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안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
In the last lesson, we began to talk about some rules for pronouncing the 받침 bat-chim. There are seven rules and we covered the first two of them. We’re going to cover the next two today. Here we go!
This rule involves the combination of ㅎ(히읗/히읃) with ㄱ(기역), ㄷ(디읃), or ㅂ(비읍). Whenever one of those three consonants collides with ㅎ, it changes into its aspirated version and the ㅎ goes away.
Think of this rule as a variation of the first rule in the last lesson.
Remember the way that a batchim runs into an initial ㅇ(이응) and replaces it? It’s the same if the initial is a ㅎ(히읗), except as the ㅎ(히읗) is replaced, it leaves behind something extra: aspiration! 축하 / (slow) 축/카
The other difference is this: it doesn’t matter which consonant is the batchim and which is the initial. Even if the *batchim* is a ㅎ(히읗), it will affect the following consonant. What do you think will happen in this example?
In this word, the ㅎ(히읗) combines with the ㄷ (디읃) and makes it aspirated, so it becomes a ㅌ (티읕)sound. 놓다(노타) -> 녿/타
And here, the ㅂ(비읍역) combines with the ㅎ(히읗) to become a ㅍ. 답하다 -> 답/파/다
So whenever you see a ㅎ(히읗) running into another consonant sound, you know that you need to watch out for possible sound changes.
There are two parts to this rule.
To understand the first part, you need to know that three of the consonants are considered “nasally consonants”: ㅇ(이응), ㄴ(니은), and ㅁ(미음). Of course, ㅇ(이응) is only nasal if it’s in the batchim (받침) position.
So when one of these following sounds is in the batchim: ㄱ(기역), ㄷ(디읃), or ㅂ(비읍), and is followed by a nasal sound, they will become nasal themselves. ㄱ(기역) becomes ㅇ(이응), ㄷ(디읃) becomes ㄴ(니은), and ㅂ(비읍) becomes ㅁ(미음).
Let’s try it out.
We see a nasal consonant in the initial position of the second character. The previous batchim is one of the three consonants that is replaced. ㄱ(기역) becomes an ㅇ(이응) sound, so: 국/물(read it seperately) becomes 궁물
Here’s another example. We have a nasal consonant after a ㅂ in the batchim position. The ㅂ becomes a ㅁ. So 업/무 becomes 엄무
Here’s one more common word.
습니다. 습/니/다 becomes 슴니다.
The second part of this rule has to do with syllables beginning with ㄹ(리을). When any of these consonants -- ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅂ, ㅇ, or ㅁ -- come before it, the ㄹ(리을) changes to a ㄴ(니은) sound. Notice that the characters involved in this part of the rule are the same used in the first part. Look at the following examples:
You see the ㄹ in an initial position, so now you need to check if the previous batchim is in the list. It is, so you change the ㄹ to a ㄴ. So 심/리 becomes 심-니
Easy so far, but don’t forget about the first part of this rule. There are some times when you will need to use both parts.
Try out this word. We need to change the ㄹ(리을) to a ㄴ(니은) sound, but look what happens as soon as we do that. That ㄴ(니은) is one of the nasally characters we need to watch out for in the first part of this rule. Remember what we have to do? The ㄱ becomes a ㅇ.
so 독/립 becomes 동/립(read it as 립)
Okay, this is the last example of the lesson. See if you can figure out how to pronounce it.
(short pause)
Change the ㄹ(리을) to a ㄴ(니은), and then the ㅂ to an ㅁ.
Got it? If you don’t understand why these rules exist, trying to say the word exactly as it is written can help you understand. These rules take combinations of consonants that are difficult to pronounce and make them easier.
Just one more lesson of these rules and you’ll be done with the hardest part of Hangul! Keep going strong and meet me in the next Hana Hana Hangul!
여러분 다음에 또 만나요.