Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
You just finished learning about double consonants in Hangul. Combined with the original characters you learned early on, you now know 19 different consonant sounds in Korean. Are you able to distinguish between them all?
In the next few lessons, we will be talking about situations where different consonants collide -- sometimes causing them to behave in ways you wouldn’t expect.
Don’t worry, I’ll walk you through it all! The more you learn, the more sense it will make.
You might be wondering how consonants can collide. After all, the syllables we’ve made so far all have the same pattern. Consonant-vowel. Consonant-vowel. Your Korean is about to take a step up, so pay close attention.
The fact is, most Korean syllables are actually constructed with the pattern of consonant - vowel - *consonant*. Think about the word for Hangul. Two syllables, four consonant sounds.
Here’s how you write the word for Hangul: 한글. Notice how both syllables have three characters in them. The initial consonant. The vowel. And the final consonant. This final consonant is called a “받침(bat-chim)” - and that’s what we’ll be talking about today.
Now, the 받침(bat-chim) always goes on the bottom. Let’s look at the structure of both of the consonants in 한글. First, we go from left to right, ㅎ(히응)...ㅏ(아). Then we’ll put ㄴ(니은) on the bottom. 한
The second syllable is even easier. From top to bottom, ㄱ(기역)...ㅡ(으)...ㄹ(리을). 글.
Syllables with a 받침(bat-chim) are more common than syllables with only two characters. Let’s look at some examples.
These two characters by themselves would be pronounced “바”. Let’s take the initial consonant and put it in the batchim position as well. 밥. This means “cooked rice.” The consonant sound is exactly the same at the beginning and end of the syllable. 바/ㅂ - 밥.
Here are a few more examples of the batchim.
아/ㄴ - 안[an]
보/ㅁ- 봄[bom]
여르/ㅁ - 여름[yeo-reum]
Simple so far, right? However, some consonants actually change their sound when they are in the batchim position. Take ㄹ(리을). It usually sounds like a mix between “R” and “L” in English, but when it’s the batchim, it always becomes an L sound.
가으/ㄹ - 가을[ga-eul]
겨우/ㄹ - 겨울[gyeo-ul]
Remember this guy? The ㅇ(이응)? When it comes before the vowel, it makes no sound, remember? Listen to what happens when it comes after the vowel:
사랑[sa-rang]
선생님[seon-saeng-nim]
It becomes an “ng” sound. If you know this, you can write one of the most well-known Korean phrases: hello!
안녕[An-nyeong]
The batchim isn’t so hard, right? You just need to watch out for the sound changes. We’ll finish up this discussion in the next lesson, so be sure to keep it up!
See you on the next Hana Hana Hangul! 여러분 다음에 또 만나요.

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KoreanClass101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
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What batchim do you think the most popular in Korean?

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Wednesday at 10:32 pm
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Hi Leena,


When used as a batchim, yes, the consonant ㅂ takes on the 'p' sound. However, when followed by the nasal consonant ㅇ, it will take its place and take on the 'b' sound.


밥 (bap)

밥이-->바비 (babi)


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Leena
Tuesday at 5:39 pm
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Ok so my question has not been answered. I asked if ㅂ in the BATCHIM position sounds more like a "P" sound rather than a "B" sound e.g. 밥 (bap)


But then this is contradicting because ㅂas the initial (beginning) should sound more like a "P" sound from what you have taught us previously e.g. 바지

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Saturday at 12:36 pm
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Hi Leena,


Thank you for posting. ㅂ is actually a sound between the 'B' sound and the 'P' sound, but closer to the 'B' sound. You have to remember this as there is another consonant that takes on the 'P' sound, which is ㅍ.

So when ㅂ is used as an initial sound, it will be a 'b' sound that is stronger than a regular 'b' sound (as aforementioned, somewhere between the 'b' and 'p' sound).


Hope this was of help.

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Team KoreanClass101.com

Leena
Thursday at 3:04 pm
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So am I right in assuming that ㅂ sounds more like a "P" sound rather than a "B" sound as the Bat-Chim? Because that's what it sounds like and also what your vocabulary section above translates the letter to.


Please help! You've already taught me that ㅂ in the middle of word sounds more like "B" so this is getting confusing !

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Thursday at 11:18 pm
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Hi Fatmah,


Thanks for posting. The vowel ㅐ is a combination of the vowels ㅏ and ㅣ and is pronounced as 'ae'.

As for the 'ng' sound, when the nasal consonant ㅇ is used as a batchim, it takes on the nasal 'ng' sound, so please keep this in mind!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Fatmah
Thursday at 4:33 am
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Hi

I have noticed a different letter ㅐ what is this, plus why in 사랑 there is a ng sound in the end ?

Thank you

KoreanClass101.comVerified
Thursday at 5:17 am
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Hi Elona,


Thanks for posting. One way to say 'something is hydrogenated' would be:

수소와 화합된


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

KoreanClass101.com
Friday at 9:37 am
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Hi 산티,


Thanks for posting. Yes, you can use it as an informal hello/goodbye.

The formal way to say it would be:


안녕히 계세요 (when you are leaving)

안녕히 가세요(when you are biding someone farewell)


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

산티
Wednesday at 12:54 am
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Can I use 안 녕 also as (informal) goodbye ? what do I use as formal goodbye ?

KoreanClass101.com
Wednesday at 10:05 am
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Hi jacky lou,


Thanks for posting. Could you let me know what type of account you have? If it is a free lifetime account, after the first seven day trial, you get access to the first three lessons per series, and new lessons which have been uploaded online. If this is not the case, please let us know and we will get back to you.


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com