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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
We’re continuing our introduction to the batchim position, which refers to the consonant after vowel in a syllable.
There are two more rules where a consonant in the batchim position has a different sound than what you would expect. That will be the subject of today’s lesson.
Remember when we were learning the consonant sounds? We came across quite a few sounds which were tenser versions of other sounds. For example. ㄱ(그), ㅋ(크), ㄲ(끄). This includes double consonants, as well as aspirated consonants. In all of these instances, the sound reverts back to the softest sound.
Let’s look at one word for each consonant. Pay attention to the way the batchim consonant sounds.
여/ㄱ - 역[yeok]
station
부어/ㄱ - 부엌[bu-eok]
kitchen
바/ㄱ - 밖[bak]
outside
커/ㅂ - 컵[keop]
cup
아/ㅂ - 앞[ap]
the front
고/ㄷ - 곧[got]
soon
바/ㄷ - 밭[bat]
field
Got it? To summarize, if you see a *strengthened* consonant in the batchim, remove the strength from it.
Ready for rule number 2? The following consonants all sound like ㄷ when they’re in the batchim.
마/ㄷ - 맛 - taste
나/ㄷ - 낮 - daytime
노/ㄷ//타 - 놓다 - to put
I said there are only two rules, but there is one instance where you actually use both rules at once!
These consonants are all strengthened consonants, so you would remove all the strength from them and get ㅅ.
But remember rule 2? ㅅ becomes ㄷ when it’s in the batchim! So you would pronounce ㅊ, ㅆ, and ㅈ as ㄷ.
마/ㄷ - 맛[mat]
이/ㄷ/다 - 있다[it-da]
나/ㄷ - 낮[nat]
꼬/ㄷ - 꽃[kkot]
A lot to remember, but there’s more! As I mentioned, when two consonants collide in Korean, sometimes special rules apply. In the next lesson, we’re going to cover every single one of those rules so you won’t get tripped up in the future.
See you on the next Hana Hana Hangul! 여러분 다음에 만나요.

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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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줄리
Friday at 12:12 AM
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Hi,


A quick comment as I'm going through the lesson notes. On page 4 it says that "All consonants have three kinds: regular, double, and aspirated." What I understand from that is that every Korean consonant letter has a regular, a double, and an aspirated, but there are only five of the consonants that are actually doubled. I don't see a double or aspirated for the consonants, ㅍ, ㄴ, and ㄹ.


Is there a visual chart somewhere that I can print that shows this or something to help me understand better?


Thanks so much for your time and have a great day!

Julie

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:18 PM
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Hi Sreya!


Thank you for your comment.

Your name in Hangul would be 스리야(seu-ri-ya).

Feel free to ask if you have any question. Thanks!


Best,

Jiye

Team KoreanClass101.com

Koreanclass101.com Verified
Monday at 11:56 AM
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Hi Brittany,


Thanks for commenting. You write it as: 꽃(을) 사요. (you need a space between 'flower' and 'buy', the object marker is usually omitted in spoken Korean)


Cheers,

Lyn

Team Koreanclass101.com

brittany
Wednesday at 11:00 PM
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is this how you write "I buy flowers"? 꽃사요.

Sreya
Monday at 03:25 PM
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Hi, my name is Sreya. Can you tell me how to write my name in Hangul.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 11:59 AM
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Hi Odette,


Thanks for posting. When followed by the placeholder(nasal consonant) o, the batchim sound takes the position of the consonant. So it would actually be halsuisseo.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

odette
Monday at 01:30 AM
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Hi!

Just a question regarding batchim ㅆ.

does 할수있어 be read as hal-su-it-o?

thank you.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 03:38 AM
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Hi Yen,


Thanks for posting. The consonant ㄷ is close to the 'd' sound, however, when used as a batchim, it is pronounced more strongly and ends up being a sound somewhere between 'd' and 't' (same rule applies when ㄱ is in the batchim position). However, when it is followed by the placeholder consonant ㅇ, it will take it's place and sound more like 'd' and 'g', respectively.


맏이-->마디

각오-->가고


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Yen
Wednesday at 02:06 AM
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I am having a hard time on the pronounciation. The written lecture above says that those consonants with the sounds s, j and h will sound as "d" if they are in the batchim position. However, upon listening to the sample audios above, it sounds more like "t" not "d". Furthermore, the translated words spell out as "t" not "d". Sorry having a hard time on the pronounciation. Thanks a lot.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 10:31 AM
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Hi Chandan!


Thank you for your comment.

Your name in Hangul would be 찬단(chan-dan).

Hope this helps you.

Please let us know if you have any other question. Thanks!


Best,

Jiye

Team KoreanClass101.com