shraddha Shaw,


Thank you for posting.

We are sorry to hear that you can’t access the video.


We have checked it and couldn’t find any technical issue.

Please try to log out, clean the cache and cookies, and log in again.

If that doesn’t work, please try to log in with a different browser or send us a mail to contactus@KoreanClass101.com mentioning your user ID, the issue, and the type of device you are using.

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Lena

Team KoreanClass101.com

Shraddha Shaw
Thursday at 11:45 AM
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Why I am not able to see videos after 12th one??

Please answer🙏🙏

I am in trouble, I want to learn more....

Please help!!!!me!!!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:01 AM
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Hi Angie,


Thanks for posting. Batchims can be difficult--just remember this--if you pronounce the word really quickly, they end up sounding like what the batchim rules suggest--so try practicing pronouncing words with batchims out loud. 😄

Hope this is of help.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Angie
Sunday at 04:46 AM
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So far this is the hardest lesson of the Batchim rules. Do you have any suggestions/tips on helping to remember the rules.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 05:52 PM
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안녕하세요 Nur,


Our members with a Free Lifetime Account are still able to study with us for free as we regularly publish new lessons on our site which are available completely free of charge for a period of three weeks. However, for our more committed students, we require subscription plans to have access to the entire Lesson Library. Please check out our detailed Help Center page to get a complete overview of what exactly is included in the Free Lifetime Account, and what perks our various subscription options can give to you. You can find all this information at: https://www.KoreanClass101.com/helpcenter.

Hope this helps! Feel free to contact us if you have any further questions.


Kind regards,

레벤테 (Levente)

Team KoreanClass101.com

Nur
Saturday at 02:59 AM
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Why i couldn't play the video now?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:36 AM
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Hi Valeria,


Thanks for posting. This is very tricky to explain, because usually, when ㅎ is after voiced consonants(ㄴ, ㄹ, ㅁ, ㅇ), the sound becomes weak(weak, not gone). This means that not all ㅎ sounds disappear and hearing the 'h' sound (even if it is a weak sound), is considered standard--안녕하세요 is one example. So please try to remember it as such.


I hope this was of help. This is a hard one!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Valeria
Tuesday at 03:25 PM
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I’m sorry I just realized that I wrote my question in the wrong video, I didn’t mean the nasalization rule, but the rule that involves the ㅎ