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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
In the last lesson, we introduced the batchim position -- consonants at the end of syllables in Korean. We already saw some of the tricky ways consonants change their sound when they’re in that position.
Now we’re going to explain what happens when two consonant sounds run into each other.
There are seven basic rules, as shown here.
Some scary names, right? But after you see some examples, I think you’ll understand why they exist, and how to use them without needing to memorize any linguistic terms!
Remember, all of these rules help the Korean language to be *easier* to pronounce. They take some getting used to, but they’re worth the effort to learn.
One important note: all of these rules affect how syllables are read.
For the examples, I will write the way words *sound* in blue. The characters aren’t actually changed, but just pronounced differently depending on these rules.
Okay? Here’s the first batchim rule:
This rule involves syllables with a batchim coming before a syllable with an ㅇ (이응) in the initial position.
Remember how the ㅇ (이응) in the initial position is just a placeholder and doesn’t have any sound? So when this happens, the consonant in the bat-chim position *replaces* the ㅇ(이응). Imagine it this way: Korean syllables *like* to begin with a consonant sound. So if it’s beginning with an ㅇ (이응) and sees that the previous syllable has a batchim, it will steal it and use it as its own initial.
Here’s an important word. It’s 한국어 meaning “the Korean language.” If you pronounce it syllable-by-syllable, it would be han(한)-guk(국)-eo(어). But because the last syllable starts with an ㅇ(이응), and the syllable before that has a bat-chim, so the batchim ㄱ(기역) would replace the ㅇ(이응).
Now two things happen: First, the last syllable now starts with a consonant sound instead of a vowel sound. From “eo(어)” to “geo(거)”.
The sound that this ㄱ makes changes from a to a sound because it’s moving from bat-chim to the initial positon. Not han-gu-keo(한구/커), it’s han-gu-geo(한구거).
There will be some complicated rules today, but eventually they will become second nature to you. Just keep listening to natural Korean and it will soon feel *right* to say han-gu-geo(한구거) instead of han-guk-eo(한구/커).
So with this rule, you really need to keep track of what we learned in the last lesson: how certain consonants change their sound when they’re in the batchim instead of the initial position.
For example, we learned last lesson that all of these consonants sound like ㄷ(드/디읃) when they’re in the batchim position. But if they get moved to the initial position by this rule, they change back. So 옷은 would not be pronounced od-eun(오든), but 오슨 (o-seun).
Test how much you understand this rule by trying to read this word...Got it? It’s 낮은곳[나즌곧] not 나든곧.
This rule is pretty simple, and has two parts. First, if a batchim batchim and the following initial consonant are the same sound, the initial consonant becomes doubled.
This is easy to see in the following words. 듣다 and 학교. But it can be a little trickier when the consonants are different, but have the same sound.
Remember that batchim ㅆ(쓰) is the read the same as ㄷ(드) when it’s in the batchim, so you need to remember to apply this rule here: 있다.
There’s one more part to this rule.
The emphasized initial consonant not only happens when the consonants make the same sound, but also if ㄱ(기역), ㄷ(디읃), or ㅂ(비읍) is in the batchim position. No matter what the following initial is, if can be doubled, it will be.
먹/따 - 먹다
학/쌩 - 학생
갑/짜/기 - 갑자기
Two rules down, five more to go. In the next lesson, we’ll continue this discussion of a difficult but very important part of learning Hangul.
See you on the next Hana Hana Hangul! 여러분 다음에 또 만나요.


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:52 PM
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Hello Laura,

Thanks for posting. Very good question!👍

반갑습니다 [반갑씀니다]


Rule 1. When ㄱ,ㄷ,ㅂ are the consonants either in the batchim position, the next consonant gets doubled.

=> 갑 has ㅂ as batchim. So the next consonat ㅅ from 습 becomes ㅆ. (갑씀)


Rule 2. When ㄱ,ㄷ,ㅂ sounds are in the batchim, and followed by a nasal sound, they will become nasal themselves. ㄱ becomes ㅇ, ㄷ becomes ㄴ, and ㅂ becomes ㅁ

=> 습 has ㅂ as batchim. And the next consonant ㄴ is nasal sound. So the ㅂ becomes ㅁ (슴니)

Kind regards,

Hyeon Yeong Seo

Team KoreanClass101.com

Sunday at 08:34 PM
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Sorry if this is a silly question! The example for nice to meet you said that the syllable 습 would be pronounced 씀 but from the lesson I can’t work out why this change happens? None of the rules seem to fit. What have I missed?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 09:54 PM
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Hi Christina,

Thanks for posting. The consonant ㄱ is actually a sound that is closer to the 'g' sound but somewhere between the 'g' and 'k' sound, but it is romanized as 'g' to make it easier for foreign language learners to understand, and also because there is a 'k' sounding consonant in Hangul (ㅋ). In the initial position, while it is a 'g' sound, it will be pronounced a bit more strongly, so you may hear it as a stronger sound rather than a softer 'g' sound.

Hope this explanation helped.



Team KoreanClass101.com

Saturday at 12:02 AM
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I am a bit confused about the pronouciation of “ㄱ” in the word “한국어”. Shes states that “now it is being moved to the initial position out of the bat chim position so it makes a “G” sound. From my understanding when ㄱis moved to the initial position doesn’t it make a soft g or k sound?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 06:19 AM
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Hi Khushi,

Thanks for posting, sorry to hear that it is difficult.

To be honest, initially, batchims can be difficult, but they exist to make the pronunciation easier (and I always suggest that students try pronouncing the word with batchims really quickly and you'll realize that they sound like the rules suggest). So hang in there!



Team KoreanClass101.com

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 12:54 AM
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Hi Farya,

Thank you for posting. Batchims can be difficult, but they exist to make the pronunciation easier (try pronouncing the word with batchims really quickly and you'll realize that they sound like the rules suggest).

I would suggest you go through lessons in our absolute beginner series to build up your vocabulary. We also have a must know sentence structure series which will help you with the basics (you can use the search function to look for it).

As for your other question, after your seven day trial, you get access to the first three lessons of every series, and do need to upgrade to a paid subscription to access the rest of the lessons.

Hope this helped.



Team KoreanClass101.com

Saturday at 10:33 PM
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I have been learning this since last week and I don't know most of the words in Korean and I wanted to know if it's common or I'm having difficulties learning Korean.😞

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 05:46 AM
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Hi Sara,

Thank you for posting. Try sounding out sentences with batchims, slowly at first, then quickly, and you will be able to hear how it actually sounds.



Team KoreanClass101.com

Saturday at 07:43 AM
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When I try to pronounce the consonant doubled or not it just sounds the same 😅

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:43 AM
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Hi Alexander,

Thank you for posting, and sorry for the confusion. We checked the video, and as our lesson transcript indicates, it is pronounced as 나즌곧 (and Amy pronounces it as 나즌곧 as well).

Hope this was of help!



Team KoreanClass101.com