Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
We’re continuing our introduction to the batchim position, which refers to the consonant after vowel in a syllable.
There are two more rules where a consonant in the batchim position has a different sound than what you would expect. That will be the subject of today’s lesson.
Remember when we were learning the consonant sounds? We came across quite a few sounds which were tenser versions of other sounds. For example. ㄱ(그), ㅋ(크), ㄲ(끄). This includes double consonants, as well as aspirated consonants. In all of these instances, the sound reverts back to the softest sound.
Let’s look at one word for each consonant. Pay attention to the way the batchim consonant sounds.
여/ㄱ - 역[yeok]
station
부어/ㄱ - 부엌[bu-eok]
kitchen
바/ㄱ - 밖[bak]
outside
커/ㅂ - 컵[keop]
cup
아/ㅂ - 앞[ap]
the front
고/ㄷ - 곧[got]
soon
바/ㄷ - 밭[bat]
field
Got it? To summarize, if you see a *strengthened* consonant in the batchim, remove the strength from it.
Ready for rule number 2? The following consonants all sound like ㄷ when they’re in the batchim.
마/ㄷ - 맛 - taste
나/ㄷ - 낮 - daytime
노/ㄷ//타 - 놓다 - to put
I said there are only two rules, but there is one instance where you actually use both rules at once!
These consonants are all strengthened consonants, so you would remove all the strength from them and get ㅅ.
But remember rule 2? ㅅ becomes ㄷ when it’s in the batchim! So you would pronounce ㅊ, ㅆ, and ㅈ as ㄷ.
마/ㄷ - 맛[mat]
이/ㄷ/다 - 있다[it-da]
나/ㄷ - 낮[nat]
꼬/ㄷ - 꽃[kkot]
A lot to remember, but there’s more! As I mentioned, when two consonants collide in Korean, sometimes special rules apply. In the next lesson, we’re going to cover every single one of those rules so you won’t get tripped up in the future.
See you on the next Hana Hana Hangul! 여러분 다음에 만나요.

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KoreanClass101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Claire MacHale
Sunday at 5:36 am
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Hi.

Just a question regarding an earlier pronunciation rule about when certain consonants are placed in the middle of a word the sound should be soft. when pronouncing the word 놓다 (to put) I would have thought that the second syllable would have more of a "da" sound instead of a "ta" sound? just wondering if I'd misunderstood the rule or correct pronunciation?

thanks,

Claire

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Friday at 11:47 pm
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Hi Anggi Eka Prastiwi!


Thank you for your comment.

We are glad that you enjoyed our lessons 👍

Your name in Hangul would be [안지(ahn-ji) 에카(eh-ka) 프라스티위(peu-ra-seu-ti-wi)].

Feel free to ask if you have any other question. Thanks!


Best,

Jiye

Team KoreanClass101.com

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Thursday at 12:38 am
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Hi Anggi,


Thank you for posting. The rules of batchim exist to show how the words are actually pronounced (although they are written in one way--I know, it is confusing). One trick is to try to say the word very quickly--you will notice that it sounds exactly like the sound you hear according to the rules of batchim.

This a link that has most of the batchim rules which may be of help:


https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Korean/Advanced_Pronunciation_Rules


Also, flashcards are one way to expand your vocabulary, so please try to take advantage of it!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com


Anggi
Tuesday at 7:39 pm
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Hi! it's me again :))

to be honest i've trouble to find the best to memorize the vocab. i know how to pronounce it, but a lil bit confused to write it (know how to write it). do you have the best way to teach me how i can memorize/understand both of them? im agreed with you that batchim is makes the pronounce easier, but theres a lots of vocab, few rules of batchim, yet i need to understand both how to pronounce and write it. i'll be appriciate if you could help me. thank you :))

Anggi
Tuesday at 5:36 pm
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Hello :)

I really enjoy learning to Hangeul in this website. It's really helpful and easy to understand. Thank you for all the team whom build this. I'm wondering if you could help me with my name in Hangeul. My name is Anggi Eka Prastiwi. Thank you for reading this and help me. may you have a good day!


xoxo.

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Tuesday at 12:44 am
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Hi Chelsea,


Thank you for posting. According to the rules, ㅉ will take the ㄷ sound when used as a batchim. However, there are no actual words where ㅉ is used as a batchim, just remember the rule itself and you will be fine. :)


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com



Chelsea
Friday at 1:50 pm
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Hello, I have a question about the consonant ㅉ

So if ㅉ is in the batchim position, it would lose the strength and sound like ㅈ, but based on the other rule where ㅈ sounds like ㄷ in the batchim position, would ㅉ initially sound like ㄷ?

KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 5:05 am
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Hi Nour,


Thanks for posting. In the end, you would need to expand your vocabulary so that you know which word was used in the sentence, to figure it out. (similar to 'there' and 'their').


Sorry we could not be more of help.

Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Nour
Friday at 6:02 am
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So if I have some consonants sound the same as ㄷ in the batchim rules then how will I know which consonant shall I put as they're at the end will sound the same as ㄷ?

Thanks.

KoreanClass101.com
Tuesday at 9:51 pm
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Hi Reem,


It looks like you got it right(unless it is followed by nasal consonants, it will take on the ㄷ sound). Great job!

Please let us know if you have any other inquiries.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com