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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
We’re continuing our introduction to the batchim position, which refers to the consonant after vowel in a syllable.
There are two more rules where a consonant in the batchim position has a different sound than what you would expect. That will be the subject of today’s lesson.
Remember when we were learning the consonant sounds? We came across quite a few sounds which were tenser versions of other sounds. For example. ㄱ(그), ㅋ(크), ㄲ(끄). This includes double consonants, as well as aspirated consonants. In all of these instances, the sound reverts back to the softest sound.
Let’s look at one word for each consonant. Pay attention to the way the batchim consonant sounds.
여/ㄱ - 역[yeok]
station
부어/ㄱ - 부엌[bu-eok]
kitchen
바/ㄱ - 밖[bak]
outside
커/ㅂ - 컵[keop]
cup
아/ㅂ - 앞[ap]
the front
고/ㄷ - 곧[got]
soon
바/ㄷ - 밭[bat]
field
Got it? To summarize, if you see a *strengthened* consonant in the batchim, remove the strength from it.
Ready for rule number 2? The following consonants all sound like ㄷ when they’re in the batchim.
마/ㄷ - 맛 - taste
나/ㄷ - 낮 - daytime
노/ㄷ//타 - 놓다 - to put
I said there are only two rules, but there is one instance where you actually use both rules at once!
These consonants are all strengthened consonants, so you would remove all the strength from them and get ㅅ.
But remember rule 2? ㅅ becomes ㄷ when it’s in the batchim! So you would pronounce ㅊ, ㅆ, and ㅈ as ㄷ.
마/ㄷ - 맛[mat]
이/ㄷ/다 - 있다[it-da]
나/ㄷ - 낮[nat]
꼬/ㄷ - 꽃[kkot]
A lot to remember, but there’s more! As I mentioned, when two consonants collide in Korean, sometimes special rules apply. In the next lesson, we’re going to cover every single one of those rules so you won’t get tripped up in the future.
See you on the next Hana Hana Hangul! 여러분 다음에 만나요.

175 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 10:35 AM
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Hi Regula, Muna,


Thanks for posting. Yes, batchims can be tricky, but try to remember it like this--they exist to make it easier for you to pronounce words. If you try pronouncing words with batchim really quickly, you'll realize that it actually sounds like what the batchim rules suggest. So please, try to pronounce everything out loud, and you'll get the hang of it. Don't give up!


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

muna
Saturday at 05:27 PM
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great lesson till now but it's getting real hard

Regula
Friday at 02:18 PM
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Up until this lesson I thought: I got this 😅 Bat-chim, why???

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:02 AM
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Hi Liz,


Thanks for posting, we're glad to hear it!

Please let us know if you have any other inquiries.


Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Liz
Friday at 07:22 AM
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This lesson answered some questions I had about pronunciation. I couldn’t figure out why I would pronounce things with the wrong sound. Now, I know.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 02:17 AM
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Hi noor,


Thanks for posting. Once you get the hang of the basics, Korean is not a difficult language to learn! Just remember, batchim rules exist to show you how things will actually sound (when you pronounce the words very quickly, you'll notice they are pronounced the way batchim rules suggest). So keep up with your studies!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

noor
Saturday at 08:36 PM
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its hard BUT THERES MORE, lost all my confidence lol 😂 😢

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:02 AM
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Hi Dania,


Thanks for posting. The phonetic hangul for 놓다 is '노타'. Technically ㅎ converts into the ㄷ sound but as it is followed by ㄷ, it combines to become an aspirated ㅌ sound.


Hope this was of help!

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Dania
Wednesday at 08:31 AM
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Hey, I love this series and can read rather well so far,


I have a question though, how come in 놓다 the ㄷ is pronounced ㅌ? I'm talking about the charts in the lesson notes, under pronunciation it's written 녿타.

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 05:19 AM
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Hi Anna,


Thanks for posting. We'll get back to you on this!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com