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Let's take a closer look at the conversation.
Do you remember how Mark asks for water?
"Excuse me, water, please."
저기요, 물 주세요. (Jeo-gi-yo, mul ju-se-yo.)
First is the phrase 저기요 (jeo-gi-yo), meaning, "Excuse me." 저기요. 저기요.
This is used to get the attention of someone the speaker doesn't know well, and in this case, to call for the waiter.
After this is 물 (mul), "water." 물. 물.
Next is the phrase 주세요 (ju-se-yo), which means "(give) please." 주세요. 주세요.
주세요 is from the verb 주다 (ju-da), "to give." 주다 (ju-da).
All together, 저기요, 물 주세요, literally means "Excuse me, water give [me] please," but translates as "Excuse me, water, please."
저기요, 물 주세요. (Jeo-gi-yo, mul ju-se-yo.)
Note: to soften your request, you can add 좀 (jom) as in "물 좀 주세요." (Mul jom ju-se-yo.) 좀 literally means "little," but it's often used to make your request sound softer.
Let's take a closer look at the response.
Do you remember the waiter's response,
"Okay, understood."
네, 알겠습니다. (Ne, al-get-seum-ni-da.)
First is 네 (ne), "yes," or "okay," in this context. 네. 네.
Next is 알겠습니다 (al-get-seum-ni-da), meaning "understood." 알겠습니다. 알겠습니다.
알겠습니다 is from the verb 알다 (al-da), "to know," or "to understand." 알다 (al-da).
Note the sentence-closing ending 습니다 (seum-ni-da), indicating formal speech.
All together, it's 네, 알겠습니다, meaning "Okay, understood."
네, 알겠습니다. (Ne, al-get-seum-ni-da.)
The pattern is
저기요, ITEMnoun 주세요. (Jeo-gi-yo, {ITEM} ju-se-yo.)
Excuse me, {ITEM} please.
저기요, ITEMnoun 주세요. (Jeo-gi-yo, {ITEM} ju-se-yo.)
To use this pattern, simply replace the {ITEM} placeholder with the object you're requesting.
Imagine you'd like the menu. 메뉴 (me-nyu). 메뉴. 메뉴.
"Excuse me, the menu, please."
저기요. 메뉴 주세요. (Jeo-gi-yo, me-nyu ju-se-yo.)
"Excuse me, the menu, please."
저기요. 메뉴 주세요. (Jeo-gi-yo, me-nyu ju-se-yo.)
When trying to get someone's attention at a place where you sit and are served, like a restaurant, some people also raise their hand to be more noticeable.