Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
We’re continuing our introduction to the batchim position, which refers to the consonant after vowel in a syllable.
There are two more rules where a consonant in the batchim position has a different sound than what you would expect. That will be the subject of today’s lesson.
Remember when we were learning the consonant sounds? We came across quite a few sounds which were tenser versions of other sounds. For example. ㄱ(그), ㅋ(크), ㄲ(끄). This includes double consonants, as well as aspirated consonants. In all of these instances, the sound reverts back to the softest sound.
Let’s look at one word for each consonant. Pay attention to the way the batchim consonant sounds.
여/ㄱ - 역[yeok]
station
부어/ㄱ - 부엌[bu-eok]
kitchen
바/ㄱ - 밖[bak]
outside
커/ㅂ - 컵[keop]
cup
아/ㅂ - 앞[ap]
the front
고/ㄷ - 곧[got]
soon
바/ㄷ - 밭[bat]
field
Got it? To summarize, if you see a *strengthened* consonant in the batchim, remove the strength from it.
Ready for rule number 2? The following consonants all sound like ㄷ when they’re in the batchim.
마/ㄷ - 맛 - taste
나/ㄷ - 낮 - daytime
노/ㄷ//타 - 놓다 - to put
I said there are only two rules, but there is one instance where you actually use both rules at once!
These consonants are all strengthened consonants, so you would remove all the strength from them and get ㅅ.
But remember rule 2? ㅅ becomes ㄷ when it’s in the batchim! So you would pronounce ㅊ, ㅆ, and ㅈ as ㄷ.
마/ㄷ - 맛[mat]
이/ㄷ/다 - 있다[it-da]
나/ㄷ - 낮[nat]
꼬/ㄷ - 꽃[kkot]
A lot to remember, but there’s more! As I mentioned, when two consonants collide in Korean, sometimes special rules apply. In the next lesson, we’re going to cover every single one of those rules so you won’t get tripped up in the future.
See you on the next Hana Hana Hangul! 여러분 다음에 만나요.

171 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 02:17 AM
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Hi noor,


Thanks for posting. Once you get the hang of the basics, Korean is not a difficult language to learn! Just remember, batchim rules exist to show you how things will actually sound (when you pronounce the words very quickly, you'll notice they are pronounced the way batchim rules suggest). So keep up with your studies!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

noor
Saturday at 08:36 PM
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its hard BUT THERES MORE, lost all my confidence lol 😂 😢

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:02 AM
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Hi Dania,


Thanks for posting. The phonetic hangul for 놓다 is '노타'. Technically ㅎ converts into the ㄷ sound but as it is followed by ㄷ, it combines to become an aspirated ㅌ sound.


Hope this was of help!

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Dania
Wednesday at 08:31 AM
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Hey, I love this series and can read rather well so far,


I have a question though, how come in 놓다 the ㄷ is pronounced ㅌ? I'm talking about the charts in the lesson notes, under pronunciation it's written 녿타.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 05:19 AM
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Hi Anna,


Thanks for posting. We'll get back to you on this!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Anna
Friday at 12:14 PM
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When I select the pronunciation for the Korean word for station, it has a different sentence rather that the word listed. I’m looking at the vocab listed within the lesson.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 12:40 AM
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Hi Kanishka,


Thank you for posting. When ㄱ is used as an initial, it is not a pure 'k' sound, it is a 'g' sound spoken more strongly (so it would be somewhere between the 'g' and 'k' sound, but not quite a 'k'). Usually it is a 'g' sound that sounds slightly stronger than the actual 'g' sound in English. (Having said that, ㅋ is very similar to the 'k' sound, but ㄱ is not, which is why you see it romanized as 'g' than 'k').


We hope this was of help!

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Kanishka
Monday at 10:46 PM
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Firstly, thank you so much for making Korean so easy and fun to learn.


Secondly, in lesson 8 we learned that ㄱ has an ㅋ sound when a word starts with ㄱ. However, the word 곧, when pronounced has a ㄱ sound and not ㅋ ( 콛). Why is this so?


Thanks in advance😊. Love from India.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 12:00 AM
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Hi Mitali,


Thank you for posting. As of now we do not have audio files which offer a more slow pronunciation, but we will take this into consideration.


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

MITALI RAWAT
Sunday at 02:43 PM
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I dont get the sound of batchim characters. Can you please say all the words slowly to understand the pronunciation.