Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
We’re continuing our introduction to the batchim position, which refers to the consonant after vowel in a syllable.
There are two more rules where a consonant in the batchim position has a different sound than what you would expect. That will be the subject of today’s lesson.
Remember when we were learning the consonant sounds? We came across quite a few sounds which were tenser versions of other sounds. For example. ㄱ(그), ㅋ(크), ㄲ(끄). This includes double consonants, as well as aspirated consonants. In all of these instances, the sound reverts back to the softest sound.
Let’s look at one word for each consonant. Pay attention to the way the batchim consonant sounds.
여/ㄱ - 역[yeok]
부어/ㄱ - 부엌[bu-eok]
바/ㄱ - 밖[bak]
커/ㅂ - 컵[keop]
아/ㅂ - 앞[ap]
the front
고/ㄷ - 곧[got]
바/ㄷ - 밭[bat]
Got it? To summarize, if you see a *strengthened* consonant in the batchim, remove the strength from it.
Ready for rule number 2? The following consonants all sound like ㄷ when they’re in the batchim.
마/ㄷ - 맛 - taste
나/ㄷ - 낮 - daytime
노/ㄷ//타 - 놓다 - to put
I said there are only two rules, but there is one instance where you actually use both rules at once!
These consonants are all strengthened consonants, so you would remove all the strength from them and get ㅅ.
But remember rule 2? ㅅ becomes ㄷ when it’s in the batchim! So you would pronounce ㅊ, ㅆ, and ㅈ as ㄷ.
마/ㄷ - 맛[mat]
이/ㄷ/다 - 있다[it-da]
나/ㄷ - 낮[nat]
꼬/ㄷ - 꽃[kkot]
A lot to remember, but there’s more! As I mentioned, when two consonants collide in Korean, sometimes special rules apply. In the next lesson, we’re going to cover every single one of those rules so you won’t get tripped up in the future.
See you on the next Hana Hana Hangul! 여러분 다음에 만나요.