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Let's take a closer look at the conversation. Do you remember how Karen says,
"It's hot today, right?"
오늘 덥죠? (O-neul deop-jyo?)
First is 오늘(o-neul), "today." 오늘 오늘.
Next is 덥죠(deop-jyo). "Hot, right?" 덥죠(deop-jyo).
This starts with 덥(deop) the stem of the adjective 덥다(deop-da), "hot." 덥다.
Attached to 덥 (deop) is 죠(-jyo), which translates as "right," as in "hot, right?" in this context. 죠(-jyo)
Together, 덥죠? Hot, right? 덥죠?
Note, -죠(-jyo) is the contracted form of 지(ji), the confirmation particle, and 요(yo), the polite sentence ending particle. -죠(-jyo)
Think of -죠(-jyo) and -지요(-jiyo) like the sentence ending "...right?" in English, as in "It's hot, right?"
Both -죠(-jyo) and -지요(-jiyo) are used in Korean to reconfirm information, suggest an answer, and build consensus among the speakers about a known topic, among other uses.
All together, it's 오늘 덥죠? (O-neul deop-jyo?). Literally, "Today hot, right?"
but translates as "It's hot today, right?"
오늘 덥죠? (O-neul deop-jyo?)
Note the rising intonation indicates the speaker is requesting or soliciting confirmation of something known to the speaker and listener.
Karen is expecting her neighbor to respond after she says, 오늘 덥죠? (O-neul deop-jyo?)
By using this pattern, it's expected that the other person will express agreement. It's an exercise in consensus building that will begin many of your daily encounters in Korea.
Let's take a closer look at the response.
Do you remember how the neighbor says,
"Yes, that's right."
네, 그렇네요. (Ne, geu-reon-ne-yo.)
First is 네, (Ne) "Yes." 네, (Ne). 네, (Ne).
Next is the phrase 그렇네요.(geu-reon-ne-yo) "That's right." 그렇네요.(geu-reon-ne-yo.)
It's used in confirmation or agreement, and it translates to "That's right," in this context.
For now, please remember this as a set phrase.
Altogether, 네, 그렇네요.(Ne, geu-reon-ne-yo.) "Yes, that's right."
네, 그렇네요. (Ne, geu-reon-ne-yo.)
The pattern is 
오늘 (O-neul) {weather description}죠? (-jyo?)
"It's {weather description} today, right?"
오늘 (O-neul) {weather description}죠? (-jyo?)
In this lesson, you'll learn words and phrases related to the weather.
Imagine you want to say, "Cold, right?" 춥죠? ( chup-jyo) 춥죠? ( chup-jyo). 춥죠? ( chup-jyo)
춥죠 is a form of the adjective 춥다 (chup-da). "Cold," as in cold weather. 춥다.
"It's cold today, right?"
오늘 춥죠? (O-neul chup-jyo?)
"It's cold today, right?"
오늘 춥죠? (O-neul chup-jyo?)
Pronunciation note regarding 죠 ( jyo).
In Korean, when ㅎ (h) is followed by ㄱ(g), ㄷ(d), ㅂ(b) or ㅈ(j), the sound changes to the harder counterpart: ㅋ(k), ㅌ(t), ㅍ (p) and ㅊ(ch), respectively.
As 죠 (jyo) begins with ㅈ(j), it represents one of these cases. Therefore, when 죠 (jyo) is preceded by ㅎ (h), the sound shifts to 쵸 (chyo).
ㅎ(h) plus ㅈ (j) equals ㅊ(ch)
For example,
좋죠 jo-chyo, "nice, right?" 좋죠
좋 has ㅎ(h), so when ㅈ(j) follows, the sound changes to ㅊ(ch) as in 조쵸 (jo-chyo).