Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

안녕하세요 여러분. Koreanclass101.com 하나하나 한글시리즈의 에이미입니다. Hi, everybody! I’m Amy and welcome to Hana Hana Hangul on KoreanClass101.com - The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
You just finished learning about double consonants in Hangul. Combined with the original characters you learned early on, you now know 19 different consonant sounds in Korean. Are you able to distinguish between them all?
In the next few lessons, we will be talking about situations where different consonants collide -- sometimes causing them to behave in ways you wouldn’t expect.
Don’t worry, I’ll walk you through it all! The more you learn, the more sense it will make.
You might be wondering how consonants can collide. After all, the syllables we’ve made so far all have the same pattern. Consonant-vowel. Consonant-vowel. Your Korean is about to take a step up, so pay close attention.
The fact is, most Korean syllables are actually constructed with the pattern of consonant - vowel - *consonant*. Think about the word for Hangul. Two syllables, four consonant sounds.
Here’s how you write the word for Hangul: 한글. Notice how both syllables have three characters in them. The initial consonant. The vowel. And the final consonant. This final consonant is called a “받침(bat-chim)” - and that’s what we’ll be talking about today.
Now, the 받침(bat-chim) always goes on the bottom. Let’s look at the structure of both of the consonants in 한글. First, we go from left to right, ㅎ(히응)...ㅏ(아). Then we’ll put ㄴ(니은) on the bottom. 한
The second syllable is even easier. From top to bottom, ㄱ(기역)...ㅡ(으)...ㄹ(리을). 글.
Syllables with a 받침(bat-chim) are more common than syllables with only two characters. Let’s look at some examples.
These two characters by themselves would be pronounced “바”. Let’s take the initial consonant and put it in the batchim position as well. 밥. This means “cooked rice.” The consonant sound is exactly the same at the beginning and end of the syllable. 바/ㅂ - 밥.
Here are a few more examples of the batchim.
아/ㄴ - 안[an]
보/ㅁ- 봄[bom]
여르/ㅁ - 여름[yeo-reum]
Simple so far, right? However, some consonants actually change their sound when they are in the batchim position. Take ㄹ(리을). It usually sounds like a mix between “R” and “L” in English, but when it’s the batchim, it always becomes an L sound.
가으/ㄹ - 가을[ga-eul]
겨우/ㄹ - 겨울[gyeo-ul]
Remember this guy? The ㅇ(이응)? When it comes before the vowel, it makes no sound, remember? Listen to what happens when it comes after the vowel:
사랑[sa-rang]
선생님[seon-saeng-nim]
It becomes an “ng” sound. If you know this, you can write one of the most well-known Korean phrases: hello!
안녕[An-nyeong]
The batchim isn’t so hard, right? You just need to watch out for the sound changes. We’ll finish up this discussion in the next lesson, so be sure to keep it up!
See you on the next Hana Hana Hangul! 여러분 다음에 또 만나요.

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What batchim do you think the most popular in Korean?

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 04:06 PM
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Hello Carmen,


Thank you for your valuable feedback, we will take it into consideration!

Please let us know if you have any other inquiries!


Kind regards,

Hyeon Yeong Seo

Team KoreanClass101.com

Carmen
Monday at 05:39 AM
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Good lesson, as always! But: why aren’t the mo3 at the first sentes with “ teacher? Only a few ones!

For me it’s so important to hear native voices!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 02:14 PM
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Hello 스테파,


Thank you for the feedback, it means a lot to us!❤️️

Enjoy your study and feel free to let us know if you have any inquiries!


Kind regards,

Hyeon Yeong Seo

Team KoreanClass101.com

스테파
Wednesday at 05:29 AM
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Hello,


As Elaine said, I keep having to stop and start and I really appreciate how easy she makes it to drop back in. I can watch the last video and the one I stopped on and feel like I don't have to start completely over, although I do try to review my previous assignments turned in. I'm so tired and stopping and starting, but life happens. I should be WAY farther along than I am. I love all the pathways that I can drop into sometimes for a quick learn something in 5 minutes and hope it sticks until I can sit and practice my first track.

Y'all make it so much easier to learn the bat-chim too!!!

감사합니다

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 07:56 AM
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안녕하세요 Army,


Thank you so much for your positive message! 😇❤️️

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

레벤테 (Levente)

Team KoreanClass101.com

Army
Tuesday at 12:24 AM
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❤️️❤️️I love it how she teaches step by step...i learned hangul in just 4 days i am so happy❤️️❤️️

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Monday at 10:44 PM
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Hi Elaine,


Thank you for posting. Try pronouncing the words out loud as fast as you can, it will help you understand why batchim rules exist (they exist to show you how things are actually pronounced).

Please let us know if you have any other questions.


Sincerely,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

Elaine
Monday at 08:37 AM
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I'm so happy I chose the two year subscription because I was unable to study for MONTHS and last week I started again and now I'm up to date and reached Batchim! I'm a bit scared since I keep messing up but I'll do my best. Fighting~!

KoreanClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:28 AM
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Hi JPM,


Thank you for posting! We appreciate your positive feedback, and are very happy to hear the lesson was helpful to you! ❤️️

Please let us know if you have any other questions.


Cheers,

Lyn

Team KoreanClass101.com

JPM
Thursday at 08:09 PM
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This class is SO AMAZING, you make learning to read and write in Korean so easy and structured!

It is well worth the money!