Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
You just finished learning about double consonants in Hangul. Combined with the original characters you learned early on, you now know 19 different consonant sounds in Korean. Are you able to distinguish between them all?
In the next few lessons, we will be talking about situations where different consonants collide -- sometimes causing them to behave in ways you wouldn’t expect.
Don’t worry, I’ll walk you through it all! The more you learn, the more sense it will make.
You might be wondering how consonants can collide. After all, the syllables we’ve made so far all have the same pattern. Consonant-vowel. Consonant-vowel. Your Korean is about to take a step up, so pay close attention.
The fact is, most Korean syllables are actually constructed with the pattern of consonant - vowel - *consonant*. Think about the word for Hangul. Two syllables, four consonant sounds.
Here’s how you write the word for Hangul: 한글. Notice how both syllables have three characters in them. The initial consonant. The vowel. And the final consonant. This final consonant is called a “받침(bat-chim)” - and that’s what we’ll be talking about today.
Now, the 받침(bat-chim) always goes on the bottom. Let’s look at the structure of both of the consonants in 한글. First, we go from left to right, ㅎ(히응)...ㅏ(아). Then we’ll put ㄴ(니은) on the bottom. 한
The second syllable is even easier. From top to bottom, ㄱ(기역)...ㅡ(으)...ㄹ(리을). 글.
Syllables with a 받침(bat-chim) are more common than syllables with only two characters. Let’s look at some examples.
These two characters by themselves would be pronounced “바”. Let’s take the initial consonant and put it in the batchim position as well. 밥. This means “cooked rice.” The consonant sound is exactly the same at the beginning and end of the syllable. 바/ㅂ - 밥.
Here are a few more examples of the batchim.
아/ㄴ - 안[an]
보/ㅁ- 봄[bom]
여르/ㅁ - 여름[yeo-reum]
Simple so far, right? However, some consonants actually change their sound when they are in the batchim position. Take ㄹ(리을). It usually sounds like a mix between “R” and “L” in English, but when it’s the batchim, it always becomes an L sound.
가으/ㄹ - 가을[ga-eul]
겨우/ㄹ - 겨울[gyeo-ul]
Remember this guy? The ㅇ(이응)? When it comes before the vowel, it makes no sound, remember? Listen to what happens when it comes after the vowel:
사랑[sa-rang]
선생님[seon-saeng-nim]
It becomes an “ng” sound. If you know this, you can write one of the most well-known Korean phrases: hello!
안녕[An-nyeong]
The batchim isn’t so hard, right? You just need to watch out for the sound changes. We’ll finish up this discussion in the next lesson, so be sure to keep it up!
See you on the next Hana Hana Hangul! 여러분 다음에 또 만나요.

126 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What batchim do you think the most popular in Korean?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 03:45 PM
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Hi Tonette,


Thanks for posting! It is definitely a widely used batchim, for sure!


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 03:39 PM
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Hi 줄리,


Thanks for posting, welcome back! We hope you get to catch up on your Korean studies.


Hi Ana,


Thanks for posting. Yes, usually the initial sound is 'stronger', but the consonant ㅂ would still sound closer to the 'b' sound (but more aspirated), not the 'p' sound, as an initial.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Ana
Monday at 04:16 PM
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Is the previously taught rule on using hard sound version of the consonant at the beginning of the word, and soft sound if at the middle not universal? Shouldn't 밥 be pronounced as pap?

tonette
Monday at 01:03 PM
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I think the most popular batchim in Korean is ㅇ , the ng sound.

줄리
Monday at 06:53 AM
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안녕하세요! 😄


I have missed my Korean language studying on KoreanClass101.com! I have been busy working full time plus and have been brain tired and fatigued. 😞 I am glad I have energy and get to do a lesson today!


I don't know if it's the most popular 받침 in Korean, but it seems like ㄴ is used a lot. Also ㄹ looks like it's used a lot too.


Have a good week and see you next time! 👍


감사합니다!

줄리

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:40 PM
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Hi Najat,


Thanks for posting. Let's break it down


ㅅ ㅓ ㄴ s+eo+n

ㅅ ㅐ ㅇ s + ae+ ng

ㄴ ㅣ ㅁ n + i + m


Hope this was of help.

Best,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 11:50 AM
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Hi Joy!


Thank you for your positive comment.

Your name in Hangul would be 록산느(rok-san-neu) 조이(jo-i).

Feel free to ask if you have any question. Thanks!


Best,

Jiye

Team KoreanClass101.com

Najat Emir
Monday at 09:31 PM
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Hai.


I'm Ms Najat


seon -saeng-nim = the third block, I can't follow the vowel used after sa, the one like H shaped written as (ae).. I got the Batchim in that syllable is ng

Joy
Monday at 02:37 AM
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the most popular bat-chim for me, I think is ㄹ and ㅂ 😄

following the videos so far, makes me more excited.


by the way, how do you pronounce my name "Roxanne Joy" in Korean?

gomapseumnida in advance. :)

Park hwasa
Friday at 07:34 PM
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Excuse the video is expired